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Greenland, New Hampshire

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Greenland is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 3,549 at the 2010 census1 It is drained by the Winnicut River and bounded on the northwest by Great Bay

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 Notable people
  • 5 References
  • 6 External links

Historyedit

One of the earliest settlements in the state, Greenland was a parish of Portsmouth then called Strawbery Banke operating in 16382 Captain Francis Champernowne moved from Strawbery Banke in 16403 and settled in the area of the present Portsmouth Country Club Although it was originally to be called Canary, he would call his farm "Greenland" His extensive landholdings included a farm which is now the town of Madbury, named for his ancestral home in Devon, England

Residents requested and were granted a separate parish in 1706 In c 1710, Captain Samuel Weeks constructed a substantial brick house, thought to be the oldest brick house in New Hampshire still standing It survived the 1755 Cape Ann earthquake Only the 18" thick beams that supported the structure were cracked during the quake Greenland would incorporate in 1721

Greenland annexed parts of Stratham in 1805 and 1847

Geographyedit

According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 133 square miles 34 km2, of which 105 sq mi 27 km2 is land and 28 sq mi 73 km2 is water, comprising 2107% of the town The highest point in Greenland is Breakfast Hill, at 151 feet 46 m above sea level, on the town's border with Rye Greenland abuts Great Bay to the north and is primarily drained by the Winnicut River Greenland lies fully within the Piscataqua River Coastal watershed4

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1790 634
1800 548 −136%
1810 592 80%
1820 634 71%
1830 680 73%
1840 726 68%
1850 730 06%
1860 762 44%
1870 695 −88%
1880 695 00%
1890 647 −69%
1900 607 −62%
1910 575 −53%
1920 623 83%
1930 577 −74%
1940 695 205%
1950 719 35%
1960 1,196 663%
1970 1,784 492%
1980 2,124 191%
1990 2,768 303%
2000 3,208 159%
2010 3,549 106%
Est 2015 3,872 91%
Historical Census Data6
2013 Estimate7

As of the census8 of 2000, there were 3,208 people, 1,204 households, and 892 families residing in the town The population density was 3059 people per square mile 1181/km² There were 1,244 housing units at an average density of 1186 per square mile 458/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9779% White, 028% African American, 003% Native American, 122% Asian, 003% Pacific Islander, 012% from other races, and 053% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 072% of the population

There were 1,204 households out of which 362% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 625% were married couples living together, 81% had a female householder with no husband present, and 259% were non-families 192% of all households were made up of individuals and 64% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 265 and the average family size was 307

In the town, the population was spread out with 265% under the age of 18, 44% from 18 to 24, 329% from 25 to 44, 262% from 45 to 64, and 101% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 38 years For every 100 females there were 921 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 895 males

The median income for a household in the town was $62,172, and the median income for a family was $67,188 Males had a median income of $44,592 versus $31,815 for females The per capita income for the town was $31,270 About 36% of families and 59% of the population were below the poverty line, including 101% of those under age 18 and 57% of those age 65 or over

Notable peopleedit

  • Oney Judge 1773–1848, fugitive slave from the household of George Washington9

Referencesedit

  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ http://wwwweekslibraryorg/historyhtml
  3. ^ http://wwwweekslibraryorg/historyhtml#Captain Francis Champernowne
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Historical Census Data" NHgov Retrieved December 30, 2014 
  7. ^ "2013 Population Estimates of New Hampshire Cities and Towns" PDF NH Office of Energy and Planning Retrieved December 31, 2014 
  8. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 
  9. ^ http://wwwweekslibraryorg/historyhtml#Ona Maria Judge

External linksedit

  • Town of Greenland official website
  • Weeks Public Library, with town historical information
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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