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House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

house of braganza-saxe-coburg and gotha
The House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha1 also known as the House of Coburg-Braganza2 is a term used to categorize the last four rulers of the Kingdom of Portugal, and their families, from 1853 until the declaration of the republic in 1910 Its name derives from the four kings descended in a patrilineal line from King Ferdinand II of Portugal of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha and in a matrilineal line from Queen Maria II of Portugal of the House of Braganza

The designation Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is prevalent mainly in the writings of non-Portuguese historians and genealogists, as European custom classifies a descendant branch on the basis of patrilineal descent, which means that the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha is a cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha

Nonetheless, the 1838 Portuguese constitution stated that the House of Braganza was the ruling house of Portugal, by way of Queen Maria II, and her descendants still continued to style themselves as members of the House of Braganza, as opposed to Saxe-Coburg-Gotha-Braganza3 The house is extinct

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Modern claims
  • 2 Rulers
  • 3 Family tree
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

The royal house was founded by Prince Ferdinand of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha and Koháry who on 9 April 1836 married Queen Maria II of Portugal from the House of Braganza Members of the royal house held the title Infante or Infanta of Portugal and Duke or Duchess of Saxony4 On 15 November 1853, Queen Maria II died, and her eldest son succeeded to the throne as Pedro V, the first king of the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty

The dynasty remained on the throne until the outbreak in Portugal of the 5 October 1910 revolution when King Manuel II of Portugal was deposed and the Portuguese First Republic was established Manuel II went into exile in Fulwell Park, England, and, with his death on 2 July 1932, the House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha became extinct1

Modern claimsedit

Before his death in 1932, King Manuel II had been in negotiations with the rival Miguelist branch of the House of Braganza, who had claimed the Portuguese throne since 1834, in opposition to the Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha dynasty On the King's death, the claim to the exctinct throne of Portugal passed to Duarte Nuno, Duke of Braganza56

In 1932, a woman, calling herself Maria Pia de Saxe-Coburgo e Bragança,78 claimed to be the illegitimate daughter of King Carlos I of Portugal and claimed the right to the titles of Duchess of Braganza and to be the rightful Queen of Portugal9 Maria Pia claimed that King Carlos I legitimized her through a royal decree and placed her in the line of succession, however no proof was presented to demonstrate this and the King similarly did not have the personal authority to do so Maria Pia's paternity was never proven and her claim not widely accepted

Rulersedit

  • Pedro V 1853–1861
  • Luis I 1861–1889
  • Carlos I 1889–1908
  • Manuel II 1908–1910

Family treeedit

                Fernando II   Maria II  
   
                                                                                   
                                                                           
Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen   Pedro V   Luís I   Maria Pia of Savoy   João, Duke
of Beja
  Maria Anna   George, King of Saxony   Antónia   Leopold, Prince of Hohenzollern   Augusto, Duke of Coimbra  
         
                                   
           
        Amélie of Orléans   Carlos I   Afonso, Duke of Porto   Nevada Stoody Hayes  
     
                           
           
        Prince Luís Filipe   Manuel II   Augusta Victoria of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen  
 

See alsoedit

  • Line of succession to the former Portuguese throne
  • List of Portuguese monarchs

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b Almanach de Gotha 175th ed Justus Perthes 1938 p 112 
  2. ^ Maclagan, Michael 2002 Lines of Succession Tables by Jiri Louda Time Warner Books p 187 ISBN 0-316-72428-9 
  3. ^ CONSTITUIÇÃO POLITICA DA MONARCHIA PORTUGUEZA p Title 1, Chapter 1, Article 5
  4. ^ Almanach de Gotha 146th ed Justus Perthes 1909 p 66 
  5. ^ "Monarchist Breach Closed In Portugal" The New York Times 1930-05-18 p N1 
  6. ^ "Successor Expects Throne" The New York Times 1932-07-06 p 19 
  7. ^ "Princess Maria Pia of Saxe-Coburg, duchess of Braganza" in CHILCOTE, Ronald H; The Portuguese Revolution: State and Class in the Transition to Democracy, page 37 Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; Reprint edition August 31, 2012
  8. ^ "Her Royal Highness D Maria Pia of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Braganza, the Crown Princess of Portugal" in Jean Pailler; Maria Pia of Braganza: The Pretender New York: ProjectedLetters, 2006;
  9. ^ Jean Pailler; Maria Pia of Braganza: The Pretender New York: ProjectedLetters, 2006

Further readingedit

  • PINTO, Albano Anthero da Silveira; VISCONDE, Augusto Romano Sanches de Baêna e Farinha; Resenha das familías titulares e grandes de Portugal Volume 1 Lisboa: Empreza Editora de Francisco Arthur da Silva 1883 Pág 313
  • McCULLOCH, John Ramsay; A Dictionary, Geographical, Statistical, and Historical: of the various Countries, Places, and Principal Natural Objects in the World Volume 4 Longmans: Green 1866 Pág 14
  • Almanach de Gotha Justus Perthes Publishing House in Gotha; 175th ed
  • American Annals of Education Volume 18 Otis: Broaders 1869
  • ROBINSON, James Harvey; BEARD, Charles Austin; The development of modern Europe: an introduction to the study of current history Ginn & Company 1908 Pág 27
  • The British Almanac: Containing Astronomical, Official and Other Information Relating to the British Isles, the Dominions Oversea and Foreign Countries Stationers Company 1909 Pág 457
  • WH De Puy; The Century Reference Library of Universal Knowledge Volume 8 National Newspapers Company 1909
  • ROLT-WHEELER, Francis; DRINKER, Frederick E; The World War for Liberty: A Comprehensive and Authentic History of the War by Land, Sea and Air CH Robinson Company 1919 Pág 382
  • COLENBRANDER, Herman Theodoor; deel Algemeene koloniale geschiedenis M Nijhoff 1925 Pág 26
  • Current History Volume 38 New York Times Company 1933 Pág 239
  • The Catholic Encyclopedia: Laprade-Mass Appleton 1950 Pág 282
  • FRANCIS, John Michael Editor; Iberia and the Americas: Culture, Politics, and History Transatlantic Relations, 3 Volumes Set ABC-CLIO November 21, 2005 Págs 724 e 1112
  • OLIVEIRA, Barradas de; Quando os cravos murcham Volume 2 Edições FP 1984 Pág 41
  • FIGUEIREDO, Fidelino de; Revista de História Volumes 10-11 Emprêsa Literária Fluminense 1921 Pág 220
  • PAILLER, Jean; Maria Pia of Braganza: The Pretender New York: ProjectedLetters, 2006;
  • CHILCOTE, Ronald H; The Portuguese Revolution: State and Class in the Transition to Democracy, page 37 Rowman & Littlefield Publishers; Reprint edition August 31, 2012

External linksedit

Royal House House of Braganza-Saxe-Coburg and Gotha Cadet branch of the House of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
Preceded by
House of Braganza

Ruling House of the Kingdom of Portugal

1853–1910
Monarchy Abolished

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