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Hou Hsiao-hsien

hou hsiao-hsien, hou hsiao-hsien the assassin
Hou Hsiao-hsien xoʊ̯³⁵ ɕi̯ɑʊ̯⁵¹ ɕi̯ɛn³⁵ born 8 April 1947 is a Taiwanese film director, screenwriter, producer and actor He is a leading figure in world cinema and in Taiwan's New Wave cinema movement, an auteur1 He won the Golden Lion at the Venice Film Festival in 1989 for his film A City of Sadness 1989, and the Best Director award at the Cannes Film Festival in 2015 for The Assassin 20152 Other highly regarded works of his include The Puppetmaster 19933 and Flowers of Shanghai 199845

Hou was voted "Director of the Decade" for the 1990s in a poll of American and international critics put together by The Village Voice and Film Comment6 In a 1998 New York Film Festival worldwide critics' poll, Hou was named "one of the three directors most crucial to the future of cinema"7 A City of Sadness ranked 117th in the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound critics' poll of the greatest films ever made8

Contents

  • 1 Life and career overview
  • 2 Personal background and family
  • 3 Films directed
    • 31 Feature films
      • 311 Cute Girl 1980
      • 312 Cheerful Wind 1981
      • 313 The Green, Green Grass of Home 1982
      • 314 The Boys from Fengkuei 1983
      • 315 The "Coming of Age" Trilogy 1984-1986
        • 3151 A Summer at Grandpa's 1984
        • 3152 A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985
        • 3153 Dust in the Wind 1986
      • 316 Daughter of the Nile 1987
      • 317 The "Taiwanese History Trilogy" 1989-1995
        • 3171 A City of Sadness 1989
        • 3172 The Puppetmaster 1993
        • 3173 Good Men, Good Women 1995
      • 318 Goodbye South, Goodbye 1996
      • 319 Flowers of Shanghai 1998
      • 3110 Millennium Mambo 2001
      • 3111 Café Lumière 2003
      • 3112 Three Times 2005
      • 3113 Flight of the Red Balloon 2007
      • 3114 The Assassin 2015
    • 32 Short film segments in omnibus films
      • 321 The Sandwich Man 1983
      • 322 To Each His Own Cinema 2007
      • 323 3D Short Film for Taipei Pavilion
      • 324 10+10 2011
  • 4 Writing
  • 5 Producing
  • 6 Acting
  • 7 Other work
  • 8 Filmography
    • 81 As director
    • 82 As producer
    • 83 As actor / himself
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 See also
  • 11 References
  • 12 External links

Life and career overviewedit

A Hakka, Hou Hsiao-hsien was born in Mei County, Guangdong province China in 1947 He and his family fled the Chinese Civil War to Taiwan the following year Hou was educated at the National Taiwan Academy of the Arts

Internationally, Hou is known for his austere and aesthetically rigorous dramas dealing with the upheavals of Taiwanese and occasionally larger Chinese history of the past century by viewing its impacts on individuals or small groups of characters A City of Sadness 1989, for example, portrays a family caught in conflicts between the local Taiwanese and the newly arrived Chinese Nationalist government after World War II It was groundbreaking for broaching the long-taboo February 28 Incident and ensuing White Terror It became a major critical and commercial success, and garnered the Golden Lion award at the 1989 Venice Film Festival, making it the first Taiwanese film to win the top prize at the prestigious international film festival

His storytelling is elliptical and his style marked by extreme long takes with minimal camera movement but intricate choreography of actors and space within the frame He uses extensive improvisation to arrive at the final shape of his scenes and the low-key, naturalistic acting of his performers His compositions are decentered, and links between shots do not adhere to an obvious temporal or causal narrative logic Without abandoning his famous austerity, his imagery has developed a sensual beauty during the 1990s, partly under the influence of his collaboration with cinematographer Mark Lee Ping-Bin Hou's consistent screenwriting collaborator since the mid-1980s has been the renowned author Chu T’ien-wen, a collaboration that began with the screenplay for Chen Kunhou's 1983 film, Growing Up He has also cast revered puppeteer Li Tian-lu as an actor in several of his movies, most notably The Puppetmaster 1993, which is based on Li's life

Hou's films have been awarded top prizes from prestigious international festivals such as the Venice Film Festival, Cannes Film Festival, Berlin Film Festival, Hawaii International Film Festival and the Nantes Three Continents Festival Six of his films to date have been nominated for the Palme d'Or best film award at the Cannes Film Festival Hou was voted "Director of the Decade" for the 1990s in a poll of American and international critics put together by The Village Voice and Film Comment

He contributed two songs to the soundtrack of Dust of Angels, a film which he produced

He directed the Japanese film Café Lumière 2003 for the Shochiku studio as an homage to Yasujirō Ozu; the film premiered at a festival commemorating the centenary of Ozu's birth The film deals with themes reminiscent of Ozu - tensions between parents and children and between tradition and modernity - in Hou's typically indirect manner His 2005 film Three Times features three stories of love set in 1911, 1966 and 2005 using the same actors, Shu Qi and Chang Chen

