Fri . 19 May 2019

Industrial Light & Magic

industrial light and magic, industrial light fixtures
Industrial Light & Magic ILM is an American motion picture visual effects company that was founded in May 1975 by George Lucas It is a division of the film production company, Lucasfilm, which Lucas founded, and was created when Lucas began production of the film Star Wars For many years, during the 1980s and early 1990s during the widespread inception of computer graphics in film, ILM was considered the leading industry standard production house for visual effects; many studios other than Lucasfilm sent scenes to the studio for CGcitation needed It is also the original founder company of the animation studio Pixar

ILM originated in Van Nuys, California, then later moved to San Rafael in 1978, and since 2005 it has been based at the Letterman Digital Arts Center in the Presidio of San Francisco In 2012, The Walt Disney Company acquired ILM as part of its purchase of Lucasfilm3

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Milestones
  • 3 ILM filmography
  • 4 Television
  • 5 Notable employees and clients
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Industrial Light & Magic original logo, designed by Drew Struzan

Lucas wanted his 1977 film Star Wars4 to include visual effects that had never been seen on film before After discovering that the in-house effects department at 20th Century Fox was no longer operational, Lucas approached Douglas Trumbull, famous for the effects on 2001: A Space Odyssey Trumbull declined as he was already committed to working on Steven Spielberg's film Close Encounters of the Third Kind, but suggested his assistant John Dykstra to Lucas Dykstra brought together a small team of college students, artists, and engineers, and set them up in a warehouse in Van Nuys, California Lucas named the group Industrial Light and Magic, which became the Special Visual Effects department on Star Wars Alongside Dykstra, other leading members of the original ILM team were Ken Ralston, Richard Edlund, Dennis Muren, Joe Johnston, Phil Tippett, Steve Gawley, Lorne Peterson, and Paul Huston

In late 1978, when in pre-production for The Empire Strikes Back, Lucas reformed most of the team into Industrial Light & Magic in Marin County, California From here on, the company expanded and has since gone on to produce special effects for nearly three hundred films, including the entire Star Wars saga, the Indiana Jones series, the Harry Potter series, the Jurassic Park series, the Back to the Future trilogy, many of the Star Trek films, Ghostbusters II, Who Framed Roger Rabbit, the Pirates of the Caribbean series, the Terminator sequels, the Transformers films, the Men in Black series, nine Marvel Cinematic Universe films, Wild Wild West, most of the Mission: Impossible films, ET the Extra-Terrestrial, batteries not included, The Abyss, and Flubber, and also provided work for Avatar, alongside Weta Digital

In addition to their work for George Lucas, ILM also collaborates with Steven Spielberg on most films that he directs, and for many that he produces as well Dennis Muren has acted as Visual Effects Supervisor on many of these films

Apart from flashy special effects, the company also works on more subtle effects—such as widening streets, digitally adding more extras to a shot, and inserting the film's actors into preexisting footage—in films including Schindler's List, Forrest Gump, Snow Falling on Cedars, Magnolia, and several Woody Allen films

After the success of the first Star Wars movie, Lucas became interested in using computer graphics on the sequel So he contacted Triple-I, known for their early computer effects in movies like Westworld and Futureworld, which ended up making a computer generated test of five X-Wing fighters flying in formation He found it to be too expensive and returned to handmade models But the test had showed him it was possible, and he decided he would create his own computer graphics department instead One of Lucas' employees was given the task to find the right people to hire His search would lead him to NYIT, where he found Edwin Catmull and his colleagues Catmull and others accepted Lucas' job offer, and a new computer division at ILM was created in 1979 with the hiring of Ed Catmull as the first NYIT employee who joined Lucasfilm5 John Lasseter, who was hired a few years later, worked on computer animation as part of ILM's contribution to Young Sherlock Holmes The Graphics Group was later sold to Steve Jobs, named Pixar, and created the first CG animated feature, Toy Story

In 2000, ILM created the OpenEXR format for high-dynamic-range imaging6

ILM operated from an inconspicuous property in San Rafael, California until 2005 The company was known to locals as The Kerner Company In 2005, when Lucas decided to move locations to the Presidio of San Francisco and focus on digital effects, a management-led team bought the five physical and practical effects divisions and formed a new company that included the George Lucas Theater, retained the "Kerner" name as Kerner Technologies, Inc and provided physical effects for major motion pictures, often working with ILM, until its Chapter 7 bankruptcy in 2011

