Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation


The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation in short GHMC is the civic body that oversees Hyderabad the capital and largest city in the State of Telangana It is the local government for the Cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad Its geographical area covers most of the urban development agency the Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority HMDA 64 ex-officio members including 5 Lok Sabha MPs whose constituencies are in GHMC jurisdiction vote in GHMC election234

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Administration
  • 3 Executive
  • 4 Legislature
  • 5 Task
    • 51 Political Performance in GHMC Election 2016
  • 6 See also
  • 7 References
  • 8 External links

Historyedit

Formation of Hyderabad Municipal Board and Chaderghat Municipal Board In the year 1869, Municipal administration was first introduced for the city of Hyderabad The city of Hyderabad was divided into four and the suburbs of Chaderghat were divided into five divisions The whole management of both the city and the suburbs was handled by the then City Police Commissioner, Kotwal-e-Baldia5

In the same year, Sir Salar Jung-1, the then Prime Minister of Hyderabad State under the Nizam, has constituted the Department of Municipal and Road Maintenance He also appointed a Municipal Commissioner for Hyderabad Board and Chaderghat Board At that time, city was just 55 km2 with a population of 35 lakhs

In 1886, the suburban area of Chaderghat was handed over to a separate officer and then Chaderghat became Chaderghat Municipality

In 1921 Hyderabad Municipality has increased to 84 km2

The first corporation In 1933, Chaderghat Municipality was merged with Hyderabad Municipality to form Hyderabad Municipal Corporation and was given statutory status under the Hyderabad Municipal Act During the following year 1934, the first elections were held for Municipal Corporation and a Standing Committee was appointed at that time5

Jubilee Hills Municipality In the year 1937, Jubilee Hills Municipality was formed by the amalgamation of Jubilee Hills and Banjara Hills Later, in 1942, the corporation status for the city has been removed due to some issues

Secunderabad Municipality In the year 1945, Secunderabad Municipality was formed Again in 1950, Hyderabad regained its lost Corporation status along with the amalgamation of Jubilee Hills Municipality

Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad The Hyderabad Corporation and the Secunderabad Corporation, were established in 1950 via the Hyderabad Corporation Act Jubilee Hills Municipality merged in Hyderabad Corporation during this time5 In 1955, the Hyderabad Municipal Corporation Act merged the municipal corporations overseeing Hyderabad and neighbouring Secunderabad

Once again in "1955", both the municipal corporations of Hyderabad and Secunderabad were merged to form Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad MCH In 1956, Hyderabad became capital of Andhra Pradesh after the state was formed

The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation was formed on 16 April 2007 by merging 12 municipalities and 8 gram panchayats with the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad The municipalities are L B Nagar, Gaddi annaram, Uppal Kalan, Malkajgiri, Kapra, Alwal, Qutubullapur, Kukatpally, Serilingampalle, Rajendranagar, Ramachandrapuram, and Patancheru These municipalities are in Rangareddy district and Medak district The panchayats are Shamshabad, Satamarai, Jallapalli, Mamdipalli, Mankhal, Almasguda, Sardanagar and Ravirala

The Government Order 261 was initially issued in July 2005 Now, the Supreme Court has rejected the plea to interfere into the matter, the Andhra Pradesh government has passed the GO 261 that is related to the creation of Greater Hyderabad on 16 April 2007 Earlier, the twin cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad had a population of 45 millions living in an area of 172 km² The new urban agglomeration sprawls across 650 square kilometers with a population of 67 millions The erstwhile city of the Nizams has now transformed into an area far greater

The Government has decided to divide the Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation into five zones south, east, north, west and central zones, 17 circles and 150 wards Each ward would cover about 37,000 people The GHMC is headed by a Commissioner and also has a Special Commissioner both of whom belong to IAS Each zone will have a zonal commissioner, an officer of the rank of additional commissioner with a deputy municipal commissioners heading every circle There will also be a separate engineering wing with an Engineer in Chief and Chief Engineer at head office level and a superintending engineer for each zone; a town planning wing with Additional Commissioner Planning and a Chief City Planner at the head office level and a city planner for each zone

The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation GHMC comprises the erstwhile Hyderabad Municipal Corporation, plus 10 municipalities & 8 panchayats in Ranga Reddy district, 2 municipalities in Medak district

The 10 municipalities in Ranga Reddy district are: L B Nagar, Gaddi annaram, Uppal Kalan, Malkajgiri, Kapra, Alwal, Qutubullapur, Kukatpally, Serilingampalle and Rajendranagar

The 8 panchayats in Ranga Reddy district are:Shamshabad, Satamarai, Jallapalli, Mamdipalli, Mankhal, Sardanagar and Ravirala

The 2 municipalities in Medak district are: Ramachandrapuram and Patancheru

Administrationedit

The Greater Hyderabad Municipal Corporation is headed by a Municipal Commissioner, an IAS officer The commissioner wields the executive power of the house A quinquennial election is held to elect corporators to power The corporators are responsible for overseeing that their constituencies have the basic civic infrastructure in place, and that there is no lacuna on the part of the authorities The Mayor is the head of the house

Executiveedit

The Telangana Government has appointed CVSK Sarma as the first Chief Commissioner of GHMC There is also a provision for a directly elected mayor of Hyderabad However, the Chief Commissioner can allocate more funds and in general has more power

Legislatureedit

The term of the legislature of precursor to the GHMC namely the Municipal Corporation of Hyderabad, then simply called by the same name ended before the formation of the GHMC The Standing Committee of the Legislature takes a major role in the decision making process within the legislature when it is in session

Taskedit

Ghmc is responsible for administering and providing basic infrastructure to the city

  1. Building and Maintenance of roads, streets and flyovers
  2. Public Municipal schools
  3. Street lighting
  4. Maintenance of parks and open spaces
  5. Garbage disposal and street cleanliness
  6. Urban development and city planning of new areas
  7. Registering of births and deaths
  8. Health & Sanitation

GHMC co-ordinates with various other government organizations like HMDA, HMR, HMWS&SB, TSRTC, Hyderabad Traffic Police, etc for delivering these basic urban services

Political Performance in GHMC Election 2016edit

SNo Party Name Flag Alliance Number of Corporators Change
01 Telangana Rashtra SamithiTRS - 99 99
02 All India Majlis-e-Ittehadul MuslimeenAIMIM - 44 1
03 Bharatiya Janata PartyBJP NDA 04 1
04 Indian National CongressINC UPA 02 50
05 Telugu Desam PartyTDP NDA 01 44

See alsoedit

  • List of Hyderabad Corporation wards, circles and zones

Referencesedit

  1. ^ http://wwwghmcgovin/greaterhydasppermanent dead link
  2. ^ "GHMC poll fray 2016" 
  3. ^ "GHMC in dilemma over ex-officio members" 
  4. ^ http://wwwsakshipostcom/indexphp/news/politics/72601-here-are-the-50-ex-officio-members-eligible-to-vote-in-ghmc-mayor-electionhtml
  5. ^ a b c 1

External linksedit

  • GHMC Official site


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