In August 2006, Hou embarked on his first Western project Filmed and financed entirely in France, Flight of the Red Balloon 2007 is the story of a French family as seen through the eyes of a Chinese student The film is the first part in a series of films sponsored by the Musee d'Orsay and stars Juliette Binoche In 2010, Hou directed the 3D short film for Taipei Pavilion in Expo 2010 Shanghai China

Hou has also had some acting experience, appearing as the lead in fellow Taiwanese New Wave auteur Edward Yang's 1984 film, Taipei Story Hou starred as Lung, a former Minor League baseball star who is stuck operating an old-style fabric business, longing for his past days of glory Lung becomes alienated from his girlfriend and tries to find his way in the city of Taipei

He had a brief role in the 2013 Chinese comedy-drama film Young Style, about a group of teenagers in high school

In 2015, Hou won the Best Director award at the Cannes Film Festival for his film The Assassin 2015

Personal background and familyedit

Hou's wife is Paofeng Tsao, who was one of the producers on Hou's film Flight of the Red Balloon 2007 Together they have one daughter named Yunhua Hou, who married her husband Chunfei Tsai in 2007 Hou's father was Hou Fenming, who was portrayed in Hou's film A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985 played by Tien Feng

Films directededit

To date, Hou has directed a total of eighteen 18 feature films, and three 3 short film segments of omnibus films, which leads to a total twenty-one 21 films he directed Out of the 21 films he has directed, he has written or co-written eleven 11 of those films, in addition to writing or co-writing ten 10 other films directed by other filmmakers, including Taipei Story 1985 Dir Edward Yang, Heartbreak Island 1995 Dir Hsiao-ming Hsu and My Favorite Season 1985 Dir Kun Hao Chen

Feature filmsedit

Hou has directed a total of 18 feature films Out of these 18, Hou has also written 11 of them

Cute Girl 1980edit

Hou's first film as a director, as well as writer, was Cute Girl 1980 aka Lovable You Jiu shi liu liu de ta, a relatively formulaic romantic comedy prevalent in Taiwan at the time starring Kenny Bee, Anthony Chan and Fei Fei Feng Feng Fei-fei9 The film was primarily devised as a vehicle for Bee and Feng, who were popular pop-stars in Hong Kong and Taiwan, respectively, at the time10 Hou would later collaborate with both Bee and Fong later on in his next feature film, Cheerful Wind 1981 Although the film was shot in a more commercial style unlike his later work, film critic and writer David Bordell stated that Cute Girl and the rest of Hou's early films "show Hou developing, in almost casual ways, techniques of staging and shooting that will become his artistic hallmarks"11

Cheerful Wind 1981edit

The second feature film that Hou both wrote and directed was Cheerful Wind 1981 Feng er ti ta cai, which teamed him up again with the trio of leads from Cute Girl, Kenny Bee, Feng Fei-fei and Anthony Chan

The Green, Green Grass of Home 1982edit

Hou's third feature film which he both directed and wrote was The Green, Green Grass of Home 1982 Zai na he pan qing cao qing, which also starred Kenny Bee from his previous two films but also a set of new actors that Hou previously did not work with before, including child actor at the time Pin-chin Chou, who won a Best Child Star award from the 1982 Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards for his performance in the film12 The film was also nominated for Best Film, Best Director and another Best Child Star award for actor Chuan-wen Cheng at the 1982 Golden Horse Film Festival as well13

The Boys from Fengkuei 1983edit

As his fourth feature film, The Boys from Fengkuei 1983 featured the beginnings of what Hou would later consider tenets of his cinematic style, which include more of a naturalistic style and focusing more on youth and provincial/rural life14 The film starred now-director Doze Niu as Ah-Ching, as a member of a gang of young boys who have finished school in their island fishing village of Fengkuei and spend most of their days fighting and drinking They decide to go to the port city of Kaohsiung to look for work, where Ah-Ching falls in love with a girlfriend of a neighbor The film is also about how the teenagers face the realities of urban life as they come of age The film won the Golden Montgolfiere award tied with Wanderers of the Desert 1984 at the 1984 Nantes Three Continents Festival It was also nominated for Best Feature Film, Best Director, Best Cinematography Kun Hao Chen, and Best Film Editing Ching-Song Liao awards at the 1984 Golden Horse Film Festival15

The "Coming of Age" Trilogy 1984-1986edit

Hou's "Coming of Age" trilogy includes the three films: A Summer at Grandpa's 1984, A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985, and Dust in the Wind 1987

A Summer at Grandpa's 1984edit

Hou's fifth feature film was A Summer at Grandpa's 1984, which won a Best Director award for Hou at the 1984 Asia-Pacific Film Festival and the Golden Montgolfiere award tied with The Runner 1984 at the 1985 Nantes Three Continents Festival, and the Prize of the Ecumenical Jury - Special Mention at the 1985 Locarno International Film Festival16 The film was also nominated for a Best Child Star Chi-Kuang Wang and Best Adapted Screenplay Chu T’ien-wen at the 1984 Golden Horse Film Festival17 The film also starred fellow New Taiwanese filmmaker Edward Yang in a brief role, with Yang returning the favor by casting Hou in his film Taipei Story 1985

A Summer at Grandpa's is also the first part of Hou's "coming-of-age" trilogy, followed by A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985 and Dust in the Wind 1986

