Injaz Arabic: إنجاز, meaning "achievement"; born April 8, 2009 is a female dromedary camel, credited with being the world's first cloned camel Dr Nisar Ahmad Wani, a reproductive biologist and head of the research team at the Camel Reproduction Center in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, announced on April 14, 2009, that the cloned camel was born after an "uncomplicated" gestation of 378 days The cloning project had the personal endorsement and financial support of Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, the Prime Minister, Vice President of the United Arab Emirates, and the emir of Dubai Prior to this, there had been several unsuccessful attempts in the Emirate to clone a camel
Injaz was created from ovarian cells of an adult camel slaughtered for its meat in 2005 The cells were grown in tissue culture and then frozen in liquid nitrogen Afterwards, one of the cells was injected into a nucleus-removed oocyte of the surrogate camel, which were fused with an electric current and chemically induced to initiate cell division The resulting embryo was cultured for a week and implanted back into the surrogate camel's uterus Twenty days later, its pregnancy was confirmed using ultrasound and monitored throughout the gestation period After Injaz's birth, its DNA was tested at the Molecular Biology and Genetics Laboratory in Dubai and confirmed to be identical copies of the DNA of the original ovarian cells, proving that Injaz is a clone of the original camel
Camel racing is a lucrative industry in the UAE Dr Ulrich Wernery and Dr Lulu Skidmore, commented that the camel cloning "gives a means of preserving the valuable genetics of our elite racing and milk-producing camels in the future"
- ^ "Scientist: First cloned camel born in Dubai" The Associated Press April 14, 2009 Retrieved April 15, 2009
- ^ a b c d e "World's 1st cloned camel born in Dubai" Kuwait News Agency April 14, 2009 Archived from the original on April 20, 2009 Retrieved April 15, 2009
- ^ a b c d e Spencer, Richard April 14, 2009 "World's first cloned camel unveiled in Dubai" Telegraphcouk Retrieved April 15, 2009
- ^ Wigglesworth, Robin; James Drummond April 16, 2009 "Cloned camel promises hope for racegoers" The Financial Times Retrieved April 16, 2009
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