In 2005, ILM extended its operations to Lucasfilm Singapore, which also includes the Singapore arm of Lucasfilm Animation In 2011, it was announced the company was considering a project-based facility in Vancouver7

In 2006, ILM invented IMoCap Image Based Motion Capture Technology

As of 2009update, ILM has received 15 Best Visual Effects Oscars and 23 additional nominations It has also received 24 Scientific and Technical Awards from the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences

In 2012, Disney bought ILM's parent company, Lucasfilm, and acquired ILM in the process Disney stated that it had no immediate plans to change ILM's operations,8 but began to lay off employees by April of the next year9

ILM is currently the largest visual effects vendor in the motion picture industry, with regards to workforce, with more than 500 artists It has one of the largest render farms currently available with more than 7500 nodes Following the restructuring of LucasArts in April 2013, ILM was left overstaffed and the faculty was reduced to serve only ILM's visual effects department1011

ILM opened a London studio headquartered in the city's Soho district on October 15, 201412

Milestonesedit

  • 1975: Resurrected the use of VistaVision; first use of a motion control camera Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope
  • 1980: First use of Go Motion to animate the Taun-Taun creatures of The Empire Strikes Back
  • 1982: First in-house completely computer-generated sequence — the "Genesis sequence" in Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan Previous computer graphics in Star Wars Episode IV: A New Hope were done outside of ILM
  • 1985: First completely computer-generated character, the "stained glass man" in Young Sherlock Holmes
  • 1988: First morphing sequence, in Willow
  • 1988: First digital compositing of a full-screen live action image during the final sequence in Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade
  • 1989: First computer-generated 3-D character to show emotion, the pseudopod creature in The Abyss
  • 1991: First-ever dimensional matte painting — where a traditional matte painting was mapped onto 3D geometry, allowing for camera parallax, in Hook
  • 1991: First partially computer-generated main character, the T-1000 in Terminator 2: Judgment Day
  • 1992: First time the texture of human skin was computer generated, in Death Becomes Her
  • 1993: First time digital technology used to create a complete and detailed living creature, the dinosaurs in Jurassic Park, which earned ILM its thirteenth Oscar
  • 1994: First extensive use of digital manipulation of historical and stock footage to integrate characters in Forrest Gump
  • 1995: First fully synthetic speaking computer-generated character, with a distinct personality and emotion, to take a leading role in Casper
  • 1995: First computer-generated photo-realistic hair and fur used for the digital lion and monkeys in Jumanji
  • 1996: First completely computer-generated main character, Draco in Dragonheart
  • 1999: First computer generated character to have a full human anatomy, Imhotep in The Mummy
  • 2000: Creates OpenEXR imaging format6
  • 2006: Develops iMocap system, which uses computer vision techniques to track live-action performers on set Used in the creation of Davy Jones and ship's crew in the film Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest
  • 2011: First animated feature produced by ILM, Rango