A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985edit

As his sixth feature film, A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985 also known as The Time to Live and the Time to Die, Chinese: 童年往事; pinyin: Tóngnián wǎngshì, lit "Incidents from a Childhood Past" was perhaps Hou's first internationally successful film, winning a grand total of 8 awards from film festivals all over the world: a Special Jury Award at the 1985 Asia-Pacific Film Festival, a FIPRESCI Prize at the Forum of New Cinema at the 1986 Berlin International Film Festival or Berlinale, a Best Original Screenplay Hou Hsiao-hsien and Chu T’ien-wen, a Best Supporting Actress Ru-Yun Tang at the 1985 Golden Horse Film Festival where it was also nominated for Best Feature Film, Best Director, Best Original Film Score Chu-chu Wu and Best Sound Recording Chiang-Sheng Hsin awards, a Special Jury Award at the 1986 Hawaii International Film Festival, a Rotterdam Award for Best Non-American/Non-European Film at the 1987 Rotterdam International Film Festival, a Kinema Junpo Award at the 1990 Kinema Junpo Awards also for Dust in the Wind, and a Special Jury Prize at the 1986 Torino International Festival of Young Cinema18

Dust in the Wind 1986edit

Hou's seventh feature film was Dust in the Wind 1986, which won a Kinema Junpo Award for Best Foreign Language Film Director at the 1990 Kinema Junpo Awards shared also with his previous film, A Time to Live, A Time to Die 1985, and Best Cinematography Mark Lee Ping Bin and Best Score Hou Hsiao-hsien at the 1987 Nantes Three Continents Festival where it was also nominated for the Golden Montgolfiere

Daughter of the Nile 1987edit

Hou's eighth feature film concerns the story of a girl played by Taiwanese pop star Lin Yang who works at a Kentucky Fried Chicken location in Taipei to support her family, which includes a brother character played by Jack Kao who is involved in crime and gangs The title is also a reference to a character in the Japanese manga Crest of the Royal Family who is referred to as the "Daughter of the Nile" The film won a Best Original Film Score award Hung-yi Chang at the 1987 Golden Horse Film Festival and also a Special Jury Prize in the International Feature Film Competition at the 1987 Torino International Festival of Young Cinema

The "Taiwanese History Trilogy" 1989-1995edit

Hou's "Taiwanese History Trilogy" includes the three films: A City of Sadness 1989, The Puppetmaster 1993, and Good Men, Good Women 1995

A City of Sadness 1989edit

As his ninth feature film, and first feature film in his "Taiwanese History Trilogy," Hou's A City of Sadness was almost universally acclaimed by film critics as a masterpiece upon its release It has the distinction of being the first ever Taiwanese film to win the prestigious Golden Lion award at the 1989 Venice Film Festival, where Hou also won a Special Golden Ciak award "For artistic originality and sensitivity" and a UNESCO Award It is also the very first film to openly deal with the authoritative rule of the Kuomintang KMT after taking Taiwan over from the Japanese in 1945 following WWII, and the tragic February 28 Incident 1947, where thousands of Taiwanese citizens were killed In the British Film Institute's 2012 Sight & Sound poll, 2 directors and 14 film critics named it one of "the greatest films ever made" of all time, ranking #322 in the directors' poll and #117 in the critics' poll The film was also Taiwan's Best Foreign Language Film entry for the 62nd Academy Awards, but it did not make the final nomination shortlist

Starring Tony Leung Chiu-Wai as the deaf-mute but all-seeing Wen-ching and his older brother Wen-leung Jack Kao, the film dealt with political subject matter involving the February 28 Incident and the "White Terror" era where countless Taiwanese citizens were incarcerated and shot by the KMT government in the late 1940s after their displacement from China to Taiwan after the Civil War of 1949

The film also won Best Director and Best Leading Actor Sung Young Chen awards at the 1989 Golden Horse Film Festival, where it was also nominated for Best Feature Film, Best Original Screenplay Chu T’ien-wen and Hou Hsiao-hsien, Best Film Editing Ching-Song Liao, Best Cinematography Huai-en Chen and Best Sound Recording Duu-Chih Tu and Ching-an Yang awards19 The film won a Kinema Junpo Award for Best Foreign Language Film at the 1991 Kinema Junpo Awards, a Best Foreign Language Film award at the 1991 Mainichi Film Concours, and a Special Award from the USA Political Film Society in 199020 It was also nominated for a Best Foreign Film award at the 1991 Independent Spirit Awards21

The Puppetmaster 1993edit

Hou's tenth film, and second film in his "Taiwanese History Trilogy" was The Puppetmaster 1993, a sprawling half-documentary, half-narrative film hybrid that told the story of Li Tian-lu, the most celebrated puppeteer in Taiwan The film won the Jury Prize at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival, where it was nominated for the Palme d'Or22 The film was also another masterpiece listed in the 2012 British Film Institute Sight & Sound poll, with three directors and seven film critics declaring it as "one of the greatest films ever made"23

