Wed . 18 Sep 2018

Historical membership of the Politburo Standing Committee

historical membership of the politburo standing committee of the communist, historical membership of the politburo standing committee 2017
A List of Historical makeup of the Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China since 1927–present

Contents

  • 1 5th PSC 1927–1927
  • 2 6th PSC 1928–1945
    • 21 6th PSC 1st Plenary Session
    • 22 6th PSC 3rd Plenary Session
    • 23 6th PSC 4th Plenary Session
    • 24 6th PSC 5th Plenary Session
    • 25 6th PSC 6th Plenary Session
    • 26 6th PSC 7th Plenary Session
  • 3 7th de facto PSC 1945–1956
  • 4 8th PSC 1956–1969
    • 41 First makeup 1956–1966
    • 42 Second makeup 1966–1969
  • 5 9th PSC 1969–1973
  • 6 10th PSC 1973–1977
    • 61 First makeup 1973–1976
    • 62 Second makeup 1976–1977
  • 7 11th PSC 1977–1982
    • 71 First makeup 1977–1981
    • 72 Second makeup 1981–1982
  • 8 12th PSC 1982–1987
  • 9 13th PSC 1987–1992
    • 91 First makeup 1987–1989
    • 92 Second makeup 1989–1992
  • 10 14th PSC 1992–1997
  • 11 15th PSC 1997–2002
  • 12 16th PSC 2002–2007
  • 13 17th PSC 2007–2012
  • 14 18th PSC 2012-2017
  • 15 19th PSC 2017–present
  • 16 References

5th PSC 1927–1927

  • Zhang Guotao
  • Li Weihan
  • Zhou Enlai
  • Li Lisan
  • Zhang Tailei

6th PSC 1928–1945

7th de facto PSC 1945–1956

Often known as the "Big Five" Note: PSC originally termed the Party "Secretariat"

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Mao Zedong Chairman of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
2 Zhou Enlai - Premier of the Government Administration Council,
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
3 Ren Bishi
died in office, October 1950
- -
4 Chen Yun
appointed, June 1978
- -
5 Liu Shaoqi President of the Central Party School Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
6 Zhu De - Vice President of the People's Republic of China

8th PSC 1956–1969

First makeup 1956–1966

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Mao Zedong Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Liu Shaoqi Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Chairman of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 Zhou Enlai Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Premier of the State Council,
Foreign Minister of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Zhu De Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Vice Chairman of the People's Republic of China, Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
5 Chen Yun Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee First Vice Premier of the State Council
6 Deng Xiaoping General Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China -
7 Lin Biao
appointed, 1958
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
first-ranking Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defenseafter 1959,
First Vice Premier of the State Council

Second makeup 1966–1969

The Politburo Standing Committee was extensively changed in composition and importance of members by the 11th Plenary Session of the 8th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China August 1966 Particularly, Lin Biao was elected only Vice-Chairman of the Central Committee, with Liu Shaoqi falling from 2nd member in importance to 8th

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Mao Zedong Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Lin Biao Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
First-ranking Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defense,
First Vice Premier of the State Council
3 Zhou Enlai Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Premier of the State Council,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Tao Zhu
removed, January 1967
Head of the CPC Propaganda Department
5 Chen Boda Head of the Cultural Revolution Group
6 Deng Xiaoping
removed, October 1968
- -
7 Kang Sheng Head of the Organization and Propaganda Leading Group,
Advisor to the Cultural Revolution Group
-
8 Liu Shaoqi
removed, October 1968
Chairman of the People's Republic of China
9 Zhu De Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
10 Li Fuchun - -
11 Chen Yun - -

9th PSC 1969–1973

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Mao Zedong Chairman of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Lin Biao
died in office & expelled, September 1971
Vice Chairman of the Communist Party of China,
First-ranking Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
First Vice Premier of the State Council,
Minister of National Defense
3 Zhou Enlai - Premier of the State Council,
Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Chen Boda
suspended, August 1970
Propaganda chief,
editor-in-chief of Hongqi
-
5 Kang Sheng Head of the Organization and Propaganda Leading Group -

10th PSC 1973–1977

First makeup 1973–1976

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Mao Zedong
died in office, September 1976
Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
-
2 Hua Guofeng
appointed, April 1976
First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee April to October, 1976
Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission

Minister of Public Security,
Premier of the State Council
3 Zhou Enlai
died in office, January 1976
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Premier of the State Council,
Chairman of the People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Wang Hongwen
suspended, October 1976
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
5 Kang Sheng died in office, December 1975 Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Head of the CPC Propaganda Department
-
6 Ye Jianying Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defense
7 Li Desheng
resigned, January 1975
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission,
Director of the PLA General Political Department
Commander of the Beijing later, Shenyang Military Regions
8 Deng Xiaoping
appointed, January 1975; suspended, April 1976
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
People's Liberation Army Chief-of-Staff
9 Zhu De
died in office, July 1976
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
10 Dong Biwu
died in office, April 1975
- Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Vice Chair
11 Zhang Chunqiao
suspended, October 1976
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, PLA General Political Department Director Second Vice Premier of the State Council