ILM filmographyedit

Year Film Directors Distributors Budget Gross
1977 Star Wars George Lucas 20th Century Fox $11 million $7754 million
1980s
1980 The Empire Strikes Back Irvin Kershner 20th Century Fox $33 million $5384 million
1981 Raiders of the Lost Ark Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures $18 million $3899 million
Dragonslayer Matthew Robbins Paramount Pictures
Buena Vista Pictures
$18 million $14 million
1982 Star Trek II: The Wrath of Khan Nicholas Meyer Paramount Pictures $112 million $97 million
ET the Extra-Terrestrial Steven Spielberg Universal Studios $10 million $7929 million
The Dark Crystal Jim Henson and Frank Oz Universal Studios $15 million $40 million
Poltergeist Tobe Hooper Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer $107 million $1217 million
1983 Return of the Jedi Richard Marquand 20th Century Fox $427 million $5721 million
Twice Upon a Time John Korty and Charles Swenson Warner Bros TBA
1984 Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures $282 million $3331 million
Star Trek III: The Search for Spock Leonard Nimoy $16 million $87 million
The NeverEnding Story Wolfgang Petersen Warner Bros $27 million $100 million
Starman John Carpenter Columbia Pictures $24 million $287 million
1985 The Goonies Richard Donner Warner Bros $19 million $615 million
Cocoon Ron Howard 20th Century Fox $175 million $853 million
Back to the Future Robert Zemeckis Universal Studios $19 million $3891 million
Explorers Joe Dante Paramount Pictures $25 million $99 million
Mishima: A Life in Four Chapters Paul Schrader Warner Bros $5 million $502,758
Young Sherlock Holmes Barry Levinson Paramount Pictures $18 million $19 million
Out of Africa Sydney Pollack Universal Studios $28 million $1285 million
Enemy Mine Wolfgang Peterson 20th Century Fox $29 million $12 million
1986 The Money Pit Richard Benjamin Universal Studios $10 million $54 million
Labyrinth Jim Henson TriStar Pictures $2768 million $116 million
Howard the Duck Willard Huyck Universal Studios $37 million $38 million
Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home Leonard Nimoy Paramount Pictures $21 million $133 million
The Golden Child Michael Ritchie $25 million $798 million
1987 Harry and the Hendersons William Dear Universal Studios $16 million $49 million
The Witches of Eastwick George Miller Warner Bros $22 million $638 million
Innerspace Joe Dante TBA $25 million
Empire of the Sun Steven Spielberg $35 million $222 million
Batteries Not Included Matthew Robbins Universal Studios $25 million $651 million
Spaceballs Mel Brooks Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer $227 million $381 million
1988 Willow Ron Howard Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer $35 million $573 million
Who Framed Roger Rabbit Robert Zemeckis Buena Vista Pictures $58 million $3298 million
Caddyshack II Allan Arkush Warner Bros $20 million $118 million
Tucker: The Man and His Dream Francis Ford Coppola Paramount Pictures
Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
$24 million $197 million
Cocoon: The Return Daniel Petrie 20th Century Fox $175 million $25 million
1989 The 'Burbs Joe Dante Universal Studios $18 million $49 million
Skin Deep Blake Edwards 20th Century Fox $9 million $19 million
Field of Dreams Phil Alden Robinson Universal Studios
TriStar Pictures
$15 million $844 million
Indiana Jones and the Last Crusade Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures $48 million $4742 million
Ghostbusters II Ivan Reitman Columbia Pictures $37 million $2154 million
The Abyss James Cameron 20th Century Fox $70 million $90 million
Back to the Future Part II Robert Zemeckis Universal Studios $40 million $332 million
Always Steven Spielberg $31 million $74 million
1990s
1990 The Hunt for Red October John McTiernan Paramount Pictures $30 million $2005 million
Joe Versus the Volcano John Patrick Shanley Warner Bros $25 million $39 million
Back to the Future Part III Robert Zemeckis Universal Studios $40 million $2445 million
Total Recall Paul Verhoeven TriStar Pictures $50 million $300 million
Die Hard 2 Renny Harlin 20th Century Fox $70 million $240 million
Ghost Jerry Zucker Paramount Pictures $22 million $5057 million
Arachnophobia Frank Marshall Buena Vista Pictures $31 million $532 million
Dreams Akira Kurosawa and Ishirō Honda Warner Bros $12 million TBA
The Godfather Part III Francis Ford Coppola Paramount Pictures $54 million $1368 million
1991 Flight of the Intruder John Milius $35 million $14 million
The Doors Oliver Stone TriStar Pictures $38 million $344 million
Switch Blake Edwards Warner Bros $15 million TBA
Backdraft Ron Howard Universal Studios $75 million $1523 million
Hudson Hawk Renny Harlin TriStar Pictures $65 million $172 million