The Puppetmaster also won FIPRESCI Prize at the 1994 Istanbul International Film Festival, the Georges Delerue Prize at the 1993 Ghent International Film Festival, the Distribution Help Award at the 1994 Fribourg International Film Festival tying with Kosh ba kosh 1993, and Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee, Best Makeup & Costume Design Pei-yun Juan and Kuang-Hui Chang, and Best Sound Effects Duu-Chih Tu at the 1993 Golden Horse Film Festival, where it was also nominated for Best Feature Film, Best Art Direction Hung Chang, Hsien-Ko Ho, Ming-Ching Lu, and Chao-yi Tsai and Best Original Film Score Ming-chang Chen22

Good Men, Good Women 1995edit

The eleventh film of Hou and the third and final film of his "Taiwanese History Trilogy," Good Men, Good Women 1995 was a post-modern time-jumping and fourth-wall breaking narrative that jumped between the modern-day life of an actress named Liang Ching played by Annie Shizukah Inoh and the historical role of Chiang Bi-Yu, who she was portraying in a 1940s period piece film Jack Kao also appeared as her boyfriend, Ah-Wei The film was nominated and in competition for the prestigious Palme d'Or at the 1995 Cannes Film Festival, and won Best Director, Best Adapted Screenplay Chu T’ien-wen and Best Sound Recording Duu-Chih Tu at the 1995 Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards, where it was also nominated for Best Feature Film, Best Leading Actress Inoh and Best Film Editing Ching-Song Liao awards24

The film also won Best Director and Best Art Direction Hsien-Ko Ho, Wen-Ying Huang and Ming-Ching Lu awards at the 1996 Asia-Pacific Film Festival, Golden Deer awards for Best Director and Best Film at the 1996 Changchun Film Festival, a Special Jury Award from the 1996 Fribourg International Film Festival, the Golden Maile award for Best Narrative Feature at the 1995 Hawaii International Film Festival, and a FIPRESCI/NETPAC Award tied with Hkhagoroloi Bohu Door 1995 and a Special Achievement Award at the 1996 Singapore International Film Festival25 The film was also nominated for the Gold Hugo award for Best Feature at the 1995 Chicago International Film Festival26

Goodbye South, Goodbye 1996edit

Hou's twelfth film was set in rural Taiwan and concerned the lives of Taipei petty criminals played by Giong Lim, Shih-huang Chen, Vicky Wei, Jack Kao, Annie Shizukah Inoh the latter two actors who Hou reunited with from Good Men, Good Women 1995 The film was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1996 Cannes Film Festival and also won a Best Original Film Song award for composer/lyricist/performer Giong Lim and his song "Self-Destruction" at the 1996 Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards27

Flowers of Shanghai 1998edit

Hou's thirteenth film, Flowers of Shanghai 1998, would see him reunite with actor Tony Leung Chiu-Wai from A City of Sadness as well as Jack Kao, and was a period piece set in the elegant brothels also known as "flower houses" of 1880s Shanghai The screenplay was written and translated by acclaimed novelist Eileen Chang, along with frequent Hou screenwriter collaborator Chu T’ien-wen, based on a novel by Bangqin Han The film also starred Carina Lau, Michiko Hada, Vicky Wei, Annie Shizukah Inoh, Rebecca Pan and Ming Hsu

The film was nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 1998 Cannes Film Festival and also won Best Director and Best Art Director Wen-Ying Huang at the 1998 Asia-Pacific Film Festival, the Golden Crow Pheasant award at the 1999 International Film Festival of Kerala, as well as a Jury Award and a Best Art Direction award Wen-Ying Huang and Chih-Wei Tsao at the 1998 Golden Horse Film Festival, where it was also nominated for Best Feature, Best Director and Best Makeup & Costume Design Wen-Ying Huang, Shu-Chen Liao and Bu-Hai Shen28

Millennium Mambo 2001edit

Millennium Mambo 2001 was Hou's fourteenth film and the film that marked his first collaboration with actress Shu Qi, who would later go on to appear in four other of Hou's later films and become his muse The film follows Shu as a character named Vicky, who looks back ten years to 2000 when she was in a relationship with Hao-Hao Chun-hao Tuan where she is now in a relationship with Jack Jack Kao The film's free-wheeling style, cinematography and sound design was praised by critics, and also garnered the Technical Grand Prize for the film's sound designer/mixer/director Duu-Chih Tu at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival, where it was also nominated for a Palme d'Or award29 The film also won Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee, Best Sound Effects Duu-Chih Tu and Best Original Film Score Kai-yu Huang and Giong Lim at the 2001 Golden Horse Film Festival, where it was nominated for Best Leading Actress Shu Qi and Best Original Film Song composer/lyricist/performer Giong Lim, for the song "Fly to the Sky"30

For the film, Hou also won the Silver Hugo award at the 2001 Chicago International Film Festival, and a Best Director award as well as a Grand Prix award at the 2001 Ghent International Film Festival31 The film was also nominated for a Best Actress Hong Kong/Taiwan award at the 2002 Chinese Media Film Awards, a Screen International Award at the 2001 European Film Awards, and the Golden Maile award at the 2001 Hawaii International Film Festival32

