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Henniker, New Hampshire

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Henniker is a town in Merrimack County, New Hampshire, United States As of the 2010 census, the town had a total population of 4,8361 Henniker is home to New England College, Ames State Forest, Craney Hill State Forest and Pats Peak Ski Area

The main village of the town, where 1,747 people resided at the 2010 census,1 is defined as the Henniker census-designated place CDP, and is located along the Contoocook River at the junction of New Hampshire Route 114 with Old Concord Road The town also includes the village of West Henniker

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Government
  • 5 Education
  • 6 Culture
    • 61 Religion
  • 7 Notable people
  • 8 References
  • 9 External links

Historyedit

West Henniker millpond in 1914

It was first known as Number Six in a line of settlements running between the Merrimack and Connecticut rivers In 1752, the Masonian Proprietors granted the land to Andrew Todd, who called it Todd's Town2 Settled in 1761 by James Peter, it was dubbed New Marlborough by others from Marlboro, Massachusetts Incorporated in 1768 by Governor John Wentworth, the town was named for Sir John Henniker, a London merchant of leather and fur, with shipping interests in Boston and Portsmouth3

In the 19th century Henniker had a high rate of congenital deafness, and its own sign language, which may have played a significant role in the emergence of American Sign Language4

Farmers found the town's surface relatively even, with fertile soil Various mills operated by water power on the Contoocook River, including a woolen factory By 1859, the population was 1,6883 But mills in Henniker were closed in 1959 by the Hopkinton-Everett Lakes Flood Control Project

The Edna Dean Proctor Bridge, a stone double-arch bridge spanning the Contoocook, was built in 1835 Beginning in the late 1800s, the river's scenic beauty attracted tourism Today, Henniker is a college town and resort area, featuring both skiing and white-water kayaking The game of paintball originated in Henniker in 19815

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1161 square kilometres 448 sq mi, of which 1143 square kilometres 441 sq mi is land and 18 square kilometres 069 sq mi is water, comprising 152% of the town The village of Henniker, or census-designated place CDP, has a total area of 36 square kilometres 14 sq mi, all land

Craney Hill, elevation 1,402 feet 427 m above sea level and home of Pat's Peak ski area, is in the south The highest point in Henniker is an unnamed summit near the town's northwest corner, with an elevation of 1,552 ft 473 m Henniker is drained by the Contoocook River and Amey Brook; the town lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed6

Henniker is crossed by US Route 202, and state routes 9 and 114

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 1,127
1800 1,476 310%
1810 1,608 89%
1820 1,900 182%
1830 1,725 −92%
1840 1,715 −06%
1850 1,688 −16%
1860 1,500 −111%
1870 1,288 −141%
1880 1,326 30%
1890 1,385 44%
1900 1,507 88%
1910 1,395 −74%
1920 1,344 −37%
1930 1,266 −58%
1940 1,336 55%
1950 1,675 254%
1960 1,636 −23%
1970 2,348 435%
1980 3,246 382%
1990 4,151 279%
2000 4,433 68%
2010 4,836 91%
Est 2015 4,917 17%
US Decennial Census8

At the census of 2000 there were 4,433 people, 1,585 households, and 1,019 families residing in the town The population density was 388/square kilometer 1005/square mile There were 1,679 housing units at an average density of 147 persons/square kilometer 380 persons/square mile The racial makeup of the town was 9664% White, 045% African American, 018% Native American, 099% Asian, 002% Pacific Islander, 038% from other races, and 133% from two or more races 083% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 1,585 households, of which 373% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 503% were married couples living together, 91% had a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 357% were non-families 262% of all households were made up of individuals and 89% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 253 and the average family size was 309

249% of the population were under the age of 18, 168% from 18 to 24, 289% from 25 to 44, 215% from 45 to 64, and 79% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 33 years For every 100 females there were 1033 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1002 males

The median income for a household in the town was $50,288, and the median income for a family was $59,527 Males had a median income of $39,583 versus $27,243 for females The per capita income for the town was $24,530 70% of the population and 20% of families were below the poverty line Of the people living in poverty, 21% were under the age of 18 and 103% were 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,627 people, 541 households, and 292 families residing in the central village of Henniker, or census-designated place CDP The population density was 1,1641 people per square mile 4487/km² There were 558 housing units at an average density of 1539 persons/km² 3993 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9502% White, 098% African American, 018% Native American, 178% Asian, 055% from other races, and 148% from two or more races 135% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 541 households out of which 307% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 401% were married couples living together, 104% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 460% were non-families 348% of all households were made up of individuals and 137% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 223 and the average family size was 291

In the CDP, the age distribution of the population shows 180% under the age of 18, 329% from 18 to 24, 239% from 25 to 44, 172% from 45 to 64, and 80% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 24 years For every 100 females there were 975 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 959 males

The median income for a household is $40,000, and the median income for a family was $48,563 Males had a median income of $31,771 versus $26,667 for females The per capita income for the town was $16,808 104% of the population and 22% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 32% are under the age of 18 and 43% are 65 or older

Governmentedit

In the New Hampshire Senate, Henniker is in the 15th District, represented by Democrat Dan Feltes On the New Hampshire Executive Council, Henniker is in the 2nd District, represented by Democrat Andru Volinsky In the United States House of Representatives, Henniker is in New Hampshire's 2nd congressional district, represented by Democrat Ann McLane Kuster

Educationedit

Henniker is part of New Hampshire School Administrative Unit #24, which also includes Weare and Stoddard, New Hampshire Kindergarten and primary school students attend Henniker Community School, while secondary level students attend John Stark Regional High School in Weare Henniker is also home to New England College, a four-year private liberal arts college Henniker has a free library for residents, two community centers, and a Parent-Teacher Association

Cultureedit

Religionedit

Henniker has a Congregational church, a Roman Catholic church, a Quaker meeting house, and Community Christian Fellowship

Notable peopleedit

Edna Dean Proctor Bridge over the Contoocook River
  • Amy Beach, composer and pianist
  • Laurie D Cox, landscape architect, lacrosse coach and college president
  • Robert Goodenow, US congressman
  • Rufus K Goodenow, US congressman
  • Ocean Born Mary, subject of a local ghost legend
  • James W Patterson, US congressman and senator
  • Parker Pillsbury, minister; advocate for abolitionism and women's rights
  • Jacob Rice, state legislator
  • Ted Williams, left fielder with the Boston Red Sox and manager of the Washington Senators/Texas Rangers9

Referencesedit

  1. ^ a b United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  3. ^ a b Austin J Coolidge & John B Mansfield, A History and Description of New England; Boston, Massachusetts 1859
  4. ^ Padden, Carol 2010, "Sign Language Geography", in Mathur, Gaurav; Napoli, Donna, Deaf Around the World PDF, New York: Oxford University Press, pp 19–37, ISBN 0199732531, retrieved November 25, 2012 
  5. ^ "Paintball History – How it all started !!" wwwpaintball-gunscom Retrieved March 19, 2010 
  6. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  7. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  9. ^ Henniker Historical Society, "Introduction to the History of Henniker"

External linksedit

  • Town of Henniker official website
  • Tucker Free Library
  • Henniker Historical Society
  • New England College
  • Henniker Trail Travelers Snowmobile Club
  • Henniker Congregational Church
  • Henniker PTA
  • Hopkinton-Everett Lake
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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