House of Shishman


Shishman Bulgarian: Шишман, also Shishmanids or Shishmanovtsi Bulgarian: Шишмановци, was a medieval Bulgarian royal dynasty of partial1 Cuman origin2

The Shishman dynasty consecutively ruled the Second Bulgarian Empire for approximately one century, from 1323 to 1422, when it was conquered by the Ottomans The Shishmanids were related to the earlier Asen dynasty, and according to the Ragusan historian Lukarić, also to the immediately preceding Terter dynasty1 In Plamen Pavlov's view, the Shishman dynasty's founder, despot Shishman of Vidin, may have been the brother of George I, the first Bulgarian Terterid ruler, thus also coming to Bulgaria from the Kingdom of Hungary after 12411

Contents

  • 1 Members
  • 2 List of monarchs
    • 21 Principality/Tsardom of Vidin
    • 22 Principality of Karvuna
    • 23 Tsardom of Tarnovo
    • 24 Principality of Valona
    • 25 Principality of Serres
  • 3 Notes
    • 31 Citations
  • 4 Sources
    • 41 References
  • 5 External links

Membersedit

Among its more notable members were:

Main branch:

  • despot Shishman of Vidin
  • Michael Shishman of Bulgaria Michael Asen III b after 1280, ruled 1323–1330
  • Ivan Stephen of Bulgaria ruled 1330–1331
  • despot Belaur of Vidin d 1336

Sratsimir branch:

  • Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria nephew of Michael Shishman ruled 1331–1371
  • co-emperor Michael Asen IV of Bulgaria b c 1322, co-emperor 1332–1355
  • Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria b 1324/1325, ruled 1356–1397 in Vidin
  • Queen Dorothea of Bosnia
  • Constantine II of Bulgaria b early 1370s, ruled 1397–1422 in Vidin and in exile
  • Ivan Shishman of Bulgaria b 1350/1351, ruled 1371–1395 in Tarnovo
  • Patriarch Joseph II of Constantinople possible illegitimate son3 Patriarch of Constantinople 1416–1439
  • Fruzhin d c 1460

List of monarchsedit

Principality/Tsardom of Vidinedit

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Shishman 1280 1308 The founder of the dynasty
Michael I 1308 1323 Son of prince Shishman, elected to tsar of Bulgaria and uses the name Michael III
Belaur 1323 1337 Brother of prince Michael I
Michael II 1337 1356 Son of prince Michael I
Sratsimir 1356 1397 Third son of Ivan Alexander Ruled in Vidin Captured by the Ottomans in 1396 and imprisoned in Bursa where he was strangled4
Constantine 1397 1418 Spent most of his life in exile Most historians do not include him in the list of the Bulgarian monarchs

Principality of Karvunaedit

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Sratsimir 1300 1330 Father of tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria
Keratsa 1330 1340 Wife of Sratsimir and mother of tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria

Tsardom of Tarnovoedit

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Michael III Shishman 1330 1308 Bolyar of Vidin Mortally wounded in the battle of Velbazhd on 28 July 1330 against the Serbs5
Ivan Stephen 1330 1331 Son of Michael III Shishman Deposed in March 1331 and fled to Serbia6 Might have died in 1373
Ivan Alexander 1331 1371 Bolyar of Lovech Descended of the Asen, Terter and Shishman dynasties Second Golden Age of Bulgarian culture Died of natural death on 17 February 1371, leaving Bulgaria divided among his sons5
Ivan Shishman 1371 1393 Fourth son of Ivan Alexander Beheaded by the Ottomans on 3 June 13957

Principality of Valonaedit

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Komnenos 1346 1363 Brother of tsar Ivan Alexander
Alexander 1363 1368 Son of prince Komnenos
Komnena 1368 1396 Daughter of prince Komnenos Married with Balša II Balšić 1372–1385, Lord of Kanina and Valona, and eventually Duke of Albania

Principality of Serresedit

Portrait Name From Until Short description
Helena 1355 1367 Daughter of Sratsimir of Kran and Keratsa Petritsa and the sister of Tsar Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria

Notesedit

^ a: Only Ivan Alexander and Ivan Shishman claimed the title Emperor of all Bulgarians and Greeks
^ a: The numbers designate which wife each child was born to

Citationsedit

  1. ^ a b c Павлов, Пламен 2005 "Метежници и претенденти за търновската царска корона през XIV в" Бунтари и авантюристи в средновековна България in Bulgarian Варна: LiterNet 
  2. ^ Vásáry, István Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365 PDF Cambridge University Press ISBN 0-521-83756-1 
  3. ^ Павлов, Пламен 2007-06-15 "Щрихи към портрета на Вселенския патриарх Йосиф ІІ" in Bulgarian Nobility BG Retrieved 2008-08-25 
  4. ^ Andreev, p 298
  5. ^ a b Andreev, p 263
  6. ^ Andreev, p 267
  7. ^ Andreev, p 286

Sourcesedit

  • Nikolov-Zikov, Petar 2012, Dinastiyata na Sracimirovci, New Bulgarian University, ISBN 978-954-535-702-2 

Referencesedit

  • Андреев Andreev, Йордан Jordan; Милчо Лалков Milcho Lalkov 1996 Българските ханове и царе The Bulgarian Khans and Tsars in Bulgarian Велико Търново Veliko Tarnovo: Абагар Abagar ISBN 954-427-216-X 
  • Ivanov, Yordan 1970 Bulgarian Antiquities from Macednia in Bulgarian Sofia: BAN 

External linksedit

  • Mladjov, Ian "Detailed List of Bulgarian Rulers" PDF Retrieved 14 April 2011 


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