Café Lumière 2003edit

Hou's fifteenth feature film - Café Lumière 2003 alternate title: "Kôhî jikô" - was a self-acknowledged homage to the cinema of legendary Japanese filmmaker Yasujirō Ozu, who Hou considers a major influence on his own work Set in Tokyo for the most part, the film starred Japanese pop singer Yo Hitoto as Yōko in her acting debutwho won the "Newcomer of the Year" award at the 2005 Awards of the Japanese Academy for her performance as well as renown Japanese actor Tadanobu Asano as Hajime Takeuchi33 The film won the Golden Tulip award at the 2005 Istanbul International Film Festival, and was also nominated for the Golden Lion award at the 2004 Venice Film Festival and a "Best Film Not in the English Language" award at the 2004 International Cinephile Society ICS Awards34

Three Times 2005edit

Three Times would mark Hou's second collaboration with actress Shu Qi and first collaboration with actor Chang Chen It is also his sixteenth film, and weaves together three separate stories that describe the relationship of a couple played by Shu and Chang during three separate time periods: 1 "A Time for Love" set in 1966 Kaohsiung; 2 "A Time for Freedom" set in 1911 Dadaocheng; and 3 "A Time for Youth" set in 2005 Taipei

The film was also nominated for the Palme d'Or at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival and at the 2005 Golden Horse Film Festival, the film won Best Actress Shu Qi, Best Taiwanese Film of the Year and Best Taiwanese Filmmaker of the Year awards, while being nominated for Best Feature Film, Best Director, Best Leading Actor Chang Chen, Best Original Screenplay Chu T’ien-wen and Hou Hsiao-hsien, Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee, Best Art Direction Wen-Ying Huang, Best Makeup & Costume Design Wen-Ying Huang, Shu-Chen Liao and Gin Oy, and Best Film Editing Ching-Song Liao and Ju-kuan Hsiao awards35 The film also won the Grand Prix / Golden Apricot award for Best Film at the 2006 Yerevan International Film Festival, a Jury Prize from the 2005 Tallinn Black Nights Film Festival, where it was also nominated for the Grand Prize Finally, the film was also nominated for a Best Asian Film award from the 2006 Hong Kong Film Awards and a Best Foreign Language Film award from the 2006 St Louis Film Critics Association Awards35 In an Indiewire Critics' Poll taken in 2006 for Best Film of the Year, the film was ranked in 6th place

Flight of the Red Balloon 2007edit

Hou's seventeenth film and first "foreign language" film which featured dialogue in both French and Mandarin was Flight of the Red Balloon 2007 French: "Le voyage du ballon rouge", which starred acclaimed French actress Juliette Binoche, Hippolyte Girardot, Fang Song and others The film was nominated for the Un Certain Regard award at the 2007 Cannes Film Festival and also won the FIPRESCI Prize at the 2007 Valladolid International Film Festival as well36 The film's cinematographer, Mark Lee Ping-Bin aka Ping Bin Lee, also won 2nd place for a Best Cinematography award from the National Society of Film Critics37

Furthermore, the film won Best Film and Best Director awards in an Indiewire Critics' Poll taken in 2008, which ranked Binoche's performance in the film the 5th best one of that year and in a Village Voice Film Poll taken the same year, the film won 2nd place for Best Film and 3rd place for Best Actress Binoche38 In addition, Flight of the Red Balloon won 3rd place in the 2009 International Cinephile Society ICS Awards for the "Best Film Not in the English Language" award, and the ICS also nominated the film for Best Picture, Best Director, Best Actress Binoche, Best Adapted Screenplay Hou Hsiao-hsien and Francois Margolin and Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee awards39 The film was also nominated for a Best Foreign Language Film Franceby the Online Film & Television Association in 200940

The Assassin 2015edit

The Assassin 2015 was Hou's eighteenth feature film and garnered him the Best Director award at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival, where composer Giong Lim also won the Cannes Soundtrack Award41 The film also swept the 2015 Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards, winning a grand total of five awards: Best Director, Best Feature Film, Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee, Best Makeup & Costume Design Wen-Ying Huang, and Best Sound Effects Duu-Chih Tu, Shih Yi Chu, Shu-yao Wu> The film was also nominated for 5 additional Golden Horse awards: Best Leading Actress Shi Qu, Best Adapted Screenplay Cheng Ah, Chu T’ien-wen and Hai-Meng Hsieh, Best Art Direction Wen-Ying Huang, Best Original Film Score Giong Lim and Best Film Editing Ching-Song LiaoThe film was also nominated for a BAFTA Award for "Best Foreign Language Film", but lost to Wild Tales film

The Assassin also won a Best Foreign Language Film award from the 2015 Florida Film Critics Circle Awards, a "Best Film Not in the English Language" award from the Online Film Critics Society where it was also nominated for a Best Cinematography award for DP Ping Bin Lee, and a Best Foreign Language film award from the Vancouver Film Critics Circle in 201642 The film also won 2nd place for a Best Foreign Language Film award from the Dallas-Fort Worth Film Critics Association in 2015, 3rd place in a 2015 indieWire Critics' Poll for Best Director and Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee, where it also received an 8th place for Best Film and a 9th place for Best Editing Chih-Chia Huang, and 2nd place for a Best Foreign Language Film Award from the Southeastern Film Critics Association Awards in 201543

