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Hood River, Oregon

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The city of Hood River is the seat of Hood River County, Oregon, United States It is a port on the Columbia River, and is named for the nearby Hood River As of the 2010 census, the city population was 7,1676

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 Arts and culture
    • 51 Annual events
    • 52 Museums and other points of interest
  • 6 Parks and recreation
  • 7 Education
  • 8 Media
    • 81 Newspapers
    • 82 Radio
    • 83 Television
    • 84 Magazines
  • 9 Infrastructure
    • 91 Transportation
    • 92 Utilities
    • 93 Healthcare
  • 10 Notable people
  • 11 Sister cities
  • 12 References
  • 13 External links

Historyedit

Hood River originally called Dog River post office was established named by Mary Coe at the site of the present city on September 30, 1858,7 and the city itself was incorporated in 18958 Originally, the city was part of Wasco County, but it became the seat of Hood River County when the county was first established in 19089

Geographyedit

Hood River is at the confluence of the Hood River and the Columbia River in the heart of the Columbia River Gorge The city is about 30 miles 48 km north of Mount Hood, the tallest peak in the state It is across the Columbia River from White Salmon, Washington South of the city is the Hood River Valley, known for its production of apples, pears, and cherries

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 335 square miles 868 km2, of which, 255 square miles 660 km2 is land and 080 square miles 207 km2 is water2

Climateedit

Located at the transition zone between wet temperate rainforest to the west, and dry shrub-steppe desert to the east, Hood River has a moderate climate with rainy winters and warm summers, although rainfall there is somewhat less than Portland and other nearby areas in the Willamette Valley Hood River averages around 30 inches 760 mm of precipitation a year, while Cascade Locks, 20 miles 32 km west, receives over 75 inches 1,900 mm,10 and The Dalles, 20 miles 32 km east, less than 15 inches 380 mm11 The area is known for its consistently high winds channeling down the Columbia River Gorge

Temperatures for the year as a whole are slightly cooler than most other low-elevation towns in the region, especially at night due to air drainage off the surrounding mountains As a rule of thumb, Hood River temperatures are similar to those of Portland in the summer, but more like The Dalles in the winter

Climate data for Hood River, Oregon
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °F °C 421
56
471
84
548
127
612
162
687
204
744
236
817
276
822
279
761
245
635
175
494
97
402
46
618
166
Daily mean °F °C 361
23
388
38
449
72
500
10
568
138
623
168
680
20
677
198
610
161
508
104
417
54
348
16
5108
106
Average low °F °C 302
−1
306
−08
349
16
388
38
448
71
503
102
544
124
533
118
459
77
380
33
341
12
294
−14
404
47
Average precipitation inches mm 521
1323
397
1008
298
757
176
447
130
33
087
221
029
74
031
79
095
241
226
574
541
1374
598
1519
3130
795
Average snowfall inches cm 83
211
60
152
08
2
00
0
00
0
00
0
00
0
00
0
00
0
01
03
21
53
82
208
255
648
Average precipitation days ≥ 001 in 186 149 154 127 93 62 22 22 47 107 192 181 1341
Source: NOAA 12

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 200
1890 201 05%
1900 766 2811%
1910 2,331 2043%
1920 3,195 371%
1930 2,757 −137%
1940 3,280 190%
1950 3,701 128%
1960 3,657 −12%
1970 3,991 91%
1980 4,329 85%
1990 4,632 70%
2000 5,831 259%
2010 7,167 229%
Est 2016 7,702 75%
source:1415

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 7,167 people, 2,972 households, and 1,728 families residing in the city The population density was 2,8106 inhabitants per square mile 1,0852/km2 There were 3,473 housing units at an average density of 1,3620 per square mile 5259/km2 The racial makeup of the city was:

  • 629% White
  • 244% Hispanic or Latino,
  • 05% African American,
  • 06% Native American,
  • 15% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander,
  • 74% from other races, and
  • 30% from two or more races3

There were 2,972 households of which 338% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 432% were married couples living together, 110% had a female householder with no husband present, 40% had a male householder with no wife present, and 419% were non-families 334% of all households were made up of individuals and 138% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 239 and the average family size was 3123

The median age in the city was 363 years 259% of residents were under the age of 18; 73% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 306% were from 25 to 44; 235% were from 45 to 64; and 127% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 479% male and 521% female3

