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Healthcare in Hungary

healthcare in budapest hungary, healthcare in hungary
Hungary has a tax-funded universal healthcare system, organized by the state-owned National Health Insurance Fund Hungarian: Országos Egészségbiztosítási Pénztár OEP According to the OECD 100% of the total population is covered by universal health insurance,1 which is absolutely free for children all people under 16, mothers or fathers with baby, students, pensioners everyone over 62, people with low income, handicapped people including physical and mental disorders,2 priests and other church employees3 Health in Hungary can be described with a rapidly increasing life expectancy 748 years for men and 492 years for women between 1993 and 20134 and a very low infant mortality rate 46 per 1,000 live births in 20144 According to the OECD Hungary spent 78% of its GDP on health care in 2012 Total health expenditure was 1,6887 US$ per capita in 2011, 1,0983 US$ governmental-fund 65% and 5904 US$ private-fund 35%5


  • 1 History
  • 2 Infrastructure
  • 3 Medical tourism
  • 4 See also
  • 5 References


Uzsoki Hospital, Budapest Center of Cardiology and Heart Surgery in Pécs Szent István Kórház Saint Stephen Hospital at Üllői Avenue, Budapest With Szent László Kórház Saint Ladislaus Hospital making the largest hospital complex in Hungary, built at the turn of the 19th and 20th century

The first hospitals go back to the 13th-century mining towns of Hungary The first mining health insurance was founded by János Thurzó in 1496 The first modern insurer was established in 1907, named Országos Munkásbetegsegélyező és Balesetbiztosító Pénztár "National Workers' Sick-benefit and Accident Fund"

The first steps to overall health insurance took place in the Horthy era with the creation of Országos Társadalombiztosítási Intézet lit "National Social Insurance Institution" in 1928 This is the predecessor of present-day Országos Egészségbiztosítási Pénztár Social services were complete to 1938, at that time the Hungarian social health insurance system was the most progressive and charitable in East-Central Europe

After the World War II the Communist government fully nationalized social insurance Since then the Hungarian healthcare system has been state-owned, overall and available for all of the people6

The free-market shift initiated after the end of communist rule 28 years ago put a strain on the largely centralised, wholly tax-funded public health system, which required far-reaching reforms7 These resulted in the creation of the National Healthcare Fund Hungarian: Országos Egészségbiztosítási Pénztár, in 19938 The OEP, predominantly based on a social insurance system,7 is the public organization currently controlling the management of health care in Hungary8 83% of the financing for health care comes from taxes and other public revenues9

Participation in the insurance scheme is mandatory for everyone in the workforce, including the self-employed10 Most private hospitals also operate under the OEP framework8 Because of past hiring policies, Hungarian hospitals often have redundancies of doctors, and a lack of nurses, resulting in an unproductive misuse of human resources7

So-called "gratitude payments", another communist legacy, require in practice a cash payment to have access to better treatments7 According to the survey conducted by the Euro health consumer index in 2015 Hungary was among the European countries in which unofficial payments to doctors were reported most commonly11

Medical treatment deemed "medically necessary" is provided free of charge for European citizens in the country12


As a high-income nation, Hungary has a relatively developed health infrastructure Ambulances of the Országos Mentőszolgálat OMSZ, "National Ambulance Service" reach all over the country at the very latest 15 minutes In 2013 OMSZ built 20 new ambulance stations and renewed 60 others with the purchase of 200 new ambulances13

Air ambulance service was completed in 2009 with the grand opening of Szentes air ambulance station Air ambulance bases in Budaörs, Balatonfüred, Sármellék, Pécs, Szentes, Debrecen, Miskolc cover the whole country Helicopters can reach 85% of the country's territory at the very latest 15 minutes All national and county hospitals have heliports, including the specialized and most professional university clinics and emergency centres in Budapest, Pécs, Szeged and Debrecen1415

Medical tourismedit

Lake Hévíz, the second largest thermal lake in the world

Hungary is one of the main destinations of medical tourism in Europe The country leads in dental tourism,1617 its share is 42% in Europe and 21% worldwide1718 The first medical tourists were Germans and Austrians in the 1980s, looking for cheap and top-quality dentistry services19 Since the fall of Communism medical tourism is an emerging business,18 60,000-70,000 people visit Hungary for dental treatments every year, making 65–70 billion HUF ~325–350 million $ revenue only in the dental sector17 The cost of medical treatments is between 40% and 70% of the cost in the United Kingdom, United States and Scandinavian countries19 The most popular medical treatments are dentistry, cosmetic surgery, orthopaedic surgery, cardiac rehabilitation, fertility treatment, dermatology, anti-aging treatment, obesity treatment, addiction programmes and eye surgery19 Plastic surgery is also a key sector 30% of the clients come from abroad They can save 40-80% on medical expenses20 Hungary is home to several medicinal spas19 Lake Hévíz, Széchenyi Medicinal Bath etc, spa tourism sometimes combined with other treatments20

See alsoedit

  • Health in Hungary
  • Hungarian Food Safety Office
  • Hungarian fees abolishment referendum, 2008
  • List of hospitals in Hungary


  1. ^ OECD June 27, 2013 "OECD Health Data: Social protection" OECD Health Statistics database Paris: OECD doi:101787/data-00544-en Retrieved 2013-07-14 
  2. ^ List of the entitled people for free insurance, National Healthcare Fund, 2013
  3. ^ Dőzsölők és szűkölködők - Miből gazdálkodnak az egyházak, Figyelő financial status of the churches in Hungary, Hungarian
  4. ^ a b Vital statistics, Hungarian Central Statistical Office KSH
  5. ^ Health: Key Tables from OECD, OECDiLibrary
  6. ^ History of social insurance in Hungary, National Healthcare Fund
  7. ^ a b c d Hungary’s Healthcare System
  8. ^ a b c OEP - Főigazgatói köszöntő
  9. ^ Egészségügyi Minisztérium - The organisation and functioning of health insurance in hungary
  10. ^ World Health Organization - Hungary
  11. ^ "Outcomes in EHCI 2015" PDF Health Consumer Powerhouse 26 January 2016 Retrieved 27 January 2016 
  12. ^ Health Care Services Available During Temporary Stay in Hungary
  13. ^ Tényleg kiérnek a mentők 15 perc alatt "Ambulances get to under 15 minutes", Népszava Hungarian
  14. ^ Átadták a légimentő bázist - a legmodenebb az országban "Air ambulance base has opened - the most modern in the country", Városi Visszhang Hungarian
  15. ^ Air ambulance bases in Hungary, Hungarian Air Ambulance Plc English
  16. ^ Hungary leading in Dental Tourism in Europe, Budapest Agent English
  17. ^ a b c Hungary aims at bigger bite of dental tourism, Budapest Business Journal English
  18. ^ a b Dental Tourism Development clinics turnover up 19%, Budapest Business Journal English
  19. ^ a b c d Hungarian Tourism promotes medical tourism, International Medical Travel Journal English
  20. ^ a b Medical tourism in good health, Budapest Business Journal English

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