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Grand Forks, North Dakota

grand forks north dakota, grand forks north dakota population 2018
Grand Forks is the third-largest city in the State of North Dakota after Fargo and Bismarck and is the county seat of Grand Forks County According to the 2010 census, the city's population was 52,838, while the total of the city and surrounding metropolitan area was 98,4615 Grand Forks, along with its twin city of East Grand Forks, Minnesota, forms the center of the Grand Forks, ND-MN Metropolitan Statistical Area, which is often called Greater Grand Forks or The Grand Cities

Located on the western banks of the north-flowing Red River of the North, in a flat region known as the Red River Valley,6 the city is prone to flooding The Red River Flood of 1997 devastated the city7 Originally called Les Grandes Fourches by French fur traders from Canada, who had long worked and lived in the region, steamboat captain Alexander Griggs platted a community after being forced to winter there The Grand Forks post office was established in 1870; and the town was incorporated on February 22, 18818 The city was named for its location at the fork of the Red River and the Red Lake River8

Historically dependent on local agriculture, the city's economy now encompasses higher education, defense, health care, manufacturing, food processing, and scientific research910 Grand Forks is served by Grand Forks International Airport and Grand Forks Air Force Base The city's University of North Dakota is the oldest institution of higher education in the state11 The Alerus Center12 and Ralph Engelstad Arena13 host athletic and other events, while the North Dakota Museum of Art and Chester Fritz Auditorium are the city's largest cultural venues14

Contents

  • 1 History
  • 2 Geography
    • 21 Cityscape
    • 22 Climate
  • 3 Demographics
    • 31 2010 census
    • 32 2000 census
  • 4 Economy
    • 41 Largest employers
    • 42 Economic development
  • 5 Culture
    • 51 Arts and theatre
    • 52 Sports
    • 53 Recreation
  • 6 Notable people
  • 7 Media
  • 8 Government
  • 9 Education
    • 91 Higher education
    • 92 Primary and secondary schools
  • 10 Infrastructure
    • 101 Transportation
      • 1011 Air
      • 1012 Rail
      • 1013 Road
      • 1014 Local transportation
    • 102 Health care
  • 11 Sister cities
  • 12 References
  • 13 Further reading
  • 14 External links

Historyedit

Main article: History of Grand Forks, North Dakota Downtown Grand Forks, c 1912

Prior to settlement by Europeans, the area where the city developed, at the forks of the Red River and Red Lake River, for thousands of years had been an important meeting and trading point for Native Americans Early French explorers, fur trappers, and traders called the area Les Grandes Fourches, meaning "The Grand Forks" By the 1740s, French fur trappers relied on Les Grandes Fourches as an important trading post This was French colonial territory8

The United States acquired the territory from British Rupert's Land with the Treaty of 1818, but indigenous tribes dominated the area until the late nineteenth century After years of warfare, the United States made treaties to extinguish the land claims of the Objibwe and other Native American peoples When a US post office was established on the site on June 15, 1870, the name was changed to the English "Grand Forks"8 Alexander Griggs, a steamboat captain, is regarded as "The Father of Grand Forks"15 Griggs' steamboat froze in the Red River on a voyage in late 1870, forcing the captain and his crew to spend the winter camping at Grand Forks Griggs platted a community in 1875, and Grand Forks was officially incorporated on February 22, 18818

Thousands of settlers were attracted to the Dakota Territory in the 1870s and 1880s for its cheap land, and the population began to rise Many established small family farms, but some investors bought thousands of acres for bonanza farms, where they supervised the cultivation and harvesting of wheat as a commodity crop The city grew quickly after the arrival of the Great Northern Railway in 1880 and the Northern Pacific Railway in 188716 In 1883, the University of North Dakota was established, six years before North Dakota was admitted as an independent state born from the Dakota Territory11 During the first half of the 20th century, new residential neighborhoods were developed south and west of Downtown Grand Forks In the 1920s the state-owned North Dakota Mill and Elevator was constructed on the city's north side17