Second makeup 1976–1977

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Hua Guofeng First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee April to October, 1976
Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission

Minister of Public Security,
Premier of the State Council
2 Ye Jianying Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Minister of National Defense
3 Deng Xiaoping
reinstated, July 1977
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
People's Liberation Army Chief-of-Staff

11th PSC 1977–1982

First makeup 1977–1981

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Hua Guofeng Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Premier of the State Council
2 Ye Jianying Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 Deng Xiaoping Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference,
First Vice Premier of the State Council,
People's Liberation Army Chief-of-Staff
4 Li Xiannian Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
5 Wang Dongxing
removed, 1980
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
6 Chen Yun
appointed, 1978
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
First Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
-
7 Hu Yaobang
appointed, 1980
General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee -
8 Zhao Ziyang
appointed, 1980
- First Vice Premier of the State Council

Second makeup 1981–1982

In the wake of Deng Xiaoping's ascension to "paramount leader", the Politburo Standing Committee was extensively changed in composition and importance of members by the Sixth Plenary Session of the 11th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China June, 1981—the same meeting that adopted a resolution condemning Mao Zedong's role in the Cultural Revolution Note that, although Deng held the 3rd position in the PSC, it was he who maintained the actual power, mainly because his ideas were now at the centre of China's new political and economic line

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Hu Yaobang Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
-
2 Ye Jianying Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
de facto 1
3
Deng Xiaoping Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
4 Zhao Ziyang Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee Premier of the State Council
5 Li Xiannian Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -
6 Chen Yun Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee,
First Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
-
7 Hua Guofeng Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee -

12th PSC 1982–1987

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Hu Yaobang General Secretary of the Communist Party of China
2 Ye Jianying
resigned, September 1985
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Committee, Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
de facto 1
3
Deng Xiaoping Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
4 Zhao Ziyang Premier of the State Council
5 Li Xiannian President of the People's Republic of China
6 Chen Yun Central Commission for Discipline Inspection

13th PSC 1987–1992

First makeup 1987–1989

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Zhao Ziyang General Secretary of the Communist Party of China 1987–1989,
First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission 1987–1989
Premier of the State Council 1987–1989
2 Li Peng - Premier of the State Council 1989–1992
3 Qiao Shi International Liaison Department Director; Secretariat Alternate; Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection,
Secretary of the Political and Legislative Affairs Committee
-
4 Hu Qili Secretariat member; CCP General Office director -
5 Yao Yilin - First Vice Premier of the State Council

Second makeup 1989–1992

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Jiang Zemin
appointed, 1989
General Secretary of the Communist Party of China -
2 Li Peng - Premier of the State Council 1989–1992
3 Qiao Shi International Liaison Department Director; Secretariat Alternate; Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection,
Secretary of the Political and Legislative Affairs Committee
-
4 Yao Yilin - First Vice Premier of the State Council
5 Song Ping
appointed, 1989
- -
6 Li Ruihuan
appointed, 1989
- -

14th PSC 1992–1997

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Jiang Zemin General Secretary of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
2 Li Peng - Premier of the State Council
3 Qiao Shi - Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
4 Li Ruihuan - Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
5 Zhu Rongji - First Vice Premier of the State Council
6 Liu Huaqing First Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission -
7 Hu Jintao Top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee, President of the Central Party School of CPC -

15th PSC 1997–2002

Name Image Party positions State positions
1 Jiang Zemin General Secretary of the Communist Party of China,
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China,
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
2 Li Peng Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
3 Zhu Rongji Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the People's Republic of China
4 Li Ruihuan Party secretary of the People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
5 Hu Jintao Top-ranked Secretary of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China Central Committee,
President of the Central Party School of CPC,
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
6 Wei Jianxing Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection -
7 Li Lanqing Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First Vice Premier of the State Council

