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Holmes County, Ohio

holmes county ohio, holmes county ohio auditor property search
Holmes County is a county located in the US state of Ohio As of the 2010 census, the population was 42,3661 Its county seat is Millersburg2 The county was formed in 1824 from portions of Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Wayne counties and organized the following year3 It was named after Andrew Holmes, an officer killed in the War of 18124 Holmes County is home to an Amish community, the largest in the world, that draws many visitors to the county

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Politics
  • 5 Communities
  • 6 Transportation
  • 7 Amish community
  • 8 See also
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

Holmes County was formed on January 20, 1824 from portions of Coshocton, Tuscarawas and Wayne counties It was named after Andrew Holmes, an officer in the War of 1812 During the Civil War, small-scale riots broke out in ethnic German areas Holmes County was an isolated localistic area dominated by Pennsylvania Dutch and some recent German immigrants It was a Democratic stronghold and few men dared speak out in favor of conscription Local politicians denounced Lincoln and Congress as despotic, seeing the draft law as a violation of their local autonomy In June 1863, small scale disturbances broke out; they ended when the Army sent in armed units5

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 424 square miles 1,100 km2, of which 423 square miles 1,100 km2 is land and 14 square miles 36 km2 03% is water6

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Wayne County north
  • Stark County northeast
  • Tuscarawas County east
  • Coshocton County south
  • Knox County southwest
  • Ashland County northwest

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1830 9,135
1840 18,088 980%
1850 20,452 131%
1860 20,589 07%
1870 18,177 −117%
1880 20,776 143%
1890 21,139 17%
1900 19,511 −77%
1910 17,909 −82%
1920 16,965 −53%
1930 16,726 −14%
1940 17,876 69%
1950 18,760 49%
1960 21,591 151%
1970 23,024 66%
1980 29,416 278%
1990 32,849 117%
2000 38,943 186%
2010 42,366 88%
Est 2016 43,936 37%
US Decennial Census8
1790-19609 1900-199010
1990-200011 2010-20151
Amish farmer plowing fields with horses

2000 censusedit

As of the census12 of 2000, there were 38,943 people, 11,337 households, and 9,194 families residing in the county The population density was 92 people per square mile 36/km² There were 12,280 housing units at an average density of 29 per square mile 11/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9903% White, 033% Black or African American, 006% Native American, 006% Asian, 001% Pacific Islander, 013% from other races, and 040% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 075% of the population 561% spoke English, 201% Pennsylvania German, 158% German and 71% "Dutch"13 as their first language

There were 11,337 households out of which 4430% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 7150% were married couples living together, 650% had a female householder with no husband present, and 1890% were non-families 1610% of all households were made up of individuals and 690% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 335 and the average family size was 382 Religious breakdown for those who gave a religion 6833 of the total population was 8979% Evangelical Protestant, 804% Mainline Protestant and 216% Catholic There were 140 Amish congregations with 17,654 adherents There were several other unrelated Amish congregations and Mennonite congregations There was one Catholic congregation14

In the county, the population was spread out with 3560% under the age of 18, 1040% from 18 to 24, 2570% from 25 to 44, 1780% from 45 to 64, and 1050% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 28 years For every 100 females there were 9960 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 9550 males

The median income for a household in the county was $36,944, and the median income for a family was $40,230 Males had a median income of $28,490 versus $20,602 for females The per capita income for the county was $14,197 About 1050% of families and 1290% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1740% of those under age 18 and 1330% of those age 65 or over

Holmes County has a relatively high number of residents who do not speak English at home According to the 2000 census, almost 36% of the population speak either Pennsylvania German or German at home, and a further 7% speak "Dutch", ie Pennsylvania Dutch13 4292% of the total population and 5028% of the children in 5-17 age range uses German/Pennsylvania German or "Dutch"13 at home15

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 42,366 people, 12,554 households, and 10,035 families residing in the county16 The population density was 1003 inhabitants per square mile 387/km2 There were 13,666 housing units at an average density of 323 per square mile 125/km217 The racial makeup of the county was 987% white, 03% black or African American, 01% Asian, 01% American Indian, 02% from other races, and 05% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 08% of the population16 In terms of ancestry, 378% were German, 108% were American, 66% were Irish, and 63% were English18

Of the 12,554 households, 429% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 697% were married couples living together, 69% had a female householder with no husband present, 201% were non-families, and 172% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 331 and the average family size was 380 The median age was 297 years16

The median income for a household in the county was $43,533 and the median income for a family was $49,133 Males had a median income of $36,644 versus $24,317 for females The per capita income for the county was $17,009 About 105% of families and 133% of the population were below the poverty line, including 189% of those under age 18 and 69% of those age 65 or over19

