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Handley Library

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Handley Library is a historic library building located at 100 West Piccadilly Street in Winchester, Virginia, United States Completed in 1913, construction of the Beaux-Arts style building was funded by a wealthy Pennsylvania businessman The building serves as the main branch for Winchester's library system It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places NRHP and Virginia Landmarks Register VLR in 1969

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Architecture
  • 3 See also
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

History

Judge John Handley 1835–1895, an Irish-American coal magnate and lawyer from Scranton, Pennsylvania, visited Winchester several times and admired the city for its Scotch-Irish heritage In his will, he left $250,000 for the city to erect a library "for the free use of the people of the city of Winchester" and schools for the poor Construction of the library, designed by New York architects Barney and Chapman, was not begun until 1908[3][4] The cornerstone ceremony on May 26 was preceded by a large parade[5] The building's fireproof construction and facilities were considered advanced at the time of completion[4] The total cost of construction and furnishings was $233,230 The library opened on August 21, 1913, and originally featured a 300-seat lecture hall, study rooms and conference areas C Vernon Eddy was Handley's first librarian, serving in that position until 1960 Originally only white patrons were allowed to visit the library; in December 1953 city officials began allowing all residents to use the facility, regardless of race[5]

The library was listed on the VLR on September 9, 1969, and the NRHP on November 12, 1969 It is also designated a contributing property to the Winchester Historic District, listed on the NRHP in 1980[6] Architectural firm Smithey and Boynton of Roanoke designed an addition that was completed in 1979 Their work resulted in a first honor award from the American Institute of Architects[5] Dennis Kowal Architects of Somerville, New Jersey prepared a full historic preservation plan in 1997 and oversaw the comprehensive restoration and rehabilitation in 1999 In 2001, Dennis Kowal was awarded the Lucille Lozier Award by Preservation of Historic Winchester, Inc for the "outstanding restoration" of the Handley Regional Library[7]

Architecture

The Handley Library is "perhaps Virginia's purest expression of the regal and florid Beaux-Arts classicism"[8] It was designed to resemble an open book, with the dome representing the spine and the wings representing the covers[5] The limestone building consists of an octagonal base and a central dome A three-arched entrance faces the intersection of Braddock and Piccadilly Streets Two wings flank the dome and feature single-pitched roofs with dormer lights, balustrades and Ionic colonnades Heavy stone reliefs of figures and fruit flank several windows and doors[4]

See also

  • National Register of Historic Places listings in Winchester, Virginia

References

  1. ^ "National Register Information System" National Register of Historic Places National Park Service July 9, 2010mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-right
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register" Virginia Department of Historic Resources Retrieved March 19, 2013
  3. ^ "Judge John Handley" Winchester Public Schools Retrieved December 31, 2014
  4. ^ a b c Virginia Historic Landmarks Commission Staff July 28, 1969 "National Register of Historic Places Inventory - Nomination Form" PDF Virginia Department of Historic Resources Retrieved December 31, 2014
  5. ^ a b c d Parker, Kathryn 2006 Images of America: Winchester Charleston: Arcadia Publishing pp 49–52 ISBN 9780738543154
  6. ^ The Virginia Landmarks Register Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press 1999 p 179 ISBN 9780813918624 Retrieved December 31, 2014
  7. ^ Ritchie, Patricia 2012 Handley Regional Library, the first one hundred years Winchester, Virginia: Handley Regional Library pp 138, 167 ISBN 978-0-615-63645-0
  8. ^ "Handley Library" National Park Service Retrieved December 31, 2014

External links

  • Official website

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