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History of Oxford

history of oxford university, history of oxford english dictionary
The history of Oxford in England dates back to its original settlement in the Saxon period Originally of strategic significance due to its controlling location on the upper reaches of the River Thames at its junction with the River Cherwell, the town grew in national importance during the early Norman period, and in the late 12th century became home to the fledgling University of Oxford1

The University rose to dominate the town entirely, and by the middle of the 14th century the history of the town was effectively no more than a footnote to the history of the university A heavily ecclesiastical town, Oxford was greatly affected by the changes of the English Reformation, emerging as the seat of a bishopric and a full-fledged city During the English Civil War, Oxford housed the court of Charles I

The city began to grow industrially during the 19th century, and had an industrial boom in the early 20th century, with major printing and car-manufacturing industries These declined, along with other British heavy industry, in the 1970s and 1980s, leaving behind a city which had developed far beyond the university town of the past2

See alsoedit

  • Oxford Parliament 1258
  • St Scholastica Day riot 1355
  • Oxford Martyrs 1555
  • Oxford Parliament 1644
  • Siege of Oxford 1644–6
  • Oxford Parliament 1681
  • Timeline of Oxford

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "A brief history of the University" University of Oxford Retrieved 17 August 2012 
  2. ^ Curl, James Stevens 1977 The Erosion of Oxford Oxford Illustrated Press Ltd ISBN 0-902280-40-6 

Bibliographyedit

Published in the 19th centuryedit

  • George Alexander Cooke 1800, "Oxford", Topographical and statistical description of the county of Oxford, London: Printed for C Cooke 
  • JN Brewer 1813, "Oxford", Beauties of England and Wales, 12 2, London: J Harris 
  • New Pocket Companion for Oxford, Oxford: Printed for J Cooke, 1814, OCLC 43132323 
  • "Oxford", Great Western Railway Guide, London: James Wyld, 1839, OCLC 12922212 
  • Oxford University and city guide, on a new plan, Oxford: Henry Slatter, 1841 
  • "Oxford", Black's Picturesque Tourist and Road-book of England and Wales 3rd ed, Edinburgh: Adam and Charles Black, 1853 
  • Theodore Alois Buckley 1862, "Oxford", Great Cities of the Middle Ages 2nd ed, London: Routledge, Warne, & Routledge 
  • James J Moore 1878, Historical handbook and guide to Oxford 2nd ed, Oxford: T Shrimpton and Son 
  • Edward C Alden 1890, Alden's Oxford Guide 16th ed, Oxford: Alden & Co, OCLC 10923077 
  • "Oxford", Great Britain 4th ed, Leipsic: Karl Baedeker, 1897, OCLC 6430424 
  • Charles Gross 1897 "Oxford" Bibliography of British Municipal History New York: Longmans, Green, and Co 
  • Visitor's guide to Oxford, Oxford: Parker & Co, 1897, OCLC 13779765 

Published in the 20th centuryedit

  • Andrew Lang 1906 Oxford Boston: Cornhill Publishing Co 
  • Cecil Headlam 1907 The story of Oxford London: Dent & Co 
  • Rhoda Murray 1912 The making of Oxford Oxford: BH Blackwell 
  • Edward Godfrey Cox 1949 "Cambridge and Oxford" Reference Guide to the Literature of Travel 3: Great Britain Seattle: University of Washington – via Hathi Trust 
  • W N Hargreaves-Mawdsley 1973 Oxford in the Age of John Locke Centers of Civilization Series USA: University of Oklahoma Press OL 5284855M 
  • A R Woolley 1975 The Clarendon Guide to Oxford 3rd ed Oxford University Press ISBN 0-19-951047-4 
  • Christopher Hibbert, ed 1988 The Encyclopaedia of Oxford Macmillan ISBN 0-333-39917-X 

Published in the 21st centuryedit

  • Daniel A Bell; Avner de-Shalit 2011, "Oxford", Spirit of Cities: Why the Identity of a City Matters in a Global Age, Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, ISBN 9780691151441 

External linksedit

  • A Brief History of Oxford
  • The Oxford Guide: Category History


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History of Oxford


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