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Hood River County, Oregon

hood river county oregon assessor, hood river county oregon sheriff department
Hood River County is a county located in the US state of Oregon As of the 2010 census, the population was 22,3461 The county seat is Hood River2 The county was established in 1908 and is named for the Hood River, a tributary of the Columbia River

Hood River County comprises the Hood River, OR Micropolitan Statistical Area

The Hood River Valley is a top producer of apples, pears, and cherries and is known for its famous Fruit Loop driving tour that stops at family farms and fruit stands Situated between Mount Hood and the Columbia River in the middle of the Columbia River Gorge, Hood River County is a popular destination for outdoor enthusiasts, such as windsurfers, mountain-bikers, skiers, hikers, kayakers, and many more

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 National protected areas
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Government and infrastructure
  • 5 Economy
  • 6 Communities
    • 61 Cities
    • 62 Census-designated places
    • 63 Unincorporated communities
    • 64 Historical communities
  • 7 See also
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

The first permanent settlers in present-day Hood River County filed a donation land claim in 1854 The first school was built in 1863 and a road from The Dalles was completed in 1867 By 1880 there were 17 families living in the valley By the latter part of the nineteenth century farmers of Japanese, Finnish, German, and French ethnicity had settled in the valley

At the turn of the twentieth century, the people of the Hood River region in the northwest portion of Wasco County expressed a desire for political separation from the parent county The passage of a statewide initiative established Hood River as the thirty-fourth county of the state It was made official by a governor's proclamation on June 23, 1908 The Columbia River Highway was completed in 1922 from Portland to The Dalles, improving access between both those cities as well as to Hood River

In response to controversy surrounding county approval of locating a destination resort at Cooper Spur ski area on Mount Hood, on November 5, 2003 62% of the voters approved a measure requiring voter approval on residential developments of 25 units or more on land zoned for forest use Opponents claimed that this measure was not enforceable and would end up in court

Geographyedit

Hood River County is 533 square miles 1,380 km2, of which 522 square miles 1,350 km2 is land and 11 square miles 28 km2 21% is water3 It is the second-smallest county in Oregon by area Elevation ranges from 60 feet 18 m above sea level at Cascade Locks in the northwest to 11,235 feet 3,424 m at the summit of Mt Hood, the highest point in Oregon4

The County lies in a transition zone in the Columbia River Gorge between the temperate rain forest of the Cascade range and dry desert of eastern Oregon Precipitation varies considerably by longitude and elevation Annual precipitation averages over 76 inches in Cascade Locks, but is less than 31 inches in the City of Hood River4 At the highest reaches of the County on Mt Hood precipitation can be up to 150 inches annually5

The Gorge can have a moderating effect on air temperatures in the County near the Columbia River when maritime air moves in from the west Major easterly flows, however, can occasionally cause extreme cold conditions as cold air moves west through the Gorge Winds are generally from the west in the summer, resulting in strong and consistent winds on the Columbia River at Hood River County, making Hood River a world-renowned wind surfing location Winter winds can blow from either the east or the west and can be of sufficient force to result in widespread damage6

Hood River County contains the entirety of the 217,337 acres 87,953 ha Hood River watershed, which covers nearly two-thirds of the county This watershed includes four main sub-basins: the West Fork Hood River, the Middle Fork Hood River, the East Fork Hood River, and the Hood River Mainstem the lower river and its tributaries7

Sixty percent, or 209,385 acres 84,735 ha, of the County is federal land managed by the Mt Hood National Forest8 Another 31,000 acres 13,000 ha, or 88 percent, is forestland owned and managed by Hood River County9 The State of Oregon owns 3,894 acres 1,576 ha within the County10 Weyerhaeuser Company became a major private landowner in 2013 after purchasing Longview Timber LLC, including its forest holdings in Hood River County11 25,817 acres 10,448 ha, over seven percent of the County, is managed as private farmland As of 2012 there were 554 farms, with a medium farm size of 19 acres 77 ha12

Adjacent countiesedit

Map of Hood River County   US Forest Service land   Bureau of Land Management land
  • Multnomah County - west
  • Clackamas County - southwest
  • Wasco County - southeast
  • Klickitat County, Washington - northeast
  • Skamania County, Washington - north

National protected areasedit

  • Badger Creek Wilderness
  • Mark O Hatfield Wilderness
  • Mount Hood Wilderness
  • Columbia River Gorge National Scenic Area

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1910 8,016
1920 8,315 37%
1930 8,938 75%
1940 11,580 296%
1950 12,740 100%
1960 13,395 51%
1970 13,187 −16%
1980 15,835 201%
1990 16,903 67%
2000 20,411 208%
2010 22,346 95%
Est 2016 23,232 40%
US Decennial Census14
1790-196015 1900-199016
1990-200017 2010-20161

