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Hemagglutinin

hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, hemagglutinin
Hemagglutinin or haemagglutinin British English refers to a substance that causes red blood cells RBCs to agglutinate This process is called hemagglutination or haemagglutination

Antibodies and lectins are commonly known hemagglutinins

Contents

  • 1 Types
  • 2 Uses in serology
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References

Types

Examples include:

  • Influenza hemagglutinin
  • Measles hemagglutinin
  • Parainfluenza hemagglutinin-neuraminidase
  • Mumps hemagglutinin-neuraminidase
  • The PH-E form of phytohaemagglutinin

Uses in serology

Hemagglutination can be used to identify RBC surface antigens with known antibodies or to screen for antibodies with RBCs with known surface antigens

Using anti-A and anti-B antibodies that bind specifically to either the A or to the B blood group surface antigens on RBCs it is possible to test a small sample of blood and determine the ABO blood group or blood type of an individual

The bedside card method of blood grouping relies on visual agglutination to determine an individual's blood group The card has dried blood group antibody reagents fixed onto its surface and a drop of the individual's blood is placed on each area on the card The presence or absence of visual agglutination enables a quick and convenient method of determining the ABO and Rhesus status of the individual

Agglutination of red blood cells is used in the Coombs test

See also

  • Cold agglutinin disease
  • Hemagglutination assay
  • Phytohaemagglutinins, hemagglutinins produced by plants
  • Hemagglutinin influenza

References

  1. ^ "hemagglutinin" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
  2. ^ Hemagglutinins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings MeSH

hemagglutinin, hemagglutinin adeno virus, hemagglutinin and neuraminidase, hemagglutinin antigen, hemagglutinin fusion, hemagglutinin influenza, hemagglutinin inhibition, hemagglutinin pronunciation, hemagglutinin protein, hemagglutinin structure


Hemagglutinin Information about

Hemagglutinin


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    29.10.2014


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