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Groton, New Hampshire

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Groton is a town in Grafton County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 593 at the 2010 census1

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links

Historyedit

It was originally named Cockermouth in honor of Charles Wyndham, Baron Cockermouth and Earl of Egremont, who was Great Britain's Secretary of State for the Southern Department from 1761 to 1763 Due to non-settlement the land was regranted in 1766, then renewed in 1772 In 1796, one of the later grantees, Samuel Blood, succeeded in renaming the town after his hometown, Groton, Massachusetts23

Groton's surface is uneven, although farmers found the soil arable for growing corn and potatoes A branch of the Baker River in the north, together with several small streams feeding Newfound Lake in the south, provided water power for mills By 1859, when the population was 776, there were ten sawmills, two gristmills, and a shingle and clapboard manufacturer4 Although not open to the public, the Palermo Mine in North Groton is noted for its minerals5

On August 4, 2009, Groton approved siting a wind farm in the town6 The company building the wind farm is Iberdrola Renewables7

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 408 square miles 106 km2, of which approximately 408 sq mi 106 km2 is land and 01 sq mi 026 km2 is water, comprising 012% of the town The highest point in Groton is the summit of Tenney Mountain, at 2,350 feet 720 m above sea level The Cockermouth River flows from west to east across the center of the town Groton lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed8

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 373
1800 391 48%
1810 549 404%
1820 686 250%
1830 669 −25%
1840 870 300%
1850 776 −108%
1860 778 03%
1870 583 −251%
1880 566 −29%
1890 464 −180%
1900 346 −254%
1910 319 −78%
1920 199 −376%
1930 202 15%
1940 182 −99%
1950 105 −423%
1960 99 −57%
1970 120 212%
1980 255 1125%
1990 318 247%
2000 456 434%
2010 593 300%
Est 2015 595 03%
US Decennial Census10

As of the census11 of 2000, there were 456 people, 175 households, and 127 families residing in the town The population density was 112 people per square mile 43/km² There were 342 housing units at an average density of 84 per square mile 32/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9781% White, 022% Native American, 088% Asian, and 110% from two or more races

There were 175 households out of which 303% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 651% were married couples living together, 29% had a single female head of household, and 274% were non-families 211% of all households were made up of individuals and 57% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 261 and the average family size was 298

In the town, the population was spread out with 259% under the age of 18, 66% from 18 to 24, 298% from 25 to 44, 263% from 45 to 64, and 114% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 40 years For every 100 females there were 1171 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1139 males

The median income for a household in the town was $37,083, and the median income for a family was $46,250 Males had a median income of $28,906 versus $25,417 for females The per capita income for the town was $18,680 About 67% of families and 67% of the population were below the poverty line, including 39% of those under age 18 and 220% of those age 65 or over

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  3. ^ Kimball, Carol W Jul 28, 2004 "Groton is the name of choice for several communities" The Day pp B4 Retrieved 31 October 2015 
  4. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 510 
  5. ^ Palermo Mine, North Groton, New Hampshire
  6. ^ Groton wind project
  7. ^ Iberdrola Renewables
  8. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  9. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  10. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  11. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Groton official website
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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Groton, New Hampshire


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