In 1954, Grand Forks was chosen as the site for an Air Force base18 Grand Forks Air Force Base brought thousands of new jobs and residents to the community The military base and the University of North Dakota became integral to the city's economy With construction of federal highways, during the postwar years residential and business development became suburbanized, spreading to new areas as land was available8 Interstate 29 was built on the western side of the city, and two enclosed shopping malls – South Forks Plaza and Columbia Mall – were built on the south side19

The Red River in flood in April 1997

The Red River had a history of seasonal flooding, aggravated by the broad ancient lake bed that formed the Red River Valley The 1997 Red River Flood caused extensive damage in the city Fargo was upstream from the bulk of the flood waters that season, and Winnipeg had built an extensive system of flood control structures in the 1960s In 1997 Grand Forks suffered the most damage of any major city in the Red River Valley During the height of the flooding, a major fire destroyed eleven buildings in the downtown area The government began developing a new levee system to protect the city, which was completed ten years later It required the relocation of numerous residents as some neighborhoods were emptied for this construction

The city and government decided to change the type of development allowed near the river The floodplain bordering the Red River was converted into a large park known as the Greater Grand Forks Greenway This provided new recreation space for city residents, as well as space for future floodwaters to be absorbed naturally by trees and other plants, without damage to infrastructure East Grand Forks developed a related greenway park on its side of the river, as it has also suffered extensive flooding that year

Since the 1997 flood, there has been public and private developments throughout Grand Forks Two new, large sports venues opened in 2001: the Alerus Center12 and the Ralph Engelstad Arena13 In 2007, the Winnipeg-based Canad Inns hotel chain opened a 13-story hotel and waterpark next to the Alerus Center20 By 2007 Grand Forks had a larger population than it did before the 1997 flood Area employment and taxable sales had also surpassed pre-flood levels21

Geographyedit

The confluence of the Red and Red Lake Rivers Flood memorial

Grand Forks is 74 miles 119 km north of the Fargo-Moorhead area22 and 145 miles 233 km south of Winnipeg, Manitoba23 Grand Forks is on the western bank of the Red River of the North in an area known as the Red River Valley The term "forks" refers to the forking of the Red River with the Red Lake River near downtown Grand Forks8 According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 2009 square miles 5203 km2, of which, 1991 square miles 5157 km2 is land and 018 square miles 047 km2 is water1 Since it is in one of the flattest parts of the world, the city has few differences in elevation6 There are no lakes within the city limits of Grand Forks, but the meandering Red River and the English Coulee flow through the community and provide some break in the terrain24

The Red River Valley is the result of an ancient glacier carving its way south during the last Ice Age Once the glacier receded, it formed a glacial lake called Lake Agassiz The valley is formed from the ancient lake bed The ancient beaches can still be seen as rolling hills west of the city25

Cityscapeedit

See also: Downtown Grand Forks and University Village, Grand Forks, North Dakota Map of Downtown Grand Forks

Grand Forks has several distinct neighborhoods The area adjacent to the Red River developed first; this is where some of the oldest neighborhoods, including the downtown area, can be found The area between downtown and the University of North Dakota campus was another early growth area, and historic properties can be found here as well

Downtown Grand Forks contains many recognized historic buildings26 It is the governmental center of the city and county It is also used as a gathering place for large community events and festivals A farmer's market takes place every Saturday 9AM to 2PM from mid-June to mid-September in the Town Square at the corner of 3rd Street S and DeMers Avenue27

In 2006, city leaders and developers announced plans to convert older office buildings into high-end condos and apartments, and to construct new buildings for the same purpose to provide for residents downtown28 Directly south of downtown, the streets of the Near Southside Historic District are lined with classic houses29 Reeves Drive was once one of the city's most fashionable neighborhoods It has many historic mansions exhibiting several unique architectural styles30 This neighborhood has areas of original granitoid paving, several historic churches, and Lincoln Drive Park The Near Southside neighborhood has been designated as a "national historic district" and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places29