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 5,831 people, 2,429 households, and 1,442 families residing in the city The population density was 2,8394 people per square mile 1,0982 per km² There were 2,645 housing units at an average density of 1,2880 per square mile 4982 per km² The racial makeup of the city was:

  • 5766% White
  • 2317% Hispanic or Latino
  • 115% Asian
  • 099% Native American
  • 060% African American
  • 019% Pacific Islander
  • 1358% from other races
  • 266% from two or more races3

There were 2,429 households out of which 323% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 441% were married couples living together, 116% had a female householder with no husband present, and 406% were non-families 328% of all households were made up of individuals and 148% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 238 and the average family size was 3063

In the city, the population was spread out with:

  • 262% under the age of 18
  • 97% from 18 to 24
  • 326% from 25 to 44
  • 185% from 45 to 64
  • 131% 65 years of age or older3

The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 886 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 877 males3

The median income for a household in the city was $31,580, and the median income for a family was $35,568 Males had a median income of $31,583 versus $24,764 for females The per capita income for the city was $17,609 About 121% of families and 173% of the population were below the poverty line, including 287% of those under age 18 and 143% of those age 65 or over3

Economyedit

Windsurfers on the Columbia River

Hood River's economy has traditionally been based on three industries: agriculture, tourism, and sports recreation, but since the late 1990s, high-tech industries, such as aerospace engineering eg Insitu and Hood Technologies, have become some of the largest employers1617 Long an agricultural center of the Pacific Northwest, Hood River historically was a hub of logging exports and fruit tree orchards While lumber was the primary export for Hood River throughout most of its history, with the advent of forest protection measures such as the establishment of the Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area, Hood River has exchanged most of its former tree cutting agricultural ways to focus more heavily on its apple and pear orchards as well as many wineries18 Many of these local orchards and wineries, including Hood River-based The Fruit Company, are featured on Hood River's renowned "Fruit Loop"19

Hood River first experienced a boom in tourism after being discovered as a site for world-class windsurfing, and more recently kiteboarding20 Hood River County also has some of the best kayaking, mountain biking, skiing, and hiking areas in the United States21

Situated in the Columbia Gorge, and surrounded by fields, orchards, vineyards, and at the foot of Mount Hood, Hood River is a popular tourist destination22

All of these factors have led to positive news coverage in publications such as National Geographic Adventure, Sunset, Outside, Backpacker, Smithsonian, the New York Times travel section, and others2324 Hood River has received numerous awards from national magazines, such as "coolest small town" to "fifth best ski-town in America"23 Most recently, Hood River was featured on CNN as one of "11 great riverfront towns" in the United States25

Other industries in the city include Hood River Distillers, the Encore Consumer Capital owned Full Sail Brewing Company, a major Oregon microbrewery, the clothing and sports equipment manufacturer DaKine, and vegetarian food manufacturer Turtle Island Foods, producer of Tofurky The Hood River Valley is also home to more than a dozen wineries26

Arts and cultureedit

Hood River bicyclists

Annual eventsedit

Annual cultural events include the Hood River Valley Blossom Festival, which takes place in April,27 the Hood River Hops Fest,28 and the Hood River Valley Harvest Fest,29 both in October FoodandWinecom identified the Harvest Fest as one of the Best Harvest Festivals in 201230 The annual Gorge Games, aired on Fox Sports in August, feature professional competitions in ten sports such as windsurfing, kitesurfing, outrigger canoeing, and rock climbing31 Hood River hosted the US Windsurfing National Championships in 200932 and the Mount Hood Cycling Classic from 2002 to 20133334

Museums and other points of interestedit

Columbia Gorge Hotel, listed on the National Register of Historic Places

Hood River is home to the History Museum of Hood River County, the International Museum of Carousel Art, and the Western Antique Aeroplane & Automobile Museum WAAAM Hood River has over two dozen sites listed on the National Register of Historic Places, including the Columbia Gorge Hotel, built in 1920 by Portland timber baron and Columbia Gorge booster Simon Benson The oldest house in the city is the Ezra L Smith home, which he built in 1886 for his familycitation needed Smith was influential in state politics, in Oregon agricultural development, in Hood River city administration, and in banking Many farmers and businessmen came to his home seeking advice The house later served as a funeral home for over 40 years and is now the site of wine production and tastings for Stoltz Vineyardscitation needed

