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Heinrich George

heinrich george, heinrich george born location
Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz1 9 October 1893 – 25 September 1946, better known as Heinrich George German pronunciation: geˈɔɐ̯ gə, was a German stage and film actor

Contents

  • 1 Career
    • 11 Weimar Republic
    • 12 Nazi era
  • 2 Postwar
  • 3 Personal life
  • 4 Filmography
  • 5 Notes
  • 6 Further reading
  • 7 External links

Careeredit

Weimar Republicedit

George is noted for having spooked the young Bertolt Brecht in his first directing job, a production of Arnolt Bronnen's Parricide 1922, when he refused to continue working with the director2

He played in Fritz Lang's Metropolis 1927 and Dreyfus 1930 In 1931, he starred in Berlin Alexanderplatz 1931

George was an active member of the Communist party during the Weimar Republic3 He worked with theatre director Erwin Piscator and playwright Bertolt Brecht, both of whom identified with the political left George starred in the lead role of the film Berlin-Alexanderplatz 1931

On 12 October 1932, he changed his legal name to his stage name George1

Nazi eraedit

After the Nazi takeover, George was classified as a "non-desirable" actor at first because of his earlier political affiliations and was thus barred from working in cinematic productions However, he was eventually able to reach an accommodation with the Nazi regime In 1937, George was designated as a Staatsschauspieler ie an actor of national importance and in 1938 was appointed director of the Schiller Theater in Berlin George actively collaborated with the Nazis and agreed to star in Nazi propaganda films such as Hitler Youth Quex 1933, Jud Süß 1940, and Kolberg 1945 as well as appearing in numerous newsreels

George had a stocky build and a Berlin accent which made him readily recognizable to German audiences George's prestige as a leading actor of the day made him an "extraordinarily valuable catch for the Nazis"4 Cooke and Silberman describe him as "the actor most closely tied with fascist fantasies of the autocratic and the populist leader"5

Postwaredit

Although Heinrich George had been a member of the Communist Party of Germany before the Nazi takeover, he was nonetheless interned as a Nazi collaborator at the Soviet concentration camp in Sachsenhausen where he died in 19466

The cause of his death was starvation, even though official reports stated that he died "after an appendix operation"7

Personal lifeedit

Heinrich George married the German actress Berta Drews They had two sons: Jan George and actor Götz George

Filmographyedit

  • The Story of Christine von Herre 1921
  • Lady Hamilton 1921
  • Die Perlen der Lady Harrison 1922
  • Lucrezia Borgia 1922
  • Das fränkische Lied 1922
  • Lola Montez, the King's Dancer 1922
  • Die Tänzerin des Königs 1922
  • Earth Spirit 1923
  • Fridericus Rex Part 4 1923
  • The Sun of St Moritz 1923
  • Man by the Wayside 1923
  • Quarantäne 1923
  • Steuerlos 1924
  • Soll und Haben 1924
  • Zwischen Morgen und Morgen 1924
  • She 1925
  • Mirakel der Liebe 1925
  • Metropolis 1926
  • The Armoured Vault 1926
  • Superfluous People 1926
  • Wrath of the Seas 1926
  • The Sea 1927
  • Orient Express 1927
  • Bigamie 1927
  • Die Ausgestoßenen 1927
  • The Serfs 1928
  • The Lady with the Mask 1928
  • Song 1928
  • Theatre 1928
  • The Last Fort 1928
  • Rutschbahn 1928
  • Manolescu 1929
  • Children of the Street 1929
  • The Man with the Frog 1929
  • The Convict from Istanbul 1929
  • Explosives Excavator 1010 1929
  • Dreyfus 1930
  • The Other 1930
  • Menschen im Käfig 1930
  • The Man Who Murdered 1931
  • 1914 1931
  • Berlin Alexanderplatz 1931
  • Men Behind Bars 1931
  • Wir schalten um auf Hollywood 1931
  • Goethe lebt …! 1931
  • Tugboat M 17 1933, also director
  • Hitlerjunge Quex 1933
  • Das Meer ruft 1933
  • Reifende Jugend 1933
  • Hermine und die sieben Aufrechten 1934
  • Joan of Arc 1935
  • Nacht der Verwandlung 1935
  • Stützen der Gesellschaft 1935
  • Die große und die kleine Welt 1936
  • Wenn der Hahn kräht 1936
  • Stjenka Rasin 1936
  • Ball im Metropol 1937
  • Don't Promise Me Anything 1937
  • Unternehmen Michael 1937
  • Ein Volksfeind 1937
  • The Beaver Coat 1937
  • Frau Sylvelin 1938
  • Es leuchten die Sterne 1938
  • Heimat 1938
  • The Immortal Heart 1939
  • Sensationsprozeß Casilla 1939
  • Der Postmeister 1940
  • Jud Süß 1940
  • Friedrich Schiller – Der Triumph eines Genies 1940
  • Pedro soll hängen 1941
  • Destiny 1942
  • Wedding in Barenhof 1942
  • Wien 1910 1942
  • Der große Schatten 1942
  • Andreas Schlüter 1942
  • Der Verteidiger hat das Wort 1944
  • The Degenhardts 1944
  • Kolberg 1945
  • Anna Alt 1945
  • Frau über Bord 1945
  • Das Leben geht weiter 1945, unfinished
  • Dr phil Döderlein 1945, unfinished

