Tue . 20 Feb 2020
TR | RU | UK | KK | BE |

Indigenous Peoples' Day

indigenous peoples day, indigenous peoples day 2018
Indigenous Peoples' Day1 also known as Native American Day is a holiday that celebrates the Indigenous peoples of North America It is celebrated in various localities in the United States It began as a counter-celebration to Columbus Day, promoting Native American culture and commemorating the history of Native American peoples The celebration began in Berkeley, California, through the International Indian Treaty Council, and Denver, Colorado, and now in Vermont, as a protest against Columbus Day The latter is observed as a federal holiday in the United States, but it is not observed as a state holiday in every state, and most retail enterprises stay open2 Indigenous Peoples' Day is usually held on the second Monday of October, coinciding with the federal observance of Columbus Day3 It is similar to Native American Day, observed in September in California and Tennessee, and the same day as Indigenous Peoples' Day in South Dakota

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Other celebrations
  • 3 International Day of the World’s Indigenous People
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

In 1977, the International Conference on Discrimination Against Indigenous Populations in the Americas, sponsored by the United Nations in Geneva, Switzerland, began to discuss replacing Columbus Day in the United States with a celebration to be known as Indigenous Peoples Day4 Similarly, Native American groups staged actions in Boston, Massachusetts instead of Thanksgiving, which has been celebrated there to mark collaboration between English colonists and Native Americans in the first years In July 1990, at the First Continental Conference on 500 Years of Indian Resistance in Quito, Ecuador, representatives of Indian groups throughout the Americas agreed that they would mark 1992, the 500th anniversary of the first of the voyages of Christopher Columbus, as a year to promote "continental unity" and "liberation" 5

After the conference, attendees from Northern California organized to plan protests against the "Quincentennial Jubilee" that had been organized by the United States Congress for the San Francisco Bay Area on Columbus Day 1992 It was to include replicas of Columbus' ships sailing under the Golden Gate Bridge and reenacting their "discovery" of America The delegates formed the Bay Area Indian Alliance and in turn, the "Resistance 500" task force6 It promoted the idea that Columbus' "discovery" of an inhabited lands and subsequent European colonization of these areas had resulted in the genocide of indigenous peoples by decisions of colonial and national governments78

In 1992, the group convinced the city council of Berkeley, California, to declare October 12 as a "Day of Solidarity with Indigenous People", and 1992 the "Year of Indigenous People" The city implemented related programs in schools, libraries, and museums The city symbolically renamed Columbus Day as "Indigenous Peoples' Day" beginning in 19929 to protest the historical conquest of North America by Europeans, and to call attention to the losses suffered by the Native American peoples and their cultures10 through diseases, warfare, massacres, and forced assimilation Get Lost Again Columbus, an opera by a Native American composer, was produced that day11 Berkeley has celebrated Indigenous Peoples' Day ever since12 Beginning in 1993, Berkeley has also held an annual pow wow and festival on Indigenous Peoples' Day6

In the years following Berkeley's action, other local governments and institutions have either renamed or canceled Columbus Day, either to celebrate Native American history and cultures, to avoid celebrating Columbus and the European colonization of the Americas, or due to raised controversy over the legacy of Columbus13 Several other California cities, including Richmond, Santa Cruz, and Sebastopol, now celebrate Indigenous Peoples' Day and on these days all people are encouraged to dress up in Indigenous Peoples' costumes 13

At least four states do not celebrate Columbus Day Alaska, Hawaii, Oregon, and South Dakota; South Dakota officially celebrates Native American Day instead31415 Various tribal governments in Oklahoma designate the day as "Native American Day", or have renamed the day after their own tribes16 In 2013, the California state legislature considered a bill, AB55, to formally replace Columbus Day with Native American Day but did not pass it17

Other celebrationsedit

Numerous efforts in the Americas have honored Native Americans as part of Columbus Day, or by designating two holidays for the same date10 Especially since Native American activism has increased since the 1960s and 1970s, a variety of protests have been staged against celebrating Columbus Day18 These have included mock trials of Christopher Columbus, an insurgent offensive in Peru by the Shining Path guerrillas,18 and protests and disruptions of Columbus Day parades in the United States19

Indigenous peoples in other nations have also lobbied to have holidays established to recognize their contributions and history For instance, Brazil celebrates "National Indigenous Peoples' Day" on April 1920 In the Philippines, the National Commission on Indigenous Peoples, as well as various local indigenous towns, designated October 29, 2008, as Indigenous Peoples' Day21

International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peopleedit

Main article: International Day of the World's Indigenous Peoples

In 1994, the United Nations declared an International Day of the World’s Indigenous People, establishing it on August 922 This international holiday has been celebrated also in various nations 2324

See alsoedit

  • Timeline of support for Indigenous Peoples' Day
  • Indigenous Resistance Day
  • Columbus Day
  • Native American Day
  • Indian Day Brazil