The Rocketeer Joe Johnston Buena Vista Pictures $40 million $467 million
Terminator 2: Judgment Day James Cameron TriStar Pictures $94 million $5198 million
Hook Steven Spielberg $70 million $3009 million
Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Country Nicholas Meyer Paramount Pictures $27 million $969 million
1992 Memoirs of an Invisible Man John Carpenter Warner Bros $40 million $144 million
Death Becomes Her Robert Zemeckis Universal Studios $55 million $149 million
1993 Alive Frank Marshall Buena Vista Pictures
United International Pictures
$32 million $367 million
Fire in the Sky Robert Lieberman Paramount Pictures $15 million $199 million
Jurassic Park Steven Spielberg Universal Studios $63 million $1029 billion
Last Action Hero John McTiernan Columbia Pictures $85 million $1373 million
Rising Sun Philip Kaufman 20th Century Fox $35 million $1072 million
The Meteor Man Robert Townsend Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer $30 million $8 million
Manhattan Murder Mystery Woody Allen TriStar Pictures $135 million $11 million
Malice Harold Becker Columbia Pictures $20 million $46 million
The Nutcracker Emile Ardolino Warner Bros $19 million $2 million
Schindler's List Steven Spielberg Universal Studios $22 million $3212 million
1994 The Hudsucker Proxy Joel and Ethan Coen Warner Bros
Universal Studios
$25 million $28 million
Forrest Gump Robert Zemeckis Paramount Pictures $55 million $6779 million
Maverick Richard Donner Warner Bros $75 million $183 million
The Flintstones Brian Levant Universal Studios $46 million $3416 million
Wolf Mike Nichols Columbia Pictures TBA $131 million
Baby's Day Out Patrick Read Johnson 20th Century Fox $48 million $168 million
The Mask Chuck Russell New Line Cinema $23 million $3516 million
Radioland Murders Mel Smith Universal Studios $15 million $13 million
Disclosure Barry Levinson Warner Bros $55 million $214 million
Star Trek: Generations David Carson Paramount Pictures $35 million $118 million
1995 In the Mouth of Madness John Carpenter New Line Cinema $8 million $89 million
Village of the Damned Universal Studios $22 million $94 million
Congo Frank Marshall Paramount Pictures $50 million $152 million
The Indian in the Cupboard Frank Oz Paramount Pictures
Columbia Pictures
$45 million $35 million
Casper Brad Silberling Universal Studios $55 million $2879 million
Jumanji Joe Johnston TriStar Pictures $65 million $2628 million
The American President Rob Reiner Columbia Pictures
Universal Studios
$62 million $107 million
Sabrina Sydney Pollack Paramount Pictures $50 million $53 million
1996 Twister Jan de Bont Warner Bros
Universal Studios
$92 million $4944 million
Mission: Impossible Brian De Palma Paramount Pictures $80 million $4577 million
Dragonheart Rob Cohen Universal Studios $15 million $115 million
Eraser Chuck Russell Warner Bros $100 million $2423 million
The Trigger Effect David Koepp Gramercy Pictures
Universal Studios
$8 million $3 million
Sleepers Barry Levinson Warner Bros
Buena Vista Pictures
$44 million $1656 million
Star Trek: First Contact Jonathan Frakes Paramount Pictures $45 million $146 million
101 Dalmatians Stephen Herek Buena Vista Pictures $75 million $3206 million
Daylight Rob Cohen Universal Studios $80 million $1592 million
Mars Attacks! Tim Burton Warner Bros $70 million $1013 million
1997 The Lost World: Jurassic Park Steven Spielberg Universal Studios $75 million $6186 million
Speed 2: Cruise Control Jan de Bont 20th Century Fox $110 million $1645 million
Men in Black Barry Sonnenfeld Columbia Pictures $90 million $5894 million
Contact Robert Zemeckis Warner Bros $90 million $1711 million
Spawn Mark AZ Dippé New Line Cinema $40 million $878 million
Starship Troopers Paul Verhoeven TriStar Pictures
Buena Vista Pictures
$105 million $1212 million
Midnight in the Garden of Good and Evil Clint Eastwood Warner Bros $30 million $251 million
Flubber Les Mayfield Buena Vista Pictures $80 million $1779 million
Amistad Steven Spielberg DreamWorks Pictures $36 million $442 million
Deconstructing Harry Woody Allen Fine Line Features
Hollywood Pictures
$20 million $10 million
Titanic James Cameron Paramount Pictures
20th Century Fox
$200 million $2187 billion
1998 Deep Rising Stephen Sommers Buena Vista Pictures
Cinergi Pictures
$45 million $112 million
Mercury Rising Harold Becker Universal Studios $60 million $93 million
Deep Impact Mimi Leder Paramount Pictures
DreamWorks Pictures
$80 million $3494 million
Small Soldiers Joe Dante DreamWorks Pictures
Universal Studios
$40 million $547 million
Saving Private Ryan Steven Spielberg DreamWorks Pictures
Paramount Pictures
$70 million $4818 million
Snake Eyes Brian De Palma Paramount Pictures
Buena Vista Pictures
$73 million $1038 million
