House of Basarab


The Basarabs also Bazarabs or Bazaraads, Romanian: Basarab pronounced basaˈrab were a family which had an important role in the establishing of the Principality of Wallachia, giving the country its first line of Princes, one closely related with the Mușatin rulers of Moldavia Its status as a dynasty is rendered problematic by the official elective system, which implied that male members of the same family, including illegitimate offspring, were chosen to rule by a council of boyars more often than not, the election was conditioned by the military force exercised by candidates After the rule of Alexandru I Aldea ended in 1436, the house was split by the conflict between the Dănești and the Drăculești, both of which claimed legitimacy Several late rulers of the Craiovești claimed direct descent from the House after its eventual demise, including Neagoe Basarab, Matei Basarab, Constantin Șerban, Șerban Cantacuzino, and Constantin Brâncoveanu

Rulers usually mentioned as members of the House include in chronological order of first rule Mircea the Elder, Dan II, Vlad II Dracul, Vlad III the Impaler, Vlad the Monk, Radu IV the Great, and Radu of Afumați

Contents

  • 1 Name and origins
  • 2 Genealogy
  • 3 Legacy
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Name and originsedit

The dynasty was named after Basarab I, who gained the independence of Wallachia from the Kingdom of Hungary

Coat of arms of the House of Draculesti

The name is likely of Cuman or Pecheneg Turkic1234 origin and most likely meant "father ruler" Basar was the present participle of the verb "to rule", derivatives attested in both old and modern Kypchak languages The Romanian historian Nicolae Iorga believed the second part of the name, -aba "father", to be an honorary title, as recognizable in many Cuman names, such as Terteroba, Arslanapa, and Ursoba

Basarab's father Thocomerius also bore an allegedly Cuman name, identified as Toq-tämir, a rather common Cuman and Tatar name in the 13th century The Russian chronicles around 1295 refer to a Toktomer, a prince of the Mongol Empire present in Crimea

The Cuman or Pecheneg origin of the name is, however, only a conjecture and a matter of dispute among historians Contemporaries constantly identified Basarab as a Vlach5 Charles I of Hungary speaks of him as Bazarab infidelis Olacus noster "Bazarab, our treacherous Vlach"5

Genealogyedit

The following genealogical tree is an oversimplified version, meant to show the ruling princes, their documented brothers and sisters, and the spouses/extramarital liaisons of those who had ruling heirs, following the conventions:

  • Ruling princes have their name emphasized and their ruling years in Moldavia
  • Several members of House of Basarab ruled in Moldavia; those reigning years are marked with M Small numbers at the end of each name are meant to indicate the mother of each offspring
  • There are two branches of the dynasty: Drăculeşti DR and Dăneşti DA
  • If the prince died while ruling, the last year is preceded by a cross
  • Spouses and extramarital liaisons are separated by a horizontal line


          Basarab I
1310-†1352
  Margareta  
   
                             
                       
Theodora of Wallachia   Ivan Alexander of Bulgaria Nicolae Alexandru
1352-†1364
  Maria Lackfy1
Clara Dobokai2
Maria Dabkai3
       
                                                                                           
                                                                                 
Royal dynasty of Bulgaria Vladislav I1
1364-†1377
Radu I1
1377-†1383
  Ana1
Kalinikia2
Vladislaus II of Opole   Elisabeta1 Vojislav1 Anna of Wallachia 2   Ivan Sratsimir of Bulgaria Anca2   Stephen Uroš V of Serbia
               
                                                           
                                           
Dan IDA,1
1383-†1386
  Maria of Serbia Mircea I2
1386-1394
1397-†1418
  Maria Tolmay 1
Anca2
Staico2 Royal dynasty of Silesia Royal dynasty of Bulgaria Royal dynasty of Serbia
       
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
Dan II DA
1422-1427
1427-†1431
  Ioan Vlad I1394-†1397 Mihail I1
1418-†1420
  Radu II1
1420-1422
†1427
Alexandru I1
1431-†1436
Vlad II DraculDR,1
1436-1442
1444-†1447
  1
Vassilissa of Moldavia2 Călţuna3
4
           
                                                                                                     
                                                                                             
Basarab IIDA
1442-1444
  Maria Dan Danciul

Stanciul
Vladislav IIDA
1447-1448
1448-†1456
  Neacşa Basarab IIIDA
1473
1474
1475-1476
1476-1477
Radu

Mihail
Mircea IIDR,1
1442
Vlad CalugarulDR Radu III the FairDR Alexandra2 Vlad III the ImpalerDR Mircea IllegitimateDR,4
1480
       

Legacyedit

The Basarab name is the origin of several placenames, including the region of Bessarabia part of the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine and a few towns, such as Basarabi in Romania, Basarabeasca in the Republic of Moldova, and Basarbovo in Bulgaria

See alsoedit

  • Vlad the Impaler

Referencesedit

  1. ^ S Brezeanu, Identități și solidarități medievale Controverse istorice, pages 135–138 and 371–386
  2. ^ Rădvan, Laurențiu 2010 At Europe's Borders: Medieval Towns in the Romanian Principalities p 129 
  3. ^ Sedlar, Jean W 2011 East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500 p 24 
  4. ^ Grumeza, Ion 2010 The Roots of Balkanization: Eastern Europe CE 500-1500 p 51 
  5. ^ a b Vásáry, István 2005 Cumans and Tatars: Oriental Military in the Pre-Ottoman Balkans, 1185-1365 Cambridge University Press p 153 ISBN 9780521837569 
  • Vasary, Istvan, Cumans and Tatars, Cambridge University Press, 2005, pp 149–155

External linksedit

  • Marek, Miroslav "Basarab genealogy" GenealogyEU 
  • Marek, Miroslav "Related Muşatins genealogy" GenealogyEU 


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