Heinrich Georgeheinrich george, heinrich george born location
Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz1 9 October 1893 – 25 September 1946, better known as Heinrich George German pronunciation: geˈɔɐ̯ gə, was a German stage and film actor
- 1 Career
- 11 Weimar Republic
- 12 Nazi era
- 2 Postwar
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Filmography
- 5 Notes
- 6 Further reading
- 7 External links
George is noted for having spooked the young Bertolt Brecht in his first directing job, a production of Arnolt Bronnen's Parricide 1922, when he refused to continue working with the director2
He played in Fritz Lang's Metropolis 1927 and Dreyfus 1930 In 1931, he starred in Berlin Alexanderplatz 1931
George was an active member of the Communist party during the Weimar Republic3 He worked with theatre director Erwin Piscator and playwright Bertolt Brecht, both of whom identified with the political left George starred in the lead role of the film Berlin-Alexanderplatz 1931
On 12 October 1932, he changed his legal name to his stage name George1
After the Nazi takeover, George was classified as a "non-desirable" actor at first because of his earlier political affiliations and was thus barred from working in cinematic productions However, he was eventually able to reach an accommodation with the Nazi regime In 1937, George was designated as a Staatsschauspieler ie an actor of national importance and in 1938 was appointed director of the Schiller Theater in Berlin George actively collaborated with the Nazis and agreed to star in Nazi propaganda films such as Hitler Youth Quex 1933, Jud Süß 1940, and Kolberg 1945 as well as appearing in numerous newsreels
George had a stocky build and a Berlin accent which made him readily recognizable to German audiences George's prestige as a leading actor of the day made him an "extraordinarily valuable catch for the Nazis"4 Cooke and Silberman describe him as "the actor most closely tied with fascist fantasies of the autocratic and the populist leader"5
Although Heinrich George had been a member of the Communist Party of Germany before the Nazi takeover, he was nonetheless interned as a Nazi collaborator at the Soviet concentration camp in Sachsenhausen where he died in 19466
The cause of his death was starvation, even though official reports stated that he died "after an appendix operation"7
Heinrich George married the German actress Berta Drews They had two sons: Jan George and actor Götz George
- ^ a b "Transscription of birth certificate of Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulz, born 1893-10-09" in German Stettin: Civil registry, Stettin Szczecin, Poland 1934-11-05 1893-10-14 3600 Retrieved 2016-06-27 NB This document documents Georg August Friedrich Hermann Schulzs birthday on 1893-10-09, as well as the change of his legal name from Schulz to George on 1932-10-12
- ^ Thomson, Peter; Sacks, Glendyr 1994, The Cambridge Companion to Brecht 2 ed, Cambridge University Press, pp 22–39, ISBN 0-521-41446-6
- ^ Škvorecký, Josef "JUD SÜSS" Retrieved 2011-10-30
- ^ Fritzsche, Peter 2008 Life and death in the Third Reich Harvard University Press p 48 ISBN 978-0-674-02793-0 Retrieved 2 November 2011
- ^ Cooke, Paul; Silberman, Marc 30 July 2010 Screening war: perspectives on German suffering Camden House p 115 ISBN 978-1-57113-437-0 Retrieved 8 November 2011
- ^ Fuchs, Anne; Cosgrove, Mary; Grote, Georg 2006 German memory contests: the quest for identity in literature, film, and discourse since 1990 Camden House p 199 ISBN 978-1-57113-324-3 Retrieved 30 October 2011
- ^ Neimi, Robert 2006, History in the Media: Film and Television, ABC-CLIO, p 6, ISBN 978-1-57607-952-2
- Berta Drews: Wohin des Wegs: Erinnerungen Langen Müller, 1986 ISBN 3-7844-2098-2
- Peter Laregh: Heinrich George Komödiant seiner Zeit Langen Müller Herbig, München 1992, ISBN 3-7844-2363-9
- Werner Maser: Heinrich George Mensch, aus Erde gemacht Quintessenz Verlag, 1998, ISBN 3-86124-351-2
- Kurt Fricke: Spiel am Abgrund Heinrich George – eine politische Biographie Mitteldeutscher Verlag, 2000, ISBN 978-3-89812-021-0
- Kurt Fricke: Heinrich George, in: Bernd Heidenreich/Sönke Neitzel eds: Medien im Nationalsozialismus Schöningh Paderborn, 2010, S 83–107, ISBN 978-3-506-76710-3
- Michael Klonovsky, Jan von Flocken: Stalins Lager in Deutschland 1945–1950 Dokumentation – Zeugenberichte Ullstein-Verlag, 1991, ISBN 978-3-550-07488-2
- Horst Mesalla: Heinrich George Rekonstruktion der schauspielerischen Leistung unter besonderer Berücksichtigung der zeitgenössischen Publizistik Dissertation, Freie Universität Berlin, 1969
- Heinrich George on Internet Movie Database
- Virtual History - Bibliography and Tobacco cards
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