House of Ordelaffi
The House of Ordelaffi was a noble family that ruled the lower Romagna from the 13th century to 1504, with some interregnums
- 1 History
- 11 Romagna branch
- 12 Venetian branch
- 2 References
The Ordelaffi origins are unclear, but themselves claimed a lineage with "Lor de Laffia", a Germanic soldier under service to Berengar I of Italy in 889 He was appointed as governor of Forlì, that starting to rule itself as free commune In 910, Lor de Laffia attempt to conquer the city, but was exiled to Ravenna His heirs were surnamed as "Lordelaffi", "Ordelaf" and finally "Ordelaffi"
In 13th century, the Teobaldo Ordelaffi conquered Forlì, make it in a Ghibelline stronghold Teobaldo was near to the Emperor Frederick II, besiege with him Ravenna and Faenza For compense, Frederick II appointed officially Teobaldo as Signore of Forlì
The son of Teobaldo, Scarpetta Ordelaffi, starting a war against the Republic of Florence in 1302, with the support of the "White" Guelphs, led by Dante Alighieri1 In 1303, Scarpetta fought with the podestà Fulcieri da Calboli for the control of Forlì Finally, the Calboli lost and the Ordelaffi expelled them from the city2 Laterly, Scarpetta conquered Bertinoro The brother of Scarpetta, Francesco I Ordelaffi, succeeded him to rule Forlì, make alliance with the House of Montefeltro against the House of Malatesta, Guelph family that ruled Cesena and Rimini
Francesco II Ordelaffi, nephew of Francesco I, lost the power when Cardinald Albornoz was appointed tho re-establish the papal's order in Romagna, in 1356 Surround by enemies, Francesco II lost first Faenza, then Cesena and Bertinoro in 1357 Francesco II tried to employ the Great Company's mercenaries, bu Albornoz recruit them first Defeated, Francesco II was expelled from Forlì and gain only Castrocaro and Forlimpopoli3
In 1376 Sinibaldo I Ordelaffi re-conquered Forlì and its territories but was poisoned by his nephew Pino I Ordelaffi, that laterly also poisoned Sinibaldo's son Giovanni in 1399, for gain Forlì for himself This murders were the decline's start for the Ordelaffi, like the other Pino's successors ruled for few time Forlì In 1425, after the death of Teobaldo II Ordelaffi, Forlì passed under the Diocese's control In 1433 Antonio Ordelaffi restored the signoria, but the Ordelaffi were expelled from Forlì by Pope Sixtus IV, who appointed his nephew Girolamo Riario as Lord of Forlì and Imola In 1503, Cesare Borgia, who was styled "Duke of Romagna" only two years once, and his family lost their power in the Papal States and Antonio Maria Ordelaffi gain another time the control on Forlì However, only a year later, Antonio Maria die without son, ending the Ordelaffi family
Venetian brancheditArms of the Faliero family
However, other descendants of Lor de Laffia moved to the Republic of Venice, and changed their surname in "Faliero" or "Faledro", the inverted form of "Ordelaf"4 In Venice, the Faliero branch became powerful and had also two doges in the early 12th century: Vitale Faliero 1084–1095 and Ordelafo Faliero 1102–11175
In 1211, the Falieros were the first Venetian settlers in the Duchy of Candia now Crete, starting a profitable trade with the other Mediterranean states
The family's decline began in 1355, when the Doge Marino Faliero try to realise a coup d'état in Venice and establish a monarchy, but failed and was decapitated6 Also if there were other important Falieros, they never expressed a Doge again and at the end of the 14th century the family disappear
- ^ Alma Poloni 2013 "Ordelaffi, Scarpetta" Treccani
- ^ Dino Compagni 1726 Cronica delle cose occorrenti ne' tempi suoi
- ^ Alma Poloni 2013 "Ordelaffi, Francesco di Sinibaldo" Treccani
- ^ Paolo Bonoli 1826 Storia del Friuli Bordandini p 122
- ^ Irmgard Fees 1994 "Falier, Vitale" Treccani
- ^ Giuseppe Tassini 2009 Curiosità Veneziane Filippi Editore pp 241–242
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