Parks and recreationedit

Hood River is the western gateway to the Mount Hood Scenic Byway and to a major section of the Historic Columbia River Highway Hood River is considered a "sports mecca" and offers some of the best spots for windsurfing, kitesurfing, kayaking, stand up paddleboarding, skiing and mountain biking—all for which it draws considerable national attention from many media outlets, such as National Geographic Adventure3536 The Port Commission has built a protected harbor for learning windsurfing called "The Hook"37 The city also features the family and wind-sport friendly Waterfront Park, a public pool, skate park, biking trails, and several small public parks and ball fields3839 The valley is also home to two 18-hole golf courses

Educationedit

Public primary and secondary schools in Hood River are part of the Hood River County School District Representing the change in town culture is the new garden, greenhouse and zero-energy music and science building at Hood River Middle School as part of the new Outdoor Classroom Project The city is also served by an extension campus of Columbia Gorge Community College, based in The Dalles Horizon Christian School is a private school serving grades kindergarten through twelfth grade K–12 Horizon competes at the 1A level of the Oregon School Activities Association, while the public Hood River Valley High School competes at the 5A level The city also is home to the small Mid-Columbia Adventist School

Mediaedit

Newspapersedit

The Hood River News is a semi-weekly paper published by Eagle Newspapers on Wednesday and Saturday40

Radioedit

  • KIHR AM 1340/983 FM
  • KODL AM 1440/991 FM
  • KQAC FM 881
  • KMSW FM 927/1029
  • KOPB-FM FM 943
  • KZAS-LP FM 951 Radio Tierra
  • KACI-FM 935
  • KCGB-FM 1055/969

Televisionedit

  • K34KE-D translator for KGW Portland, NBC affiliate
  • K38KV-D translator for KOIN Portland, CBS affiliate
  • CGN-7 Gorge TV

Magazinesedit

Two locally published magazines serve the area, Columbia Gorge Magazine and The Gorge Magazine are both monthly magazines featuring recreation, dining, shopping, weddings, architecture, arts and entertainment taking place in the Columbia Gorge area primarily Hood River, The Dalles, and Troutdale41

Infrastructureedit

Hood River Bridge

Transportationedit

Air

Hood River has one airport, the Ken Jernstedt Airfield: it has no scheduled airlines and light general aviation use However, Portland International Airport is a one-hour drive west of Hood River

Highway

Interstate 84 and Oregon Route 35 pass through Hood River

Rail

Hood River is the northern terminus of the Mount Hood Railroad, a heritage railway that offers passenger excursions as well as shipping a small amount of freight Union Pacific Railroad provides freight service to the city42

Bus

Hood River receives national bus service from Greyhound Lines Columbia Area Transit provides three buses to The Dalles every weekday, and a round trip service to Portland on Tuesdays and Thursdays

Marine

The Port of Hood River, founded in 1933, manages a public marina and waterfront economic development projects43 The port commission also manages the airport and the Hood River-White Salmon Interstate Bridge

Utilitiesedit

Water and wastewater treatment are supplied by the City of Hood River42 Natural gas is provided by NW Natural and electricity comes from PacifiCorp42

Healthcareedit

Hood River has one hospital, Providence Hood River Memorial Hospital42

Notable peopleedit

  • Cecil D Andrus, politician, governor of Idaho
  • Christian Thomas Lee, concert classical guitarist
  • Andrew Baldwin, professional baseball player
  • Timothy K Beal, religious scholar, author, professor
  • Sammy Carlson, freeskier, X-Games medalist
  • D J Conway, fantasy author
  • Edward Hill, poet, songwriter, newspaper correspondent
  • George Hitchcock 1914–2010, poet, publisher
  • Damon Knight, science fiction author
  • Jeff Lahti, professional baseball player
  • Kim Peyton, swimmer, gold medalist at 1976 Olympic Games
  • Marcus W Robertson, war hero and Medal of Honor recipient
  • Bob Smith, professional baseball player from 1957–1965
  • Brooke Struck, television personality
  • Suzanne VanOrman, politician
  • Don Wakamatsu, professional baseball player and manager
  • Greg Walden, politician
  • Simeon R Wilson, politician
  • Minoru Yasui, lawyer, civil rights activist
  • Boris Sirpo, violinist, conductor, educator 44 45

Sister citiesedit

Hood River has one sister city,46 as designated by Sister Cities International:

