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Hillsboro, North Dakota

hillsboro north dakota police department, hillsboro north dakota school district
Hillsboro is a city in Traill County, North Dakota, United States It is the county seat of Traill County6 The population was 1,603 at the 2010 census7 Hillsboro was founded in 1881

Hillsboro sits in the fertile Red River Valley Local agriculture has dominated the area's economy from the beginning With its location on Interstate 29, halfway between the two metropolitan centers of Greater Grand Forks and Fargo-Moorhead, Hillsboro has seen steady population growth in recent years and has become somewhat of a bedroom community

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Economy
  • 5 Education
    • 51 High school championships
  • 6 Culture
    • 61 Recreation
    • 62 Media
    • 63 Sites of interest
  • 7 Transportation
  • 8 Notable people
  • 9 References
  • 10 External links

Historyedit

The area along the Goose River that is now Hillsboro was first settled by German and Norwegian settlers around 1870 In 1880, the present day site of Hillsboro was founded under the name "Comstock" Local folklore tells of the residents of nearby Caledonia, North Dakota turning away a shabby surveyor because of his appearance This man was then offered hospitality by residents in the tiny settlement of Comstock The man turned out to be railroad baron James J Hillcitation needed

Hill was so impressed by the kindness showed to him by the residents of this small community that he decided to place his Great Northern Railway there instead of in Caledonia The name of Comstock was changed to "Hill City" in September 1880 in honor of Mr Hill The city was then renamed "Hillsboro" in 1881 after it was discovered that there was already a "Hill City" in South Dakotacitation needed

The routing of the railroad through Hillsboro gave the young city the motivation to attempt to have the county seat moved there from Caledonia, which had been the seat of Traill County since its organization in 1875 The ensuing contest grew bitter and heated, with Caledonians arming themselves, posting guards in the town, and organizing a committee for defense Hillsboro residents took to calling the defense committee Tigers of the Jungle and Irreconcilables8

Caledonia went as far as to bring in a professional campaign speaker, Col W C Plummer, to campaign on behalf of the town His speeches were well attended but, despite these efforts, Caledonia lost the county seat to Hillsboro in a 1,291 to 218 vote8

In 2006, Hillsboro celebrated its 125th birthday

Geographyedit

Hillsboro is located at 47°24′14″N 97°3′38″W / 4740389°N 9706056°W / 4740389; -9706056 47403960, -970605319

Hillsboro sits on the banks of the Goose River in eastern North Dakota Located in the center of the fertile Red River Valley, the area around Hillsboro is prime agricultural land and very flat

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 109 square miles 282 km2, all of it land2

Climateedit

This climatic region is typified by large seasonal temperature differences, with warm to hot and often humid summers and cold sometimes severely cold winters According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Hillsboro has a humid continental climate, abbreviated "Dfb" on climate maps10

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1890 715
1900 1,172 639%
1910 1,237 55%
1920 1,183 −44%
1930 1,317 113%
1940 1,338 16%
1950 1,331 −05%
1960 1,278 −40%
1970 1,309 24%
1980 1,600 222%
1990 1,488 −70%
2000 1,563 50%
2010 1,603 26%
Est 2016 1,586 −11%
US Decennial Census11
2015 Estimate12

2010 censusedit

As of the census3 of 2010, there were 1,603 people, 687 households, and 418 families residing in the city The population density was 1,4706 inhabitants per square mile 5678/km2 There were 763 housing units at an average density of 7000 per square mile 2703/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 939% White, 01% African American, 15% Native American, 06% Asian, 30% from other races, and 09% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 55% of the population

There were 687 households of which 310% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 495% were married couples living together, 77% had a female householder with no husband present, 36% had a male householder with no wife present, and 392% were non-families 357% of all households were made up of individuals and 17% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 228 and the average family size was 298

The median age in the city was 405 years 256% of residents were under the age of 18; 63% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 226% were from 25 to 44; 266% were from 45 to 64; and 187% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 493% male and 507% female

2000 censusedit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,563 people, 679 households, and 414 families residing in the city The population density was 1,4606 people per square mile 5640/km² There were 727 housing units at an average density of 6794/sq mi 2623/km² The racial makeup of the city was 9482% White, 019% African American, 205% Native American, 211% from other races, and 083% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 493% of the population

There were 679 households out of which 306% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 495% were married couples living together, 66% had a female householder with no husband present, and 389% were non-families 367% of all households were made up of individuals and 206% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 223 and the average family size was 292

In the city, the population was spread out with 252% under the age of 18, 58% from 18 to 24, 257% from 25 to 44, 219% from 45 to 64, and 215% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 41 years For every 100 females there were 946 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 901 males

The median income for a household in the city was $33,516, and the median income for a family was $42,357 Males had a median income of $30,607 versus $19,769 for females The per capita income for the city was $17,976 About 66% of families and 92% of the population were below the poverty line, including 94% of those under age 18 and 150% of those age 65 or over

Economyedit

The economy of Hillsboro, like so many other small, rural towns in North Dakota, is heavily dependent on agriculture When local farmers have a bad harvest, the Hillsboro economy can also suffer In turn, when the harvest is good, Hillsboro usually prospers One of the more obvious effects the agricultural community has had on Hillsboro is found at the American Crystal Sugar sugar beet plant directly north of town The large plant, located on US Highway 81, has been responsible for both an increase in population and a steady stream of available jobs during the last few decades that it has been open

