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Greenville, New Hampshire

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Greenville is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 2,105 at the 2010 census1 It is located at the junction of New Hampshire routes 31, 45, and 123

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Roadways
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 Town center
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 See also
  • 6 References
  • 7 External links

Historyedit

Once a part of Mason called Mason Village, Greenville is one of the state's newest and smallest towns, incorporated in 18722 It is located at the High Falls on the Souhegan River, whose plentiful water power provided the mill town with the state's first industries, making cotton and woolen goods Because of the falls, Greenville was always a manufacturing center The Columbian Manufacturing Company was established in 1826 to make textiles in both Greenville and New Ipswich3 The Columbian is long gone, but its fine brick buildings still dominate the village, kept company by Queen Anne style houses on side streets The mills are now used for other businesses and storage, and one has been converted into housing for the elderly

Greenville once had a Boston & Maine Railroad trestle Before it was dismantled for safety reasons, local residents turned out one sunny afternoon to watch Bronson Potter, Mason resident and inventor, fly a private airplane underneath the span on a wager The railroad depot, which still stands, was once an important landmark that put the tiny towns of Mason and Greenville "on the map" It has since been turned into a Chinese restaurant and lounge

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 69 square miles 18 km2 The town center, or CDP, has an area of 34 sq mi 88 km2

Greenville's highest point is Barrett Hill, with an elevation of 1,270 feet 390 m above sea level The town is drained by the Souhegan River Greenville lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed4

Greenville is bordered by New Ipswich to the west, Temple and Wilton to the north, and Mason to the east and south

Roadwaysedit

Four state highways traverse Greenville NH Route 31 enters the state in Mason from Ashby, Massachusetts, on MA Route 31 NH 31 intersects NH 124 before entering Greenville NH 31 runs north-south for the entire length of the town before entering Wilton to the north The highway shares a right-of-way with NH Route 123 which intersects it and runs north to Pleasant Street Pleasant Street is the main access road to downtown Greenville from NH 31, aside from Mill Street, Old Mason Center Road, and Old Wilton Road NH 123 continues on a left turn in downtown Greenville and runs south to New Ipswich and NH 124 Further down Main Street in Greenville is the beginning of NH Route 45, which runs northwest to Temple, ending at NH Route 101 NH Route 124 crosses the southwest corner of Greenville but intersects no other highways within the town limits

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 1,072
1890 1,255 171%
1900 1,608 281%
1910 1,374 −146%
1920 1,346 −20%
1930 1,319 −20%
1940 1,236 −63%
1950 1,280 36%
1960 1,385 82%
1970 1,587 146%
1980 1,988 253%
1990 2,231 122%
2000 2,224 −03%
2010 2,105 −54%
Est 2015 2,082 −11%
US Decennial Census6

As of the census of 2000, there were 2,224 people, 879 households, and 556 families residing in the town The population density was 3238 people per square mile 1250/km² There were 918 housing units at an average density of 516 persons/km² 1336 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9784% White, 027% African American, 018% Native American, 036% Asian, 004% Pacific Islander, 013% from other races, and 117% from two or more races 063% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 879 households out of which 329% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 491% were married couples living together, 96% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 367% were non-families 294% of all households were made up of individuals and 107% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 253 and the average family size was 316

In the town, the population was spread out with 274% under the age of 18, 67% from 18 to 24, 321% from 25 to 44, 228% from 45 to 64, and 111% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 36 years For every 100 females there were 1020 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1046 males

The median income for a household in the town was $39,545, and the median income for a family was $48,750 Males had a median income of $34,792 versus $26,295 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,901 74% of the population and 29% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 57% are under the age of 18 and 185% are 65 or older

Town centeredit

As of the census of 2000, there were 1,131 people, 465 households, and 279 families residing in the central settlement CDP The population density was 3337 people per square mile 1288/km² There were 487 housing units at an average density of 555 persons/km² 1437 persons/sq mi The racial makeup of the town was 9814% White, 027% African American, 027% Native American, 035% Asian, 009% Pacific Islander, 009% from other races, and 080% from two or more races 035% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race

There were 465 households out of which 316% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 473% were married couples living together, 88% have a woman whose husband does not live with her, and 398% were non-families 342% of all households were made up of individuals and 159% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 243 and the average family size was 315

In the CDP, the population was spread out with 261% under the age of 18, 74% from 18 to 24, 312% from 25 to 44, 210% from 45 to 64, and 142% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 37 years For every 100 females there were 981 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1014 males

The median income for a household is $42,917, and the median income for a family was $48,889 Males had a median income of $38,875 versus $23,472 for females The per capita income for the town was $17,850 50% of the population and 14% of families were below the poverty line Out of the total people living in poverty, 34% are under the age of 18 and 177% are 65 or older

Notable peopleedit

  • Brian Viglione, drummer for The Dresden Dolls

See alsoedit

  • Greenville Wildlife Park, a small zoo that close in 2003

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
  3. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts pp 574–575 
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 

External linksedit

  • Town of Greenville official website
  • Chamberlin Free Public Library
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile

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