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House of Liechtenstein

royal house of liechtenstein, princely house of liechtenstein
The Liechtenstein dynasty, from which the principality takes its name, is the family which reigns by constitutional, hereditary right over the nation of Liechtenstein Only dynastic members of the House of Liechtenstein are eligible to inherit the throne, and the dynasty's membership, rights and responsibilities are defined by a law of the family, which is enforced by the reigning Prince and may be altered by vote among the family's dynasts, but which may not be altered by the Government or Parliament of Liechtenstein1

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 21st-century princely family closest members
  • 3 Tree list
  • 4 Palaces and residences
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

The family comes from Castle Liechtenstein in Lower Austria, which the family possessed from at least 1140 to the 13th century, and from 1807 onwards Through the centuries, the dynasty acquired vast swathes of land, predominantly in Moravia, Lower Austria, Silesia and Styria, though in all cases, these territories were held in fief under other more senior feudal lords, particularly under various lines of the Habsburg family, to whom several Liechtenstein princes served as close advisors Thus, and without any territory held directly under the Imperial throne, the Liechtenstein dynasty was unable to meet a primary requirement to qualify for a seat in the Imperial Diet Reichstag

A seat in the Imperial government would add power, and would be afforded by lands which would be immediate, or held without any feudal personage other than the Holy Roman Emperor himself having rights on the land The head of the family was able to arrange the purchase from the Hohenems family of the minuscule Lordship of Schellenberg in 1699, and the County of Vaduz in 1712 Schellenberg and Vaduz indeed had no feudal lord other than their comital sovereign and the suzerain Emperor

On 23 January 1719, after the purchase had been made, Charles VI as Holy Roman Emperor decreed Vaduz and Schellenberg to be united and raised to the dignity of a Principality by the name of "Liechtenstein", in honour of "his true servant, Anton Florian of Liechtenstein" On this date Liechtenstein became a member state of the Holy Roman Empire The Princes of Liechtenstein did not set foot in their new principality for several decades, a testament to the pure political expediency of the purchases

According to the Constitution of the Princely House of Liechtenstein of 26 October 1993, all members other than the reigning prince shall bear the titles Prince or Princess of Liechtenstein and Count or Countess of Rietberg

21st-century princely family closest membersedit

Styles of
Princesses of Liechtenstein
Reference style His/Her Serene Highness
Spoken style Your Serene Highness
Alternative style Sir/Ma'am
Hans-Adam II, Prince of Liechtenstein born 1945, current head of the house and sovereign ruler of the principality
  • TSH Prince Hans-Adam II and Princess Marie
    • HSH Hereditary Prince Alois and HRH Hereditary Princess Sophie
      • HSH Prince Joseph Wenzel
      • HSH Princess Marie-Caroline
      • HSH Prince Georg Antonius
      • HSH Prince Nikolaus Sebastian
    • TSH Prince Maximilian and Princess Angela
      • HSH Prince Alfons
    • TSH Prince Constantin and Princess Marie
      • HSH Prince Moritz
      • HSH Princess Georgina
      • HSH Prince Benedikt
    • HSH Princess Tatjana
  • TSH Prince Philipp Erasmus and Princess Isabelle
    • TSH Prince Alexander and Princess Astrid
      • HSH Princess Theodora
    • HSH Prince Wenzeslaus
    • TSH Prince Rudolf and Princess Tılsım
  • HSH Prince Nikolaus and HRH Princess Margaretha
    • HSH Princess Maria-Annunciata
    • HSH Princess Marie-Astrid
    • HSH Prince Josef-Emanuel
  • HSH Princess Nora, Dowager Marchioness of Mariño

Tree listedit

Below are all male and male-line dynastic descendants of Johann I Joseph, Prince of Liechtenstein The numbers represent the positions in the line of succession

