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Hualien County

hualien county, hualien county in taiwan
Hualien County Chinese: 花蓮縣; pinyin: Huālián Xiàn has the largest area of all counties in Taiwan, and is located on the country's mountainous eastern coast It is the northern terminus of the Hualien-Taitung Line and the southern terminus of the North-Link Line of the Taiwan Railway Administration In the Provincial Highway System, Hualien County is connected to other counties via the Suhua Highway, Huatung Highway, Hualien-Taitung Coast Highway and the Central Cross-Island Highway Hualien County is famous for tourism Tourism spots include the Taroko National Park, Mugua River Gorge and Yushan National Park and its coastline is well suited for biking purposes

Hualien City is the county seat of Hualien County and has the largest population

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Empire of Japan
    • 12 Republic of China
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Government
    • 31 Administrative divisions
    • 32 Politics
  • 4 Demographics and culture
    • 41 Population
    • 42 Belief
    • 43 Sports
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Education
  • 7 Energy
  • 8 Tourist attractions
    • 81 Nature
    • 82 Museums
    • 83 Theme parks
    • 84 Temples and shrines
  • 9 Transportation
  • 10 Relative location
  • 11 See also
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

Modern-day Hualien City was originally called Kiray Chinese: 奇萊; Pe̍h-ōe-jī: Kî-lâi, after the Sakiraya Taiwanese aborigines and their settlement2

Spanish settlers arrived in 1622 to pan for gold Picking up the sounds of native words, these settlers called the area Turumoan 多羅滿; To-lô-boán Han Chinese settlers arrived in 1851 Qing Dynasty records give the name of the region as Huilan 洄瀾; Hoê-liân; "eddies" due to the whirling of waters in the delta

Empire of Japanedit

During Taiwan's Japanese colonial period 1895-1945 the island's Japanese governors opted not to transliterate the name "Kiray" because the Japanese pronunciation of the word resembled the Japanese word for "dislike, disgusting" 嫌い, kirai The official name became Karen Harbour 花蓮港, Karenkō Karenkō Prefecture consisted of modern-day Hualien County Toward the end of World War II the Governor-General of Taiwan moved many Japanese residents of Taiwan to the area to develop agriculture

Republic of Chinaedit

After Japan's surrender in 1945, the rule of Taiwan was passed to the Kuomintang government of the Republic of China Hualien was established as a county named Hualien County of Taiwan Province on 25 December 1945

Few years later, the Kuomintang soon became refugees in Taiwan following the rise of Communism in China 1949 but continued to govern the island according to the Republic of China constitution In 1951 Hualien was the first county in Taiwan to be governed according to the ROC local autonomy law

In the 1990s Taiwan transformed itself into a self-governing multiparty democracy Today the Hualien area serves as the key population centre on the east coast as well as the one of five main life circle regions in Taiwan Taipei, Taichung, Tainan, Kaohsiung

A great white shark was caught off Hualien County on May 14, 1997 Reportedly almost 7 meters in length and weighing 4000 kg, it is the largest specimen ever recorded

Geographyedit

Central Mountain Range

Hualien County is situated in eastern Taiwan Island It faces the Pacific Ocean to the east, Central Mountain Range to the west bordering Taichung City, Nantou County and Kaohsiung City, Yilan County to the north and Taitung County to the south It stretches around 1375 km from north to south with its width ranging from 27 to 43 km long from east to west Its area is about 4,62857 km2 and occupies one eight of Taiwan total area

Despite its vast area, only 7% of the county area occupied by people The remaining area is occupied by rivers 7% and mountains 87% Mountains are composed of Central Mountain Range in the west and Haian Range in the east The main rivers in the county are the Hualian River, Xiuguluan River and their branches The plains stretch along the valleys between both mountain ranges with a width around 3–6 km Due to the restriction of its landscape, Hualien people reside mostly on the alluvial fans of the Huatung Valley plains3

Governmentedit

Hualien County Council Hualien City, the county seat of Hualien County Fu Kun-chi, the incumbent Magistrate of Hualien County

Administrative divisionsedit

Hualien County is divided into 1 city, 2 urban townships, 7 rural townships and 3 mountain indigenous townships Some towns have Japanese names because these towns were named by Japanese during the Japanese ruling period from 1895 to 1945 Hualien City is the county seat and houses the Hualien County Government and Hualien County Council The current Magistrate of Hualien County is non-partisan Fu Kun-chi4

English Japanese
City
Hualien City 花蓮市 Karen 花蓮
Urban townships
Fenglin Township 鳳林鎮
Yuli Township 玉里鎮 Tamasato 玉里
Rural townships
Fengbin Township 豐濱鄉 Toyohama 豊浜
Fuli Township 富里鄉 Tomisato 富里
Guangfu Township 光復鄉
Ji'an Township 吉安鄉 Yoshiyasu 吉安
Ruisui Township 瑞穗鄉 Mizuho 瑞穂
Shoufeng Township 壽豐鄉
Xincheng Township 新城鄉
Mountain indigenous townships
Wanrong Township 萬榮鄉
Xiulin Township 秀林鄉
Zhuoxi Township 卓溪鄉

Politicsedit

Hualien County voted one Democratic Progressive Party legislator to be in the Legislative Yuan during the 2016 Republic of China legislative election5

Demographics and cultureedit

Year Pop ±%
1985 361,549 —    
1990 352,233 −26%
1995 358,981 +19%
2000 353,630 −15%
2005 345,303 −24%
2010 338,805 −19%
2015 331,945 −20%
Source:"Populations by city and country in Taiwan" Ministry of the Interior Population Census 
Population density around the county December 2009

