Hemagglutininhemagglutinin and neuraminidase, hemagglutinin
Hemagglutinin or haemagglutinin British English refers to a substance that causes red blood cells RBCs to agglutinate This process is called hemagglutination or haemagglutination
Antibodies and lectins are commonly known hemagglutinins
- 1 Types
- 2 Uses in serology
- 3 See also
- 4 References
- Influenza hemagglutinin
- Measles hemagglutinin
- Parainfluenza hemagglutinin-neuraminidase
- Mumps hemagglutinin-neuraminidase
- The PH-E form of phytohaemagglutinin
Uses in serology
Hemagglutination can be used to identify RBC surface antigens with known antibodies or to screen for antibodies with RBCs with known surface antigens
Using anti-A and anti-B antibodies that bind specifically to either the A or to the B blood group surface antigens on RBCs it is possible to test a small sample of blood and determine the ABO blood group or blood type of an individual
The bedside card method of blood grouping relies on visual agglutination to determine an individual's blood group The card has dried blood group antibody reagents fixed onto its surface and a drop of the individual's blood is placed on each area on the card The presence or absence of visual agglutination enables a quick and convenient method of determining the ABO and Rhesus status of the individual
Agglutination of red blood cells is used in the Coombs test
- Cold agglutinin disease
- Hemagglutination assay
- Phytohaemagglutinins, hemagglutinins produced by plants
- Hemagglutinin influenza
|This article includes a list of references, but its sources remain unclear because it has insufficient inline citations Please help to improve this article by introducing more precise citations June 2009 Learn how and when to remove this template message|
- ^ "hemagglutinin" at Dorland's Medical Dictionary
- ^ Hemagglutinins at the US National Library of Medicine Medical Subject Headings MeSH
|This immunology article is a stub You can help Wikipedia by expanding it
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