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Hockley Tunnels are two tunnels used by the railway and tram in Hockley, Birmingham, England Tunnel No 1 is 136 yards 124 m long and Tunnel No 2 is 160 yards 150 m long1
- 1 History
- 2 Present
- 3 References
- 4 Coordinates
The tunnels were built by the Great Western Railway on the line between Snow Hill station in Birmingham and Wolverhampton Low Level station in Wolverhampton, and were two of the three tunnels on that route, the other being Black Lake Tunnel The Snow Hill to Wolverhampton line was opened on 14 November 18542
At first, the tunnels carried two mixed-gauge tracks In 1908-9 they were widened and two additional tracks were laid parallel to and south of the original lines and were designated as "relief", the original tracks becoming the "main" lines3
The tunnels became disused with the closure of Snow Hill station in March 1972
On 24 September 1995, services north to Smethwick and onwards to Worcester were resumed4 The first day also saw steam-hauled special trains, to Stourbridge Junction
In 1999 the line to Wolverhampton was re-opened as a light-rail tram line, the Midland Metro, with the addition of overhead electrification There are tram stops at either end of the pair of tunnels, Jewellery Quarter to the north, and St Paul's to the south
The north, Metro side of the tunnels is illuminated, to enable tram drivers to see the track ahead The Midland Metro stops at tram stops built over former railway stations Soho & Winson Green railway station is now Soho Benson Road and Handsworth & Smethwick railway station is Handsworth Booth St while The Hawthorns remains the same name
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Hockley Tunnels|
- ^ RA Cooke, Track layout Diagrams of the GWR and BR WR - Section 31, West Midlands RA Cooke, 1978, pp 25-6
- ^ R Christiansen, A Regional History of the Railways of Great Britain - Vol 7 the West MidlandsDavid and Charles, 1973, p71
- ^ Cooke, p26
- ^ I Baxter and R Harper, Birmingham Snow Hill - A Great Station, I Baxter and R Harper, 2002, p35 ISBN 0 9534775 1 7
|West Tunnel, west portal||52°29′22″N 1°54′46″W / 5248958°N 191281°W / 5248958; -191281 West Tunnel, west portal|
|West Tunnel, east portal||52°29′21″N 1°54′39″W / 5248919°N 191078°W / 5248919; -191078 West Tunnel, east portal|
|Midpoint||52°29′20″N 1°54′38″W / 5248899°N 191051°W / 5248899; -191051 Mid-pointCoordinates: 52°29′20″N 1°54′38″W / 5248899°N 191051°W / 5248899; -191051 Mid-point|
|East Tunnel, west portal||52°29′20″N 1°54′35″W / 5248894°N 190977°W / 5248894; -190977 East Tunnel, west portal|
|East Tunnel, east portal||52°29′18″N 1°54′30″W / 5248840°N 190821°W / 5248840; -190821 East Tunnel, east portal|
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