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Hoover Institution

hoover institution, hoover institution at stanford university
The Hoover Institution is an American public policy think tank and research institution located at Stanford University in California Its official name is the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace It began as a library founded in 1919 by Republican Herbert Hoover, before he became President of the United States The library, known as the Hoover Institution Library and Archives, houses multiple archives related to Hoover, World War I, World War II, and other world history According to the 2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program, University of Pennsylvania, Hoover is #19 of 75 in the "Top Think Tanks in the United States"

The Hoover Institution is a unit of Stanford University but has its own board of overseers It is located on the campus Its mission statement outlines its basic tenets: representative government, private enterprise, peace, personal freedom, and the safeguards of the American system The institution is generally described as conservative, although directors and others associated with it resist this description, saying that the institution is not partisan and that its goal is "to advance ideas of supporting freedom and free enterprise"

The institution has been a place of scholarship for individuals who previously held high-profile positions in government, such as George Shultz, Condoleezza Rice, Michael Boskin, Edward Lazear, John B Taylor, John Cogan, Edwin Meese, and Amy Zegart—all Hoover Institution fellows In 2007, retired US Army General John P Abizaid, former commander of the US Central Command, was named the Institution's first annual Annenberg Distinguished Visiting Fellow

The institution is housed in three buildings on the Stanford campus The most prominent facility is the landmark Hoover Tower, which is a popular visitor attraction The tower features an observation deck on the top level that provides visitors with a panoramic view of the Stanford campus and surrounding area


  • 1 Mission statement
  • 2 History
  • 3 Members
    • 31 Directors
    • 32 Honorary Fellows
    • 33 Distinguished Fellows
    • 34 Senior Fellows
    • 35 Research Fellows
    • 36 Distinguished Visiting Fellows
    • 37 Media Fellows
    • 38 National Fellows
    • 39 Senior Research Fellows
  • 4 Publications
  • 5 Task forces
  • 6 Funding
    • 61 Details
  • 7 See also
  • 8 Footnotes
  • 9 Further reading
  • 10 External links

Mission statement

Herbert Hoover's 1959 statement to the Board of Trustees of Stanford University on the purpose of the Hoover Institution continues to guide its ideology and define its activities:

This Institution supports the Constitution of the United States, its Bill of Rights and its method of representative government Both our social and economic systems are based on private enterprise from which springs initiative and ingenuity  Ours is a system where the Federal Government should undertake no governmental, social or economic action, except where local government, or the people, cannot undertake it for themselves  The overall mission of this Institution is, from its records, to recall the voice of experience against the making of war, and by the study of these records and their publication, to recall man's endeavors to make and preserve peace, and to sustain for America the safeguards of the American way of life This Institution is not, and must not be, a mere library But with these purposes as its goal, the Institution itself must constantly and dynamically point the road to peace, to personal freedom, and to the safeguards of the American system

The Hoover Institution's website says: "By collecting knowledge, generating ideas, and disseminating both, the Institution seeks to secure and safeguard peace, improve the human condition, and limit government intrusion into the lives of individuals"


Herbert Hoover in front of Hoover Tower at Stanford University

The Institution was set up by Herbert Hoover, one of Stanford's first graduates, who would later become the 31st President of the United States He had been in charge of American relief efforts in Europe after World War I Hoover's express purpose was to collect the records of contemporary history as it was happening Hoover's helpers frequently risked their lives to rescue documentary and rare printed material, especially from countries under Nazi or Communist rule Their many successes included the papers of Rosa Luxemburg, the Goebbels Diaries, and the records of the Russian secret police in Paris Research institutes were also set up under Hoover's influence, though inevitably there were to be clashes between the moving force, Hoover, and the host university

In 1919, Hoover donated $50,000 to Stanford University to support the collection of primary materials related to World War I, a project that became known as the Hoover War Collection Supported primarily by gifts from private donors, the Hoover War Collection flourished in its early years In 1922, the Collection became known as the Hoover War Library The Hoover War Library was housed in the Stanford Library, separate from the general stacks By 1926, the Hoover War Library was known as the largest library in the world devoted to the Great War By 1929, it contained 14 million items and was becoming too large to house in the Stanford Library In 1938, the War Library revealed building plans for Hoover Tower, which was to be its permanent home independent of the Stanford Library system The tower was completed in 1941, Stanford University's fiftieth anniversary