In addition, the film was nominated for a Best Foreign Language Film award from the 2016 Broadcast Film Critics Association Awards, a Best Foreign Language Film award from the Central Ohio Film Critics Association in 2016, a Best Foreign Language Film award from the Houston Film Critics Society in 2016, a Best Foreign Language Film award from the North Carolina Film Critics Association in 2016, and Best Motion Picture International Film award and won the Best Costume Design award from the Satellite Awards in 201544

The Assassin was also nominated for a Best Art Direction/Production Design award and a Best Foreign Language Film award from the Chicago Film Critics Association in 2015, an Art Cinema award from the 2015 Hamburg Film Festival, a Best Foreign Film award from the Kansas City Film Critics Circle in 2015, a Best International Film award from the Phoenix Critics Circle in 2015, a Best Cinematography Ping Bin Lee and Best Foreign Language Film from the San Francisco Film Critics Circle in 2015, a Best Foreign Language Film award from the St Louis Film Critics Association in 2015, a Best Foreign Language Film award from the Toronto Film Critics Association in 2016, and a Best Foreign Language Film award from the Washington DC Area Film Critics Association in 201545

The film was also Taiwan's official entry as Best Foreign Language Film at the 88th Academy Awards 2016 but did not make the final shortlist4647

Short film segments in omnibus filmsedit

Hou has directed a total of three short film segments in omnibus or anthology films

The Sandwich Man 1983edit

In 1983, Hou directed a short film segment in the omnibus film The Sandwich Man 1983 the title segment, also entitled The Sandwich Man which also featured segments directed by Wan Jen and Zhuang Xiang Zeng entitled The Taste of Apples and Vicki's Hat The screenplay for all three segments was written by Wu Nien-jen, and The Sandwich Man segment is based on a short story by writer/novelist Huang Chunming entitled "His Son's Big Doll" or Puppet, whereas The Taste of Apples segment is based on a short story of the same name and Vicki's Hat is based on Xiaoqi's Cap, all also by Huang The film was an omnibus film that followed a similar omnibus film done a year earlier, In Our Time 1982, which featured short films directed and written by other Taiwanese filmmakers Edward Yang, Yi Chang, I-Chen Ko, and Te-chen Chao The film was also nominated for three awards at the 1983 Golden Horse Film Festival: Best Supporting Actor Bor Jeng Chen - who appeared in Hou's segment The Sandwich Man, Best Child Star Ching-Kuo Yan - who appeared in the Taste of Apples segment, and Best Adapted Screenplay Wu Nien-jen

To Each His Own Cinema 2007edit

Hou directed the short film segment "The Electric Princess House" in the omnibus film To Each His Own Cinema 2007

3D Short Film for Taipei Pavilionedit

In 2010, Hou directed a 3D short film for the Taipei Pavilion in the Expo 2010 Shanghai China

10+10 2011edit

Hou also directed, and appeared as a presenter in, the short film segment "La Belle Epoque" of the seminal Taiwanese cinema omnibus/anthology film 10+10 2011 The segment starred Shu Qi and Fang Mei

Writingedit

Hou has written 21 films in total, 8 of which he also directed The Assassin, Flight of the Red Balloon, Three Times, Café Lumière, A Time to Live, a Time to Die, A Summer at Grandpa's, Cute Girl, and The Green, Green Grass of Home Most notably, Hou was one of the co-writers, along with Chu T’ien-wen and Edward Yang on Yang's film Taipei Story 1985, which Hou also starred in as the main character and protagonist, Lung

Producingedit

Hou has produced 14 films - meaning serving as a producer or executive producer on a project - and the only film he both produced and directed is The Assassin 2015 Among the notable films that he has served as an executive producer on include Chi Po-lin's Beyond Beauty: Taiwan from Above 2013 - winner of the Best Documentary award at the 2013 Golden Horse Film Festival and Awards, Wu Nien-jen's A Borrowed Life Duo Sang 1994 winner of the Grand Prize at The Torino Film Festival in Italy, the Best Actor and The International Critics Award at The Thessaloniki Film Festival in Greece and one of Martin Scorsese's top/favorite/best films of the 1990s decade48 and Zhang Yimou's Best Foreign Language Film Oscar-Nominated Raise The Red Lantern 1991

Actingedit

Hou has acted in four films, including starring as the main character "Lung" in fellow Taiwanese New Wave auteur Edward Yang's Taipei Story 1985, which was perhaps Yang trying to return the favor for Hou casting him in his film A Summer at Grandpa's 1984 Prior to that appearance, Hou appeared in another fellow Taiwanese New Wave filmmaker's film, I-Chen Ko's I Love Mary 1984 In 1986, Hou played the character "Boy-Boy" in Kei Shu's Lao Niang Gou Sao 1986 and in 2013, Hou appeared as an older parental figure in Jie Liu's high school comedy, Young Style 2013

Other workedit

Hou was an assistant director on 7 films, a presenter for the segment "La Belle Epoque" in the Taiwanese omnibus film 10+10 2011 which he also directed, and a script supervisor on the film The Heart with Million Knots 1973 Hou also directed a TV commercial for Nippon Shokubai Co in 199149

