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Ibaraki Prefecture

ibaraki prefecture map, ibaraki prefecture tourism
Ibaraki Prefecture 茨城県, Ibaraki-ken is a prefecture of Japan, located in the Kantō region on the main island of Honshu1 The capital is Mito2

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns and villages
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Demographics
  • 5 Culture
  • 6 Education
    • 61 University
  • 7 Sports
    • 71 Football soccer
    • 72 Volleyball
    • 73 Rugby
    • 74 Baseball
    • 75 Puroresu
  • 8 Tourism
  • 9 Transportation and access
    • 91 Railways
    • 92 Cable cars
    • 93 Roads
      • 931 Expressways
      • 932 National highways
    • 94 Ports
    • 95 Airports
  • 10 Pronunciation
  • 11 See also
  • 12 Notes
  • 13 References
  • 14 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Ibaraki Prefecture

Ibaraki Prefecture was previously known as Hitachi Province In 1871, the name of the province became Ibaraki

Geographyedit

Map of Ibaraki Prefecture Mito Tsukuba Tsuchiura Kashima

Ibaraki Prefecture is the northeastern part of the Kantō region, stretching between Tochigi Prefecture and the Pacific Ocean and bounded on the north and south by Fukushima Prefecture and Chiba Prefecture It also has a border on the southwest with Saitama Prefecture The northernmost part of the prefecture is mountainous, but most of the prefecture is a flat plain with many lakes

As of 1 April 2012update, 15% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Suigo-Tsukuba Quasi-National Park and nine Prefectural Natural Parks3

Citiesedit

Thirty-two 32 cities are located in Ibaraki Prefecture:

  • Mito the capital city of the prefecture

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns and villages in each district:

  • Higashiibaraki District
    • Ibaraki4
    • Ōarai
    • Shirosato
  • Inashiki District
    • Ami
    • Kawachi
    • Miho
  • Kitasōma District
    • Tone
  • Kuji District
    • Daigo
  • Naka District
    • Tōkai
  • Sashima District
    • Goka
    • Sakai
  • Yūki District
    • Yachiyo

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Ibaraki Prefecture

Economyedit

Ibaraki's industries include energy, particularly nuclear energy, production, as well as chemical and precision machining industries The Hitachi company was founded in the Ibaraki city of the same name

As of March 2011, the prefecture produced 25% of Japan's bell peppers and Chinese cabbage5

Demographicsedit

Ibaraki's population is increasing modestly as the Greater Tokyo region spreads outcitation needed

Cultureedit

Ibaraki is known for nattō, or fermented soybeans, in Mito, watermelons in Kyōwa recently merged into Chikusei, and chestnuts in the Nishiibaraki region

Ibaraki is famous for the martial art of Aikido founded by Ueshiba Morihei, also known as Osensei Ueshiba spent the latter part of his life in the town of Iwama, now part of Kasama, and the Aiki Shrine and dojo he created still remaincitation needed

There are castle ruins in many cities, including Mito, Kasama, and Yūki

Kasama is famous for Shinto, art culture and potterycitation needed

The capital Mito is home to Kairakuen, one of Japan's three most celebrated gardens, and famous for its over 3,000 Japanese plum trees of over 100 varieties

Educationedit

Universityedit

  • Ami
    • Ibaraki Prefectural University of Health Sciences
  • Hitachi
    • Ibaraki Christian University
  • Mito
    • Ibaraki University
    • Tokiwa University
  • Tsuchiura
    • Tsukuba International University
  • Tsukuba
    • Tsukuba University
    • Tsukuba Gakuin University
    • National University Corporation Tsukuba University of Technology
  • Ryugasaki
    • Ryutsu Keizai University

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Ibaraki

Football socceredit

  • Kashima Antlers Kashima
  • Mito HollyHock Mito

Volleyballedit

  • Hitachi Sawa Rivale Hitachinaka

Rugbyedit

  • Kashima Rugby Football Club RFC

Baseballedit

  • Ibaraki Golden Golds Regional club

Puroresuedit

  • Hitachi Pro Wrestling Regional group

Tourismedit

  • Kairaku-en
  • Mount Tsukuba
  • Kashima Shrine
  • Ibaraki Prefectural Museum of History

Transportation and accessedit

Railwaysedit

  • East Japan Railway Company
    • Jōban Line
    • Utsunomiya Line Tōhoku Main Line
    • Mito Line
    • Suigun Line
    • Kashima Line
  • Tsukuba Express
  • Kantō Railway
    • Jōsō Line
    • Ryūgasaki Line
  • Ōarai Kashima Line
  • Hitachinaka Seaside Railway Minato Line Katsuta-Ajigaura
  • Mooka Line

Cable carsedit

  • Mount Tsukuba Cable Car
  • Mount Tsukuba Ropeway

Roadsedit

Expresswaysedit

  • Jōban Expressway
  • Ken-Ō Expressway
  • North Kanto Expressway
  • East Kanto Expressway

National highwaysedit

  • National Route 4 around Koga area
  • National Route 6 Nihonbashi of Tokyo-Toride-Tsuchiura-Mito-Hitachi-Iwaki-Sendai
  • National Route 50
  • National Route 51 Mito-Kashima-Itako-Narita-Chiba
  • National Route 118
  • National Route 123
  • National Route 124
  • National Route 125 Katori-Tsuchiura-Tsukuba-Koga-Gyoda-Kumagaya
  • National Route 245
  • National Route 253
  • National Route 294
  • National Route 349
  • National Route 354
  • National Route 355
  • National Route 400 Mito-Nakagawa-Nikko-South Aizu-West Aizu
  • National Route 408
  • National Route 461

Portsedit

  • Hitachi Port
  • Hitachinaka Port
  • Oarai Port - Ferry route to Tomakomai, Muroran of Hokkaido
  • Kashima Port

Airportsedit

  • Ibaraki Airport

Pronunciationedit

The prefecture is often mispronounced "Ibaragi" However, the correct pronunciation is "Ibaraki" According to the author of "Not Ibaragi, Ibaraki",6 this is most likely due to a mishearing of the softening of the "k" sound in Ibaraki dialect

See alsoedit

  • Japan portal

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Ibaraki-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 367, at Google Books; "Kantō" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 479, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Mito" at Japan Encyclopedia, p 642, at Google Books
  3. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment 1 April 2012 Retrieved 9 November 2013 
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Ibaraki" at Japan Encyclopedia, p 367, at Google Books
  5. ^ Schreiber, Mark, "Japan's food crisis goes beyond recent panic buying", The Japan Times, 17 April 2011, p 9
  6. ^ いばらぎじゃなくていばらき Ibaragi ja Nakute Ibaraki

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan Encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5 OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official Ibaraki Prefecture homepage
  • The E-Ibaraki Report: articles and commentary of foreigners living in Ibaraki, produced by the International Affairs Division, Ibaraki Prefecture
  • Ibaraki Japan

Coordinates: 36°14′N 140°17′E / 36233°N 140283°E / 36233; 140283

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