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Gustaw Morcinek

gustaw morcinek, gustaw morcinek pisarz
Gustaw Morcinek born Augustyn Morcinek; 25 August 1891 in Karviná, Austria-Hungary – 20 December 1963 in Kraków, Poland was a Polish writer, educator and later member of Sejm from 1952 to 1957 He is considered one of the most important writers from Silesia[1]

Contents

  • 1 Biography
    • 11 Interwar period
    • 12 World War II
    • 13 After the war
  • 2 Political activity
  • 3 Works
    • 31 Novellas and novellas collections
    • 32 Short story collections
    • 33 Fairy tales collections
    • 34 Books for children
    • 35 Other works
  • 4 Footnotes
  • 5 References

Biography

In 1891, Morcinek was born in Karviná into a poor family, the youngest of four siblings In 1892, his father Józef died and his mother was forced to provide for the family Augustyn started work in the coal mine at the age of 16, which was quite late compared to the standard of those times When he was 19, miners raised money for his education and he started attending a teachers' seminary in Biała Krakowska, from which he graduated in 1914 In 1914 he was drafted into the Austro-Hungarian Army and after 1918 served briefly in the Polish Army In 1920, when Cieszyn Silesia was divided between Poland and Czechoslovakia, his hometown Karviná fell to Czechoslovakia Morcinek was a pro-Polish activist and thus decided to stay in Poland In the 1920s and 1930s he worked as a teacher in Skoczów

Interwar period

During the interwar period, Morcinek published many articles in various Silesian press He wrote his most important books in the late 1920s and early 1930s becoming the only notable Silesian Polish-language prosaist of the interwar period His works concentrate mostly on coal mining and Silesian themes Morcinek shows miners' work and life in a realistic way and accentuates the class character of national oppression of Polish miners[2] Morcinek spent the years 1936-1939 abroad, in Western Europe

World War II

He returned to Poland shortly before the outbreak of World War II Morcinek was arrested by the Gestapo on 6 September 1939 He was initially imprisoned with Władysław Dworaczek and the rest of people belonging to the Polish intellectuals from Silesia Gustaw spent the whole war in the German concentration camps Skrochowitz,[3] Sachsenhausen and Dachau[4] The supposed reason given for his arrest was his "anti-German activity" before the war and the fact that a dog in one of his novels "Wyrąbany chodnik" was called "Bismarck" When he was in concentration camps, he was given a choice to sign a Volksliste but refused[5]

After the war

Monument to Gustaw Morcinek in Skoczów

Since his release until November 1946 Morcinek resided in France, Italy and Belgium and cooperated with Polish émigré press there[6] He then returned to Silesia, Poland, and settled in Katowice He was then actively supported by new authorities Morcinek resumed his writing and continued to concentrate on Silesian issues but widen his scope to books for children and also epistolography He received many recognitions and literary awards for his work and many of his books were translated and published abroad Gustaw Morcinek died of leukemia on 20 December 1963 in Kraków and was later buried at Communal Cemetery in Cieszyn

Political activity

Morcinek was politically active from a young age He was an active advocate of joining whole Cieszyn Silesia to Poland During the interwar period when he was an anti-German activist, some critics accused him of spreading hatred After the war, he was a supporter of Polish United Workers' Party and was a member of the Sejm parliament from Katowice electoral district 1952–1957

Works

Novellas and novellas collections

  • Noc listopadowa 1927
  • W kwietniową noc 1928
  • Zgaszony płomyk 1928
  • O te świętą ziemeczkę 1929
  • Serce za tamą 1929
  • Cisza 1930
  • Miód w sercu 1930
  • Chleb na kamieniu 1931
  • Na bieda-szybie 1932
  • Sześć dni 1932
  • Dzieje węgla 1933
  • Kataryniarz 1933
  • W zadymionym słońcu 1933
  • Uśmiech na drodze 1935
  • Gołębie na dachu 1936
  • Po kamienistej drodze 1936
  • W najmłodszym lesie 1937
  • Maszerowa 1938
  • Miasteczko nad rzeką 1938
  • Królewski dług 1939

Short story collections

  • Byli dwaj bracia 1930
  • Wyrąbany chodnik 1931–32
  • Inżynier Szeruda 1937
  • Wyorane kamienie 1939
  • Dziewczyna z Pól Elizejskich 1946
  • Listy z mojego Rzymu 1946
  • Wróżbita 1946
  • Dwie korony 1948
  • Zagubione klucze 1948
  • Pod gongiem 1949
  • Pokład Joanny 1951
  • W Nysie na rynku 1952
  • Odkryte skarby 1953
  • Ondraszek 1953
  • W Wiergulowej dziedzinie 1953
  • Viktoria 1954
  • Wskrzeszenie Herminy 1956
  • Z mojej ziemi publicystyka 1956
  • Judasz u Monte Sicuro 1957
  • Czarna Julka 1959
  • Siedem zegarków kopidoła Joachima Rybki 1960
  • Opowieści o ludziach z pociągu 1963
  • Górniczy zakon 1964

Fairy tales collections

  • Jak górnik Bulandra diabła oszukał 1961
  • Przedziwne śląskie powiarki 1961
  • Przedziwna historia o zbójniku Ondraszku 1963

Books for children

  • Narodziny serca 1932
  • Gwiazdy w studni 1933
  • Łysek z pokladu Idy 1933
  • Ludzie są dobrzy 1935
  • Miasteczko nad rzeką 1938

Other works

  • Śląsk 1933
  • Listy spod morwy 1945
  • Listy spod morwy 1946
  • Zabłąkane ptaki
  • Urodzaj ludzi
  • Ziemia cieszyńska

Footnotes

  1. ^ Hierowski 1947, 97
  2. ^ Hierowski 1947, 81
  3. ^ Village of Skrochovice is a part of the Brumovice municipality near Opava, Silesia, Czech Republic During the war it was a part of Germany
  4. ^ Hierowski 1947, 193
  5. ^ A Volksliste was a document introduced by the Nazi authorities; a non-German citizen declared that he had some German ancestry by signing it Refusal to sign this document could lead to deportation to a concentration camp Non-German citizens from territories belonging to Nazi Germany were forced to sign it
  6. ^ Hierowski 1947, 79-80

References

  • Heska-Kwaśniewicz, Krystyna 1993 "Kolorowy rytm życia" Studia o prozie Gustawa Morcinka Kraków: Universitas ISBN 83-7052-190-8mw-parser-output citecitationmw-parser-output citation qmw-parser-output id-lock-free a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-free amw-parser-output id-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output id-lock-registration a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-limited a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-registration amw-parser-output id-lock-subscription a,mw-parser-output citation cs1-lock-subscription amw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registrationmw-parser-output cs1-subscription span,mw-parser-output cs1-registration spanmw-parser-output cs1-ws-icon amw-parser-output codecs1-codemw-parser-output cs1-hidden-errormw-parser-output cs1-visible-errormw-parser-output cs1-maintmw-parser-output cs1-subscription,mw-parser-output cs1-registration,mw-parser-output cs1-formatmw-parser-output cs1-kern-left,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-leftmw-parser-output cs1-kern-right,mw-parser-output cs1-kern-wl-rightmw-parser-output citation mw-selflink
  • Heska-Kwaśniewicz, Krystyna 1988 "Pisarski zakon" : biografia literacka Gustawa Morcinka Opole: Instytut Śląski OCLC 20057117
  • Hierowski, Zdzisław 1947 25 lat literatury na Śląsku 1920-1945 Katowice - Wrocław: Wydawnictwa Instytutu Śląskiego OCLC 69489660

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