The newer neighborhoods of Grand Forks developed in the city's southern and western parts The 32nd Avenue South corridor has been the commercial center of the city since 1978, when the Columbia Mall opened Many big box stores and restaurants are now along the avenue31 A large strip mall, called the Grand Forks Marketplace, opened in 2001 near the Columbia Mall

University Village is a new commercial district built on vacant lands owned by the University of North Dakota3132 The centerpiece of the Village is the Ralph Engelstad Arena, used by the University's North Dakota men's ice hockey team All the buildings in the Village have been built in a style similar style to those on the nearby UND campus Restaurants and retail stores, as well as the University bookstore, were developed in the area to stimulate community life In 2006, the university opened a new Wellness Center for its students on the Village's west side33

Climateedit

Main article: Climate of Grand Forks, North Dakota

Due to its location in the Great Plains and its distance from both mountains and oceans, the city has a humid continental climate Köppen Dfb,34 USDA Plant Hardiness Zone 4a35 It has four very distinct seasons and great variation in temperatures over very short periods of time As there are no nearby mountain ranges or bodies of water to ameliorate the climatic conditions, Grand Forks lies exposed to numerous weather systems, including bitterly cold Arctic high pressure systems The city has long, cold, and snowy winters Summers are often warm to hot and often quite humid with frequent thunderstorms Although warm weather normally ends soon after Labor Day, a few warm days sometimes occur as late as October Spring and autumn are short and highly variable seasons Record temperature extremes range from −43 °F −42 °C on January 11, 1912 to 109 °F 43 °C on July 12, 193636

The daily mean temperatures of the Grand Forks winters are associated with subarctic climates with frequent subzero temperatures Due to the extended warm period of daily means above 50 °F 10 °C from May to September, the city's climate is still classified within the humid continental temperature range37

Climate data for Grand Forks, North Dakota 1981–2010 normals
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F °C 52
11
67
19
83
28
100
38
105
41
105
41
109
43
104
40
103
39
95
35
75
24
58
14
109
43
Average high °F °C 165
−86
219
−56
342
12
539
122
680
20
761
245
810
272
802
268
696
209
543
124
351
17
203
−65
509
105
Average low °F °C −31
−195
21
−166
161
−88
300
−11
415
53
520
111
563
135
540
122
442
68
319
−01
170
−83
26
−163
287
−18
Record low °F °C −43
−42
−42
−41
−36
−38
−9
−23
5
−15
28
−2
30
−1
30
−1
11
−12
−9
−23
−35
−37
−37
−38
−43
−42
Average precipitation inches mm 055
14
052
132
095
241
101
257
268
681
348
884
315
80
288
732
205
521
192
488
096
244
061
155
2076
5273
Average snowfall inches cm 112
284
65
165
75
191
29
74
01
03
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
14
36
76
193
106
269
477
1212
Average precipitation days ≥ 001 in 82 66 75 70 106 116 105 91 83 85 69 85 1033
Average snowy days ≥ 01 in 106 70 57 21 02 0 0 0 0 13 56 97 422
Source: NOAA extremes 1893–present3839

Demographicsedit

Census
Historical population
Pop
1880 1,705
1890 4,979 1920%
1900 7,682 543%
1910 12,478 624%
1920 14,010 123%
1930 17,112 221%
1940 20,228 182%
1950 26,836 327%
1960 34,451 284%
1970 39,008 132%
1980 43,765 122%
1990 49,425 129%
2000 49,321 −02%
2010 52,838 71%
Est 2016 57,339 85%
US Decennial Census40
2015 Estimate41

According to the 2006–2008 American Community Survey, the racial composition was as follows:

  • White: 916% Non-Hispanic Whites: 904%
  • Black or African American: 16%
  • American Indian: 32%
  • Asian: 10%
  • Pacific Islander: 00%
  • Some other race: 11%
  • Two or more races: 15%
  • Hispanic or Latino of any race: 24%