Reach the Rock William Ryan Gramercy Pictures TBA $4,960
Meet Joe Black Martin Brest Universal Studios $90 million $142 million
Celebrity Woody Allen Miramax Films $12 million $5 million
Jack Frost Troy Miller Warner Bros $85 million $346 million
Mighty Joe Young Ron Underwood Buena Vista Pictures $90 million $50 million
1999 October Sky Joe Johnston Universal Studios $25 million $347 million
The Mummy Stephen Sommers $80 million $4159 million
Star Wars: Episode I – The Phantom Menace George Lucas 20th Century Fox $115 million $1027 billion
Wild Wild West Barry Sonnenfeld Warner Bros $170 million $2221 million
The Haunting Jan de Bont DreamWorks Pictures $80 million $1773 million
Deep Blue Sea Renny Harlin Warner Bros $60 million $1646 million
Bringing Out the Dead Martin Scorsese Paramount Pictures
Buena Vista Pictures
$55 million $168 million
Sleepy Hollow Tim Burton Paramount Pictures $100 million $206 million
The Green Mile Frank Darabont Warner Bros $60 million $2907 million
Magnolia Paul Thomas Anderson New Line Cinema $37 million $485 million
Snow Falling on Cedars Scott Hicks Universal Studios $35 million $23 million
Galaxy Quest Dean Parisot DreamWorks Pictures $45 million $907 million
2000s
2000 Sweet and Lowdown Woody Allen Sony Pictures Classics TBA $4 million
Mission to Mars Brian De Palma Buena Vista Pictures $100 million $1109 million
The Perfect Storm Wolfgang Petersen Warner Bros $120 million $3287 million
The Adventures of Rocky and Bullwinkle Des McAnuff Universal Studios $76 million $35 million
Space Cowboys Clint Eastwood Warner Bros $60 million $1289 million
Pollock Ed Harris Sony Pictures Classics TBA $10 million
Pay It Forward Mimi Leder Warner Bros $40 million $55 million
2001 The Pledge Sean Penn $35 million $294 million
Sweet November Pat O'Connor $40 million $65 million
The Mummy Returns Stephen Sommers Universal Studios $98 million $433 million
Pearl Harbor Michael Bay Buena Vista Pictures $140 million $4492 million
AI Artificial Intelligence Steven Spielberg Warner Bros
DreamWorks Pictures
$100 million $2359 million
Jurassic Park III Joe Johnston Universal Studios $93 million $3688 million
Planet of the Apes Tim Burton 20th Century Fox $100 million $3622 million
Harry Potter and the Philosopher's Stone Chris Columbus Warner Bros $125 million $9748 million
The Majestic Frank Darabont $72 million $373 million
2002 Impostor Gary Fleder Dimension Films $40 million $8 million
The Time Machine Simon Wells DreamWorks Pictures
Warner Bros
$80 million $1237 million
Big Trouble Barry Sonnenfeld Buena Vista Pictures $40 million $85 million
Star Wars: Episode II – Attack of the Clones George Lucas 20th Century Fox $115 million $6494 million
The Bourne Identity Doug Liman Universal Studios $60 million $214 million
Minority Report Steven Spielberg DreamWorks Pictures
20th Century Fox
$102 million $3584 million
Men in Black II Barry Sonnenfeld Columbia Pictures $140 million $4418 million
K-19: The Widowmaker Kathryn Bigelow Paramount Pictures $100 million $657 million
Signs M Night Shyamalan Buena Vista Pictures $72 million $4082 million
Blood Work Clint Eastwood $50 million $31 million
Punch-Drunk Love Paul Thomas Anderson Columbia Pictures $25 million $247 million
Harry Potter and the Chamber of Secrets Chris Columbus Warner Bros $100 million $879 million
Gangs of New York Martin Scorsese Miramax Films $97 million $1938 million
2003 Tears of the Sun Antoine Fuqua Columbia Pictures $1005 million $865 million
The Hunted William Friedkin Paramount Pictures
Redbus Film Distribution
$55 million $45 million
Dreamcatcher Lawrence Kasdan Warner Bros $68 million $757 million
Hulk Ang Lee Universal Studios $137 million $2454 million
Terminator 3: Rise of the Machines Jonathan Mostow Warner Bros
Columbia Pictures
$187 million $4334 million
Pirates of the Caribbean: The Curse of the Black Pearl Gore Verbinski Buena Vista Pictures $140 million $6543 million
The League of Extraordinary Gentlemen Stephen Norrington 20th Century Fox $78 million $1793 million
Once Upon a Time in Mexico Robert Rodriguez Columbia Pictures
Dimension Films
$28 million $981 million
Master and Commander: The Far Side of the World Peter Weir 20th Century Fox
Universal Studios
$150 million $212 million
Timeline Richard Donner Paramount Pictures $80 million $34 million
Stuck on You Peter and Robert Farrelly 20th Century Fox $55 million $65 million
Peter Pan P J Hogan Universal Studios
Columbia Pictures
$130 million $122 million
2004 Along Came Polly John Hamburg Universal Studios $42 million $171 million
Twisted Philip Kaufman Paramount Pictures $50 million $41 million
Hidalgo Joe Johnston Buena Vista Pictures $40 million $1081 million
Van Helsing Stephen Sommers Universal Studios $160 million $3003 million
