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Heilsbronn Abbey


Heilsbronn Abbey was a Cistercian monastery at Heilsbronn in the district of Ansbach in Middle Franconia, Bavaria, Germany It was part of the Diocese of Eichstätt

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Reformation and dissolution
  • 3 Buildings
  • 4 Burials
  • 5 The Monk of Heilsbronn
  • 6 References

History

It was founded in 1132–33 by Saint Otto of Bamberg and was settled by monks from Ebrach Abbey, under the first abbot Rapotho It was one of the wealthiest monasteries of Germany, with possessions around Franconia as far as Regensburg and in Württemberg These rich endowments were mostly made by the dukes of Abenberg and their heirs, the Hohenzollern Burgraves of Nuremberg It was the hereditary burial-place of the Hohenzollern family and ten burgraves of Nuremberg, five margraves and three electors of Brandenburg, besides many other persons of note, were buried here

Reformation and dissolution

Heilsbronn was a flourishing monastery until the time of the Reformation In 1530 Abbot John Schopper 1529–1540 founded a monastic school here, which later became a Protestant school for princes, and the doctrines of Luther gradually found favour in the monastery His successor, Sebastian Wagner, openly supported Protestantism He married and resigned in 1543 In 1549 Roman Catholicism was restored at Heilsbronn, but only ostensibly, and the abbey seems to have ceased to be a Catholic house in 1555, although it existed for some years longer The last abbot who made any pretense to Catholic belief was Melchior Wunderer 1562–1578 The five succeeding abbots were Protestants, and in 1631 Heilsbronn ceased to be an abbey Its valuable library was transferred to Erlangen

Buildings

The buildings of the monastery have mostly disappeared, with the exception of the fine church, known as Münster Heilsbronn, a Romanesque basilica, restored between 1851 and 1866, and possessing paintings by Albrecht Dürer[citation needed]

Burials

  • Albrecht III Achilles, Elector of Brandenburg
  • Anna of Saxony, Electress of Brandenburg
  • Barbara of Brandenburg 1464–1515

The Monk of Heilsbronn

Main article: Monk of Heilsbronn

The Monk of Heilsbronn was a didactic poet of the 14th century, author of the works Sieben Graden, Tochter Syon and Leben des heiligen Alexius

References

  • Rehm, Ein Gang durch und um die Münster-Kirche in Kloster Heilsbronn Ansbach, 1875
  • Meyer, J, Die Hohenzollerndenkmale in Heilsbronn Ansbach, 1891
  • Muck, Geschichte von Kloster-Heilsbronn Nördlingen, 1879–1880
  • Stillfried, Kloster-Heilsbronn, ein Beitrag in den Hohenzollernschen Forschungen Berlin, 1877
  • Wagner, A, Über den Mönch von Heilsbronn Strassburg, 1876

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed 1913 "article name needed" Catholic Encyclopedia New York: Robert Appleton Companymw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed 1911 "Heilsbronn" Encyclopædia Britannica 13 11th ed Cambridge University Press pp 212–213

Coordinates: 49°20′16″N 10°47′31″E / 4933778°N 1079194°E / 4933778; 1079194


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Heilsbronn Abbey


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