  • Tsuruta, Japan

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Windsurfing and Kiteboarding the Columbia River Gorge" TravelOregoncom Retrieved 2008-11-08 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  4. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-06-17 Retrieved 2013-06-02 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "Population Research Center" PDF Portland State University Archived from the original PDF on 2008-06-26 Retrieved 2008-11-08 
  7. ^ McArthur, Lewis A; Lewis L McArthur 2003 1928 Oregon Geographic Names 7th ed Portland, Oregon: Oregon Historical Society Press p 477 ISBN 0-87595-277-1 
  8. ^ "Hood River Community Profile" Oregon Economic Development Department 2006 Retrieved 2006-11-28 
  9. ^ Corning, Howard M, ed 1956 Dictionary of Oregon History Portland, Oregon: Binfords & Mort Publishing p 118 
  10. ^ http://wwwwrccdriedu/cgi-bin/cliMAINplor1407
  11. ^ http://wwwwrccdriedu/cgi-bin/cliMAINplorthed
  12. ^ "NowData – NOAA Online Weather Data" National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Retrieved 2012-07-20 
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  14. ^ Moffatt, Riley Population History of Western US Cities & Towns, 1850-1990 Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 211
  15. ^ "Subcounty population estimates: Oregon 2000-2007" United States Census Bureau, Population Division 2009-03-18 Archived from the original CSV on 2009-05-15 Retrieved 2009-05-03 
  16. ^ "Drones are Ready for Takeoff" Smithsonian magazine Retrieved June 7, 2011 
  17. ^ "…It Came From The Gorge" Willamette Week newspaper Retrieved March 3, 2010 
  18. ^ "Mount Hood & The Gorge" TravelOregoncom Retrieved 2008-11-08 
  19. ^ "Hood River Country Fruit Loop" Hood River County Archived from the original on 2014-01-10 
  20. ^ Vinh, Tan July 10, 2008 "Gorge Games spotlight Hood River as a multisport mecca" The Seattle Times Retrieved 2008-11-08 
  21. ^ http://gonwaboutcom/od/attractionswa/ss/hoodriver_2htm
  22. ^ http://wwwhoodriverorg/HRCCC_ArticleTemplateaspArticleINDX=294&CategoryINDX=24
  23. ^ a b "Discover Hood River: Hood River In The News" Hood River County Chamber of Commerce Spring 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-15 
  24. ^ Weber, Bruce "Hood River" The New York Times 
  25. ^ Barker, Aaron July 20, 2012 "11 great riverfront towns" CNN 
  26. ^ http://wwwwinesnwcom/gorgemaphtml
  27. ^ "Hood River Valley Blossom Festival" traveloregoncom Oregon Tourism Commission Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  28. ^ http://hoodriverorg/events-festivals/chamber-events/hops-fest
  29. ^ "Hood River Valley Harvest Fest" traveloregoncom Oregon Tourism Commission Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  30. ^ "Best Harvest Festivals" Food & Wine Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  31. ^ Vinh, Tan July 10, 2008 "Gorge Games spotlight Hood River as a multisport mecca" Seattle Times Retrieved April 13, 2010 
  32. ^ http://wwwvmgeventscom/fe/indexhtm
  33. ^ http://wwwmthoodcyclingclassiccom/course-routes/race-overview/
  34. ^ Pierre, Adam June 18, 2013 "Mt Hood Cycling Classic rides into the sunset" Hood River News Retrieved April 2, 2014 
  35. ^ "50 Best Places to Live: The Next Great Adventure Towns" National Geographic Adventure Retrieved April 13, 2010 
  36. ^ "Best Places to Live: Where to Live and Play Now!" National Geographic Adventure Retrieved April 13, 2010 
  37. ^ http://abkboardsportscom/lessons/gorge
  38. ^ http://wwwhoodriverparksandrecorg/
  39. ^ http://wwwhoodriverwaterfrontcom/
  40. ^ Hood River News
  41. ^ http://columbiagorgecom/
  42. ^ a b c d Hood River profile from Oregon Economic & Community Development Department
  43. ^ Port of Hood River
  44. ^ http://socialarchiveiathvirginiaedu/ark:/99166/w6qc1kk5
  45. ^ http://wwwworldcatorg/title/boris-sirpo-papers-1932-1966/oclc/720072545
  46. ^ "Archived copy" Archived from the original on 2006-05-02 Retrieved 2006-06-10 

External linksedit

  • City of Hood River official website
  • Hood River County Chamber of Commerce
  • Entry for Hood River in the Oregon Blue Book
  • Hood River-area webcam from the KATU website

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