2000 censusedit

At the time of the census 118 percent of a total of 9,271 housing units were vacant Of the 8,173 occupied housing units, 629 percent were owner-occupied18

Median household income was $51,307 and median income for a family was $57,64419 As of the 2010 census 2,235 persons, or 101 percent of the population, lived in poverty20

Of the 20,258 people in the population that are five years and older, 256 percent speak Spanish or Spanish Creole, and 69 percent of this group speak English less than “very well”21

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 22,346 people, 8,173 households, and 5,659 families residing in the county22 The population density was 428 inhabitants per square mile 165/km2 There were 9,271 housing units at an average density of 178 per square mile 69/km223 The racial makeup of the county was 831% white, 14% Asian, 08% American Indian, 05% black or African American, 02% Pacific islander, 109% from other races, and 32% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 295% of the population22 In terms of ancestry, 167% were German, 106% were English, 98% were Irish, and 38% were American24

Of the 8,173 households, 359% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 554% were married couples living together, 93% had a female householder with no husband present, 308% were non-families, and 238% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 264 and the average family size was 314 The median age was 380 years22

The median income for a household in the county was $51,307 and the median income for a family was $57,644 Males had a median income of $37,901 versus $31,516 for females The per capita income for the county was $23,930 About 75% of families and 95% of the population were below the poverty line, including 96% of those under age 18 and 91% of those age 65 or over25

Government and infrastructureedit

Presidential Elections Results26
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 300% 3,272 597% 6,510 103% 1,128
2012 349% 3,429 616% 6,058 36% 351
2008 332% 3,265 641% 6,302 27% 263
2004 418% 4,124 567% 5,587 15% 148
2000 435% 3,721 476% 4,072 88% 756
1996 369% 2,794 482% 3,654 149% 1,126
1992 313% 2,453 396% 3,106 291% 2,282
1988 487% 3,257 490% 3,275 24% 157
1984 599% 4,531 399% 3,022 02% 18
1980 487% 3,450 412% 2,924 101% 718
1976 484% 3,210 469% 3,114 47% 312
1972 540% 3,152 399% 2,330 62% 359
1968 488% 2,597 449% 2,385 63% 335
1964 326% 1,786 651% 3,564 22% 122
1960 559% 3,103 441% 2,450 00% 2
1956 563% 3,149 437% 2,445 00% 0
1952 628% 3,310 366% 1,930 05% 27
1948 528% 2,134 436% 1,761 36% 147
1944 501% 2,008 489% 1,960 11% 44
1940 492% 2,305 505% 2,367 04% 17
1936 298% 1,249 658% 2,759 45% 187
1932 426% 1,387 518% 1,685 57% 184
1928 652% 1,806 327% 905 21% 58
1924 484% 1,214 273% 683 243% 609
1920 600% 1,449 315% 761 86% 207
1916 483% 1,314 437% 1,188 80% 217
1912 251% 396 328% 519 421% 66627
1908 622% 767 291% 359 88% 108

Hood River is a home rule county with an administrative style of government The county is governed by an elected board of five commissioners Four commissioners are elected from four geographic districts, and the Chair is elected at large28

The County operates two campgrounds at Toll Bridge Park and Tucker Park The Forestry Department manages the 31,000 acre County Forest for timber sale revenue and to develop and maintain recreation trails In fiscal year 2014 gross revenue from County timber sales was $3,851,646 while Forestry Department expenses where $1,049,648 Property taxes generated $3,071,038 in revenue in the same year29

The Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Norcor, a short-term jail, serves Hood River, Gilliam, Sherman, and Wasco counties30

Economyedit

Mount Hood Railroad View from McCall Point across Hood River County to Mount Hood

Health Care and Social Assistance was the largest major NAICS industry sector in Hood River County in 2013, with 14 percent of earnings Manufacturing, at 12 percent, was the second largest sector Farm Earnings combined with Forestry, Fishing and Related Activities represented nearly 11 percent of earnings The Professional, Scientific, and Technical Services sector, while accounting for seven percent of earnings in 2013, was the fastest growing sector between 2002 and 2013, growing at an average annual rate of over 11 percent, and increasing its relative share of total earnings by 645 percent Earnings in the Health Care and Social Assistance sector grew at an average of over five percent per year during that period31

Despite a relatively small share of total earnings, farming, forestry and tourism are all important economic drivers in Hood River County In 2013, Farm Earnings and Forestry, Fishing and Related Activities had location quotients of 857 percent and 1209 percent, respectively, indicating an outsized concentration of these sectors within the County The Arts, Entertainment, and Recreation industry, while comprising less than four percent of total earnings, had a location quotient of 327 percent, the highest of any county in the State of Oregon, indicating a highly concentrated tourism sector32

