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House of Schwarzburg

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The House of Schwarzburg is one of the oldest noble families of Thuringia Upon the death of Prince Friedrich Günther in 1971, a claim to the headship of the house passed under Semi-Salic primogeniture to his elder sister, Princess Marie Antoinette of Schwarzburg who married Friedrich Magnus V, Count of Solms-Wildenfels12 Reigning over the County of Schwarzburg and founded by Sizzo I of Schwarzburg died 1160, the family split in the 16th century into the lines of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen and Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt, with the Sondershausen dying out in 1909

Contents

  • 1 Family History
  • 2 Counts of Schwarzburg and Käfernburg
  • 3 Counts and Princes of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  • 4 Counts and Princes of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Family Historyedit

The County of Schwarzburg was a state of the Holy Roman Empire from 1195 to 1595, when it was partitioned into Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt and Schwarzburg-Sondershausen It was ruled by counts from the House of Schwarzburg Schwarzburg Castle was first mentioned in a 1071 deed In 1123 Count Sizzo III of Käfernburg Kevernburg, mentioned by the medieval chronicler Lambert of Hersfeld and according to the Annalista Saxo a grandson of Prince Yaropolk Izyaslavich of Turov by his mother, rebuilt the castle calling himself a "Count of Schwarzburg" Sizzo also established Georgenthal Abbey and in 1157, he accompanied Emperor Frederick I Barbarossa during his campaign against High Duke Bolesław IV the Curly of Poland

In 1197, Sizzo's grandson Heinrich II divided the common heritage with his brother Günther III and made Schwarzburg Castle his residence His territory then also comprised the nearby castle of Blankenburg

The most famous family member is Günther von Schwarzburg In 1349, he was elected as German king by the majority of electors But, due to less support, he renounced some month later and died shortly after

The Schwarzburg lands were again divided among his successors until in 1538 when Count Günther XL the Rich was able to unite the territories including Frankenhausen and Rudolstadt under his rule He was succeeded by his eldest son Günther XLI However, after his death in 1583, his younger brothers again divided the county: John Günther I received the territory around Arnstadt, later called Schwarzburg-Sondershausen, while Albrecht VII inherited the lands of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt The partition was finally confirmed by the 1599 Treaty of Stadtilm

Counts of Schwarzburg and Käfernburgedit

  • Sizzo I –1005
  • Sizzo II –1075
  • Günther I –1109, married Mechthild, daughter of Prince Yaropolk Izyaslavich of Turov
  • Sizzo III 1109–1160
  • Günther II 1160–1197
  • Heinrich II 1197–1236, Count of Schwarzburg-Blankenburg
  • Günther VII 1236–1274
  • Günther IX 1274–1289
  • Günther XII 1289–1308
  • Heinrich VII 1308–1324

County divided

  • Günther XL 1526–1552

County divided again in 1571

  • Albrecht VII of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt 1583–1605
  • John Günther I of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen 1583–1586

Counts and Princes of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadtedit

The castle Heidecksburg at Rudolstadt
  • 1574–1605: Count Albrecht VII 1537–1605
  • 1605–1630: Count Charles Günther I 1576–1630, succeeded by his brother Louis Günther I
  • 1612-1634: Count Albrecht Günther 1582-1634
  • 1630–1646: Count Louis Günther I 1581–1646
  • 1646–1662: Regent Emilie of Oldenburg-Delmenhorst 1614–70
  • 1662–1710: Count Albert Anton 1641–1710
  • 1710–1718: Prince Louis Frederick I 1667–1718
  • 1718–1744: Prince Frederick Anton 1692–1744
  • 1744–1767: Prince John Frederick 1721–67
  • 1767–1790: Prince Louis Günther II 1708–90
  • 1790–1793: Prince Frederick Charles 1736–93
  • 1793–1807: Prince Louis Frederick II 1767–1807
  • 1807–1814: Regent Caroline Louise of Hesse-Homburg 1771–1854
  • 1814–1867: Prince Frederick Günther 1793–1867
  • 1867–1869: Prince Albert 1798–1869
  • 1869–1890: Prince Georg Albert 1838–90
  • 1890–1918: Prince Günther Victor 1852–1925

Counts and Princes of Schwarzburg-Sondershausenedit

Sondershausen Palace
  • 1552–1586: John Günther I
  • 1586–1631: Günther XLII, with Anton Henry, John Günther II and Christian Günther I
  • 1631–1638: Günther XLII, with Anton Henry and Christian Günther I
  • 1638–1642: Günther XLII, with Christian Günther I
  • 1642–1643: Günther XLII, with Anton Günther I
  • 1643–1666: Anton Günther I
  • 1666–1697: Christian William, with Anton Günther II
  • 1697–1716: Anton Günther II
  • 1697 – 10 May 1721: Christian William
  • 10 May 1721 – 28 November 1740: Günther XLIII
  • 28 November 1740 – 6 November 1758: Henry XXXV
  • 6 November 1758 – 14 October 1794: Christian Günther III
  • 14 October 1794 – 19 August 1835: Günther Friedrich Karl I
  • 19 August 1835 – 17 July 1880: Günther Friedrich Karl II
  • 17 July 1880 – 28 March 1909: Karl Günther
  • 28 March 1909 – November 1918: Günther Victor

See alsoedit

  • Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt
  • Schwarzburg-Sondershausen
  • List of consorts of Schwarzburg

Referencesedit

  1. ^ The House of Schwarzburg on Heraldicaorg
  2. ^ James, John Almanach de Gotha, Volume I, 2013

External linksedit

  • English House Laws of Schwarzburg

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