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Hillsborough, New Hampshire

hillsborough new hampshire county sheriff, hillsborough new hampshire town meeting results
Hillsborough, frequently spelled Hillsboro, is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 6,011 at the 2010 census1 The town is home to Fox State Forest and part of Low State Forest

The main village of the town, where 1,976 people resided at the 2010 census,2 is defined as the Hillsborough census-designated place CDP, and encompasses the central urban area of the town, located along the Contoocook River at the junction of New Hampshire Route 149 with Henniker Street and Main Street The town also includes the villages of Hillsborough Center, Hillsborough Upper Village, Hillsborough Lower Village, and Emerald Lake Village

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Education
  • 5 Sites of interest
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

School Street in 1907

The town was first granted in 1735 by colonial governor of Massachusetts and New Hampshire Jonathan Belcher as "Number Seven," one in a line of nine Massachusetts towns set up as defense barriers against Indian attacks The towns were renamed after the border between the two provinces was fixed in 1739, placing the towns in New Hampshire Settled in 1741, the town was granted in 1748 by Governor Benning Wentworth as "Hillsborough," named for Sir Wills Hill, Earl of Hillsboroughcitation needed It would be incorporated in 1772 by Governor John Wentworth

Hillsborough was the birthplace in 1804 of Franklin Pierce, 14th president of the United States, and the only president from New Hampshire The Pierce Homestead was built in 1804 by his father, Benjamin Pierce, a general in the Revolutionary War, and twice governor of New Hampshire Restored in 1925, the home was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1961 Listed on the National Register of Historic Places, the house is today a museum owned by the state, and operated by the Hillsborough Historical Society

Pierce Homestead c 1922

Five granite arch bridges built during the 19th century in Hillsborough are designated as National Historic Civil Engineering Landmarks

Railroad service was supplied to Hillsborough by the Boston and Maine Railroad from 1878 to 1972 Rail service north to Henniker had ceased in 1942, and Hillsborough became the end point on a line that once stretched in an arc from Nashua to Concord, New Hampshire The rails in Hillsborough were torn up in 1979 Hillsborough was once home to an iconic railroad covered bridge and a curved wooden trestle, both of which burned due to arson in 1985 after rail service had ended The Hillsborough Branch now ends at Bennington; the line from Bennington to Hillsborough is a rail trail

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 446 square miles 1156 km2, of which 436 sq mi 1130 km2 is land and 10 sq mi 26 km2 is water, comprising 223% of the town1 The town center, or census-designated place, has a total area of 16 sq mi 42 km22

The highest point in Hillsborough is Thompson Hill, at 1,768 feet 539 m above sea level, in the northern part of town Hillsborough is drained by the Contoocook River, in addition to Beard's and Sand brooks Part of Franklin Pierce Lake is in the southwest The town lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed3

Hillsborough is bordered by Windsor to the southwest, Washington to the northwest, Bradford to the north, Henniker to the east, and Antrim and Deering to the south

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 798
1800 1,311 643%
1810 1,592 214%
1820 1,982 245%
1830 1,792 −96%
1840 1,808 09%
1850 1,685 −68%
1860 1,623 −37%
1870 1,595 −17%
1880 1,646 32%
1890 2,120 288%
1900 2,254 63%
1910 2,168 −38%
1920 2,229 28%
1930 2,160 −31%
1940 2,269 50%
1950 2,179 −40%
1960 2,310 60%
1970 2,775 201%
1980 3,437 239%
1990 4,498 309%
2000 4,928 96%
2010 6,011 220%
Est 2015 5,981 −05%
US Decennial Census5
Contoocook Mills in 1907

As of the census of 2010, there were 6,011 people, 2,392 households, and 1,614 families residing in the town The population density was 1379 people per square mile 532/km² There were 2,896 housing units at an average density of 664 per square mile 256/km² The racial makeup of the town was 964% White, 06% Black or African American, 03% Native American, 06% Asian, 003% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 03% some other race, and 18% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14% of the population6

There were 2,392 households, out of which 342% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 502% were headed by married couples living together, 116% had a female householder with no husband present, and 325% were non-families 245% of all households were made up of individuals, and 85% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 251, and the average family size was 2986

Gov John Butler Smith Mansion, now the Community Building

In the town, the population was spread out with 248% under the age of 18, 74% from 18 to 24, 271% from 25 to 44, 298% from 45 to 64, and 110% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 386 years For every 100 females there were 989 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 953 males6

For the period 2007–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the town was $54,386, and the median income for a family was $67,621 Male full-time workers had a median income of $43,583 versus $32,030 for females The per capita income for the town was $23,232 About 71% of families and 112% of the population were below the poverty line, including 85% of those under age 18 and 65% of those age 65 or over7

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2010, there were 1,976 people, 823 households, and 492 families residing in the primary settlement, or census-designated place CDP The population density was 1,2350 people per square mile 4705/km² There were 933 housing units at an average density of 5831 per square mile 2221/km² The racial makeup of the CDP was 952% White, 07% Black or African American, 03% Native American, 08% Asian, 005% Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander, 04% some other race, and 25% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 17% of the population8

There were 823 households, out of which 338% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 363% were headed by married couples living together, 169% had a female householder with no husband present, and 402% were non-families 313% of all households were made up of individuals, and 113% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 240, and the average family size was 3008

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 255% under the age of 18, 111% from 18 to 24, 253% from 25 to 44, 259% from 45 to 64, and 122% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 350 years For every 100 females there were 941 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 923 males8

For the period 2007–2011, the estimated median annual income for a household in the CDP was $50,547, and the median income for a family was $51,688 Male full-time workers had a median income of $41,557 versus $32,206 for females The per capita income for the CDP was $20,473 About 68% of families and 129% of the population were below the poverty line, including 94% of those under age 18 and 76% of those age 65 or over9

Educationedit

Hillsborough is part of School Administrative Unit SAU 34 Public schools serving the community of Hillsboro include:

  • Hillsboro-Deering Elementary School
  • Hillsboro-Deering Middle School
  • Hillsboro-Deering High School

Sites of interestedit

  • DAR Museum Room, in the Fuller Public Library
  • Franklin Pierce Homestead 1804

Notable peopleedit

  • Wilson Bethel, actor
  • Benjamin Pierce Cheney, a founder of American Express
  • James Hill, member of the Wisconsin State Assembly and the Wisconsin State Senate
  • Benjamin Franklin Keith, vaudeville theater owner
  • Benjamin Pierce, Governor of New Hampshire, father of Franklin Pierce
  • Benjamin Kendrick Pierce, United States Army officer, son of Benjamin Pierce, brother of Franklin Pierce
  • Franklin Pierce, 14th President of the United States
  • John Butler Smith, manufacturer and the 44th governor of New Hampshire

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Hillsborough town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved February 7, 2013 
  2. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001: Hillsborough CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved February 7, 2013 
  3. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  4. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  6. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Hillsborough town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved February 7, 2013 
  7. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates DP03: Hillsborough town, Hillsborough County, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved February 7, 2013 
  8. ^ a b c "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data DP-1: Hillsborough CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved February 7, 2013 
  9. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates DP03: Hillsborough CDP, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau, American Factfinder Retrieved February 7, 2013 

External linksedit

  • Town of Hillsborough official website
  • Hillsborough Chamber of Commerce
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  • Fuller Public Library
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