By 1946, the agenda of the Hoover War Library had expanded to include research activities; thus the organization was renamed the Hoover Institution and Library on War, Revolution and Peace At this time, Herbert Hoover was living in New York City but remained integrally involved in the Hoover Institution and Library as a benefactor, fundraiser, and consultant

In 1956 former President Hoover, under the auspices of the Institution and Library, launched a major fundraising campaign that allowed the Institution to realize its current form as a think tank and archive In 1957, the Hoover Institution and Library was renamed the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace—the name it holds today

In 1960, W Glenn Campbell was appointed director and substantial budget increases soon led to corresponding increases in acquisitions and related research projects In particular, the Chinese and Russian collections grew considerably Despite student unrest in the 1960s, the institution continued to thrive and develop closer relations with Stanford

John Raisian served as director from 1989 to 2015 Thomas W Gilligan succeeded him in 2015


Below is a list of Hoover Institution directors and prominent fellows, former and current

This list is incomplete; you can help by expanding it


  • Ephraim D Adams, 1920–1925
  • Ralph H Lutz, 1925–1944
  • Harold H Fisher, 1944–1952
  • C Easton Rothwell, 1952–1959
  • W Glenn Campbell, 1960–1989
  • John Raisian, 1989–2015
  • Thomas W Gilligan, 2015–current

Honorary Fellows

  • Margaret Thatcher, former prime minister of the United Kingdom deceased

Distinguished Fellows

  • George P Shultz, former US Secretary of State

Senior Fellows

  • Fouad Ajami, political scientist, former director of the Middle East Studies Program at Johns Hopkins University deceased
  • Richard V Allen, former US National Security Advisor
  • Martin Anderson, former advisor to Richard Nixon and author of The Federal Bulldozer deceased
  • Robert Barro, economist
  • Gary S Becker, 1992 Nobel laureate in economics deceased
  • Joseph Berger, theoretical sociologist
  • Peter Berkowitz, political scientist
  • Russell Berman, professor of German Studies and Comparative Literature
  • Michael Boskin, chairman of the Council of Economic Advisers under President George H W Bush
  • David W Brady, political scientist
  • Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, political scientist, professor at New York University
  • John H Cochrane, economist
  • William Damon, professor of education
  • Larry Diamond, political scientist, professor at Stanford University
  • Sidney Drell, theoretical physicist
  • Richard A Epstein, legal scholar
  • Niall Ferguson, historian, professor at Harvard University
  • Chester E Finn, Jr, professor of education
  • Morris P Fiorina, political scientist
  • Milton Friedman, 1976 Nobel laureate in economics deceased
  • Timothy Garton Ash, historian, columnist for The Guardian
  • Jack Goldsmith, legal scholar
  • Stephen Haber, economic historian and political scientist
  • Robert Hall, economist
  • Victor Davis Hanson, classicist, military historian, columnist
  • Eric Hanushek, economist
  • David R Henderson, economist
  • Caroline Hoxby, economist
  • Bobby Ray Inman, retired admiral
  • Ken Jowitt, historian
  • Kenneth L Judd, economist
  • Daniel P Kessler, scholar of health policy and health care finance
  • Stephen D Krasner, international relations professor
  • Edward Lazear, economist
  • Seymour Martin Lipset, political sociologist deceased
  • Harvey Mansfield, political scientist
  • Michael W McConnell, legal scholar, former judge, professor at Stanford University
  • Michael McFaul, political scientist, United States Ambassador to Russia
  • Thomas Metzger, sinologist
  • James C Miller III, economist
  • Terry M Moe, professor of political science at Stanford University
  • Kevin M Murphy, economist
  • Norman Naimark, historian
  • Douglass North, 1993 Nobel laureate in economics deceased
  • William J Perry, former US Secretary of Defense
  • Paul E Peterson, scholar on education reform
  • Alvin Rabushka, political scientist
  • Condoleezza Rice, former US Secretary of State
  • Henry Rowen, economist deceased
  • Thomas J Sargent, 2011 Nobel laureate in economics, professor at New York University
  • Robert Service, historian
  • John Shoven, economist
  • Abraham David Sofaer, scholar, former legal advisor to the US Secretary of State
  • Thomas Sowell, economist, author, columnist
  • Michael Spence, 2001 Nobel laureate in economics
  • Richard F Staar, political scientist, historian
  • Shelby Steele, author, columnist
  • John B Taylor, former US Undersecretary of the Treasury for international affairs
  • Barry R Weingast, political scientist
  • Bertram Wolfe, author, scholar, former communist, deceased; 1896–1977
  • Amy Zegart, political scientist