16th PSC 2002–2007

All nine members of the 16th PSC are university trained engineers

Portrait Information Other party positions State positions
1st Name Hu Jintao General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Jiangyan, Taizhou, Jiangsu
NPC Constituency Zhejiang At-large
2nd Name Wu Bangguo Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Feidong County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Anhui At-large
3rd Name Wen Jiabao Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Beichen District, Tianjin
NPC Constituency Gansu At-large
4th Name Jia Qinglin Party secretary of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Birthplace Botou, Hebei
NPC Constituency Beijing At-large
5th Name Zeng Qinghong Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC
President of the Central Party School of the CPC
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Ji'an, Jiangxi
NPC Constituency Jiangxi At-large
6th Name Huang Ju died in office, June 2007 Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First-ranked Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Jiashan County, Zhejiang
NPC Constituency Shanghai At-large
7th Name Wu Guanzheng Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Birthplace Yugan County, Jiangxi
NPC Constituency Shandong At-large
8th Name Li Changchun Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization
Birthplace Dalian, Liaoning
NPC Constituency Sichuan At-large
9th Name Luo Gan Secretary of the Central Political and Legislative Committee
Birthplace Jinan, Shandong
NPC Constituency Fujian At-large

17th PSC 2007–2012

Portrait Information Other party positions State positions
1st Name Hu Jintao General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Jiangyan, Taizhou, Jiangsu
NPC Constituency Zhejiang At-large
2nd Name Wu Bangguo Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Feidong County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Anhui At-large
3rd Name Wen Jiabao Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Beichen District, Tianjin
NPC Constituency Gansu At-large
4th Name Jia Qinglin Party secretary of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Birthplace Botou, Hebei
NPC Constituency Beijing At-large
5th Name Li Changchun Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization
Birthplace Dalian, Liaoning
NPC Constituency Sichuan At-large
6th Name Xi Jinping Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC
Vice Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
President of the Central Party School of the CPC
Vice President of the People's Republic of China
Vice Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Xicheng District, Beijing
NPC Constituency Shanghai At-large
7th Name Li Keqiang Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First-ranked Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Dingyuan County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Liaoning At-large
8th Name He Guoqiang Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection
Birthplace Xiangxiang, Hunan
NPC Constituency Hunan At-large
9th Name Zhou Yongkang Secretary of the Central Political and Legislative Committee
Birthplace Wuxi, Jiangsu
NPC Constituency Heilongjiang At-large

18th PSC 2012-2017

Portrait Information Party positions State positions
1st Name Xi Jinping General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
Chairman of the National Security Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Xicheng District, Beijing
NPC Constituency Shanghai at-large
Member since 22 October 2007
2nd Name Li Keqiang Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Dingyuan County, Anhui
NPC Constituency Shandong at-large
Member since 22 October 2007
3rd Name Zhang Dejiang Party secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission
Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Tai'an County, Liaoning
NPC Constituency Zhejiang at-large
Member since 15 November 2012
4th Name Yu Zhengsheng Party secretary of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Birthplace Shaoxing, Zhejiang
NPC Constituency Hubei at-large
Member since 15 November 2012
5th Name Liu Yunshan Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC
Chairman of the Central Guidance Commission for Building Spiritual Civilization
President of the CPC Central Party School
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
 
Birthplace Tumed Right Banner, Inner Mongolia
NPC Constituency Inner Mongolia at-large
Member since 15 November 2012
6th Name Wang Qishan Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection  
Birthplace Tianzhen County, Shanxi
NPC Constituency Beijing at-large
Member since 15 November 2012
7th Name Zhang Gaoli Deputy Party secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
First Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Jinjiang, Fujian
NPC Constituency Tianjin at-large
Member since 15 November 2012

19th PSC 2017–present

Portrait Information Party positions State positions
1st Name Xi Jinping General Secretary of the CPC Central Committee
Chairman of the CPC Central Military Commission
Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
Chairman of the National Security Commission
President of the People's Republic of China
Chairman of the PRC Central Military Commission
Birthplace Beijing
NPC Constituency Inner Mongolia at-large
Member since 22 October 2007
2nd Name Li Keqiang Party Secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Deputy Leader of the Central Leading Group for Comprehensively Deepening Reforms
Vice Chairman of the National Security Commission
Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Hefei, Anhui
NPC Constituency Guangxi at-large
Member since 22 October 2007
3rd Name Li Zhanshu Party Secretary of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress
Birthplace Pingshan County, Hebei
NPC Constituency Jiangxi at-large
Member since 25 October 2017
4th Name Wang Yang Party Secretary of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference
Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Suzhou, Anhui
NPC Constituency Sichuan at-large
Member since 25 October 2017
5th Name Wang Huning Top-ranked Secretary of the Central Secretariat of the CPC To be determined
Birthplace Shanghai
NPC Constituency Hebei at-large
Member since 25 October 2017
6th Name Zhao Leji Secretary of the Central Commission for Discipline Inspection To be determined
Birthplace Xining, Qinghai
NPC Constituency Heilongjiang at-large
Member since 25 October 2017
7th Name Han Zheng Vice Party Secretary of the State Council of the People's Republic of China First Vice Premier of the State Council of the People's Republic of China
Birthplace Shanghai
NPC Constituency Shaanxi at-large
Member since 25 October 2017

References

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