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Sometimes punctuated Indigenous "People's" or "Peoples" Day
  2. ^ "The future of Columbus Day: Can a national holiday survive when detractors say it's nothing to celebrate" The Week 
  3. ^ a b Thomas J Morgan April 9, 2009 "Brown casts off Columbus, agreeing to forgo celebrating his day" Rhode Island Journal 
  4. ^ RS Sriyananda August 7, 2009 "Celebrating peoples of Yore" Daily News Sri Lanka 
  5. ^ "Declaration of Quito, Ecuador" Indigenous Alliance of the Americas on 500 Years of Resistance July 1990 
  6. ^ a b Katlyn Carter January 10, 2005 "Berkeley Celebrates Indigenous Peoples' Day" Daily Californian 
  7. ^ "`Indigenous People's Day' to Replace Columbus Celebration" Los Angeles Times January 11, 1992 
  8. ^ Michael S Arnold October 12, 1992 "Protesters Stop Mock Landing of Columbus" Los Angeles Times 
  9. ^ "Berkeley Postpones Fate of Columbus Day" San Jose Mercury News July 17, 1992 
  10. ^ a b Roger Petterson October 13, 1992 "Columbus Day Stirs Debate Across America" Associated Press 
  11. ^ James Barron October 12, 1992 "He's the Explorer/Exploiter You Just Have to Love/Hate" New York Times 
  12. ^ Richard C Paddock January 13, 2008 "UC Berkeley's bones of contention" Los Angeles Times 
  13. ^ a b Conor Dougherty and Sudeep Reddy October 10, 2009 "Is Columbus Day Sailing Off the Calendar" Wall Street Journal 
  14. ^ "South Dakota Codified Laws" 
  15. ^ "Chapter 187 — Holidays; Standard of Time; Commemorations" State of Oregon Oregon Legislative Website Retrieved October 13, 2013 
  16. ^ Clifton Adcock October 13, 2008 "Holiday not celebrated by tribes: American Indians see Columbus Day as a reminder of harsh treatment ages ago" Tulsa World 
  17. ^ "Columbus Day To Native American Day CA Assemblyman Roger Hernandez Introduces Bill AB 55" The Huffington Post Retrieved October 12, 2015 
  18. ^ a b Sam Stanton October 9, 1992 "Columbus Feted Despite His Fall from Grace" McClatchey News Service 
  19. ^ Keith Coffman, "Columbus Day protest in Denver leads to arrests", Reuters, October 6, 2007
  20. ^ Mario Osava April 16, 2009 "Dispossessed Demand Land, Health, Justice" Inter Press Service 
  21. ^ Nony Basco November 1, 2008 "Panay-Bukidnon celebrates Indigenous Peoples' Day" ABS-CBN News 
  22. ^ Dag Hammarskjöld Library: International Day of the World’s Indigenous People Archived November 6, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
  23. ^ "Low Health Standards Highlighted On Indigenous Peoples' Day" News Room America August 9, 2009 
  24. ^ "World Indigenous Day celebrated in Khagrachhari" The Daily Star August 9, 2009 

External linksedit

  • Indigenous Peoples Day: A Handbook for Activists & Documentary History— A new book from the Indigenous Peoples Committee, curated by John Curl
  • Archives of Indigenous Peoples Day— Historical archives of the origins and development of Indigenous Peoples Day
  • Berkeley's Indigenous Peoples Day— History of the annual celebration, pow wow and Native American market
  • Indigenous Peoples Day 2014— A short documentary on Indigenous Peoples Day 2014
  • Article-20 Years Later—The Origins of Indigenous Peoples Day

indigenous people's day images, indigenous peoples day, indigenous peoples day 2018, indigenous peoples day 2019, indigenous peoples day alcatraz, indigenous peoples day celebration, indigenous peoples day meaning, indigenous peoples day thanksgiving 2017, indigenous peoples day turtles island map, indigenous peoples day vs columbus day


Indigenous Peoples' Day Information about

Indigenous Peoples' Day


  • user icon

    Indigenous Peoples' Day beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day
Indigenous Peoples' Day viewing the topic.
Indigenous Peoples' Day what, Indigenous Peoples' Day who, Indigenous Peoples' Day explanation

There are excerpts from wikipedia on this article and video

Random Posts

Body politic

Body politic

The body politic is a metaphor that regards a nation as a corporate entity,2 likened to a human body...
Kakamega

Kakamega

Kakamega is a town in western Kenya lying about 30 km north of the Equator It is the headquarte...
Academic year

Academic year

An academic year is a period of time which schools, colleges and universities use to measure a quant...
Lucrezia Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia

Lucrezia Borgia Italian pronunciation: luˈkrɛttsja ˈbɔrdʒa; Valencian: Lucrècia Borja luˈkrɛsia...