Research Fellows

  • Clint Bolick, Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of Arizona
  • Lanhee Chen, political scientist, health policy expert, former policy director for Mitt Romney
  • Robert Conquest, historian deceased
  • Williamson Evers, education researcher
  • Tim Kane, economist
  • Shavit Matias, former deputy attorney general of Israel
  • Abbas Milani, political scientist
  • Henry I Miller, physician
  • Russell Roberts, economist, author
  • Kori Schake, foreign policy expert, author
  • Peter Schweizer, author former fellow
  • Antony C Sutton, author of Western Technology and Soviet Economic Development 3 vol, fellow from 1968 to 1973

Distinguished Visiting Fellows

  • John Abizaid, former commander of the US Central Command former fellow
  • Spencer Abraham, former US Senator and Secretary of Energy former fellow
  • James O Ellis, former commander, United States Strategic Command
  • James Mattis, former commander, US Central Command
  • HR McMaster, commander of the Maneuver Center of Excellence
  • Edwin Meese, former US Attorney General
  • Gary Roughead, former Chief of Naval Operations
  • Donald Rumsfeld, former Secretary of Defense former fellow
  • William Suter, former Clerk of the Supreme Court of the United States

Media Fellows

  • Tom Bethell, journalist
  • Sam Dealey, journalist, editor-in-chief of Washington Times
  • Christopher Hitchens, journalist deceased
  • Deroy Murdock, journalist
  • Christopher Ruddy, CEO of Newsmax Media

National Fellows

  • Stephen Kotkin, historian, National Fellow 2010-11

Senior Research Fellows

  • Robert Hessen, historian
  • Charles Wolf, Jr, economist deceased


The Hoover Institution's in-house publisher, Hoover Institution Press, produces multiple publications on public policy topics, including the quarterly periodicals Hoover Digest, Education Next, China Leadership Monitor, and Defining Ideas The Hoover Institution Press previously published the bimonthly periodical Policy Review, which it acquired from the Heritage Foundation in 2001 Policy Review ceased publication with its February–March 2013 issue

In addition to these periodicals, the Hoover Institution Press publishes books and essays by Hoover Institution fellows and other Hoover-affiliated scholars

Task forces

The following Hoover Institution task forces are made up of both Hoover Institution fellows and scholars from other academic institutions Hoover task forces encourage collaborative work in specific areas of public policy:

  • K–12 Education
  • National Security and Law
  • Virtues of a Free Society
  • Energy Policy
  • Economic Policy
  • Property Rights, Freedom, and Prosperity
  • Islamism and the International Order
  • Health Care Policy


The Hoover Institution is funded from two main sources It receives nearly half of its funding from private gifts, primarily from individual contributions, and the other half from its endowment

Funders of the organization include the Taube Family Foundation, the Koret Foundation, the Howard Charitable Foundation, the Sarah Scaife Foundation, the Walton Foundation, the Lynde and Harry Bradley Foundation, and the William E Simon Foundation


Funding sources and expenditures, 2014-2015:

