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Hiroshima Prefecture

hiroshima prefecture map, hiroshima prefecture japan
Hiroshima Prefecture 広島県, Hiroshima-ken is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūgoku region on Honshu island1 The capital is the city of Hiroshima2 It has a population of around 28 million

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cities
    • 22 Towns and villages
    • 23 Mergers
  • 3 Economy
  • 4 Education
    • 41 University
  • 5 Transportation
    • 51 Railway
    • 52 People movers
    • 53 Streetcars
    • 54 Roads
      • 541 Expressways
      • 542 National highways
    • 55 Ports
    • 56 Airports
  • 6 Sports
    • 61 Football
    • 62 Baseball
    • 63 Volleyball
  • 7 Tourism
  • 8 Famous festivals and events
  • 9 Notes
  • 10 References
  • 11 External links

Historyedit

See also: Historic Sites of Hiroshima Prefecture

The area around Hiroshima was formerly divided into Bingo Province and Aki Province3 This location has been a center of trade and culture since the beginning of Japan's recorded history Hiroshima is a traditional center of the Chūgoku region and was the seat of the Mōri clan until the Battle of Sekigahara

Hiroshima is home to two UNESCO World Heritage sites:

  • The Atomic Dome in Hiroshima, one of the few remnants of prewar Hiroshima following the atomic bombing in 1945;
  • The Itsukushima Shrine in Miyajima, famed for filling with water and appearing to "float" during high tide

Geographyedit

Hiroshima prefecture lies in the middle of Chūgoku Most of the prefecture consists of mountains leading towards Shimane Prefecture; and rivers produce rich plains near the coast

The province faces Shikoku across the Seto Inland Sea Hiroshima Bay opens on the Inland Sea4 The prefecture also includes many small islands

The sheltered nature of the Inland Sea makes Hiroshima's climate very mild

As of 1 April 2014, 4% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks the lowest percentage of any prefecture, namely Setonaikai National Park; Hiba-Dōgo-Taishaku and Nishi-Chūgoku Sanchi Quasi-National Parks; and six Prefectural Natural Parks5

Citiesedit

Map of Hiroshima Prefecture Fukuyama Onomichi Higashihiroshima Mihara

Fourteen cities are located in Hiroshima Prefecture:

Towns and villagesedit

These are the towns in each district:

Mergersedit

Main article: List of mergers in Hiroshima Prefecture

Economyedit

Hiroshima's main industries include automobiles Mazda is headquartered there and shipbuilding Kure was one of the main naval bases of the Imperial Japanese Navy and remains a major commercial yard

Educationedit

Universityedit

  • Hiroshima University
  • Hiroshima Shudo University
  • Prefectural University of Hiroshima
  • Hiroshima University of Economics
  • Hiroshima International University
  • Hiroshima Bunka Gakuen University
  • Hiroshima Bunkyo Women's University
  • Hiroshima Cosmopolitan University
  • Hiroshima Institute of Technology
  • Hiroshima Kokusai Gakuin University
  • Hiroshima City University
  • Hiroshima Jogakuin University
  • Hijiyama University
  • Elisabeth University of Music
  • Fukuyama University
  • Fukuyama City University
  • Fukuyama Heisei University
  • Yasuda Women's University
  • Onomichi City University
  • Japan Coast Guard Academy

Transportationedit

Railwayedit

  • JR West
    • Sanyo Shinkansen
    • Sanyo Main Line
    • Kabe Line
    • Kure Line
    • Geibi Line
    • Fukuen Line
  • Ibara Railway

People moversedit

  • Astram Line
  • Skyrail Service

Streetcarsedit

  • Hiroshima Electric Railway

Roadsedit

Expresswaysedit

  • Chugoku Expressway
  • Sanyo Expressway
  • Shimanami Expressway
  • Hamada Expressway
  • Onomichi Expressway
  • Hiroshima Expressway West Nippon Expressway Company
  • Hiroshima Expressway urban expressway

National highwaysedit

  • Route 2
  • Route 31
  • Route 54
  • Route 182
  • Route 183
  • Route 185
  • Route 186
  • Route 191
  • Route 261
  • Route 313
  • Route 314
  • Route 317
  • Route 375
  • Route 432
  • Route 433
  • Route 434
  • Route 486
  • Route 487
  • Route 488

Portsedit

  • Kure Port - Ferry route to Edajima, Matsuyama
  • Hiroshima Port - Ferry route to Miyajima, Edajima, Matsuyama and Beppu, and also International Container hub port
  • Mihara Port
  • Onomichi Port
  • Fukuyama Port - International Container hub port

Airportsedit

  • Hiroshima Airport

Sportsedit

The sports teams listed below are based in Hiroshima

Footballedit

  • Sanfrecce Hiroshima Hiroshima city

Baseballedit

  • Hiroshima Toyo Carp Hiroshima city

Volleyballedit

  • JT Thunders Hiroshima city

Tourismedit

Famous festivals and eventsedit

  • Onomichi Port Festival - held in April
  • Hiroshima Flower Festival - held from May 3 to 5
  • Fukuyama Rose Festival - held in May
  • Enryuji Tokasan Festival - held in June
  • Gion Festival of Onomichi - held in July
  • Innoshima Water-naval Festival - held in August
  • Miyajima Under-water Firework Festival - held on August 14citation needed
  • Yassa Festival of Mihara - held in August
  • Saijo Sake Festival - held in October
  • Onomichi Becher Festival - held on November 3
  • Hiroshima Ebisu Festival - held from November 18 to 20

Notesedit

  1. ^ Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric 2005 "Hiroshima-ken" in Japan Encyclopedia, p 320, p 320, at Google Books; "Chūgoku" at pp 127, p 127, at Google Books
  2. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima" at pp 319-320, p 319, at Google Books
  3. ^ Nussbaum, "Province and prefecture" at p 780, p 780, at Google Books
  4. ^ Nussbaum, "Hiroshima Wan" at p 320, p 320, at Google Books
  5. ^ "General overview of area figures for Natural Parks by prefecture" PDF Ministry of the Environment 1 April 2014 Retrieved 22 February 2015 

Referencesedit

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth 2005 Japan encyclopedia Cambridge: Harvard University Press ISBN 978-0-674-01753-5; OCLC 58053128

External linksedit

  • Official Hiroshima Prefecture homepage
  • Life in Hiroshima and other Japan-related Articles
  • Hiroshima Weather Forecast
  • National Archives of Japan Hiroshima map 1891
  • National Archives of Japan: Itsukushima kakei, illustrated scroll describing Itsukushima, text by Kaibara Ekiken circa 1720

Coordinates: 34°26′N 132°45′E / 34433°N 132750°E / 34433; 132750

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