  • Prince Johann I Josef 1760–1836
    • Prince Alois II 1796–1858
      • Prince Johann II 1840–1929
      • Prince Franz I 1853–1938
    • Prince Franz de Paula 1802–1887
      • Prince Alfred 1842–1907
        • Prince Franz de Paula 1868–1929
        • Prince Alois 1869–1955
          • Prince Franz Josef II 1906–1989
            • Prince Hans-Adam II born 1945
              • 1 Hereditary Prince Alois b 1968
                • 2 Prince Joseph Wenzel b 1995
                • 3 Prince Georg b 1999
                • 4 Prince Nikolaus b 2000
              • 5 Prince Maximilian b 1969
                • 6 Prince Alfons b 2001
              • 7 Prince Constantin b 1972
                • 8 Prince Moritz b 2003
                • 9 Prince Benedikt b 2008
            • 10 Prince Philipp b 1946
              • 11 Prince Alexander b 1972
              • 12 Prince Wenzeslaus b 1974
              • 13 Prince Rudolf b 1975
            • 14 Prince Nikolaus b 1947
              • Prince Leopold 1984
              • 15 Prince Josef-Emanuel b 1989
            • Prince Franz Josef Wenzel 1962–1991
          • Prince Karl Alfred 1910–1985
            • Prince Dominik 1950–2009
            • 16 Prince Andreas b 1952
            • 17 Prince Gregor b 1954
          • Prince Georg 1911–1998
            • 18 Prince Christoph b 1958
          • Prince Ulrich 1913–1978
          • Prince Aloys 1917–1967
          • Prince Heinrich 1920–1993
            • 19 Prince Hubertus b 1971
        • Prince Johannes 1873–1959
          • Prince Alfred 1907–1991
            • 20 Prince Franz b 1935
              • 21 Prince Alfred b 1972
                • 22 Prince Franz b 2009
              • 23 Prince Lukas b 1974
            • Prince Friedrich 1937–2010
              • 24 Prince Emanuel b 1978
                • 25 Prince Leopold b 2010
                • 26 Prince Heinrich b 2012
              • 27 Prince Ulrich b 1983
            • 28 Prince Anton b 1940
              • 29 Prince Georg b 1977
          • Prince Emanuel 1908–1987
          • Prince Johannes 1910–1975
            • 30 Prince Eugen b 1939
              • 31 Prince Johannes b 1969
            • Prince Albrecht b 1940 took the title of Baron von Landskron
          • Prince Constantin 1911–2001
        • Prince Alfred 1875–1930
          • Prince Hans-Moritz 1914–2004
            • 32 Prince Gundakar b 1949
              • 33 Prince Johann b 1993
              • 34 Prince Gabriel b 1998
            • 35 Prince Alfred b 1951
            • 36 Prince Karl b 1955
            • 37 Prince Hugo b 1964
          • Prince Heinrich 1916–1991
            • Prince Vincenz 1950–2008
            • 38 Prince Michael b 1951
            • 39 Prince Christof b 1956
            • 40 Prince Karl b 1957
        • Prince Heinrich 1877–1915
        • Prince Karl Aloys 1878–1955
          • Prince Wilhelm 1922–2006 took the title of Graf von Hohenau
          • 41 Prince Wolfgang b 1934
            • 42 Prince Leopold b 1978
              • 43 Prince Lorenz b 2012
        • Prince Georg 1880–1931
      • Prince Aloys 1846–1920
      • Prince Heinrich 1853–1914
    • Prince Karl Johann 1803–1871
      • Prince Rudolf 1833–1888
      • Prince Philipp 1837–1901
        • Prince Karl 1862–1893
        • Prince Joseph 1863
    • Prince Friedrich 1807–1885
    • Prince Eduard Franz 1809–1864
      • Prince Aloys 1840–1885
        • Prince Friedrich 1871–1959
          • Prince Aloys 1898–1943
            • Prince Luitpold 1940–2016
              • Prince Friedrich 1970
              • 44 Prince Carl b 1978
          • Prince Alfred 1900–1972
            • Prince Alexander 1929–2012
              • 45 Prince Christian b 1961
                • 46 Prince Augustinus b 1992
                • 47 Prince Johannes b 1995
              • 48 Prince Stefan b 1961
                • 49 Prince Lukas b 1990
                • 50 Prince Konrad b 1992
              • 51 Prince Emanuel b 1964
                • 52 Prince Josef b 1998
            • Prince Franz de Paula 1935–1987
          • Prince Alexander 1901–1926
        • Prince Eduard 1872–1951
          • Prince Johannes 1899–1979
          • Prince Ferdinand 1901–1981
    • Prince August 1810–1884
    • Prince Rudolf 1816–1848

Palaces and residencesedit

See alsoedit

  • List of Princes of Liechtenstein
  • List of Princesses of Liechtenstein
  • Line of succession to the Throne of Liechtenstein
  • Liechtenstein Museum for the important princely art collection

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Princely House of Liechtenstein House Laws

External linksedit

  • The Princely House of Liechtenstein

house of liechtenstein prince, liechtenstein: house of liechtenstein, princely house of liechtenstein, royal house of liechtenstein, the princely house of liechtenstein, the royal house of liechtenstein


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