The Day After Tomorrow Roland Emmerich 20th Century Fox $125 million $5443 million
Harry Potter and the Prisoner of Azkaban Alfonso Cuarón Warner Bros $130 million $7967 million
The Chronicles of Riddick David Twohy Universal Studios $105 million $1158 million
The Bourne Supremacy Paul Greengrass $75 million $2885 million
The Village M Night Shyamalan Buena Vista Pictures $60 million $2567 million
Sky Captain and the World of Tomorrow Kerry Conran Paramount Pictures $70 million $58 million
Lemony Snicket's A Series of Unfortunate Events Brad Silberling Paramount Pictures
DreamWorks Pictures
$140 million $2091 million
2005 Are We There Yet Brian Levant Columbia Pictures $32 million $97 million
Son of the Mask Lawrence Guterman New Line Cinema $84 million $576 million
The Pacifier Adam Shankman Buena Vista Pictures $56 million $1986 million
Eros Wong Kar-wai, Steven Soderbergh and Michelangelo Antonioni Warner Independent Pictures
Artificial Eye
TBA $1 million
The Amityville Horror Andrew Douglas Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Dimension Films
$19 million $108 million
XXX: State of the Union Lee Tamahori Columbia Pictures $87 million $71 million
Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith George Lucas 20th Century Fox $113 million $8488 million
The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D Robert Rodriguez Dimension Films
Columbia Pictures
$50 million $694 million
Herbie: Fully Loaded Angela Robinson Buena Vista Pictures $50 million $1441 million
War of the Worlds Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures
DreamWorks Pictures
$132 million $5917 million
The Island Michael Bay DreamWorks Pictures
Warner Bros
$126 million $1629 million
Jarhead Sam Mendes Universal Studios $72 million $969 million
Chicken Little Mark Dindal Buena Vista Pictures $150 million $3144 million
Rent Chris Columbus Columbia Pictures $40 million $316 million
Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire Mike Newell Warner Bros $150 million $8969 million
The Chronicles of Narnia: The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe Andrew Adamson Buena Vista Pictures $180 million $745 million
Munich Steven Spielberg Universal Studios
DreamWorks Pictures
$70 million $1304 million
Cheaper by the Dozen 2 Adam Shankman 20th Century Fox $60 million $1291 million
2006 Eight Below Frank Marshall Buena Vista Pictures $40 million $1204 million
Mission: Impossible III J J Abrams Paramount Pictures $150 million $3979 million
Poseidon Wolfgang Petersen Warner Bros $160 million $1817 million
Pirates of the Caribbean: Dead Man's Chest Gore Verbinski Buena Vista Pictures $225 million $1066 billion
Lady in the Water M Night Shyamalan Warner Bros $70 million $728 million
Eragon Stefen Fangmeier 20th Century Fox $100 million $2495 million
2007 Pirates of the Caribbean: At World's End Gore Verbinski Buena Vista Pictures $300 million $9634 million
Evan Almighty Tom Shadyac Universal Studios $175 million $1734 million
Transformers Michael Bay DreamWorks Pictures
Paramount Pictures
$150 million $7097 million
Harry Potter and the Order of the Phoenix David Yates Warner Bros $150 million $9399 million
Rush Hour 3 Brett Ratner New Line Cinema $140 million $258 million
Lions for Lambs Robert Redford Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
20th Century Fox
$35 million $632 million
National Treasure: Book of Secrets Jon Turteltaub Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$130 million $4574 million
There Will Be Blood Paul Thomas Anderson Paramount Vantage
Miramax Films
$25 million $762 million
2008 The Spiderwick Chronicles Mark Waters Paramount Pictures $90 million $162 million
Iron Man Jon Favreau $140 million $5852 million
Speed Racer The Wachowski Brothers Warner Bros $120 million $939 million
Indiana Jones and the Kingdom of the Crystal Skull Steven Spielberg Paramount Pictures $185 million $7866 million
The Happening M Night Shyamalan 20th Century Fox $48 million $1634 million
WALL-E Andrew Stanton Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$180 million $5213 million
Miracle at St Anna Spike Lee $45 million $93 million
The Tale of Despereaux Sam Fell and Robert Stevenhagen Universal Studios $60 million $869 million
2009 Confessions of a Shopaholic P J Hogan Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
TBA $1083 million
Star Trek J J Abrams Paramount Pictures $150 million $3857 million
Terminator Salvation McG Warner Bros
Columbia Pictures
$200 million $3714 million
Transformers: Revenge of the Fallen Michael Bay DreamWorks Pictures
Paramount Pictures
$200 million $8363 million
Harry Potter and the Half-Blood Prince David Yates Warner Bros $250 million $9344 million
Avatar James Cameron 20th Century Fox $237 million $2788 billion
