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Imperial and Royal Uhlans

imperial and royal uhlans vs hussars, imperial and royal uhlans britanniques
Together with the Dragoons and Hussars, the Imperial and Royal Uhlans German: kuk Ulanen, made up the cavalry of the Austro-Hungarian Army from 1867 to 1918, both in the Common Army and in the Austrian Landwehr, where they were known as the Imperial-Royal Landwehr Uhlans kk Landwehr-Ulanen

The Austrian monarchy, weakened by the losing the war against Prussia in 1866, had to effectively guarantee the autonomy of Kingdom of Hungary in the so-called Compromise of 15 March 1867 As a result, the Hungarian half of the Empire immediately began to establish its own army, the Royal Hungarian Landwehr Hungarian: Magyar Királyi Honvédség

Following the signing of the Compromise, the Austrian half of the Empire also started to build an army, the Imperial-Royal Landwehr German: kk Landwehr The two new Landwehr forces thus existed alongside the Common Army Gemeinsame Armee, the imperial army of the whole Empire In effect this meant that Austria-Hungary had three separate armies at the same time

Contents

  • 1 Organisation
  • 2 The Imperial and Royal Uhlans 11 regiments
  • 3 Imperial-Royal Landwehr Uhlans
  • 4 Sources
  • 5 Literature
  • 6 External links

Organisationedit

The Common Army has 11 Uhlan regiments and the Austria Landwehr 6 regiments By tradition the majority of Uhlans were recruited from the Kingdom of Galicia and Lodomeria The regiments were also stationed there, with few exceptions

  • In 1914, the Imperial and Royal Cavalry regiments each consisted of 2 divisions battalions each of 3 squadrons Eskadronen

The Imperial and Royal Uhlans 11 regimentsedit

Uhlan in winter marching order Czapka of a subaltern of the 2nd Uhlans
  • 1st Galician Uhlans Ritter von Brudermann's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Ritter von Brudermann“ Nr 1
  • 2nd Galician Uhlans Prince of Schwarzenberg's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Fürst zu Schwarzenberg“ Nr 2
  • 3rd Galician Uhlans Archduke Carl's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Erzherzog Carl“ Nr 3
  • 4th Galician Uhlans Emperor's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Kaiser“ Nr 4
  • 5th Ukrainian-Croatian Uhlans Emperor Nicholas II of Russia's Ukrainisch-Croatisches Ulanen-Regiment „Nikolaus II Kaiser von Rußland“ Nr 5
  • 6th Galician Uhlans Emperor Joseph II's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Kaiser Joseph II“ Nr 6
  • 7th Galician Uhlans Archduke Franz Ferdinand's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Erzherzog Franz Ferdinand“ Nr 7
  • 8th Galician Uhlans Count Auersperg's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „Graf Auersperg“ Nr 8
  • 11th Bohemian Uhlans Emperor Alexander II of Russia's Böhmisches Ulanen-Regiment „Alexander II Kaiser von Rußland“ Nr 11
  • 12th Hungarian Croatian-Slavonian Uhlans Count Huyn's Ungarisches croatisch-slavonisches Ulanen-Regiment „Graf Huyn“ Nr 12
  • 13th Galician Uhlans von Böhm-Ermolli's Galizisches Ulanen-Regiment „von Böhm-Ermolli“ Nr 13

Imperial-Royal Landwehr Uhlansedit

  • 1st Landwehr Uhlans Landwehr Ulanen Regiment Nr 1
Assigned as divisional cavalry: 1 and 2 Sqns: 11th Infantry Division 3 and 4 Sqns: 30th Infantry Division 5 and 6 Sqns: 43rd Landwehr Infantry Division Nationalities: 65 % Ruthenians - 30 % Polish - 5 % various Recruiting district: Lemberg Garrison: Lemberg
  • 2nd Landwehr Uhlans Landwehr Ulanen Regiment Nr 2
Assigned as divisional cavalry: 1+2 Sqns: 26th Landwehr Infantry Division 3+4 Sqns: 29th Infantry Division 5+6 Sqns: 10th Infantry Division Nationalities: 58 % Czechens - 42 % various Recruiting district: Leitmeritz Garrison: Hohenmauth
  • 3rd Landwehr Uhlans Landwehr Ulanen Regiment Nr 3
Assigned as divisional cavalry: 1+2 Sqns: 45th Landwehr Infantry Division 3+4 Sqns: 24th Infantry Division 5+6 Sqns: 2nd Infantry Division Nationalities: 69 % Poles - 26 % Ruthenians - 5 % various Recruiting district: Przemysl Garrison: Rzeszów
  • 4th Landwehr Uhlans Landwehr Ulanen Regiment Nr 4
Assigned as divisional cavalry: 1+2 Sqns: 5th Infantry Division 3+4 Sqns: 12th Infantry Division 5+6 Sqns: 46th Landwehr Infantry Division Nationalities: 85 % Poles - 15 % various Recruiting district: Krakau Garrison: Olmütz
  • 5th Landwehr Uhlans Landwehr Ulanen Regiment Nr 5
Assigned as divisional cavalry: 1+2 Sqns: 4th Infantry Division 3+4 Sqns: 25th Infantry Division 5+6 Sqns: 13th Landwehr Infantry Division Nationalities: 97 % Germans - 3 % various Recruiting district: Vienna Garrison: Stockerau
  • 6th Landwehr Uhlans Landwehr Ulanen Regiment Nr 6
Assigned as divisional cavalry: 1+2 Sqns: 3rd Infantry Division 3+4 Sqns: 8th Infantry Division 5+6 Sqns: 44th Landwehr Infantry Division Nationalities: 60 % Germans - 39 % Czechens - 1 % various Recruiting district: Prague Garrison: Wels


Sourcesedit

  • Austrian State Archives/War Archives in Vienna
  • Glenn Jewison, Jörg C Steiner: The Austro-Hungarian Land Forces 1848-1918

Literatureedit

  • Johann C Allmayer-Beck, Erich Lessing: Die Kuk Armee 1848-1918 Verlag Bertelsmann, München 1974, ISBN 3-570-07287-8
  • Das kuk Heer im Jahre 1895 Schriften des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums in Wien - Stocker Verlag, Graz 1997
  • kuk Kriegsministerium „Dislokation und Einteilung des kuk Heeres, der kuk Kriegsmarine, der kk Landwehr und der ku Landwehr“ in: Seidels kleines Armeeschema - Herausg: Seidel & Sohn Wien 1914
  • „Adjustierungsvorschrift für das kuk Heer, die kk Landwehr, die ku Landwehr, die verbundenen Einrichtungen und das Korps der Militärbeamten“ von 1867 Herausgegeben durch das kuk Kriegsministerium Wien Fassung von 1911/1912

External linksedit

  • Google Books: Die Reiter-regimenter der Kkoesterreichischen Armee: Historische Skizzen, chronologisch geordnete Bruchstücke Regimenterweise bearbeitet
  • Austro-Hungarian Army at wwwaustro-hungarian-armycouk

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