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results20
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 785% 8,720 161% 1,788 54% 598
2012 752% 8,702 226% 2,608 22% 257
2008 693% 7,720 282% 3,141 25% 273
2004 755% 8,468 240% 2,697 05% 55
2000 739% 6,754 226% 2,066 36% 325
1996 574% 5,213 279% 2,531 148% 1,340
1992 561% 5,079 217% 1,969 222% 2,008
1988 692% 5,064 298% 2,179 10% 73
1984 741% 5,146 250% 1,737 09% 61
1980 604% 3,860 328% 2,094 69% 440
1976 542% 2,870 423% 2,242 35% 187
1972 700% 3,752 281% 1,507 19% 103
1968 585% 3,350 331% 1,898 84% 481
1964 372% 2,106 628% 3,559
1960 694% 4,432 306% 1,953
1956 688% 3,955 312% 1,795
1952 651% 3,891 349% 2,089
1948 501% 2,496 498% 2,480 01% 6
1944 547% 3,093 453% 2,563
1940 489% 3,201 511% 3,349
1936 349% 2,247 637% 4,097 14% 88
1932 316% 1,953 663% 4,096 21% 131
1928 674% 3,457 318% 1,631 08% 39
1924 383% 1,824 533% 2,539 85% 405
1920 388% 2,065 603% 3,211 09% 49
1916 247% 955 736% 2,846 17% 64
1912 128% 465 669% 2,429 203% 737
1908 287% 1,252 698% 3,043 14% 62
1904 348% 1,377 628% 2,486 25% 97
1900 268% 1,269 718% 3,394 14% 67
1896 259% 1,284 732% 3,622 09% 45
1892 256% 1,152 699% 3,151 45% 204
1888 258% 1,241 705% 3,388 37% 180
1884 286% 1,366 704% 3,368 10% 48
1880 294% 1,370 703% 3,281 03% 16
1876 281% 1,241 718% 3,171 01% 2
1872 301% 1,089 699% 2,530 00% 1

Communitiesedit

Map of Holmes County, Ohio with Municipal and Township Labels Amish couple in a horse-drawn buggy in rural Holmes County
Township Village Other places in township
Berlin Berlin CDP
Clark Baltic north part Charm UIC
Farmerstown UIC
Unionville UIC
Hardy Millersburg county seat Holmes County Airport
Killbuck Killbuck
Knox Nashville south part
Mechanic Lake Buckhorn CDP
Becks Mills
Saltillo
Monroe Welcome UIC
West Holmes High School
Paint Winesburg CDP
Prairie Holmesville
Richland Glenmont Stillwell
Ripley Big Prairie UIC
Salt Creek Mt Hope UIC
Walnut Creek Walnut Creek CDP
Trail UIC
Washington Loudonville east part
Nashville north part
Lakeville UIC

CDP = Census-designated place
UIC = Unincorporated community

Transportationedit

Holmes County Airport FAA LID: 10G located two miles southwest of Millersburg

Amish communityedit

A large Amish community of about 36,000 exists in Northeast-Central Ohio, centered on Holmes County and extending into surrounding counties21 The Holmes Old Order Amish affiliation with 140 church districts out of 221 in the Holmes County Amish settlement in 2009 is the main and dominant Amish affiliation22 Holmes County houses the highest percentage of Amish of any US county, currently 42 percent of the population, and experts speculate that within 15 years Holmes County may be the first majority Amish county23 The Amish & Mennonite Heritage Center in Berlin explains traditional ways of the Amish and provides an illustrated history for visitors in its 10-foot-by-265-foot mural24

The overall Amish population of the area, centered on Holmes County, is the largest Amish community in the world21 Called locally "Amish Country", it draws many visitors to the county, thus making tourism an important sector of the local economy

The Holmes County Amish Settlements have the most diverse Old Order Amish affiliations The Holmes Old Order Amish affiliation is the main and original affiliation, the Swartzentruber Amish, that also originated in 1917 in Holmes County, has three sub affiliations there There are also Andy Weaver Amish formed 1952 and New Order Amish formed in the early 1960s there25

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Holmes County, Ohio
  • USS Holmes County LST-836

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  2. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  3. ^ "Ohio: Individual County Chronologies" Ohio Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library 2007 Retrieved February 14, 2015 
  4. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 159 
  5. ^ Kenneth H Wheeler, "Local autonomy and civil war draft resistance: Holmes County, Ohio," Civil War History, June 1999, Vol 45 Issue 2, pp 147-58
  6. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on May 4, 2014 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  7. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  8. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  9. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  10. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed March 27, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  11. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved February 8, 2015 
  12. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  13. ^ a b c It is likely that those reporting such confused Dutch with German
  14. ^ http://wwwtheardacom/rcms2010/r/c/39/rcms2010_39075_county_name_2010asp
  15. ^ http://wwwmlaorg/map_data_results&state_id=39&county_id=75&mode=geographic&zip=&place_id=&cty_id=&ll=&a=&ea=&order=r
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2015-12-27 
  20. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS
  21. ^ a b "Fact Sheets: Holmes County and Amish Country" Holmes County Chamber of Commerce Retrieved July 29, 2012  Quote: "Approximately 36,000 Amish residents make the region the largest Amish community in the world Centered in Holmes County, Amish Country extends into each of the surrounding five counties The Amish community has existed in this region of Ohio since 1809"
  22. ^ Charles E Hurst, David L McConnell: An Amish Paradox: Diversity and Change in the World's Largest Amish Community, Baltimore 2010, pages 35-36
  23. ^ "Estimate: A New Amish Community is Founded Every 3 1/2 Weeks in US" The Ohio State University Retrieved 2013-06-17  Quote: "“My guess is that in 15 years, we’ll witness a county whose population is majority Amish, and Holmes County is likely to gain that distinction first Perhaps LaGrange County in Indiana will not be far behind,” Donnermeyer said"
  24. ^ amishcountryinsidercom/amish-mennonite-heritage-center
  25. ^ Ohio Amish: The Holmes County Amish settlement at http://amishamericacom

External linksedit

  • Holmes County official site
  • Visit Amish Country Holmes Co Tourism Bureau

Coordinates: 40°34′N 81°56′W / 4056°N 8193°W / 4056; -8193

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