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Hume Horan

hume horan, ambassador hume horan
Loy W Henderson 1922–1960
Charles W Yost 1930–1971
Dayton S Mak 1946–1970
Hermann Eilts 1947–1979
William Stoltzfus 1949–1976
Andrew Killgore 1949–1980
Richard Bordeaux Parker 1949–1981
William L Eagleton 1949–1988
Robert O Waring 194–1976
Clifford J "Pat" Quinlan 1950–1980
Talcott Williams Seelye 1950–1981
Joseph J Sisco 1951–1976
Alfred Atherton 1954–1984
Nicholas A Veliotes 1955–1986
Richard W Murphy 1955–1989
Joseph W Twinam 195–1985
Peter A Sutherland 195-198
Robert Pelletreau 1962–1996
W Nathaniel Howell 1965–1992
Edward Djerejian 1966–1994
Hume Horan 1966–1998
April Glaspie 1966–2002
Wat T Cluverius IV 1967–
Edward S Walker Jr 1967–2001
Edward Gnehm 1969–2003
Ronald E Neumann 1970–2007
Ryan Crocker 1972–present
Harold H Saunders 1974–1981
Barbara Bodine 1975–present
Mary Ann Casey 1976-1994
David Welch 1977–2008
Francis J Ricciardone Jr 1978–present
Daniel C Kurtzer 1981–2006
William Joseph Burns 1982–present
Zalmay Khalilzad 1984–present
Dennis Ross 1989–1992
Martin Indyk 1995–2001

James Steinberg 2009–present
  • v
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Hume Alexander Horan August 13, 1934 – July 22, 2004 was an American diplomat and ambassador to five countries, who has been described as "perhaps the most accomplished Arabic linguist to serve in the US Foreign Service"


  • 1 Early life
  • 2 Diplomatic career
    • 21 List of posts
  • 3 Later life
  • 4 Personal life
  • 5 Writings
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Early life

Horan was born to Margaret Robinson Hume and Abdullah Entezam in 1934 in Washington, DC His mother came from a well-to-do family; her grandfather served as a diplomat in President Abraham Lincoln's administration, her own father had been the mayor of Georgetown, and Stephen Vincent Benét was a cousin Entezam was an Iranian diplomat Horan's parents divorced just three years after his birth though they had been married for over a decade, and Margaret Hume subsequently married a newspaperman named Harold Horan The family then moved to Argentina Entezam went on to become the Iranian Foreign Minister and head of National Iranian Oil Company before dying in 1985

Horan was sent by his parents to a boarding school in Rhode Island named Portsmouth Priory, and as an adolescent at an all-boys school he detested it Horan was soon thrown out and sent to study at the St Andrew's School in Delaware, which he found much more enjoyable

In 1954 Hume Horan joined the US Army, leaving two years later to study at Harvard College In 1960 he graduated from Harvard with a degree in American History and promptly joined the US Foreign Service, though he came back to Harvard to earn his MA in 1963 at the Center for Middle Eastern Studies, during which time he studied Arabic under the British orientalist Sir Hamilton A R Gibb

Diplomatic career

Horan's diplomatic career spanned the Greater Middle East; his first requested assignment was to a post in Baghdad, a rather unusual choice at the time

List of posts

  • 1966-1970 Libyan desk officer
  • 1970-1972 Political officer in Amman, Jordan
  • 1972-1977 Deputy chief of mission in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • 1980-1983 Ambassador to the Republic of Cameroon and non-resident ambassador to Equatorial Guinea
  • 1983- Ambassador to Sudan
  • 1987 Diplomat-in-residence at Georgetown University
  • 1987–1988 Ambassador to Saudi Arabia ended by order from King Fahd
  • 1992- Ambassador to Ivory Coast
  • Diplomat-in-residence at Howard University
  • -1998 Director of African training program at the Foreign Service Institute

Later life

Following the American-led invasion of Iraq, Horan worked for six months as a senior counselor on tribal and religious issues for the Coalition Provisional Authority in 2003 During this time he traveled across Iraq with little security, and was to meet Grand Ayatollah Ali al-Sistani before a protest in Najaf by Muqtada al-Sadr prevented it He was referred to by CPA head L Paul Bremer as his "pet Bedouin," and was rewarded for his work with the Distinguished Public Service Award by the Department of Defense He died at Inova Fairfax Hospital in 2004 after battling prostate cancer

Personal life

Horan's first wife was Nancy Reinert Horan, and they had two sons and a daughter After a divorce he remarried Lori Shoemaker, who gave birth to a son, Michael Horan, and daughter, Elizabeth Horan


  • Horan, Hume March 2004 "Focus on Iraq: Restoring a Shattered Mosaic" PDF Foreign Service Journal Archived from the original PDF on 2007-07-13 


  1. ^ a b c d e f g Sullivan, Patricia 2004-07-25 "Ambassador Hume Alexander Horan Dies" The Washington Post Retrieved 2008-04-06 
  2. ^ a b "Remembering Hume Horan 1934-2004" The Middle East Quarterly Fall 2004 Retrieved 2008-04-06 
  3. ^ a b c Kaplan, Robert D The Arabists: The Romance of an American Elite New York: The Free Press, 1993 ISBN 0-02-916785-X p 201
  4. ^ a b c Kaplan, 202

External links

  • Appreciation: Hume Horan from the American Foreign Service Association
  • Hume Horan's distinguished family website on his father's side
  • Appearances on C-SPAN
Diplomatic posts
Preceded by
Mable Murphy Smythe
United States Ambassador to Equatorial Guinea
Succeeded by
Alan M Hardy
Preceded by
Mabel M Smythe
United States Ambassador to Cameroon
Succeeded by
Myles Robert Rene Frechette
Preceded by
C William Kontos
United States Ambassador to Sudan
Succeeded by
G Norman Anderson
Preceded by
Walter L Cutler
United States Ambassador to Saudi Arabia
Succeeded by
Walter L Cutler

ambassador hume horan, hume alexander horan, hume horan, june horan

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