Agriculture, timber, lumber and recreation are important sources of revenue and industry Fruit grown in the fertile valley is of such exceptional quality the county leads the world in Anjou pear production A 1997 census recorded 15,553 acres 6294 km2 of commercial orchards growing pears, apples, cherries and peaches Hood River County also has two ports and two boat basins, one serving local barge traffic, a steel boat manufacturing firm and Mid-Columbia yachting interests

The Columbia River, which runs right by the city of Hood River, has become a premier windsurfing destination, attracting windsurfers from throughout the United States and around the world Cool, moist coastal air is drawn through the Columbia River Gorge as the desert to the east heats up on warm days, creating winds between 15-35 knots most days in the summer With the current in the Columbia River flowing from east to west, and the wind blowing from west to east, large swells are created on the river that windsurfers enjoy riding like waves Windsurfing has affected the local economy in many ways: windsurfing-oriented businesses and upscale restaurants catering to visiting windsurfers have reinvigorated the downtown area, many people who first visited Hood River in search of wind and waves have settled in the area and become an integral part of the community, and the local economy has been infused with much needed tourist dollars

The Mount Hood Railroad provides freight service, connecting with the Union Pacific at Hood River, Oregon, and operates excursion trains and dinner trains on a 22-mile 35 km rail line running from Hood River to Parkdale The line was completed in 1909, and operated as an independent company until acquired by Union Pacific Railroad in 1968 In 1987 a local group of investors purchased the line for $600,000, naming it the Mount Hood Railroad In 2008 Mount Hood Railroad was acquired by Iowa Pacific Holdings, based in Chicago The company leases storage on its lines for excess freight cars, in addition to, or at times in place of, operating recreational rides 33

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Cascade Locks
  • Hood River county seat

Census-designated placesedit

  • Mount Hood
  • Odell
  • Parkdale

Unincorporated communitiesedit

  • Clifton
  • Dee
  • Lenz
  • Oak Grove
  • Pine Grove
  • Rockford
  • Summit
  • Trout Creek
  • Winans
  • Wyeth

Historical communitiesedit

  • Bloucher
  • Conway
  • Dukes Valley
  • Holstein
  • Viento

See alsoedit

  • Oregon portal
  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hood River County, Oregon

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 15, 2013 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  4. ^ a b "Hood River County Chamber of Commerce" 
  5. ^ "Mount Hood Wilderness" United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  6. ^ "Climate of Hood River" Prepared by George Taylor, state climatologist, Cadee Hale & Sarah Joos, publication assistants 
  7. ^ "Hood River Watershed Assessment, December 1999" PDF Holly Coccoli, Hood River Watershed Group 
  8. ^ "Table 6 - NFS Acreage by State, Congressional District and County, October 10, 2007" 
  9. ^ "Hood River County Forestry Department, Hood River County, Oregon" 
  10. ^ "State of Oregon State Land Inventory Report" PDF Department of State Lands, Salem, Oregon 
  11. ^ "Weyerhaeuser Completes Acquisition of Longview Timber LLC" Weyerhaeuser, Federal Way, Wash, July 23, 2013 
  12. ^ "Table 1 County Summary Highlights: 2012 Census of Agriculture" PDF United States Department of Agriculture, National Agricultural Statistics Service Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  13. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  14. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 25, 2015 
  18. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  19. ^ "Income in the Past 12 Month, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate" United States Census Bureau Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  20. ^ "Decennial Census, Poverty Rates by County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  21. ^ "Language Spoken at Home, 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimate" United States Census Bureau Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  22. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  23. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  24. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  25. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-02-23 
  26. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  27. ^ The leading "other" candidate, Progressive Theodore Roosevelt, received 491 votes, while Socialist Eugene Debs received 121 votes, Prohibition candidate Eugene Chafin received 54 votes
  28. ^ "Hood River County Home Rule Charter" Hood River County, Oregon 
  29. ^ "Hood River County, Oregon, Comprehensive Annual Financial Report for fiscal year ended June 30, 2014" Hood River County 
  30. ^ "Norcor Home" Northern Oregon Regional Corrections Facility Retrieved on November 22, 2011
  31. ^ "Bureau of Economic Analysis" United States Department of Commerce Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  32. ^ "Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project" Oregon Regional Economic Analysis Project Retrieved October 15, 2015 
  33. ^ "Mount Hood Railroad" Iowa Pacific Holdings 

External linksedit

  • Hood River County, Oregon official website
  • Hood River County listing in the Oregon Blue Book

Coordinates: 45°31′03″N 121°38′58″W / 4551750°N 12164944°W / 4551750; -12164944

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