Indo-Seychellois are inhabitants of Seychelles with Indian heritage2 With about 10,000 Indo-Seychellois in a total Seychellois population of 81,000, they constitute a minority ethnic group in Seychelles3
The first Indo-Seychellois were south Indians, who were brought as slaves along with Africans, by the fifteen French colonists in 17704 Later, as colonial plantations and road construction work started, a larger group was brought in not as slaves, but as indentured labourers called 'coolies'4
The colonial era arrival records of Indo-Seychellois were not well kept Those available suggest ships brought Indians to work, and many returned to India when their work contract expired For example, in February 1905, one British Indian ship's record states that 135 Indians arrived in the Seychelles mostly male adults 106, some females 42, and a few children 74 Those who stayed integrated within the Seychelles society4
DemographyeditA Tamil Hindu Temple in Victoria, the capital of Seychelles
Indians represent a small minority, at just over 6% of the total population3
The majority of Indo-Seychellois are Hindus 60% from Tamil Nadu Others are Indian Jains, Muslims, Christians, and others They speak Seychellois Creole, and Tamil Typically they constitute the farming, manufacturing entrepreneurs, wholesalers and traders community in Seychelles45 They are mostly settled in the island of Mahe, some on Praslin and La Diguemall, with cities such as Victoria exhibiting higher concentrations of Indo-Seychellois5
Many Indo-Seychellois have intermarried with non-Indian ethnic groups, and their children are usually classified as a part of the Creole majority They have had a noticeable impact on the Seychelles, states the Ministry of External Affairs of the Government of India, "Overall, it is believed that more than 82% of the population of Seychelles has some Indian roots Many local shops cater to the needs of the Diaspora by stocking Indian consumer items The community has established a Hindu temple that is run by the Hindu Kovil Sangam There is also here an Indo-Seychelles Friendship Association and a Hindu Council of Seychelles"6
- Tamil Seychellois
- Hinduism in Seychelles
- ^ Languages in Seychelles, Ethnologue
- ^ Angus Stevenson 2010 Oxford Dictionary of English Oxford University Press pp 891, 1632 ISBN 978-0-19-957112-3
- ^ a b Ministry of External Affairs, Government of India 2004, Report of the High Level Committee on the Indian Diaspora Chapter 8: Other Countries of Africa PDF, p 94, archived from the original PDF on 2012-02-06
- ^ a b c d e Mahoune, Jean-Claude Pascal "Seychellois of Asian Origin" IIAS Newsletter Online After the abolition of slavery in 1835, the French landowners were clamouring for Indian 'coolies' labour to work on their plantations though they had many 'liberated Africans' in the 1860s When the 'coolies' did come, they were to mostly set to work on road construction Unlike Mauritius most of them left
- ^ a b Tom Masters; Jean-Bernard Carillet 2007 Mauritius, Reunion & Seychelles Lonely Planet p 43 ISBN 978-1-74104-727-1
- ^ Report of the High Level Committee on the Indian Diaspora Chapter 8: Other Countries of Africa PDF, p 108, archived from the original PDF on 2012-02-06
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