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Hermiston, Oregon

hermiston oregon, hermiston oregon school district
Hermiston is a city in Umatilla County, Oregon, United States The population of 17,7305 makes it the largest city in Eastern Oregon Hermiston is the largest, and fastest-growing, city in the Hermiston-Pendleton Micropolitan Statistical Area, a micropolitan area that had a combined population of 87,062 at the 2010 census2 Hermiston sits near the junction of I-82 and I-84, & is 7 miles south of the Columbia River, Lake Wallula, and the McNary Dam The Hermiston area has become a transportation and logistics hub due to the proximity of the I-82 and I-84 interchange, and central location between the major Pacific Northwest metropolitan areas The city is also known for its watermelons, which are part of its branding6

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Economy
    • 21 Retail
    • 22 Workforce
    • 23 Top employers
  • 3 Parks
  • 4 Geography
    • 41 Climate
  • 5 Demographics
    • 51 2016 Portland State University Population Estimates
    • 52 2010 census
  • 6 Education
    • 61 K-12
    • 62 Higher Education
  • 7 Transportation
    • 71 Interstate & Highway
    • 72 Rail
    • 73 Airports
  • 8 Media
    • 81 Radio
    • 82 Newspapers
  • 9 Notable people
  • 10 Annual events
  • 11 See also
  • 12 Footnotes
  • 13 Further reading
  • 14 External links

Historyedit

The historic inhabitants of the area were the indigenous Umatilla, Cayuse, Walla Walla, and Columbia Indians, descendants of peoples who lived in this area for thousands of years The earliest European settlers were Catholic missionaries who established a mission near Pendleton in 1847 The territorial government organized Umatilla County in 1862 from the larger Wasco County On July 10, 1907, the town of Hermiston was incorporated Robert Louis Stevenson's novel, "The Weir of Hermiston", inspired the name

Economyedit

Retailedit

Hermiston serves as the retail and services center for much of western Umatilla County,7 as well as Morrow County and parts of Gilliam county Hermiston's Local Trade Area, which describes the area where people will travel to purchase items on a weekly basis, stretches from Pendleton on the East, the Columbia River to the North, Heppner to the South, and Gilliam County to the West There were 46,000 people living within Hermiston's Local Trade Area based on 2010 US Census data8 Major national chain retailers in Hermiston include Wal-Mart, Home Depot, Big Lots, Sears, AutoZone, Big 5's sporting goods and Harbor Freight, among many others The community also has Ford, Chevy, Dodge, Toyota, and Subaru dealerships Despite a relatively robust local retail & services market, Hermiston experiences significant retail sales leakage to the Tri-Cities for items purchased on less than a weekly basis The Tri-Cities, located approximately 30 minutes north of Hermiston in Washington, had a metro-area population of 275,740 as of April 1, 2014, making it the fourth largest metropolitan area in Washington9

Workforceedit

Hermiston has the largest 30-mile-radius workforce in Eastern Oregon According to 2014 US Census estimates, there were 119,632 people actively employed within a 30-mile radius of Hermiston10 That's compared to 75,075 in the next-largest regional Labor Shed in Bend10 Hermiston-area employers benefit greatly from the proximity of the Tri-Cities in Washington which, based on light traffic, and easy freeway access, is approximately 30–35 minutes to the north of Hermiston

Top employersedit

Good Shepherd Medical Plaza

According to Hermiston's 2014 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,11 the top employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Lamb Weston 1,320
2 Wal-Mart Distribution Center 859
3 River Point Farms 650
4 Good Shepherd Health Care System 572
5 Hermiston School District 519
6 Walmart Supercenter 400
7 Hermiston Foods 325
8 Union Pacific Railroad 300
9 Medelez Trucking 200
9 Shearer's Foods 200

Parksedit

Riverfront Park features open grassy space, and access to more than 2 miles of paved walking trails

The City of Hermiston Parks Department maintains 10 parks, 13 landscape areas, and 100 plus acres for the enjoyment of the community In addition to the developed parks, the Department also has 50 additional acres planned for future development Recent major enhancements include the additions of Riverfront Park, the Oxbow Trail, and continual additions to the Hermiston Family Aquatic Center Riverfront Park features 16 acres of open grassy areas alongside the Umatilla River, as well as nearly a mile of paved walking paths, playground equipment, picnic shelters, restrooms, and fishing access A 18 mile paved walking path, named the Oxbow Trail, was added in 2015 to connect Riverfront Park with the north side of town near Good Shepherd Medical Center The Trail winds through protected wetland area for nearly the entirety of its length and also connects to Harrison Park

Geographyedit

Hat Rock, located on the Columbia River near Hermiston, was one of the first landmarks of the area noted by Lewis and Clark in their journals12 The Hermiston Butte features several easy hiking trails accessible from Butte Park, the Hermiston Family Aquatic Center, and Good Shepherd Medical Center