In recent years, Hillsboro has become a bedroom community for the Greater Grand Forks and Fargo-Moorhead metropolitan areas This has led to an increase in both population and home construction However, the local business community has, for the most part, not reaped the benefits of the growth Many Hillsboro residents pass up Hillsboro stores and restaurants in favor of the better selections available in the Grand Forks and Fargo areas The once bustling downtown area centered at the intersection of Caledonia Avenue and Main Street has become filled with empty storefronts

Educationedit

The Hillsboro Public Schools system provides residents with an elementary school and a high school

Hillsboro High School's athletic teams are known as The Burros, which makes their mascot the donkey

The high school offers Advanced Placement classes either as Online Classes, dual credit classes in school, or through Lake Region State College, depending on the class These classes are worth college credit at most in-state colleges and universities As of 2015, they also offer AP Calculus I through the May-Port CG school system over ITV, done by Jonathan Fugleberg1314

In 2003, 40% of students met or exceeded grade-level standards in Math, and 76% of students met or exceeded grade-level standards in English, above-average when compared to the state average of 39% and 61%, respectively

Around 2010 Hillsboro combined sports with Central Valley Speech is also combined, though Drama is not

High school championshipsedit

  • State Class 'B' boys basketball: 1973, 1974, 1977, 1981, 2017
  • State Class 'B' girls basketball: 1984
  • State Class 'B' volleyball: 2000, 2006
  • State Class 'B' boys baseball: 1967, 1968
  • State Class 'B' girls gymnastics: 1977, 1981
  • State 9-man football: 2008
  • State Class 'B' Girls Cross Country: 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 201515

Cultureedit

The historic Traill Theatre in Hillsboro

Recreationedit

The city of Hillsboro operates a large park on the north side of town Woodland City Park sits on the banks of the Goose River It offers a public swimming pool and scenic views of a dam on the river For many years, there has also been a group of deer living in a penned in area of the park The Goose River Golf Club sits directly north of town

Mediaedit

The local paper is the weekly Hillsboro Banner The Banner has been published continuously since 1879, making it the oldest weekly newspaper in the state of North Dakota Hillsboro has no radio stations of its own Nearby stations include KMAV 1055 FM and KMSR 1520 AM in nearby Mayville and KRJB 1063 FM in Ada, Minnesota Residents have access to radio stations and network affiliates from both Grand Forks and Fargo

Sites of interestedit

  • The Plummer House - a historic 1897 mansion that has been converted to a museum and restored to its turn of the century elegance
  • Pioneer Museum - museum complex featuring:
  • Centennial Building - military, school, and pioneer collections
  • Pioneer Building - agriculture collection
  • St Olaf Chapel - newly constructed church that resembles small, rural Churches that typify the Red River Valley
  • Log Cabin - a log cabin built on the banks of the Red River of the North in the 1870s

Transportationedit

Residents of Hillsboro have easy access to major population centers via Interstate 29 The Interstate runs on the western edge of the community and there is an interchange Caledonia Avenue that connects the Interstate to Hillsboro US Highway 81 runs through the community and also connects Hillsboro to Grand Forks and Fargo

Like so many towns in the American Midwest, Hillsboro's streets are aligned in the grid pattern In Hillsboro, routes that run north to south are called streets and routes that run east to west are called avenues

The BNSF Railway, eventual successor to the Great Northern, continues to maintain tracks in Hillsboro that see a variety of freight trains every day as well as Amtrak's Empire Builder, which passes through without stopping in the early morning hours

The Hillsboro Municipal Airport is a small airport south of town with a landing strip which provides an area for crop dusters or small private airplanes to stop However, residents have to travel either to Grand Forks or Fargo in order to take regularly scheduled flights to major airports

Notable peopleedit

  • Elmore Y Sarles, 9th Governor of North Dakota

Referencesedit

  1. ^ "Hillsboro, ND" Retrieved April 23, 2013 
  2. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on January 24, 2012 Retrieved 2012-06-14 
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-06-14 
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  5. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  6. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on May 31, 2011 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  7. ^ "2010 Census Redistricting Data Public Law 94-171 Summary File" American FactFinder United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on July 21, 2011 Retrieved 2 May 2011 
  8. ^ a b Federal Writer's Project of the Works Progress Administration for the State of North Dakota 1977 The WPA Guide To 1930s North Dakota 2nd ed State Historical Society of North Dakota p 193 ISBN 1891419145 
  9. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990" United States Census Bureau 2011-02-12 Retrieved 2011-04-23 
  10. ^ Climate Summary for Hillsboro, North Dakota
  11. ^ United States Census Bureau "Census of Population and Housing" Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved July 20, 2013 
  12. ^ "Population Estimates" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on October 19, 2016 Retrieved June 3, 2016 
  13. ^ "May-Port CG School District" wwwmayportcgcom Retrieved 2015-11-03 
  14. ^ "Math with Mr Fugleberg" sitesgooglecom Retrieved 2015-11-03 
  15. ^ mtec State Class B Results

External linksedit

  • City of Hillsboro official website
  • Hillsboro Banner website
  • Hillsboro Public Schools website
  • Hillsboro, North Dakota :the first hundred years 1981 from the Digital Horizons website

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