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Hinsdale, New Hampshire

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Hinsdale is a town in Cheshire County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 4,046 at the 2010 census1 Hinsdale is home to part of Pisgah State Park in the northeast, and part of Wantastiquet Mountain State Forest in the northwest

The primary settlement in town, where 1,548 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Hinsdale census-designated place CDP and is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 119 and 63

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

Located in the southwestern corner of the state, Hinsdale was chartered in 1753 It was named for Colonel Ebenezer Hinsdale,2 member of a prominent Deerfield, Massachusetts family, whose mother had been taken captive in the famed Deerfield Massacre of 1704 Graduated from Harvard College, Hinsdale was ordained to become a missionary for Indians of the Connecticut River Valley Instead, he would serve as chaplain at Fort Dummer, an important trading post on the Connecticut River, later enlisting as an officer in the army Then, in 1742, he established Fort Hinsdale, including a trading post and gristmill, reportedly at his own expense The town's earliest history recounts Indian assaults, raids and captivities3

Located beside the Connecticut River and connected to Brattleboro, Vermont by bridge, Hinsdale contains excellent farmland, but has been a significant center of industry as well, especially in the manufacture of paper In a machine shop here, George A Long built a self-propelled steam vehicle in 1875, the Long steam tricycle, for which he received one of the nation's earliest automobile patents The oldest continually-operating post office in the United States, established in 1816, is located on Main Street4

From 1959 to 2008, the town was home to the Hinsdale Greyhound Park5

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 227 square miles 59 km2, of which 206 square miles 53 km2 is land and 22 square miles 57 km2 is water, comprising 946% of the town6 The town center, or census-designated place, has a total area of 25 sq mi 65 km2 24 sq mi 62 km2 of it is land and 01 sq mi 026 km2 of it 240% is water

The highest point in town is Wantastiquet Mountain, at 1,378 feet 420 m above sea level, located on the town's northern boundary and overlooking the Connecticut River and Brattleboro, Vermont to the west The entire town lies within the Connecticut River watershed, with roughly the northwestern two-thirds of town draining into small streams that feed directly into the Connecticut, and with the southeastern third of the town draining into the Ashuelot River, a major tributary of the Connecticut7

Hinsdale is served by state routes 63 and 119

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 522
1800 634 215%
1810 740 167%
1820 890 203%
1830 937 53%
1840 1,141 218%
1850 1,963 720%
1860 1,312 −332%
1870 1,342 23%
1880 1,868 392%
1890 2,258 209%
1900 1,933 −144%
1910 1,673 −135%
1920 1,773 60%
1930 1,757 −09%
1940 1,762 03%
1950 1,950 107%
1960 2,187 122%
1970 3,276 498%
1980 3,631 108%
1990 3,936 84%
2000 4,082 37%
2010 4,046 −09%
Est 2015 3,903 −35%
US Decennial Census9

As of the census of 2000, there were 4,082 people, 1,622 households, and 1,088 families residing in the town The population density was 1974 people per square mile 762/km² There were 1,714 housing units at an average density of 320 persons/km² 829 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9750% White, 042% African American, 020% Native American, 032% Asian, 029% Pacific Islander, 022% from other races, and 105% from two or more races 047% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 1,622 households out of which 322% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 516% were married couples living together, 103% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 329% were non-families 248% of all households were made up of individuals and 99% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 252 and the average family size was 300

In the town, the population was spread out with 260% under the age of 18, 76% from 18 to 24, 303% from 25 to 44, 238% from 45 to 64, and 122% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 948 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 932 males

The median income for a household in the town was $36,124, and the median income for a family was $43,413 Males had a median income of $31,440 versus $23,000 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,611 64% of the population and 32% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 91% are under the age of 18 and 72% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,713 people, 707 households, and 431 families residing in the Hinsdale census-designated place CDP, the primary settlement in town The population density was 7037 people per square mile 2722/km² There were 746 housing units at an average density of 1185 persons/km² 3065 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9749% White, 035% African American, 041% Native American, 029% Asian, 029% Pacific Islander, 041% from other races, and 076% from two or more races 023% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 707 households out of which 301% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 454% were married couples living together, 100% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 390% were non-families 308% of all households were made up of individuals and 141% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 242 and the average family size was 304

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 258% under the age of 18, 85% from 18 to 24, 291% from 25 to 44, 219% from 45 to 64, and 147% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 927 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 923 males

The median income for a household is $35,417, and the median income for a family was $42,308 Males had a median income of $31,983 versus $25,385 for females The per capita income for the town was $15,122 109% of the population and 58% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 167% are under the age of 18 and 162% are 65 or older

Notable peopleedit

Scene at Brightwood Mills in 1908
  • Elisha Andrews, economist and educator
  • William Babcock, US congressman
  • Charles Anderson Dana, journalist, author and government official
  • Jacob Estey, manufacturer of reed organs
  • Dan Fitzpatrick, author
  • William Haile, merchant, manufacturer and the 26th Governor of New Hampshire
  • Henry Hooker, Arizona pioneer
  • Robert Merrill Lee, General; Supreme Allied Commander Europe
  • Anna Marsh, established the Vermont Asylum of the Insane 1834

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Gannett, Henry 1905 The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States Govt Print Off p 157 
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 527–529 
  4. ^ United States Postal Service "Fun Facts - Postal Facts" 
  5. ^ Brown, Garry 29 December 2008 "Western Mass fans regret passing of nearby greyhound race track" The Springfield Republican Retrieved 10 October 2012 
  6. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Hinsdale town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Retrieved November 8, 2011 
  7. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  8. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  9. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 

External linksedit

  • Town of Hinsdale official website
  • Hinsdale Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Pisgah Mountain Trailriders Snowmobile Club
  • Pisgah State Park


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