2010s
2010 Iron Man 2 Jon Favreau Paramount Pictures $200 million $6239 million
The Last Airbender M Night Shyamalan $150 million $3197 million
2011 I Am Number Four D J Caruso Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$50 million $1499 million
Rango Gore Verbinski Paramount Pictures $135 million $2457 million
Pirates of the Caribbean: On Stranger Tides Rob Marshall Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$3785 million $1046 billion
Super 8 J J Abrams Paramount Pictures $50 million $2601 million
Transformers: Dark of the Moon Michael Bay $195 million $1124 billion
Cowboys & Aliens Jon Favreau Universal Studios
Paramount Pictures
$163 million $174 million
Hugo Martin Scorsese Paramount Pictures $150 million $1855 million
Mission: Impossible – Ghost Protocol Brad Bird $145 million $6947 million
2012 Red Tails Anthony Hemingway 20th Century Fox $58 million $504 million
The Avengers Joss Whedon Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$220 million $1520 billion
Battleship Peter Berg Universal Studios $220 million $303 million
Cloud Atlas Lana Wachowski, Tom Tykwer and Andy Wachowski Warner Bros $1285 million $1305 million
2013 Identity Thief Seth Gordon Universal Studios $35 million $174 million
GI Joe: Retaliation Jon M Chu Paramount Pictures $130 million $3757 million
Pain & Gain Michael Bay $26 million $862 million
The Great Gatsby Baz Luhrmann Warner Bros $105 million $351 million
Star Trek Into Darkness J J Abrams Paramount Pictures $185 million $4674 million
Now You See Me Louis Leterrier Universal Studios $75 million $3517 million
The Lone Ranger Gore Verbinski Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$225 million $2605 million
Pacific Rim Guillermo del Toro Warner Bros $190 million $411 million
RED 2 Dean Parisot Summit Entertainment $84 million $1481 million
Elysium Neill Blomkamp TriStar Pictures $115 million $2861 million
Lone Survivor Peter Berg Universal Studios $49 million $1493 million
2014 Noah Darren Aronofsky Paramount Pictures $125 million $3626 million
Captain America: The Winter Soldier Anthony and Joe Russo Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$170 million $7144 million
Transformers: Age of Extinction Michael Bay Paramount Pictures $210 million $1104 billion
Lucy Luc Besson Universal Studios $40 million $4634 million
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Jonathan Liebesman Paramount Pictures $125 million $4933 million
Unbroken Angelina Jolie Universal Studios $65 million $1633 million
2015 Strange Magic Gary Rydstrom Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
TBA $136 million
Avengers: Age of Ultron Joss Whedon $2799 million $1405 billion
Tomorrowland Brad Bird $190 million $209 million
Jurassic World Colin Trevorrow Universal Studios $150 million $1669 billion
Terminator Genisys Alan Taylor Paramount Pictures $155 million $4406 million
Ant-Man Peyton Reed Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$130 million $5186 million
Hitman: Agent 47 Aleksander Bach 20th Century Fox $35 million $823 million
The Martian Ridley Scott $108 million $5884 million
Paranormal Activity: The Ghost Dimension Gregory Plotkin Paramount Pictures $10 million $77 million
Spectre Sam Mendes Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer
Columbia Pictures
$250 million $870 million
Star Wars: The Force Awakens J J Abrams Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$200 million $2062 billion
The Revenant Alejandro G Iñárritu 20th Century Fox $135 million $5068 million
2016 Captain America: Civil War Anthony and Joe Russo Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$250 million $7801 million
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles: Out of the Shadows Dave Green Paramount Pictures $135 million $1427 million
Warcraft Duncan Jones Universal Studios $160 million $3776 million
Deepwater Horizon Peter Berg Summit Entertainment $110 million $118 million
Doctor Strange Scott Derrickson Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
$165 million $637 million
Rogue One: A Star Wars Story Gareth Edwards $200 million $290 million
Upcoming films Status
2017 The Great Wall Zhang Yimou Universal Studios Post-production
Kong: Skull Island Jordan Vogt-Roberts Warner Bros / Legendary Pictures
Power Rangers Dean Israelite Lionsgate
Guardians of the Galaxy Vol 2 James Gunn Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures
Star Wars: Episode VIII Rian Johnson
Transformers: The Last Knight Michael Bay Paramount Pictures Filming
Spider-Man: Homecoming Jon Watts Columbia Pictures
Valerian and the City of a Thousand Planets Luc Besson EuropaCorp US/France, Lionsgate UK
Thor: Ragnarok Taika Waititi Walt Disney Studios
Motion Pictures