The top five European ancestry groups were the following:

  • Norwegian: 357%
  • German: 343%
  • Irish: 95%
  • Polish: 74%
  • French: 54%

2010 censusedit

As of the census2 of 2010, there were 52,838 people, 22,260 households, and 11,275 families in the city The population density was 2,6538 inhabitants per square mile 1,0246/km2 There were 23,449 housing units at an average density of 1,1777 per square mile 4547/km2 The racial makeup of the city was 897% White, 20% African American, 29% Native American, 22% Asian, 07% from other races, and 25% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 28% of the population

There were 22,260 households of which 243% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 373% were married couples living together, 97% had a female householder with no husband present, 37% had a male householder with no wife present, and 493% were non-families 348% of all households were made up of individuals and 86% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 221 and the average family size was 287

The median age in the city was 284 years 184% of residents were under the age of 18; 246% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 251% were from 25 to 44; 217% were from 45 to 64; and 101% were 65 years of age or older The gender makeup of the city was 512% male and 488% female

2000 censusedit

As of the 2000 Census, there were 49,321 people, 19,677 households, and 11,058 families residing in the city42 The population density was 2,5630 per square mile 9898/km2 There were 20,838 housing units at an average density of 1,0828 per square mile 4182/km243

The city's racial makeup was 934% White, 09% African American, 28% Native American, 10% Asian, 01% Pacific Islander, 06% from other races, and 14% from two or more races Hispanic or Latino of any race were 19% of the population The top six ancestry groups were Norwegian 364%, German 347%, Irish 106%, French 65%, Polish 62%, English 61%42 There were 214% of the population under the age of 18, 229% from 18 to 24, 277% from 25 to 44, 183% from 45 to 64, and 98% who were 65 years of age or older The median age was 28 years For every 100 females there were 1020 males For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 1002 males42

Of the 19,677 households, 287% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 432% were married couples living together, 100% had a female householder with no husband present, and 438% were non-families 314% of all households were made up of individuals and 85% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older The average household size was 23 and the average family size was 3042 The median income for a household in the city was $34,194, and the median income for a family was $47,491 Males had a median income of $30,703 versus $21,573 for females The per capita income for the city was $18,395 About 93% of families and 146% of the population were below the poverty line, including 146% of those under age 18 and 77% of those age 65 or over42

The median household income was $34,194, and the median family income was $47,491 Males had a median income of $30,703 versus $21,573 for females The city's per capita income was $18,395 About 93% of families and 146% of the population were below the poverty line, including 146% of those under age 18 and 77% of those age 65 or over42

Economyedit

The economy of Grand Forks is not dominated by any one industry or sector While agriculture continues to play a role in the area's economy, the city of Grand Forks now has a relatively diverse economy that includes public and private employers in sectors such as education, defense, health care, manufacturing, and food processing910 The state and federal governments are two of the largest employers in the Grand Forks area The University of North Dakota, in the heart of the city, is the largest employer in the metropolitan area10 Grand Forks Air Force Base, just west of the city, employs a large number of civilian workers in addition to its military personnel Altru Health System is the largest private employer in Grand Forks10

Employees at LM Glasfiber work on a blade for a wind turbine

Largest employersedit

According to the City's 2013 Comprehensive Annual Financial Report,44 the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Altru Health System 4,129
2 Grand Forks Air Force Base 4,127
3 University of North Dakota 2,850 2012
4 Grand Forks Public Schools 1,671
5 Valley Memorial Home 675
6 LM Wind Power 650
7 Amazoncom 600
8 Alerus Financial 573
9 City of Grand Forks 503
10 Hugo's 452
11 JR Simplot 400 2012
12 Walmart 375 2009
13 Grand Forks County 280 2011
14 Grand Forks Herald 151 2011
Total 16,230