Filmographyedit

As directoredit

Year English Title Original Title Notes
1980 Cute Girl 就是溜溜的她 First full-length feature film
1981 Cheerful Wind 風兒踢踏踩
1982 The Green, Green Grass of Home 在那河畔青草青
1983 The Sandwich Man 兒子的大玩偶 Directed with Wan Jen and Tseng chuang-hsiang
1983 The Boys from Fengkuei 風櫃來的人 Golden Montgolfiere at the 1984 Three Continents Festival
1984 A Summer at Grandpa's 冬冬的假期 Golden Montgolfiere at the 1985 Three Continents Festival
1985 A Time to Live, A Time to Die 童年往事 FIPRESCI Prize at the 1986 Berlin International Film Festival
1986 Dust in the Wind 戀戀風塵 Entered into the 1985 Three Continents Festival
1987 Daughter of the Nile 尼羅河的女兒 Entered into Directors' Fortnight at the 1988 Cannes Film Festival
1989 A City of Sadness 悲情城市 Golden Lion at the 1989 Venice Film Festival
1993 The Puppetmaster 戲夢人生 Jury Prize at the 1993 Cannes Film Festival
1995 Good Men, Good Women 好男好女 Best Feature Film at the 1995 Hawaii International Film Festival
1996 Goodbye South, Goodbye 南國再見,南國 Entered into the 1996 Cannes Film Festival
1998 Flowers of Shanghai 海上花 Entered into the 1998 Cannes Film Festival
2001 Millennium Mambo 千禧曼波 Technical Grand Prize at the 2001 Cannes Film Festival
2003 Café Lumière 咖啡時光 Japanese production, Entered into the 2004 Venice Film Festival
2005 Three Times 最好的時光 Entered into the 2005 Cannes Film Festival
2007 The Electric Princess House 電姬館 Segment of the anthology film To Each His Own Cinema
2008 Flight of the Red Balloon Le Voyage du Ballon Rouge 紅氣球的旅行 French production
2011 La Belle Epoque 黃金之弦 Segment of the anthology film 10+10
2015 The Assassin 聶隱娘 Best Director Award at the 2015 Cannes Film Festival

As produceredit

Year English Title Original Title Director
1991 Raise the Red Lantern 大紅燈籠高高掛 Zhang Yimou
1992 Dust of Angels 少年吔,安啦 Hsu Hsiao-ming
1993 Treasure Island 只要為你活一天 Chen Kuo-fu
1994 A Borrowed Life 多桑 Wu Nien-jen
1995 Heartbreak Island 去年冬天 Hsu Hsiao-ming
2000 Mirror Image 命帶追逐 Hsiao Ya-chuan
2007 Reflection 愛麗絲的鏡子 Yao hung-I
2010 One Day 有一天 Hou Ji-ran
2010 Taipei Exchanges 第36個故事 Hsiao Ya-chuan
2010 Return Ticket 到阜陽六百里 Teng Yung-Shing
2011 Hometown Boy 金城小子 Yao hung-I
2013 Beyond Beauty: Taiwan from Above 看見台灣 Chi Po-lin

As actor / himselfedit

Year English Title Original Title Director
1983 The Boys from Fengkuei 風櫃來的人 Himself
1984 I Love Mary 我愛瑪莉 Ko I-Chen
1985 Taipei Story 青梅竹馬 Edward Yang
1986 Soul 老娘夠騷 Shu Kei
1996 Yang±Yin: Gender in Chinese Cinema 男生女相 Stanley Kwan
1997 HHH: A Portrait of Hou Hsiao-hsien HHH - Un portrait de Hou Hsiao-hsien Olivier Assayas
2010 I Wish I Knew 海上傳奇 Jia Zhangke
2013 Young Style 青春派 Jie Liu

Further readingedit

  • Reynaud, Bérénice 2002 A City of Sadness London: British Film Inst ISBN 9780851709307 
  • Udden, James 2009 No Man an Island: The Cinema of Hou Hsiao-hsien Hong Kong: Hong Kong University Press ISBN 9789622090743 
  • Udden, James "This Time He Moves! The Deeper Significance of Hou Hsiao-Hsien's Radical Break in Good Men, Good Women" Cinema Taiwan: Politics, Popularity, and the State of the Arts eds Darrell William Davis and Ru-shou Robert Chen Routledge, 2007, 183-202
  • Richard I Suchenski Ed, Hou Hsiao-hsien, FilmmuseumSynemaPublikationen Vol 23, Vienna: SYNEMA - Gesellschaft für Film und Medien, 2014, ISBN 978-3-901644-58-0

See alsoedit

  • Taiwan portal
  • Biography portal
  • Film portal
  • Edward Yang
  • Tsai Ming-liang

