Imperial and Royal Infantry


The arm of the Common Army of the Austro-Hungarian monarchy that was usually called the Imperial and Royal Infantry German: kuk Infanterie comprised two elements:

  • the German regiments that recruited from those kingdoms and lands represented in the Austrian Reichsrat the territory known as Cisleithania
  • the Hungarian regiments, whose personnel came from Hungary and those territories claimed by Hungary in Romania ie Transylvania and Banat, parts of Croatia and Serbia, as well that region of Slovakia known then as Upper Hungary, the so-called lands of the Hungarian crown also known as Transleithania

Contents

  • 1 Organization
  • 2 Side arms
  • 3 Dress
    • 31 Soldiers' peacetime parade dress
    • 32 Officers parade dress
  • 4 Sources
  • 5 Literature
  • 6 External links

Organizationedit

In its entirety the kuk Infantry consisted of the following:

  • 62 "German" infantry regiments
  • 40 "Hungarian" infantry regiments
  • 4 regiments of Bosnian-Herzegovinian Infantry
  • 28 rifle Feldjäger battalions
  • 1 Bosnian-Herzegovinian Feldjäger battalion
  • 4 regiments of Tyrolean rifles Tiroler Jäger

According to the organizational regulations for the kuk infantry in 1895, each of the 102 infantry regiments in peacetime was structured as follows:

  • Regimental headquarters Regimentsstab
  • Four field battalions
  • Sixteen field companies
  • A reserve battalion cadre
Peacetime establishment of an infantry regiment:
one colonel Oberst as the Commanding Officer Regimentskommandant four field officers Stabsoffiziere as battalion commanders Bataillonskommandanten
one field officer and two captains zbV Hauptleute zbV five regimental or senior doctors
one regimental adjutant Regimentsadjutant four battalion adjutants subalterns Bataillonsadjutanten Subalternoffiziere
one sapper officer Pionieroffizier one supply officer a subaltern Proviantoffizier
one paymaster commissioned officer Rechnungsführer, Oberoffizier two corporal clerks Rechnungshilfsarbeiter, Korporalsrang
one gunsmith Büchsenmacher 21 officers' batmen Offiziersdiener
Regimental band
one bandmaster field officer Stabsführer one regimental drummer Regimentstambour,
one battalion drummer four battalion buglers Bataillonshornisten
one sergeant Feldwebel, four corporals Korporale, five lance corporals Gefreite, 30 privates Mannschaften, two apprentices Eleven
Total: 21 officers, 73 NCOs and men
In the companies
16 captains 48 subalterns
16 ensigns Fähnriche 16 sergeants
16 pay NCOs 32 lance sergeants Zugsführer,
96 corporals 96 lance corporals
1,120 private soldiers 64 batmen
16 company buglers 16 company drummers
Total: 64 officers, 2,488 NCOs and men
Reserve battalion cadre:
in the HQ
a major as commander two recruiting officers
a regimental or senior doctor
a paymaster commissioned officer three corporal clerks
one Stabsführer one gunsmith
in the main body
one captain one subaltern
two pay NCOs one corporal
six private soldiers 2 batmen
Total: seven officers, 24 NCOs and men
Former barracks of I Bn, 28th Infantry, in Schlanders

Side armsedit

In the kuk Infantry the following soldiers carried a sabre as a side arm:

Officers carried the infantry officer's sabre, which was 82 cm long and had a hollow grind on both sides At the tip the blade was double-edged The scabbard was made of brass and fitted with a sharpening iron Schleifeisen Two iron suspension rings were fastened to the scabbard in order to hang it from the sword belt The sabre was always carried buckled underneath The sword knot of the sabre was made of gold thread and consisted of a tassel and strap The tassel was made of dangling knots Bouillons that were gold on the outside and black inside This sabre was carried by ensigns and orderly sergeants dienstführenden Feldwebeln

Paymasters, field officers and members of the regimental band carried the M 1861 infantry sword as a melee weapon This was 658 cm long and carried in a leather scabbard NCOs carried this sabre with an NCO's sword knot which was made of imperial yellow and black wood The tassel was immediately below it

Battalion and company drummers, battalion buglers, stretcher bearers, bandage carriers Bandagenträger and wagon drivers Fahrsoldaten carried the M 1862 engineer sabre

Ensign
German infantry facings: amaranth red Captain
Hungarian infantry facings:apple green

Dressedit

Soldiers' peacetime parade dressedit

Soldiers and NCOs wore parade dress or ceremonial headwear Paradekopfbedeckung and frock coats Waffenrock In summer the coat was only worn when ordered Depending on the weather it was either carried en bandouilère ie rolled and slung over the shoulder or worn In winter it was always worn Bread bags and field implements were not carried

In the field, soldiers wore the so-called marching order Marschadjustierung, ie they wore a field cap Feldkappe instead of the ceremonial hat and a field shirt Feldbluse instead of the frock coat In summer the coat was worn en bandouilère, in rainy weather and in winter it was put on Other orders of dress eg mountain dress were worn by order or in special circumstances

Officers parade dressedit

Parade headwear, frock coat, sash, all medals - but without the ribbons of the grand crosses When marching off on parade with the troops, in their order of dress, but only with coats if these were worn by the troops Mounted officers without saddle bags and revolvers If the troops were wearing their coats en bandouilère, mounted officers must strap their coats to the saddle In full dress, as on parade, as ordered with or without sashes and ribbons on the grand crosses

In the field officers had to wear the same uniform as the soldiers except that mounted officers wore it breeches

Sourcesedit

  • kuk Kriegsministerium ed: Dislokation und Einteilung des kuk Heeres, der kuk Kriegsmarine, der kk Landwehr und der ku Landwehr "Location and organization of the Imperial and Royal Army, Imperial and Royal Navy, Imperial-Royal Landwehr and Royal Hungarian Honved" in: Seidel's kleines Armeeschema - pub: Seidel & Sohn, Vienna, 1914

Literatureedit

  • Austrian State Archives/War Archives in Vienna Adjustierungsvorschrift für das kuk Heer, II Teil, Wien 1911
  • Glenn Jewison, Jörg C Steiner: The Austro-Hungarian Land Forces 1848-1918
  • Papers by the Museum of Military History in Vienna Militärwissenschaftliches Institut Vol 10 Das kuk Heer "The Imperial and Royal Army" Leopold Stocker Verlag, Graz, 1997

External linksedit



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