Major manufacturers in Grand Forks include wind turbine manufacturer LM Glasfiber45 and small aircraft manufacturer Cirrus Design46 Major food producers include potato processor J R Simplot Company47 and the state-owned North Dakota Mill and Elevator which is the largest flour mill in the United States48 Amazoncom49 and SEI Information Technologies50 both operate call centers in Grand Forks Other large private employers in the city include the locally owned Alerus Financial branch of banks, Home of Economy, and the locally owned Hugo's chain of supermarkets51

The retail and service sector is also an important part of the economy The historic center of shopping in Grand Forks was the downtown area Today, downtown is home to small shops and restaurants and south Grand Forks has become the major retail district in the city31 Grand Forks has three large shopping centers The oldest, Grand Cities Mall, is on South Washington Street and contains mainly small, locally owned stores as well as a Kmart With about 80 stores, the area's largest indoor mall is Columbia Mall which is anchored by Scheels, Sears, JC Penney, and a small food court The newest major shopping center in the city is the Grand Forks Marketplace power center mall which features SuperTarget, Best Buy, Lowe's, Gordmans, and several smaller stores Depending on the relative strength of the Canadian dollar versus the American dollar, the Greater Grand Forks area attracts large numbers of tourist shoppers from Manitoba and especially from Winnipeg52

Economic developmentedit

The city government is involved in the economic development process, helping firms grow and attracting new firms A portion of sales tax revenues is set aside for this, some going into the Grand Forks Growth Fund53 Companies can request low-interest loans or grants from this fund provided they meet certain criteria, such as paying a relatively high wage and doing most of their business outside the city's trade region The city also contributes to the Grand Forks Region Economic Development Corporation EDC, a public-private organization that receives funding from banks and other major businesses54 The EDC plays a consulting role for businesses, such as identifying suitable sites for expansion or assembling public funding packages Its other key role is to vet businesses to see if they are suitable for funding by the Growth Fund

Community leaders have long seen UND as an "economic engine" for the city Besides its regular faculty, it also has business-like components such as the Energy and Environmental Research Center UND hosts a technology incubator called the Center for Innovation More recently, the University has been working to commercialize its research A major thrust in that direction is the construction of a research park on the western fringes of the campus11 Another potential economic opportunity for the city is the addition of the unmanned aerial vehicle UAV mission to Grand Forks Air Force Base

Cultureedit

Arts and theatreedit

Due at least in part to the presence of the University of North Dakota, Grand Forks offers a variety of arts and cultural events555657 The North Dakota Museum of Art, on the UND campus, brings many nationally touring exhibits to Grand Forks as well as the work of regional artists58 In addition to the Museum of Art, UND offers other gallery space for student art UND also has Theater Arts and Music departments11 Students stage theater productions each year at the Burtness Theater on campus59 UND's Chester Fritz Auditorium also brings music and theater events to Grand Forks, including national touring companies of Broadway musicals14

The Greater Grand Forks Symphony Orchestra has been performing since 190560 and the Grand Forks Master Chorale was formed in 198355 Both groups stage productions each year at various locations in the community The North Dakota Ballet Company is headquartered in Grand Forks and often performs at the Chester Fritz Auditorium61 The Grand Forks City Band was formed in 1886 and still stages shows year round55

The Empire Arts Center, in downtown Grand Forks, is home to several cultural events throughout the year The Empire, a 1919 movie theater, was restored after the Flood of 1997 and now includes performance space, a large movie screen, a gallery, and space for artists62 The Fire Hall Theatre, also downtown, is used by community members to put on several theater productions each year55 The Summer Performing Arts Company SPA is a popular summer arts program for area K-12 students SPA stages three major musicals mid-July63 The Myra Museum, on Belmont Road near the Greater Grand Forks Greenway, is a small history museum with exhibits that trace local history from the Ice Age, through settlement, and into the modern age Other buildings on the Myra Museum grounds include the original 1868 Grand Forks Post Office, a 1917 one room school, and the historic Campbell House64

