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Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb

hamilton alexander rosskeen gibby, hamilton alexander rosskeen gibbs
Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb, FBA 2 January 1895 – 22 October 1971, known as H A R Gibb,1 was a Scottish historian on Orientalism2

Contents

  • 1 Early life and education
  • 2 Military service
  • 3 Academic career
  • 4 Personal life
  • 5 Associations
  • 6 Bibliography
  • 7 Citations
  • 8 External links

Early life and educationedit

Gibb was born on Wednesday, 2 January 1895, in Alexandria, Egypt, to Alexander Crawford Gibb son of John Gibb of Gladstone, Renfrewshire, Scotland and Jane Ann Gardner of Greenock, Scotland Alexander Crawford died in 1897, following which Gardner took up a teaching position in Alexandria Hamilton returned to Scotland for his formal education at the age of five: first, four years of private tuition, after which he started at the Royal High School, Edinburgh in 1904, staying until 1912 His education was focused on classics, though it included French, German, and the physical sciences In 1912, Hamilton matriculated at Edinburgh University, joining the new honours program in Semitic languages Hebrew, Arabic, and Aramaic Hamilton's mother died in 1913 as he was studying in his second year at the university

Military serviceedit

During World War I Gibb broke off his studies at the University of Edinburgh to serve for the British Royal Regiment of Artillery in France from February 1917 and for several months in Italy as a commissioned officer He was commissioned at the age of 19

He was awarded a "war privilege" Master of Arts because of his service, until the Armistice with Germany in November 1918

Academic careeredit

After the war Gibb studied Arabic at the School of Oriental and African Studies at London University, gaining his MA in 19223 His thesis, published later by the Royal Asiatic Society as a monograph, was on the Arab conquests of Central Asia

From 1921 to 1937 Gibb taught Arabic at the then School of Oriental Studies, becoming a professor there in 19304 During this time he was an editor of the Encyclopaedia of Islam3 In 1937 Gibb succeeded D S Margoliouth as Laudian Professor of Arabic with a Fellowship at St John's College, Oxford, where he stayed for eighteen years3

In 1955, Gibb became the James Richard Jewett Professor of Arabic and University Professor at Harvard University34

Personal lifeedit

Also in 1922 Gibb married Helen Jessie Stark They had one son, Ian 1923–2005, and one daughter, Dorothy 1926–, now Dorothy Greenslade3

Associationsedit

  • Fellow of British Academy, Danish Academy, American Philosophical Society
  • Honorary fellow of American Academy of Arts and Sciences, Medieval Academy of America
  • Member of Academy of the Arabic Language in Cairo, Institut d'Egypte Associate Member, Arab Academy of Damascus Honorary, Iraqi Academy of Sciences

Bibliographyedit

  • Arabic Literature – An Introduction 1926, also 1963, Clarendon Press and 1974, Oxford University Press
  • Ibn Batuta, 1304–1377 1929, Arabic: Tuhfat al-'anzar fi ghara'ib al-'amsar‎‎, English translation by Gibb
  • Travels in Asia and Africa, 1325–1354 1929, translated and selected with an introduction and notes, R M McBride ISBN 81-206-0809-7
  • Note by Professor H A R Gibb 1939, from Arnold J Toynbee, A Study of History, Part I C I b Annex I, p 400-02
  • Modern Trends in Islam 1947
  • Mohammedanism: An Historical Survey 1949 retitled Islam: An Historical Survey 1980, Oxford
  • Online Chapter The Koran
  • Online Chapter The Sharia
  • Islamic Society and the West with Harold Bowen vol 1 1950, vol 2 1957
  • Shorter Encyclopedia of Islam 1953, edited with J H Kramers, Brill
  • The Encyclopaedia of Islam 1954– , new ed Edited by a number of leading orientalists, including Gibb, under the patronage of the International Union of Academies Leiden: Brill, along with that edited by J H Kramers, and E Levi-Provençal
  • "Islamic Biographical Literature," 1962 in Historians of the Middle East, eds Bernard Lewis and P M Holt, Oxford U Press
  • Studies on the Civilization of Islam 1982, Princeton U Press

Citationsedit

  1. ^ Gibb, H A R Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen 1895–1971 National Library of Australia Accessed 3 June 2013
  2. ^ Albert Hourani, "Gibb, Sir Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen 1895–1971", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004, accessed 6 August 2008
  3. ^ a b c d e George Makdisi, "Biographical Notice," pgs xv–xvii Taken from Arabic and Islamic Studies, in Honor of Hamilton A R Gibb Ed Giorgio Levi Della Vida Leiden: Brill Publishers, 1965
  4. ^ a b "HAR Gibb," The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition 1970–1979

External linksedit

External image
1954 photographic portrait Harvard University Retrieved 24 April 2011
  • Harvard Library: Gibb Islamic Seminar Library
  • Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb Papers, Harvard University Archives

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