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Hettinger County, North Dakota

hettinger county north dakota register of deeds, hettinger county north dakota land for sale
Hettinger County /ˈhɛtɪŋɡər/ HET-ing-gər is a county located in the US state of North Dakota As of the 2010 census, the population was 2,4772 Its county seat is Mott3 The county was created in 1883, but it was not fully organized until 190714

The city of Hettinger, North Dakota, is in nearby Adams County

Contents

  • 1 History
    • 11 Annexation by Stark County
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Adjacent counties
    • 22 Major highways
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2000 census
    • 32 2010 census
  • 4 Communities
    • 41 Cities
    • 42 Unincorporated community
    • 43 Townships
    • 44 Defunct townships
  • 5 Politics
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Hettinger County was named by Tom Hettinger, the great-grandson of Erastus A Williams, who was Speaker of the Dakota Territory House of Representatives the year Hettinger was established, in honor of his father-in-law Mathias Hettinger1 The county was founded by the Dakota Territory Legislature in 1883, and was formally organized with its own county government on April 17, 1907, by a proclamation signed by Governor John Burke5

Annexation by Stark Countyedit

In 1891, the North Dakota Legislature approved legislation to annex Hettinger County into neighboring Stark County,4 but the law was vetoed by Governor Eli C D Shortridge67

Annexation was attempted a second time in 1895, when the legislature passed legislation expanding the boundaries of Stark, Billings and Mercer Counties, subject to approval by the counties' voters8 The vote was approved annexation went into effect November 3, 1896, and Hettinger County was eliminated6 However, Wilson L Richards, a cattle rancher in one of the annexed counties, sued to overturn the annexation because he and other landowners were now subject to taxation by Stark County The case went to the North Dakota Supreme Court, which ruled the law unconstitutional on May 18, 18997910 The annexation remained in effect, however, due to a replacement law approved by the legislature March 9, 1899 in anticipation of the court's decision611 The second annexation law was overturned by the North Dakota Supreme Court in 1901 because the annexation was not referred to the voters of the affected counties as required by the North Dakota Constitution1213

The Legislature passed a third annexation law in 1903, this time submitting it to the voters Stark County and the unorganized counties of Dunn and Hettinger for approval14 The annexation was approved by 502 votes in Stark County and 65 votes in Hettinger County, but it failed by 1 vote in Dunn County15 Stark County claimed the annexation vote valid, since the legislation required a majority of the aggregate votes cast However, the North Dakota Constitution required a majority vote in each affected county subject to annexation, so the state of North Dakota sued Stark County on the grounds that the enabling legislation was unconstitutional and that the "no" vote in Dunn County meant the annexation failed The North Dakota Supreme Court ruled the 1903 law unconstitutional in 1905, which ended further attempts at annexation15

As an unorganized county, Hettinger remained "attached" to Stark County for judicial purposes until it was formally organized in 1907

Geographyedit

According to the US Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 1,134 square miles 2,940 km2, of which 1,132 square miles 2,930 km2 is land and 16 square miles 41 km2 01% is water16

Adjacent countiesedit

  • Stark County north
  • Grant County east
  • Adams County south
  • Slope County west

Major highwaysedit

  • North Dakota Highway 8
  • North Dakota Highway 21
  • North Dakota Highway 22

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1910 6,557
1920 7,685 172%
1930 8,796 145%
1940 7,457 −152%
1950 7,100 −48%
1960 6,317 −110%
1970 5,075 −197%
1980 4,275 −158%
1990 3,445 −194%
2000 2,715 −212%
2010 2,477 −88%
Est 2016 2,629 61%
US Decennial Census18
1790-196019 1900-199020
1990-200021 2010-20162

2000 censusedit

As of the 2000 census, there were 2,715 people, 1,152 households, and 778 families residing in the county The population density was 24 people per square mile 09/km² There were 1,419 housing units at an average density of 13 per square mile 05/km² The racial makeup of the county was 9893% White, 015% Black or African American, 037% Native American, 007% Asian, 007% Pacific Islander, 004% from other races, and 037% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race comprised 022% of the population People of German ancestry were 687% of the population and people of Norwegian ancestry were 111%

There were 1,152 households out of which 264% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 612% were married couples living together, 38% had a female householder with no husband present, and 324% were non-families 312% of all households were made up of individuals and 182% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 230 and the average family size was 289

In the county, the population was spread out with 234% under the age of 18, 39% from 18 to 24, 207% from 25 to 44, 270% from 45 to 64, and 252% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 46 years For every 100 females there were 1002 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1001 males

The median income for a household in the county was $29,209, and the median income for a family was $34,668 Males had a median income of $23,201 versus $16,917 for females The per capita income for the county was $15,555 About 121% of families and 148% of the population were below the poverty line, including 212% of those under age 18 and 120% of those age 65 or over

2010 censusedit

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 2,477 people, 1,056 households, and 682 families residing in the county22 The population density was 22 inhabitants per square mile 085/km2 There were 1,414 housing units at an average density of 12 per square mile 046/km223 The racial makeup of the county was 962% white, 21% American Indian, 02% black or African American, 01% Pacific islander, 00% from other races, and 13% from two or more races Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 05% of the population22 In terms of ancestry, 711% were German, 158% were Norwegian, 61% were Russian, 59% were Czech, 54% were Irish, 53% were Hungarian, and 32% were American24

