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Independence, Oregon

independence oregon public library, independence oregon 4th of july parade
Independence is a city in Polk County, Oregon, United States, on the west bank of the Willamette River along Oregon Route 51, and east of nearby Monmouth It is part of the Salem Metropolitan Statistical Area Thirty square blocks of the oldest part of Independence form the National Register of Historic Places-listed Independence Historic District

The population was 8,590 at the 2010 census7

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historyedit

Independence was founded by pioneers who migrated from Independence, Missouricitation needed Elvin A Thorp arrived in the Independence area in 1845 and staked a claim north of Ash Creek in June of that year He platted a small townsite that later became known as "Thorp's Town of Independence" or the "Original Town of Independence", now known as "Old Town" Thorp named the town for his hometown Independence, Missouri, and in honor of Andrew Jackson's characteristic of "Independence"8

In 1847, Henry Hill came across the plains looking for a level piece of ground on which to raise stockcitation needed On November 14, 1847, he found his location on the west bank of the Willamette River south of Ash Street and marked off his donation land claim, which was 1 mile 16 km square In 1867, after returning from the California gold mines, Hill platted 40 acres 160,000 m2 for a townsite, thereafter to be referred to as Henry Hill's Town of Independence The city charter bill of February 26, 1885, incorporated EA Thorp's Independence and Henry Hill's Independence Henry Hill Elementary School was named in honor of the latter

Downtown Independence circa 1920

Independence thrived as a shipping point, by both rail and boat, for agricultural products and lumber until the 1950s9 The city was known for its hops production from the 1890s through the 1940s,citation needed hosting a festival called the "Hops Fiesta" from the early 1930s to the mid-1950s1011 When hop production began to decline in the early 1950s,10 the city's fortunes began to decline91213

Downtown Independence was bypassed by major freeways in the 1960s,14 though the period saw an alternative form of transportation enabled by the construction of the Independence State Airport, which was dedicated on August 14, 196415

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 282 square miles 730 km2, of which, 273 square miles 707 km2 is land and 009 square miles 023 km2 is water2 Ash Creek flows through Independence, where it meets the Willamette River16

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1860 425
1880 691
1900 909
1910 1,160 276%
1920 1,148 −10%
1930 1,248 87%
1940 1,372 99%
1950 1,987 448%
1960 1,930 −29%
1970 2,594 344%
1980 4,024 551%
1990 4,425 100%
2000 6,035 364%
2010 8,590 423%
Est 2016 9,666 125%
US Decennial Census18

2010 censusedit

As of the census3 of 2010, there were 8,590 people, 2,857 households, and 2,021 families residing in the city The population density was 3,1465 inhabitants per square mile 1,2149/km2 There were 3,168 housing units at an average density of 1,1604 per square mile 4480/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 733% White, 04% African American, 18% Native American, 12% Asian, 02% Pacific Islander, 191% from other races, and 41% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 353% of the population

There were 2,857 households of which 420% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 516% were married couples living together, 127% had a female householder with no husband present, 65% had a male householder with no wife present, and 293% were non-families 186% of all households were made up of individuals and 59% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 299 and the average family size was 345

The median age in the city was 283 years 305% of residents were under the age of 18; 139% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 273% were from 25 to 44; 195% were from 45 to 64; and 87% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 504% male and 496% female

2000 censusedit

As of the census5 of 2000, there were 6,035 people, 1,994 households, and 1,425 families residing in the city The population density was 2,5858 people per square mile 1,0001/km² There were 2,131 housing units at an average density of 9131 per square mile 3531/km² The racial makeup of the city was 7369% White, 149% Native American, 058% Asian, 041% African American, 036% Pacific Islander, 1964% from other races, and 383% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 3012% of the population

There were 1,994 households out of which 381% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 530% were married couples living together, 140% had a female householder with no husband present, and 285% were non-families 184% of all households were made up of individuals and 68% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 298 and the average family size was 341

In the city, the population was spread out with 305% under the age of 18, 141% from 18 to 24, 264% from 25 to 44, 201% from 45 to 64, and 90% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 29 years For every 100 females there were 967 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 935 males

The median income for a household in the city was $36,790, and the median income for a family was $40,466 Males had a median income of $30,253 versus $22,527 for females The per capita income for the city was $13,933 About 146% of families and 169% of the population were below the poverty line, including 225% of those under age 18 and 74% of those age 65 or over

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "John McArdle" Democratic Party of Oregon Retrieved 2 October 2015 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on January 24, 2012 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on June 17, 2013 Retrieved 2013-06-02 
  5. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  7. ^ http://factfindercensusgov/servlet/SAFFPopulation_event=Search&geo_id=01000US&_geoContext=01000US&_street=&_county=independence&_cityTown=independence&_state=04000US41&_zip=&_lang=en&_sse=on&ActiveGeoDiv=geoSelect&_useEV=&pctxt=fph&pgsl=010&_submenuId=population_0&ds_name=null&_ci_nbr=null&qr_name=null&reg=null%3Anull&_keyword=&_industry=
  8. ^ Newton, Sidney 1971 Early History of Independence, Oregon p 1 
  9. ^ a b Independence History from the City of Independence
  10. ^ a b "Independence Hop and Heritage Festival A Little Bit of History" Independence Hop & Heritage Festival Retrieved 2014-07-16 The "original" Hop Festival, also known as the Hop Fiesta, began in early 1930sThe festival/fiesta in its original form continued until the mid-1950s, missing only years when the US was most deeply involved in World War II 
  11. ^ "On main street of Williamette sic Valley town Independence, Polk County, Oregon" Farm Security Administration - Office of War Information Photograph Collection LC-USF34-020639-E: Library of Congress August 1939 Retrieved 2011-03-31 
  12. ^ A Heady Success from Oregon State University
  13. ^ Hops and Beer from Salem Online History
  14. ^ Independence, Oregon: Historic Main Street from greatstreetsorg
  15. ^ "History of Independence State Airport 7S5" Independence State Airport Support Group April 8, 2005 Retrieved 2011-03-31 The Independence Airport originally was developed from a request by the news media and eastern pilots to have a place to land aircraft and report on the arrival of the "On to Oregon Cavalcade" from Independence, Missouri to Independence, Oregon in 1959Edwin Totten, a local farmer, allowed the aircraft to land on one of his grass seed fields which was later purchased by the City of Independence, with help from local donors and Polk County in early 1960sThe city decided developing, operating and managing the airport would be better served by donating the airport to the State of Oregon Aeronautics Division After initial engineering and construction, the airport was dedicated as the Independence State Airport on August 14, 1964 
  16. ^ "United States Topographic Map" United States Geological Survey Retrieved March 7, 2016 – via Acme Mapper 
  17. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  18. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2015 

External linksedit

  • Media related to Independence, Oregon at Wikimedia Commons
  • Entry for Independence in the Oregon Blue Book
  • Photographs of Independence by Dorothy Lange from the Library of Congress

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