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House of Montefeltro

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Da Montefeltro is the name of an historical Italian family who ruled Urbino and Rimini

The family's reign began in 1226 when Buonconte I da Montefeltro and his brother Taddeo were appointed Counts of Urbino by emperor Frederick II They and their descendants were leaders of the Ghibellines of the Marche and the Romagna

Buonconte I was succeeded by Montefeltrano II 1214–1255, and Guido I 1255–1286 and 1293–1296, who was captain of Forlì during wars with the French and papal armies Pope Boniface VIII absolved him from censures for his actions in those wars, and employed him against Palestrina and the Colonna

Guido's successor, Federico I 1296–1322, increased his domains by taking Fano, Osimo, Recanati, Gubbio, Spoleto and Assisi from the Holy See He was murdered after levying high taxes and Urbino fell under papal control In 1323, however, Frederico's son Nolfo 1323–1359 was proclaimed lord of Urbino In 1355, as a papal legate, Cardinal Albornoz travelled through Italy restoring papal authority and Urbino once more came under the control of the Holy See Nolfo's son, Federico II, was left without any authority, but his son, Antonio II 1377–1403, took advantage of the rebellion of the Marche and Umbria against the Holy See 1375 to restore his authority in Urbino

Guidantonio 1403–1443 was appointed ruler of the Duchy of Spoleto by Pope Martin V 1419 and carried on war against Braccio da Montone with varying fortune His son, Oddo Antonio, was assassinated after only a few months in power The Urbinese then offered the lordship to Federico III 1444–1482, the illegitimate son of Guidantonio, a pupil of Vittorino da Feltre's school and a lover of art Under him Urbino became a cultural center of the Renaissance He was implicated in the wars against Sigismondo Pandolfo Malatesta and Pope René of Anjou, and Florence Pope Sixtus IV conferred on him the title of Duke of Urbino 1474

Guidobaldo I 1492–1508 was forced to flee Urbino to escape the armies of Cesare Borgia He adopted Francesco Maria della Rovere 1508–38, his sister's child, thus uniting the signoria of Sinigaglia with Urbino He aided Julius II in reconquering the Romagna Pope Leo X deprived him of his territory, which was given to Lorenzo de' Medici, and later to Francesco Maria della Rovere

See alsoedit

  • Lords of Urbino
  • Della Rovere

Referencesedit

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed 1913 "Archdiocese of Urbino" Catholic Encyclopedia New York: Robert Appleton 

External linksedit

  • Diocese of Montefeltro

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