Referencesedit

  1. ^ Macnab, Geoffrey 16 June 2005 "The go-between" The Guardian Retrieved 16 April 2017 
  2. ^ Cannes Film Festival, Awards - Best Director - 2015, http://wwwfestival-cannescom/en/theDailyArticle/62023html
  3. ^ "Votes for HSIMENG JENSHENG 1993" British Film Institute Retrieved February 6, 2017 
  4. ^ "Votes for HAISHANG HUA 1998" British Film Institute Retrieved February 6, 2017 
  5. ^ "Hou Hsiao-hsien's Acclaimed Films" They Shoot Pictures, Don't They Retrieved February 6, 2017 
  6. ^ Film Comment's Best of the Nineties Poll: Part Two, Film Comment, http://wwwfilmcommentcom/article/film-comments-best-of-the-90s-poll-part-two/
  7. ^ Rotten Tomatoes, Hou Hsiao-hsien, http://wwwrottentomatoescom/celebrity/hou_hsaiohsien/
  8. ^ Kevin B Lee, Degenerate Films, Two “Greatest Films” Polls Yield Different Results for Best Chinese Films, http://dgeneratefilmscom/critical-essays/two-greatest-films-polls-yield-different-results-for-best-chinese-films
  9. ^ Also Like Life: A Hou Hsiao-hsien Retrospective, http://hclharvardedu/hfa/films/2014sepoct/houhtml
  10. ^ Bourne Cinema, Cute Girl 就是溜溜的她 Hou Hsiao-hsien, 1980, http://bournecinematumblrcom/post/97481780296/cute-girl-%E5%B0%B1%E6%98%AF%E6%BA%9C%E6%BA%9C%E7%9A%84%E5%A5%B9-hou-hsiao-hsien-1980
  11. ^ Christopher Bourne, Twitchfilm, NYC Happenings: "Also Like Life: The Films Of Hou Hsiao-hsien" Celebrates A Taiwanese Master, http://twitchfilmcom/2014/09/nyc-happenings-also-like-life-the-films-of-hou-hsiao-hsien-celebrates-a-taiwanese-master-of-cinemahtml#ixzz3wehfl2M7
  12. ^ IMDb, The Green, Green Grass of Home - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0086631/awardsref_=tt_awd
  13. ^ Id
  14. ^ San Francisco Film Society, The Boys from Fengkuei, http://wwwsffsorg/exhibition/fall-season-2015/the-boys-from-fengkuei#Vo-vKXarQ-U
  15. ^ IMDb, The Boys from Fengkuei, Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0085533/awardsref_=tt_awd
  16. ^ IMDb, A Summer at Grandpa's - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0087164/awardsref_=tt_awd
  17. ^ Id
  18. ^ IMDb, A Time to Live, A Time to Die - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0090185/awardsref_=tt_awd
  19. ^ IMDb, A City of Sadness - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0096908/awardsref_=tt_awd
  20. ^ Id
  21. ^ Id
  22. ^ a b IMDb, The Puppetmaster - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0107157/awardsref_=tt_awd
  23. ^ The Puppetmaster, BFI, http://explorebfiorguk/sightandsoundpolls/2012/film/4ce2b7c8951ef
  24. ^ IMDb, Good Men, Good Women - Awards & Nominations - http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0113256/awardsref_=tt_awd
  25. ^ Id
  26. ^ Id
  27. ^ IMDb, Goodbye South, Goodbye - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0117151/awardsref_=tt_awd
  28. ^ IMDb, Flowers of Shanghai - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0156587/awardsref_=tt_awd
  29. ^ IMDb, Millenium Mambo - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0283283/awardsref_=tt_awd
  30. ^ Id
  31. ^ Id
  32. ^ Id
  33. ^ IMDb, Cafe Lumiere - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0412596/awardsref_=tt_awd
  34. ^ Id
  35. ^ a b IMDb, Three Times - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0459666/awardsref_=tt_awd
  36. ^ IMDb, "Le voyage du ballon rouge" - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt0826711/awardsref_=tt_awd
  37. ^ Id
  38. ^ Id
  39. ^ Id
  40. ^ Id
  41. ^ IMDb, The Assassin - Awards & Nominations, http://wwwimdbcom/title/tt3508840/awardsref_=tt_awd
  42. ^ Id
  43. ^ Id
  44. ^ Id
  45. ^ Id
  46. ^ "'The Assassin' to join the race for foreign Oscar" ECNS 10 September 2015 Retrieved 10 September 2015 
  47. ^ "Taiwan Selects ‘The Assassin’ as Oscar Entry" Variety 10 September 2015 Retrieved 10 September 2015 
  48. ^ "Ebert & Scorsese: Best Films of the 1990s," Roger Ebert's Journal, February 26, 2000
  49. ^ Twitter, Laura Montero Plata, Hou Hsiao-hsien's Japanese commercial Nippon Shokubai commercial Hou Hsiao-hsien, 1991, https://twittercom/lmonplata/status/609243333114884096

External linksedit

  • Hou Hsiao-hsien on Internet Movie Database
  • Director of the Decade: Hou Hsiao-hsien at Camera-Stylo
  • Hou Hsiao-hsien at Strictly Film School
  • Cinema with a Roof Over Its Head: Kent Jones Film Comment on the Latterday Films of Hou Hsiao-hsien
  • Tribute to Hou Hsiao-hsien at Cinemaya
  • Style and Meaning in the films of Hou Hsiao-hsien - podcast of a lecture by Prof John Orr, University of Edinburgh
  • Parametric Narration and Optical Transition Devices: Hou Hsiao-hsien and Robert Bresson in Comparison, Senses of Cinema article on the style of Flowers of Shanghai by Colin Burnett
  • Hou Hsiao-hsien, a Reverse Shot symposium

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