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Inca dove

inca dove, inca dove picture

Inca dove
Conservation status

Least Concern IUCN 312
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Columbiformes
Family: Columbidae
Genus: Columbina
Species: C inca
Binomial name
Columbina inca
Lesson, 1847

Scardafella inca

The Inca dove or Mexican doveColumbina inca is a small New World dove Inca doves reach a length of 165–23 cm 65–91 in and weigh 30–58 g 11–20 oz3 They are slender, with a gray-brown body covered in feathers that resemble a scaled pattern The tail is long and square and edged with white feathers that may flare out in flight The underwings are reddish, like other ground doves, and upon takeoff, the wings produce a distinctive, quiet rattling noise


  • 1 Distribution and habitat
  • 2 Nesting
  • 3 Behavior
  • 4 Voice
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Distribution and habitatedit

A pair of Inca doves nesting

The Inca Dove ranges from Costa Rica in the south to the American Southwest in the north and is often common to abundant in suitable habitat Despite being named after the Inca Empire, this species does not occur in any of the lands that once constituted that empire Inca doves are expanding their range in the north and south This terrestrial species forms flocks in deserts, scrublands and cultivated areas and may also be found in urban settings where they feed upon grass seeds and take advantage of the ready availability of water from agricultural and suburban irrigation


Inca Doves build their nests primarily in trees and shrubs The average diameter is about 5 centimeters The male gathers nesting material and presents it to the female, who also gathers some nesting material The nest is composed of twigs, grass, weed stalks, and leaves and becomes reinforced with the brood's excrement4 The nest is often reused over and over, with one nest being reused 11 times


During winter, Inca Doves roost in communal huddles in a pyramid formation that aid in heat conservation These pyramids can contain up to 12 birds5 They often flock outside their territories, with flocks going up to 100 birds


The song, a forceful cooing rendered variously as "cowl-coo" or "POO-pup", may be given from a tree, wire, or other open, high perch such as a television aerial


  1. ^ "Inca Dove" Birds of North America Cornell Lab of Ornothology Retrieved 7 April 2017 
  2. ^ BirdLife International 2012 "Columbina inca" IUCN Red List of Threatened Species Version 20132 International Union for Conservation of Nature Retrieved 26 November 2013 
  3. ^ "Inca dove" All About Birds Cornell Lab of Ornithology 
  4. ^ Mueller, Allan; Mueller, Allan J 2004 Alan Poole, ed "Inca Dove Columbina inca" The Birds of North America Online Ithaca, NY: Cornell Lab of Ornithology doi:102173/bna28 Retrieved 9 December 2012 
  5. ^ Robertson, Paul B; Schnapf, Ann F 1987 "Pyramiding Behavior in the Inca Dove: Adaptive Aspects of Day-Night Differences" PDF The Condor Cooper Ornithological Society 89 1: 185–187 doi:102307/1368776 
  • Sibley, David 2003 The Sibley Field Guide to Birds of Western North America ISBN 0-679-45121-8 
  • Stiles, F Gary; Skutch, Alexander F 1989 A Guide to the Birds of Costa Rica Comstock Publishing Associates ISBN 0-8014-9600-4 
  • "Columbina inca" Integrated Taxonomic Information System Retrieved 4 February 2006 

External linksedit

  • Inca dove - Columbina inca - USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
  • Inca dove photo gallery at VIREO Drexel University
  • "Inca dove media" Internet Bird Collection 
  • Inca dove species account at NeotropicalBirds Cornell University
  • Interactive range map of Columbina inca at IUCN Red List maps

  • Birds portal

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Inca dove Information about

Inca dove

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