Notesedit

  1. ^ a b "Transscription of birth certificate of Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz, born 1893-10-09" in German Stettin: Civil registry, Stettin Szczecin, Poland 1934-11-05 1893-10-14 3600 Retrieved 2016-06-27  NB This document documents Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulzs birthday on 1893-10-09, as well as the change of his legal name from Schulz to George on 1932-10-12
  2. ^ Thomson, Peter; Sacks, Glendyr 1994, The Cambridge Companion to Brecht 2 ed, Cambridge University Press, pp 22–39, ISBN 0-521-41446-6 
  3. ^ Škvorecký, Josef "JUD SÜSS" Retrieved 2011-10-30 
  4. ^ Fritzsche, Peter 2008 Life and death in the Third Reich Harvard University Press p 48 ISBN 978-0-674-02793-0 Retrieved 2 November 2011 
  5. ^ Cooke, Paul; Silberman, Marc 30 July 2010 Screening war: perspectives on German suffering Camden House p 115 ISBN 978-1-57113-437-0 Retrieved 8 November 2011 
  6. ^ Fuchs, Anne; Cosgrove, Mary; Grote, Georg 2006 German memory contests: the quest for identity in literature, film, and discourse since 1990 Camden House p 199 ISBN 978-1-57113-324-3 Retrieved 30 October 2011 
  7. ^ Neimi, Robert 2006, History in the Media: Film and Television, ABC-CLIO, p 6, ISBN 978-1-57607-952-2 

Further readingedit

  • Berta Drews: Wohin des Wegs: Erinnerungen Langen Müller, 1986 ISBN 3-7844-2098-2
  • Peter Laregh: Heinrich George Komödiant seiner Zeit Langen Müller Herbig, München 1992, ISBN 3-7844-2363-9
  • Werner Maser: Heinrich George Mensch, aus Erde gemacht Quintessenz Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-86124-351-2
  • Kurt Fricke: Spiel am Abgrund Heinrich George – eine politische Biographie Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 2000, ISBN 978-3-89812-021-0
  • Kurt Fricke: Heinrich George, in: Bernd Heidenreich/Sönke Neitzel eds: Medien im Nationalsozialismus Schöningh Paderborn, 2010, S 83–107, ISBN 978-3-506-76710-3
  • Michael Klonovsky, Jan von Flocken: Stalins Lager in Deutschland 1945–1950 Dokumentation – Zeugenberichte Ullstein-Verlag, 1991, ISBN 978-3-550-07488-2
  • Horst Mesalla: Heinrich George Rekonstruktion der schauspielerischen Leistung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der zeitgenössischen Publizistik Dissertation, Freie Universität Berlin, 1969

External linksedit

  • Heinrich George on Internet Movie Database
  • Virtual History - Bibliography and Tobacco cards

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