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Idiopidae

idiopidae
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Diversity 22 genera, 275 species

Idiopidae superfamily Idiopoidea are a mygalomorph spider family, also known as the armored trapdoor spiders They have a large body that often looks rather like a tarantula

Contents

  • 1 Description
  • 2 Genera
  • 3 See also
  • 4 Footnotes
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Description

Gorgyrella sp

In some species the males have a spur on their legs, which they will show if provoked

Idiopidae build burrows, and some species close these with a door

The about 2 cm long Prothemenops siamensis from Thailand builds its retreat in a streamside vertical earth bank in lower montane rain forest Each burrow had two or three entrances that lead into a main tube Its lateral posterior spinnerets are elongated

The oldest known idiopida died at the age of 43 years

Genera

The categorization into subfamilies follows Raven 1985

  • Arbanitinae Simon, 1903
  • Aganippini
  • Aganippe O P-Cambridge, 1877 — Australia
  • Eucyrtops Pocock, 1897 — Australia
  • Idiosoma Ausserer, 1871 — Australia
  • Arbanitini
  • Arbanitis L Koch, 1874 — Australia
  • Blakistonia Hogg, 1902 — Australia
  • Cantuaria Hogg, 1902 — New Zealand
  • Cataxia Rainbow, 1914 — Australia
  • Euoplos Rainbow, 1914 — Australia
  • Misgolas Karsch, 1878 — Australia
  • Genysinae Simon, 1903
  • Genysa Simon, 1889 — Madagascar
  • Hiboka Fage, 1922 — Madagascar
  • Neocteniza Pocock, 1895 — Central and South America
  • Scalidognathus Karsch, 1891 — India, Sri Lanka, Seychelles
  • Idiopinae Simon, 1892
  • Ctenolophus Purcell, 1904 — South Africa
  • Galeosoma Purcell, 1903 — southern Africa
  • Gorgyrella Purcell, 1902 — southern Africa
  • Heligmomerus Simon, 1892 — Africa, India, Sri Lanka
  • Idiops Perty, 1833 — South America, Africa, South Asia, Middle East
  • Segregara Tucker, 1917 — South Africa
  • Titanidiops Simon, 1903 — Africa, Canary Islands
  • incertae sedis
  • Prothemenops Schwendinger, 1991 — Thailand
  • Prothemenops siamensis Schwendinger, 1991

See also

  • List of Idiopidae species
  • Spider families

Footnotes

  1. ^ Raven, RJ 1985 The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae Araneae: cladistics and systematics Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180
  2. ^ American Arachnological Society Committee on Common Names of Arachnids 2003 Common Names of Arachnids PDF Report Fifth ed 
  3. ^ Find-a-spider Guide
  4. ^ Murphy & Murphy 2000: 69f
  5. ^ Leanda Denise Mason, Grant Wardell-Johnson, Barbara York Main 2018 "The longest-lived spider: mygalomorphs dig deep, and persevere" Pacific Conservation Biology doi:101071/PC18015 CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list link

References

  • Raven, Robert John 1985 The spider Infraorder Mygalomorphae Araneae: cladistics and systematics Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History 182: 1-180
  • Find-a-spider Guide: Spider Families
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John 2000: An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur
  • Platnick, Norman I 2008: The world spider catalog, version 85 American Museum of Natural History

External links

  • Find-a-spider Guide: Images of several species


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Idiopidae


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    Idiopidae beatiful post thanks!

    29.10.2014


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