See also

  • List of Stanford University Centers and Institutes


  1. ^ a b "Annual Report 2015" Hoover Institution 31 August 2015 Retrieved 15 April 2016 
  2. ^ James G McGann Director February 9, 2016 "2015 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report" Retrieved July 16, 2016 
  3. ^ "Stanford Legal Facts" Office of the General Counsel Stanford University Retrieved 26 May 2012 
  4. ^ "Board of Overseers" Hoover Institution Stanford University Retrieved 26 May 2012 
  5. ^ a b "Hoover Institution – Mission Statement" hooverorg 
  6. ^ "Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace" Encyclopaedica Brittanica Retrieved 16 April 2015 
  7. ^ McBride, Stewart May 28, 1975 "Hoover Institution: Leaning to the right" Christian Science Monitor Retrieved 16 April 2015 
  8. ^ Nau, Henry R 2013 Conservative Internationalism: Armed Diplomacy under Jefferson, Polk, Truman and Reagan Princeton University Press p xi ISBN 978-0-691-15931-7 
  9. ^ "Business Dean Seizes Rare Opportunity to Lead Hoover Institution, and Other News About People" Chronicle of Higher Education March 23, 2015 Retrieved 16 April 2015 
  10. ^ a b Hoover Institution press release, May 7, 2007
  11. ^ Peter Duignan, "The Library of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace Part 1: Origin and Growth", Library History 2001 171: 3–19
  12. ^ "Hoover Institution Library and Archives: Historical Background" hooverorg 
  13. ^ "Hoover Institution – About Hoover – About Herbert Hoover and the Hoover Institution" hooverorg 
  14. ^ Peter Duignan, "The Library of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution and Peace Part 2: the Campbell Years", Library History 2001 172: 107–18
  15. ^ "Yacht club to host celebration of Virginia Rothwell" Stanford Report September 1, 2004 Retrieved March 25, 2008 
  16. ^ Trei, Lisa November 28, 2001 "Glenn Campbell, former Hoover director, dead at 77" Stanford Report Retrieved March 25, 2008 
  17. ^ "Honorary Fellow" Hoover Institution Stanford University 2010 Retrieved 2010-11-09 
  18. ^ "Distinguished Fellow" Hoover Institution Stanford University 2010 Retrieved 2010-11-09 
  19. ^ "Senior Fellows" Hoover Institution Stanford University 2011 Retrieved 2011-10-13 
  20. ^ http://wwwhooverorg/profiles/david-brady
  21. ^ "Research Fellows" 
  22. ^ "Distinguished Visiting Fellows" Hoover Institution Stanford University 2014 Retrieved 2014-02-10 
  23. ^ "William and Barbara Edwards Media Fellows" Hoover Institution Stanford University 2010 Retrieved 2010-11-09 
  24. ^ a b "William and Barbara Edwards Media Fellows by year 2008" hooverorg 
  25. ^ "William and Barbara Edwards Media Fellows by year 2004" hooverorg 
  26. ^ "Stephen Kotkin" Hoover Institution Retrieved 29 September 2016 
  27. ^ "Robert Hessen" Hoover Institution Retrieved 29 September 2016 
  28. ^ "Charles Wolf Jr" Hoover Institution Retrieved 29 September 2016 
  29. ^ "Policy Review Web Archive" 
  30. ^ "Hoover Institution – Task Force" hooverorg 
  31. ^ "Hoover Institution 2010 Report" Hoover Institution p 39 Retrieved 25 June 2011 
  32. ^ Ade Adeniji 21 April 2015 "How the Hoover Institution Vacuums Up Big Conservative Bucks" Inside Philanthropy 

Further reading

  • Paul, Gary Norman "The Development of the Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace Library, 1919–1944" PhD dissertation U of California, Berkeley Dissertation Abstracts International 1974 353: 1682-1683-A, 274p

External links

  • Official website
  • hooverorg/hila, the Hoover Institution Library and Archives official website
  • hooverpressorg, the Hoover Institution Press's official website
  • definingideasorg, a Hoover Institution online journal
  • EDIRC listing provided by RePEc
  • Hoover Institution at DMOZ
  • advancingafreesocietyorg, the Hoover Institution's blog of research and opinion on current policy matters
  • Video of Hoover Institution events and Uncommon Knowledge at YouTube
  • Video of Hoover Institution events at FORAtv
  • Hoover Institution FBI files hosted at the Internet Archive

Coordinates: 37°25′38″N 122°09′59″W / 374271°N 1221664°W / 374271; -1221664

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