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 781 square miles 2023 km2, all land1

Distance to major cities:

  • Tri-Cities, Washington - 30 to 45 miles 48 to 72 km
  • Portland, Oregon - 181 miles 291 km
  • Seattle, Washington - 259 miles 417 km
  • Spokane, Washington - 204 miles 328 km
  • Boise, Idaho - 259 miles 417 km
  • Salt Lake City, Utah - 587 miles 945 km
  • Missoula, Montana - 367 miles 591 km

Hermiston's recent population growth is due to its proximity to large cities in the Pacific Northwest and its location along two major freeways1314

Climateedit

According to the Köppen climate classification system, Hermiston has a steppe climate Köppen BSk

Climate data for Hermiston
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 77
25
75
24
84
29
96
36
102
39
108
42
112
44
113
45
102
39
92
33
79
26
83
28
113
45
Average high °F °C 399
44
476
87
583
146
669
194
752
24
825
281
904
324
887
315
797
265
668
193
508
104
418
54
657
187
Average low °F °C 236
−47
278
−23
329
05
388
38
456
76
524
113
571
139
552
129
47
8
379
33
311
−05
265
−31
397
43
Record low °F °C −35
−37
−29
−34
6
−14
14
−10
22
−6
32
0
38
3
35
2
21
−6
6
−14
−12
−24
−37
−38
−37
−38
Average precipitation inches mm 122
31
09
23
076
193
067
17
065
165
059
15
019
48
028
71
044
112
072
183
12
30
122
31
885
2248
Average snowfall inches cm 5
13
24
61
02
05
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
12
3
24
61
112
284
Average precipitation days 10 9 7 6 5 5 2 2 4 6 10 11 77
Source: 15

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1910 647
1920 647 00%
1930 608 −60%
1940 803 321%
1950 3,804 3737%
1960 4,402 157%
1970 4,893 112%
1980 9,408 923%
1990 10,040 67%
2000 13,154 310%
2010 16,745 273%
Est 2016 17,295 33%
Sources:21718192021

2016 Portland State University Population Estimatesedit

The Population Research Center at Portland State University provides annual official population estimates to the State of Oregon Hermiston's certified population estimate as of July 1, 2016 was 17,730,22 which is an increase of nearly 1,000 residents since the 2010 Census

2010 censusedit

As of the census of 2010, there were 16,745 people, 6,050 households, and 4,184 families residing in the city The population density was 2,1440 inhabitants per square mile 8278/km2 There were 6,373 housing units at an average density of 8160 per square mile 3151/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 742% White, 08% African American, 13% Native American, 15% Asian, 02% Pacific Islander, 190% from other races, and 30% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 349% of the population2

There were 6,050 households of which 420% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 479% were married couples living together, 145% had a female householder with no husband present, 68% had a male householder with no wife present, and 308% were non-families 258% of all households were made up of individuals and 99% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 274 and the average family size was 3282

The median age in the city was 309 years 317% of residents were under the age of 18; 92% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 273% were from 25 to 44; 208% were from 45 to 64; and 11% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 494% male and 506% female2

Educationedit

Eastern Oregon Higher Education Center- Hermiston

K-12edit

Hermiston School District is the largest district in Eastern Oregon, with 5,297 students in the 2014-15 school year23 The district has one high school, Hermiston High School, which hosts 1,500 students23 Due to the school's size, it is able to offer comprehensive programming and courses for all students The district also is composed of two middle schools, five elementary schools, and 1 alternative school There are also two private schools in Hermiston

Higher Educationedit

Blue Mountain Community College has a branch in Hermiston Eastern Oregon University also hosts undergraduate and graduate-level courses at the Eastern Oregon Higher Education Center in Hermiston

Transportationedit

US Highway 395 entering Hermiston Wal-Mart's 12 million Square Foot Northwest Distribution Center in Hermiston

Interstate & Highwayedit

Hermiston benefits from being near the exact center of the Pacific Northwest, and at the crossroads of several major interstate highways Drivers can easily access all four major Northwest metropolitan areas in just a half-day's drive Portland is less than 3 hours to the West, and drivers can also reach Spokane in less than 3 hours to the east, while Seattle and Boise are both approximately 4 hours away to the northwest and southeast, respectively Highways serving Hermiston include Interstate 84 and US Route 30, both of which run east–west, US Route 395, which runs north-south, and Interstate 82, which has its southern terminus near Hermiston and continues north to Ellensburg, Washington

Major transportation-related businesses in Hermiston include Wal-Mart's Northwest Distribution Center, and both FedEx and United Parcel Service UPS have freight distribution facilities in Hermiston

