Imperial and Royal Hussars


Together with the Dragoons and Uhlans, the Imperial and Royal Hussars German: kuk Husaren, made up the cavalry of the Austro-Hungarian Army from 1867 to 1918, both in the Common Army and in the Hungarian Landwehr, where they were known as the Royal Hungarian Hussars ku Husaren

The Austrian monarchy, weakened by the losing the war against Prussia in 1866, had to effectively guarantee the autonomy of Kingdom of Hungary in the so-called Compromise of 15 March 1867 As a result, the Hungarian half of the Empire immediately began to establish its own army, the Royal Hungarian Landwehr Hungarian: Magyar Királyi Honvédség The cavalry of the Hungarian Landwehr was made up of the Landwehr Hussars

Following the signing of the Compromise, the Austrian half of the Empire also started to build an army, the Imperial-Royal Landwehr German: kk Landwehr The two new Landwehr forces thus existed alongside the Common Army Gemeinsame Armee, the imperial army of the whole Empire In effect this meant that Austria-Hungary had three separate armies at the same time

Imperial and Royal Hussars around 1910

Contents

  • 1 Organisation
  • 2 The Imperial and Royal Hussars in 1914
  • 3 Royal Hungarian Hussars
  • 4 References
  • 5 Literature

Organisationedit

The Common Army had 16 hussar regiments and the Royal Hungarian Landwehr had ten By tradition, the majority of the hussars were recruited from the Hungarian lands, parts of which belong today to Serbia, Romania, including Transylvania and Banat, Croatia and Slovakia socalled Upper Hungary The regiments, with a few exceptions, were all stationed there

  • The Imperial and Royal Cavalry regiments each had two divisions battalions each of three squadrons Eskadronen

The Imperial and Royal Hussars in 1914edit

A list of the Imperial and Royal Hussars regiments in 1914 is given below by short title ie "1st Hussars" as opposed to "1st Regiment of Hussars"

  • 1st Hussars Emperor Husaren-Regiment „Kaiser“ Nr 1
  • 2nd Hussars Frederick Leopold of Prussia's Husaren-Regiment „Friedrich Leopold von Preußen“ Nr 2
Master Farrier, 13th Hussars
  • 3rd Hussars Count of Hadik's Husaren-Regiment „Graf von Hadik“ Nr 3
  • 4th Hussars Duke Arthur of Connaught and Strathearn's Husaren-Regiment „Arthur Herzog von Connaught und Strathearn“ Nr 4
  • 5th Hussars Count Radetzky's Husaren-Regiment „Graf Radetzky“ Nr 5
  • 6th Hussars King William II of Württemberg's Husaren-Regiment „Wilhelm II König von Württemberg“ Nr 6
  • 7th Hussars William II, German Emperor and King of Prussia's Jazigier und Kumanier Husaren-Regiment „Wilhelm II Deutscher Kaiser und König von Preußen“ Nr 7
  • 8th Hussars von Terstyanski's Husaren-Regiment „von Tersztyánszky“ Nr 8
  • 9th Hussars Count Nadasdy's Husaren-Regiment „Graf Nádasdy“ Nr 9
  • 10th Hussars King Frederick William II of Prussia's Husaren-Regiment „Friedrich Wilhelm III König von Preußen“ Nr 10
  • 11th Hussars King Ferdinand I of the Bulgarians Husaren-Regiment „Ferdinand I König der Bulgaren“ Nr 11
  • 12th Hussars vacant Husaren-Regiment Vacant Nr 12
  • 13th Hussars Crown Prince William of the German Empire and Prussia Husaren-Regiment „Wilhelm Kronprinz des Deutschen Reiches und Kronprinz von Preußen“ Nr 13
  • 14th Hussars von Kolossvary's Husaren-Regiment „von Kolossváry“ Nr 14
Bugler, 7th Hussars wearing a light blue atilla
  • 15th Hussars Archduke Franz Salvator's Husaren-Regiment „Erzherzog Franz Salvator“ Nr 15
  • 16th Hussars Count Üxküll-Gyllenband's Husaren-Regiment „Graf Üxküll-Gyllenband“ Nr 16

