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Guayas Province

ecuador province once famous for gold, guayas province guayaquil
Guayas Spanish pronunciation:  is a coastal province in Ecuador It is bordered to the west by Manabí, Santa Elena, and the Pacific Ocean as the Gulf of Guayaquil; to the east by Los Ríos, Bolívar, Chimborazo, Cañar, and Azuay; to the north by Los Ríos and Bolívar; and to the south by El Oro and the Pacific Ocean

With a population of over 3 million people, it is the most populous province in Ecuador It is the seventh largest province in the country in terms of area The largest city of Ecuador, Guayaquil, is located within the province

Contents

  • 1 Geography
    • 11 Hydrography
    • 12 Roads
  • 2 History
    • 21 Pre-Hispanic cultures
    • 22 Spanish conquest and independence
    • 23 Urbanization
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Political divisions
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Geography

Guayas' natural terrain is very diverse The province has no elevations, except for the Coastal Range, which starts in Guayaquil and goes to Manabí The areas west of the Coastal Range are desertic, with an average temperature of 23°C The areas east of the range belong to the Guayas Watershed They are quite humid and fertile, especially in the north of the province, with an average temperature of 30°C in the humid season December–May and 25°C in the dry season June–November

Hydrography

The most important river in the province is the Daule River, which flows from the north to join the Babahoyo River to form the Guayas river The province is part of the largest river basin in South America west of the Andes Mountains

Roads

Guayas has its own system for numbering roads However, this system is unknown for most residents, so it is not regularly used

The inter-provincial roads are also numbered with the national system Even routes travel north-south; odd routes travel east-west The inter-provincial roads that cross the province are the following:

  • Ecuador Highway 15 Vía del Pacífico; Pacific Way
  • Ecuador Highway 25 Troncal de la Costa; Coastal Main Way
  • Ecuador Highway 40 Transversal Austral; Austral Crossing Way

History

Pre-Hispanic cultures

The native culture living in Guayas is the Huancavilca culture Exactly before the European discovery of America, the Huancavilca Culture was living in the province They are the ancestors of a large part of the population of the province

Spanish conquest and independence

Guayaquil was founded on August 14, 1534 its foundation is celebrated on July 25 During the Spanish conquest, Guayaquil became one of the most important ports in South America The city became free on October 9, 1820, and the Guayaquil Department one of the original subdivisions of Ecuador was founded soon afterwards It consisted of the Manabí Province, and the Guayaquil Province, which was later renamed Guayas The Guayaquil Province included territory of what now is Peruvian Tumbes, and today's Los Ríos and El Oro The provinces were separated from Guayas in 1860 and 1884, respectively

Urbanization

Guayas is the most populous province in the country In recent decades, there has been a massive exit from rural areas to the main cities especially Guayaquil This has created a problem in Guayaquil, as most of the migrants move to municipal areas, creating shantytowns, with no services like water or electricity

Demographics

Guayas is the most populous province in the country The estimated population of the province in 2003 was about 3,360,000 people A large percentage of the population are mestizos, ie descendants of both Spanish and indigenous peoples, there are also big communities of people that descend from Italians, Lebanese and German people

Ethnic groups as of the Ecuadorian census of 2010:

  • Mestizo 675%
  • Montubio 113%
  • White 98%
  • Afro-Ecuadorian 97%
  • Indigenous 13%
  • Other 05%

Political divisions

The province is divided into 25 cantons The following table lists each with its population at the time of the 2001 census, its area in square kilometres km², and the name of the canton seat or capital

Canton Pop 2001 Area km² Seat/Capital
Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno Jujan 19,982 216 Alfredo Baquerizo Moreno aka Jujan
Balao 17,262 465 Balao
Balzar San Jacinto de Balzar 48,470 1,173 Balzar
Colimes 21,049 758 Colimes
Coronel Marcelino Maridueña 11,054 255 Coronel Marcelino Maridueña
Daule 85,148 462 Daule
Durán 178,714 339 Durán
El Empalme 64,789 711 El Empalme aka Velasco Ibarra
El Triunfo 34,117 389 El Triunfo
General Antonio Elizalde Bucay 8,696 152 General Antonio Elizalde aka Bucay
Guayaquil 2,039,789 5,237 Guayaquil
Isidro Ayora 8,226 492 Isidro Ayora
Lomas de Sargentillo 14,194 67 Lomas de Sargentillo
Milagro 140,103 401 Milagro
Naranjal 53,482 2,015 Naranjal
Naranjito 31,756 226 Naranjito
Nobol 14,753 128 Nobol aka Narcisa de Jesús
Palestina 14,067 194 Palestina
Pedro Carbo 36,711 927 Pedro Carbo
Playas General Villamil Playas 30,045 269 Playas aka General Villamil Playas
Salitre was Urbina Jado 50,379 390 El Salitre
Samborondón 45,476 388 Samborondón
Santa Lucía 33,868 348 Santa Lucía
Simón Bolívar 20,385 289 Simón Bolívar
Yaguachi 47,630 512 Yaguachi San Jacinto de Yaguachi

See also

  • Provinces of Ecuador
  • Cantons of Ecuador

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ Cantons of Ecuador Statoidscom Retrieved 4 November 2009

External links

  • in Spanish Gobierno Provincial del Guayas, official website

Coordinates: 2°12′00″S 79°58′00″W / 22°S 799667°W / -22; -799667

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