Hilmar Wäckerlehilmar wäckerle, hilmar wäckerle dachau
Hilmar Wäckerle 24 November 1899 – 2 July 1941 was a commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II He was the first commandant of Dachau concentration camp
- 1 War service
- 2 Political involvement
- 3 Dachau
- 4 Waffen-SS
- 5 References
The son of a Munich notary public, Wäckerle was sent to the Bavarian Army officer school at the age of 14 in order to pursue his chosen career Having completed his three years as a cadet he was assigned to the Bavarian Infantry Battalion in August 1917 and by the following year was a Sergeant on the Western Front Seriously wounded in September 1918 he was not able to return to the front before the armistice and as such his chance to matriculate and become an officer was lost
Unable to continue in the army, Wäckerle enrolled in the Technical University Munich to study agriculture Like his classmate Heinrich Himmler, he joined the anti-communist Freikorps Oberland and was an early member of the Nazi Party Wäckerle was present during the Beer Hall Putsch, as well as the January 1924 assassination attempt on Franz Josef Heinz, the prime minister of the French-administered Saar After his graduation aged 25, Wäckerle scaled back his direct involvement in Nazi politics to become manager of a cattle ranch He rejoined the Nazi Party in 1925, however, following its reorganisation and he regularly attended party rallies whilst also helping to draft Nazi agricultural policy He also signed up with the SS volunteer regiment based in Kempten
In 1933 he was picked by his old ally Himmler to be commandant of the newly established Dachau concentration camp Under orders from Himmler, he established 'special' rules for dealing with prisoners, ruled that instituted terror as a way of life at the camp His initiatives included execution of prisoners for 'violent insubordination' and 'incitement to disobedience' for which he was charged criminally He left the post a few months later, with Theodor Eicke taking his place
He was an early member of the units that became the Waffen-SS and finally came to be an officer with this group, serving in the Netherlands He led his SS-battalion during the breakthrough of the Dutch Grebbe-line and was wounded in the process He also served in the Soviet Union His service was spent with the 5th SS Panzer Division Wiking He had reached the rank of Standartenführer by the time he was killed in action near Lviv in 1941
Following Wäckerle's death, his widow Elfriede moved in with another man, instead of mourning her dead husband Outraged by this break from protocol, Himmler had the man sent to a concentration camp
- ^ Tom Segev, Soldiers of Evil, Berkley Books, 1991, p 64
- ^ a b c Segev, Soldiers of Evil, p 65
- ^ Segev, Soldiers of Evil, p 66
- ^ a b Segev, Soldiers of Evil, p 67
- ^ Segev, Soldiers of Evil, pp 67-68
- ^ a b c Segev, Soldiers of Evil, p 68
- ^ Harold Marcuse, Legacies of Dachau: The Uses and Abuses of a Concentration Camp, 1933-2001, Cambridge University Press, 2001, p 22
- ^ Charles W Sydnor, Soldiers of Destruction: The SS Death's Head Division, 1933-1945, Princeton University Press, 1990, p 9
- ^ Segev, Soldiers of Evil, p 115
- ^ Terry Goldsworthy, Valhalla's Warriors: A History of the Waffen-SS on the Eastern Front 1941-1945, Dog Ear Publishing, 2010, p 130
- ^ Segev, Soldiers of Evil, pp 80-81
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