Royal Hungarian Hussarsedit

The regiments listed below were part of the Royal Hungarian Hussars, also known as the Royal Hungarian Honved Hussars ku Husaren, Honvéd being Hungarian for "defence" English sources usually refer to regiments simply as eg the "1st Hussars" or "1st Honved Hussars":

  • 1st Hussars Budapest Budapester Honvéd Husaren Rgt 1
19th Cavalry Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division 19 Honvéd Kavallerie Brigade - 5 Honvéd Kavallerie Division Commander: Colonel Colbert Zech von Deybach Freiherr von Hart und Sulz - Debachi Zech Colbert harti ès sulzi baró ezredes
  • 2nd Hussars Debrezin Debreczener Honvéd Husaren Rgt 2
22nd Cavalry Brigade, 11th Cavalry Division 22 Honvéd Kavallerie Brigade - 11 Honvéd Kavallerie Truppendivision Kommandant: Lieutenant Colonel Johann Flór - Flór János alezredes
  • 3rd Hussars Szeged Szegeder Honvéd Husaren Rgt 3
22nd Cavalry Brigade, 11th Cavalry Division Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Árpád Cserépy von Kisruszka - Kisruszkai Cserépy Árpád alezredes Imperial and Royal Hussars on parade
  • 4th Hussars Szabadka Szabadkaer Honvéd Husaren Rgt 4
I and II Squadrons, 23rd Infantry Division I, II Esk 23 Honvéd Infanterie Truppendivision III and IV Squadrons, 20th Infantry Division V and VI Squadrons, 41st Infantry Division Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Nikolaus Jankovich von Jeszenicze - Jesceniczai Jankovich Miklos alezredes
  • 5th Hussars Kassa Kassaer Honvéd Husaren Rgt 5
24th Cavalry Brigade, 11th Cavalry Division Commander: Colonel Paul Hegedüs - Hegedüs Pál ezredes
  • 6th Hussars Zalaegerszeg Zalaegerszeger Honvéd Husaren Rgt 6
23rd Cavalry Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Ladislaus Forster von Szenterzsébet - Szenterzsébeti Forster László alezredes
  • 7th Hussars Pápa Pápaer Honvéd Husaren Rgt 7
23rd Cavalry Brigade, 5th Cavalry Division Commander: Colonel Johann Graf Lubienski - Gróf Lubienski János ezredes
  • 8th Hussars Pécs Pécser Honvéd Husaren Rgt 8
19th Cavalry Brigade - 5th Cavalry Division Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Alexius Thege von Konkily - Konkoly Thege Elek alezredes
  • 9th Hussars Marosvásárhely Maros-Vásárhelyer Honvéd Husaren Rgt 9
24th Cavalry Brigade, 1st Cavalry Division Commander: Colonel Koloman Géczy von Garamszeg - Garamszegi Gèczy Kálmán ezredes
  • 10th Hussars Varaždin Varaždiner Honvéd Husaren Rgt 10
I and II Sqns, 36th Infantry Division III and IV Sqns, 42nd Infantry Division V and VI Sqns, 13th Infantry Brigade Commander: Lieutenant Colonel Alois Hauer - Hauer Alajos alezredes Shako-coating of the kuk Hussars Regiment

Referencesedit

Literatureedit

  • Johann C Allmayer-Beck, Erich Lessing: Die Kuk Armee 1848-1918 Verlag Bertelsmann, München 1974, ISBN 3-570-07287-8
  • Stefan Rest: Des Kaisers Rock im ersten Weltkrieg Verlag Militaria, Wien 2002, ISBN 3-9501642-0-0
  • Das kuk Heer im Jahre 1895 Schriften des Heeresgeschichtlichen Museums in Wien - Stocker Verlag, Graz 1997
  • kuk Kriegsministerium „Dislokation und Einteilung des kuk Heeres, der kuk Kriegsmarine, der kk Landwehr und der ku Landwehr“ in: Seidels kleines Armeeschema - Herausg: Seidel & Sohn Wien 1914
  • kuk Kriegsministerium „Adjustierungsvorschrift für das kuk Heer, die kk Landwehr, die ku Landwehr, die verbundenen Einrichtungen und das Korps der Militärbeamten“ Wien 1911/1912


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