Televisionedit

Year Name of television show13
1987–1994
  • Star Trek: The Next Generation
2014–2015
  • Agent Carter14

Notable employees and clientsedit

Photoshop was first used at the Industrial Light & Magic as an image-processing program Photoshop was created by ILM Visual Effects Supervisor John Knoll and his brother Thomas as a summer project It was used on The Abyss The Knoll brothers sold the program to Adobe shortly before the film's releasecitation needed

Adam Savage, Grant Imahara and Tory Belleci of MythBusters fame have all worked at Industrial Light & Magic15

Industrial Light & Magic is also famous for their commercial work Their clients include Energizer, Benson & Hedges, Apple, Nike, Coca-Cola, Pepsi, Budweiser, Nickelodeon and other companiescitation needed

Actor Masi Oka worked on several major ILM productions as a programmer, including Revenge of the Sith, before joining the cast of the NBC show Heroes as Hiro Nakamura16

American film director David Fincher worked at ILM for four years in the early 1980scitation needed

Film director Joe Johnston was a Visual effects artist and an Art Director

Film Director Mark AZ Dippé was a Visual Effects animator who directed Spawn film which was released in 1997

See alsoedit

  • Digital Domain
  • Double Negative VFX
  • Framestore
  • Rhythm and Hues Studios
  • Weta Digital

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "ILMxLAB" 
  2. ^ "Global Locations" 
  3. ^ "Disney would acquire a visual effects firm with Lucasfilm deal" Los Angeles Times 31 October 2012 Retrieved 4 November 2012 
  4. ^ "Industrial Light & Magic: History" StarWarscom LucasFilm July 15, 1999 Retrieved 2011-02-01 
  5. ^ 1970's - School of Computer Science - Carnegie Mellon School of Computer Science
  6. ^ a b "About OpenEXR" ILM Retrieved 5 November 2012 
  7. ^ Lucasfilm's Industrial Light + Magic Exploring Opening New Facility in Vancouver, The Hollywood Reporter
  8. ^ LATimes 31 October 2012 "Disney would acquire a visual effects firm with Lucasfilm deal" Los Angeles Times Retrieved 4 November 2012 
  9. ^ LucasArts Shut Down, Layoffs At ILM Starwarsprequelappreciationsocietywordpresscom 2013-04-03 Retrieved on 2013-09-04
  10. ^ "Disney to Shut LucasArts Videogame Unit" The Wall Street Journal 2013-04-03 Retrieved 2013-04-18 
  11. ^ Cohen, David S 3 April 2013 "LucasArts Shutdown Triggers Layoffs at ILM" Variety Retrieved 6 April 2013 
  12. ^ Ritman, Alex October 16, 2014 "Lucasfilm's Industrial Light & Magic Opens London Studio" The Hollywood Reporter Retrieved 4 November 2014 
  13. ^ "Our Work" ilmcom Retrieved 18 February 2015 
  14. ^ "AGENT CARTER: Creating Movie Effects on a TV Schedule" WIRED's Design FX Retrieved 18 February 2015 
  15. ^ Mythbusters Season 16 Episode 10 March 2016 
  16. ^ Gaudiosi, John 25 October 2006 "Masi Oka: Coder, Actor, Hero" Wired 

External linksedit

  • Official website with detailed information in PDF format
  • Industrial Light & Magic ILM at the Internet Movie Database
  • Alternative credits list from the Unofficial ILM site
  • Small entry at Lucasfilm's site

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