Railedit

Hermiston is on the La Grande Subdivision of the Union Pacific Railroad, constructed originally through the area in the 1870s as the Oregon Railroad and Navigation Company Railroad facilities include the Hinkle Locomotive Service and Repair Facility and "hump yard" located just outside the city

Airportsedit

Hermiston Municipal Airport is a city-owned airport serving General Aviation pilots, corporate jet traffic, agricultural operations, and cargo operations There are currently no commercial flights out of Hermiston

Tri-Cities Airport is located approximately 40 minutes north of Hermiston, and offers commercial flights to Seattle, Salt Lake City, Denver, Minneapolis, Las Vegas, Portland, San Francisco, and Phoenix In 2014, due to strong growth in demand, the Port of Pasco approved a $42 million renovation and expansion, that will double the size of the current terminal

Mediaedit

Radioedit

  • KOHU 1360 AM Country
  • KQFM 937 FM AC
  • KLKY 961 FM Classic Rock - Licensed to Stanfield, Oregon
  • KZLY 995 FM Spanish
  • KGTS 913 FM Christian

Newspapersedit

  • The Hermiston Herald published Wednesday
  • East Oregonian Pendleton paper with coverage of Hermiston, published Tuesday through Saturday

Notable peopleedit

  • Tucker Bounds, public relations professional
  • Bucky Jacobsen, baseball player
  • Chuck Norris, politician
  • Shoni Schimmel, basketball player
  • Jim Stuart, football player
  • Jared Zabransky, football player

Annual eventsedit

  • Columbia Motor Speedway Park, 3⁄8-mile 06 km paved oval stock car track, races almost every Saturday from late April through the end of September every year24
  • Farm City Pro Rodeo, annual rodeo held in August25
  • Umatilla County Fair

Hermiston Education Foundation Beach & Beef Dinner Auction 1st Saturday in February

See alsoedit

  • Hermiston Butte
  • Hat Rock State Park
  • Oregon Route 207

Footnotesedit

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2012-01-24 Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Retrieved 2012-12-21 
  3. ^ https://wwwpdxedu/prc/population-reports-estimates
  4. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names" United States Geological Survey 2007-10-25 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  5. ^ https://wwwpdxedu/prc/population-reports-estimates
  6. ^ Carlton, Jim February 7, 2015 "A Town Known for Watermelons Is Suddenly Ripe for Change" The Wall Street Journal pp A1, A8 
  7. ^ "Hermiston Retail Market Analysis 2011" PDF 
  8. ^ "Hermiston Retail Market Analysis 2011" PDF 
  9. ^ "April 1, 2015 Population of Cities Towns and Counties Used for Allocation of Selected State Revenues State of Washington" PDF 
  10. ^ a b "Access Labor | City of Hermiston" wwwhermistonorus Retrieved 2016-03-08 
  11. ^ "City of Hermiston, Oregon, Comprehensive Financial Report for the Fiscal Year Ended June 30, 2015" PDF City of Hermiston Retrieved June 3, 2015 
  12. ^ Lewis, Meriweather & William Clark "October 19, 1805" The Journals of the Lewis and Clark Expedition Online University of Nebraska Lincoln Retrieved 2006-12-10 
  13. ^ Hutchinson-Talaski, Karen 2006-11-24 "Hermiston growth leads the way" The Hermiston Herald Western Communications Retrieved 2006-12-10 
  14. ^ "Population Trends" City of Hermiston 2006 Archived from the original on 2006-09-25 Retrieved 2006-12-10 
  15. ^ "HERMISTON 1 SE, OR 353847" Western Regional Climate Center Retrieved November 23, 2015 
  16. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates" Retrieved June 9, 2017 
  17. ^ "Population-Oregon" PDF US Census 1910 US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  18. ^ "Population-Oregon" PDF 15th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 27 November 2013 
  19. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Oregon" PDF 18th Census of the United States US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  20. ^ "Oregon: Population and Housing Unit Counts" PDF US Census Bureau Retrieved 22 November 2013 
  21. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012" US Census Bureau Archived from the original on 17 June 2013 Retrieved 25 November 2013 
  22. ^ "Portland State College of Urban & Public Affairs: Population Research Center | Population Estimates and Reports" wwwpdxedu Retrieved 2016-12-23 
  23. ^ a b "DBI Reports" wwwodestateorus Retrieved 2015-12-04 
  24. ^ "Columbia Motor Speedway Park homepage" Retrieved 2012-09-13 
  25. ^ FarmCityEntry

Further readingedit

  • Ronald E Ingle, Oasis in the Desert: The Story of Hermiston from Sagebrush to City Caldwell, ID: Caxton Printers, 2002

External linksedit

  • Entry for Hermiston in the Oregon Blue Book

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