Populationedit

Hualien County has 333,392 inhabitants as of December 2014 and is divided into 1 city and 12 townships Its late development means that many aboriginal cultures such as Ami, Atayal, Bunun, Truku, Sakizaya and Kavalan are well-preserved As of 2014, aborigines make up 275% of the population of Hualien County about 91,6756 The Hakka people comprise about 30% of inhabitants1

The county has seen a negative population growth over the past few years due to emigration to other places outside Hualien County with an average reduction of 1,393 people per year over the past 18 years

According to a 2015 survey on national happiness index, Hualien County was rated as the happiest place to live in Taiwan among other 20 counties and cities due to the residents happiness driven by strong levels of satisfaction with work-life balance, living condition, education, environmental quality and the performance of the local government7

Beliefedit

The internationally famous Buddhist Tzu Chi foundation is headquartered in Hualien City There are also many temples around the county Buddhism and Folk religions are popular in Hualien County8 Hualien County also has the highest concentration of Roman Catholics in Taiwan at 946% of the population9

Sportsedit

Hualien County is home to the Hualien Stadium and Hualien Baseball Stadium

Because of its awesome scenic view, fresh air, fine weather, and plenty of well-maintained bike trails, Hualien County is a popular destination for cyclist enthusiasts and marathon runners Many cycling tournaments and marathon events are held each year in Hualien County For example, Taiwan KOM Challenge10 and Taroko Gorge Marathon11

Economyedit

Cement plant in Xincheng Township

There is cement mining activity in the county The Asia Cement Corporation plant in Xincheng Township contributes nearly 29% of Taiwan's annual cement production12

Educationedit

National Dong Hwa University

The Hualien County Department of Education lists in all 6 institutions of higher learning within the county's borders as well as 15 high schools, 35 junior high schools and 151 elementary schools, though some of the listed elementary campuses have been closed for years due to their remote location or to low enrollments Hualien County is home to National Dong Hwa University, Tzu Chi University, Taiwan Hospitality and Tourism University, Tzu Chi University of Science and Technology and Dahan Institute of Technology

Energyedit

Hoping Power Plant

Hualien County houses the hydroelectric Bihai Power Plant with an installed capacity of 612 MW and coal-fired Hoping Power Plant with a capacity of 1,320 MW, the fourth largest coal-fired power plant in Taiwan Both power plants are located in Xiulin Township

Due to the power plant, Hoping is also the location of a deep water bulk cargo port Hoping port is located in Hoping Village, Xiulin Township13

Tourist attractionsedit

Taroko National Park

Natureedit

National parks in the county are Matai'an Wetland Ecological Park, Taroko National Park and Yushan National Park The county is also home to several mountains and cliffs, such as Hehuan Mountain, Pingfeng Mountain, Qilai Mountain and Qingshui Cliff Other natural areas include the Liyu Lake, Mugua River Gorge, Rareseed Ranch and Chihsingtan Beach

Museumsedit

Museums and historical buildings in Hualien County include Pine Garden, Saoba Stone Pillars, Hualien Cultural and Creative Industries Park, Chihsing Tan Katsuo Museum and Hualien County Stone Sculptural Museum

Theme parksedit

Farglory Ocean Park is in Hualien County

Temples and shrinesedit

Hualien Martyrs' Shrine, Eternal Spring Shrine and Xiangde Temple are located in the county

Transportationedit

Hualien Airport
  • Hualien Airport
  • Taiwan Railway Administration - North-Link Line and Hualien-Taitung Line
  • Provincial Highway No8 Central Cross-Island Highway
  • Provincial Highway No 9 Su'ao-Hualien and Hualien-Taitung Highway
  • Provincial Highway No 11 Hualien-Taitung Coast Highway
  • Provincial Highway No 14
  • Provincial Highway No 16
  • Provincial Highway No 23 Fuli-Donghe Highway
  • Provincial Highway No 30 Yuchang Highway
  • County Road No193
  • Port of Hualien
  • Heping Cement Port

Relative locationedit

See alsoedit

  • List of tourist attractions in Taiwan

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Aborigines now make up 28% of Hualien County" 
  2. ^ "撒奇萊雅族_認識本族" TAIWAN INDIGENOUS PEOPLES CULTURE PARK Retrieved 3 December 2014 
  3. ^ "縣府各樓層平面圖 - 花蓮縣政府全球資訊服務網-首頁" 
  4. ^ "INTERVIEW: Hualien commissioner Fu targets debt" 
  5. ^ "2016 The 14th Presidential and Vice Presidential Election and The 9th Legislator Election" 
  6. ^ "Amis remains Taiwan's biggest aboriginal tribe at 371% of total" 
  7. ^ http://wwwchinapostcomtw/taiwan/local/hualien/2015/10/02/447335/Hualien-Countyhtm
  8. ^ "花蓮市公所-英文版-" 
  9. ^ Cheney, David M "Mr" Catholic Hierarchy Retrieved 11 July 2016 
  10. ^ "2015 Taiwan KOM Challenge" 
  11. ^ "Taroko Gorge Marathon 2016" Event Carnival 
  12. ^ Kuo, Chia-erh 13 June 2017 "Asia Cement denies mine site in Hualien expanded" Taipei Times Retrieved 15 June 2017 
  13. ^ Guide to Port Entry 2016 ed London, UK: Fairplay publications 1 January 2016  |access-date= requires |url= help

External linksedit

hualien county, hualien county in taiwan, hualien county map, hualien county national parks, hualien county taiwan, hualien county taiwan map, hualien county taiwan volcano


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