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Greenfield, New Hampshire

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Greenfield is a town in Hillsborough County, New Hampshire, United States The population was 1,749 at the 2010 census1 Greenfield is home to the Crotched Mountain Rehabilitation Center, to Greenfield State Park, and to part of the Wapack Trail


  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
  • 3 Demographics
  • 4 References
  • 5 External links


Originally known as "Lyndeborough Addition", the area was first settled by the Lynde family in 1753 Separated from the nearest church and school by the Monadnock hills, the residents successfully petitioned to form a new town in 1791, using the name "Greenfield" to highlight the area's level, fertile ground2

In 1953, the Crotched Mountain Rehabilitation Center began operation in Greenfield Established by Harry Gregg, the facility on Crotched Mountain originally treated for polio, cerebral palsy, spina bifida and other physical and neurological disabilities A center for adult rehabilitation would open in 1961, and a rehabilitation center for adults with brain injuries in 1986 The complex today provides service to over 2,000 children and adults In 2004, it unveiled the first wheelchair-accessible treehouse in New Hampshire

Greenfield is home to the Yankee Siege, considered the most powerful current trebuchet in the world, which has participated in the annual World Championship Punkin' Chunkin' Contest in Sussex County, Delaware since 2004 The farthest official toss is 1,897 feet 578 m as of 2008, although there are unofficial reports of 2,000-to-2,300-foot 610 to 700 m throws as of 2009citation needed


According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 266 square miles 689 km2, of which 261 square miles 676 km2 is land and 05 square miles 13 km2 is water, comprising 209% of the town3 Greenfield is drained by Stony Brook, Otter Brook and the Contoocook River; the town lies fully within the Merrimack River watershed4 North Pack Monadnock Mountain, elevation 2,276 feet 694 m above sea level, is the northernmost summit of the Wapack Range and the highest point in Greenfield


Historical population
1800 934
1810 980 49%
1820 974 −06%
1830 946 −29%
1840 834 −118%
1850 716 −141%
1860 692 −34%
1870 527 −238%
1880 649 231%
1890 607 −65%
1900 605 −03%
1910 574 −51%
1920 417 −274%
1930 394 −55%
1940 407 33%
1950 430 57%
1960 538 251%
1970 1,058 967%
1980 972 −81%
1990 1,519 563%
2000 1,657 91%
2010 1,749 56%
Est 2015 1,844 54%
US Decennial Census6

As of the census7 of 2000, there were 1,657 people, 563 households, and 405 families residing in the town The population density was 651 people per square mile 251/km² There were 640 housing units at an average density of 251 per square mile 97/km² The racial makeup of the town was 9728% White, 072% African American, 084% Native American, 024% Asian, 048% from other races, and 042% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 060% of the population

There were 563 households out of which 389% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 600% were married couples living together, 80% had a female householder with no husband present, and 279% were non-families 195% of all households were made up of individuals and 43% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 269 and the average family size was 312

In the town, the population was spread out with 308% under the age of 18, 73% from 18 to 24, 321% from 25 to 44, 228% from 45 to 64, and 71% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 34 years For every 100 females there were 1041 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1059 males

The median income for a household in the town was $48,833, and the median income for a family was $56,250 Males had a median income of $36,250 versus $24,438 for females The per capita income for the town was $19,895 About 24% of families and 54% of the population were below the poverty line, including 69% of those under age 18 and 85% of those age 65 or over


  1. ^ United States Census Bureau, American FactFinder, 2010 Census figures Retrieved March 23, 2011
  2. ^ Coolidge, Austin J; John B Mansfield 1859 A History and Description of New England Boston, Massachusetts p 509 
  3. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data G001 - Greenfield town, New Hampshire" US Census Bureau American Factfinder Archived from the original on September 11, 2013 Retrieved November 7, 2011 
  4. ^ Foster, Debra H; Batorfalvy, Tatianna N; Medalie, Laura 1995 Water Use in New Hampshire: An Activities Guide for Teachers US Department of the Interior and US Geological Survey 
  5. ^ "Annual Estimates of the Resident Population for Incorporated Places: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2015" Archived from the original on June 2, 2016 Retrieved July 2, 2016 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing" Censusgov Archived from the original on May 12, 2015 Retrieved June 4, 2016 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder" United States Census Bureau Archived from the original on 2013-09-11 Retrieved 2008-01-31 

External linksedit

  • Town of Greenfield official website
  • Crotched Mountain Rehabilitation Center
  • Friends of the Wapack Trail
  • Greenfield State Park
  • New Hampshire Economic and Labor Market Information Bureau Profile
‹ The template below Geographic location is being considered for deletion See templates for discussion to help reach a consensus ›

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