Of the 1,056 households, 224% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 576% were married couples living together, 45% had a female householder with no husband present, 354% were non-families, and 331% of all households were made up of individuals The average household size was 219 and the average family size was 275 The median age was 494 years22

The median income for a household in the county was $38,393 and the median income for a family was $49,605 Males had a median income of $33,155 versus $26,549 for females The per capita income for the county was $24,928 About 82% of families and 110% of the population were below the poverty line, including 93% of those under age 18 and 131% of those age 65 or over25

Communitiesedit

Citiesedit

  • Mott county seat
  • New England
  • Regent

Unincorporated communityedit

  • Bentley

Townshipsedit

  • Acme
  • Ashby
  • Baer
  • Beery
  • Black Butte
  • Brittian
  • Campbell
  • Cannon Ball
  • Castle Rock
  • Chilton
  • Clark
  • Farina
  • Havelock
  • Highland
  • Kennedy
  • Kern
  • Kunze
  • Madison
  • Merrill
  • Mott
  • New England
  • Odessa
  • Rifle
  • St Croix
  • Solon
  • Steiner
  • Strehlow
  • Tepee Butte
  • Wagendorf
  • Walker

Defunct townshipsedit

  • Alden26
  • Indian Creek26

Politicsedit

Presidential Elections Results27
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2016 810% 1,050 130% 168 60% 78
2012 734% 1,000 230% 313 36% 49
2008 663% 893 301% 406 36% 49
2004 699% 1,044 271% 405 30% 45
2000 696% 1,057 232% 353 72% 109
1996 537% 765 293% 418 170% 243
1992 465% 854 253% 465 282% 519
1988 661% 1,395 331% 698 09% 18
1984 748% 1,646 238% 524 15% 32
1980 753% 1,699 192% 434 55% 124
1976 493% 1,135 476% 1,095 31% 72
1972 649% 1,511 312% 726 39% 90
1968 640% 1,424 287% 638 74% 164
1964 482% 1,188 517% 1,275 01% 2
1960 558% 1,541 441% 1,219 01% 2
1956 702% 1,882 297% 796 02% 4
1952 878% 2,330 112% 297 10% 27
1948 643% 1,517 319% 752 38% 89
1944 764% 1,812 234% 554 02% 5
1940 783% 2,468 213% 671 04% 12
1936 298% 989 417% 1,383 285% 945
1932 274% 921 696% 2,336 30% 101
1928 539% 1,553 459% 1,323 02% 7
1924 397% 936 54% 128 548% 1,292
1920 834% 1,849 148% 327 18% 40
1916 537% 856 414% 661 49% 78
1912 377% 442 325% 381 298% 349
1908 740% 568 236% 181 25% 19

See alsoedit

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Hettinger County, North Dakota

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b c North Dakota County History
  2. ^ a b "State & County QuickFacts" United States Census Bureau Retrieved November 1, 2013 
  3. ^ "Find a County" National Association of Counties Archived from the original on 2011-05-31 Retrieved 2011-06-07 
  4. ^ a b Long, John H 2006 "Dakota Territory, South Dakota, and North Dakota: Individual County Chronologies" Dakota Territory Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library Archived from the original on 2007-11-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ Ralph Shults, ed 1957 50th Anniversary, Hettinger County, North Dakota: A Tribute To Our Pioneers p 1 OCLC 10573943 
  6. ^ a b c Long, John H 2006 "North Dakota: Consolidated Chronology of State and County Boundaries" North Dakota Atlas of Historical County Boundaries The Newberry Library Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  7. ^ a b "State of Stark" Bismarck Daily Tribune Bismarck Daily Tribune 1899-05-19 p 3 
  8. ^ N Dak Laws 1895, 4th sess, ch 25/pp 21–23;
  9. ^ Richards v Stark Co, 8 ND 392 , 79 NW Rep 863 ND 1899
  10. ^ "State of Stark" Bismarck Daily Tribune Bismarck Daily Tribune 1899-06-19 p 3 
  11. ^ N Dak Laws 1899, 6th sess, ch 57/p 67
  12. ^ Schaffner v Young, 10 ND 245 , 86 NW Rep 733 ND 1901
  13. ^ "Act of 1895 and Curative Act of 1899 are Both Unconstitutional and Void" Bismarck Daily Tribune Bismarck Daily Tribune 1901-05-24 p 2 
  14. ^ N Dak Laws 1903, 8th sess, chs 68–69/pp 77–80
  15. ^ a b State of North Dakota v Stark County, 14 ND 368 , 103 NW 913 ND 1905
  16. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files" United States Census Bureau August 22, 2012 Archived from the original on January 29, 2015 Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  17. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  18. ^ "US Decennial Census" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  19. ^ "Historical Census Browser" University of Virginia Library Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  20. ^ Forstall, Richard L, ed April 20, 1995 "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990" United States Census Bureau Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  21. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4 Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" PDF United States Census Bureau April 2, 2001 Retrieved January 28, 2015 
  22. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  23. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  24. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  25. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2016-03-14 
  26. ^ a b US Census Bureau: Boundary Changes
  27. ^ http://uselectionatlasorg/RESULTS

External linksedit

  • Hettinger County, North Dakota
  • 50th anniversary, Hettinger County, North Dakota :a tribute to our pioneers : 50 years of progress 1957 from the Digital Horizons website
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

Coordinates: 46°26′N 102°26′W / 46433°N 102433°W / 46433; -102433

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