Sportsedit

Ralph Engelstad Arena

College sports are popular in Grand Forks, with an intense following for the University of North Dakota11 The UND men's ice hockey team competes in the NCAA Division I level and has been the Frozen Four championship team eight times and the runner-up five times65 The UND football team was the 2001 NCAA Division II champion and the 2003 runner-up In 2006, the university announced that it would be moving its entire athletic program to Division I66

Grand Forks is home to two major indoor athletic arenas The city-owned Alerus Center opened in 200112 The Alerus Center is home to the University of North Dakota football team and also plays host to a variety of other events including major concerts The Alerus Center is the largest arena and convention center complex in the upper Midwest area67 The University of North Dakota hockey teams compete in the Ralph Engelstad Arena, in the University Village district of the UND campus "The Ralph", as it is commonly called, was funded by UND benefactor Ralph Engelstad and opened in 2001 at a cost of over $100 million13 Adjacent to the Ralph Engelstad Arena is the smaller Betty Engelstad Sioux Center "The Betty" is the home of the University of North Dakota basketball and volleyball teams

Recreationedit

The Greater Grand Forks Greenway

The Grand Forks Park District, established in 1905, operates 14 neighborhood parks, 28 tennis courts, and a swimming pool The parks include features such as playgrounds, baseball fields, softball fields, soccer fields, basketball courts, and picnic areas Sertoma Park includes a Japanese garden The Park District also operates eleven outdoor skating rinks and indoor ice arenas: Purpur Arena, Eagles Arena, Blueline Club Arena, and Gambucci Arena The district also owns the Center Court Fitness Club68

There are several golf courses in the city and the surrounding area69 The Park District operates the 18-hole, Arnold Palmer-designed, links style King's Walk Golf Course70 and the historic, 9-hole Lincoln Golf Course71 The University of North Dakota operated the 9-hole Ray Richards Golf Course However were forced to sell the course in 2016 leaving it abandoned72 The 18-hole Grand Forks Country Club is directly south of the city73 There are also golf courses in nearby East Grand Forks, Minnesota74 and Manvel, North Dakota75

The Greater Grand Forks Greenway is a large park that runs the length of the Red River in the city It includes an extensive path system, large festival grounds, ski trails, and wildflower gardens76 Including the Greenway, the Andrew Hampsten Bikeway System in Grand Forks is over 43 miles 69 km long77 These paths are in The Greenway, next to major streets, and on the banks of the English Coulee There are also two pedestrian/bicycle bridges that span the Red River78

Notable peopleedit

Main article: List of people from Grand Forks, North Dakota

Mediaedit

The clock tower of the Herald building in downtown Grand Forks Main article: Media in Grand Forks, North Dakota

The Grand Forks Herald is the major daily newspaper serving Grand Forks79 and the second most widely circulated newspaper in North Dakota with a daily circulation of around 31,00080 The Exponent is a weekly newspaper published in East Grand Forks, Minnesota81 The University of North Dakota also has its own student-published newspaper called The Dakota Student, which is published twice weekly during the school year82

The major AM radio station in Grand Forks is KNOX 1310, which is a news and talk station The city's FM stations include NPR affiliates KUND-FM 893, KFJM 907, KQMN 915 and KNTN 1027 Commercial FM stations include rock station KJKJ 1075; top 40 stations KKXL-FM 929 and KZGF 947; and country stations KSNR 1003 and KYCK 9718384

WDAZ-TV channel 8, an ABC affiliate, is the only broadcast television station in Grand Forks that provides local news85 All other major US television networks are broadcast from Fargo

Governmentedit

Grand Forks City Hall City government:86
Mayor Michael Brown
Ward 1 Terry Bjerke
Ward 2 Crystal Schneider
Ward 3 Bret Weber
Ward 4 Jeannie Mock
Ward 5 Doug Christensen
Ward 6 Dana Sande
Ward 7 Ken Vein
See also: List of mayors of Grand Forks, North Dakota

Grand Forks uses the mayor-council model of municipal government The mayor, who is elected every four years, has the power to oversee the daily administration of city government and to work directly with department heads to ensure the proper provision of services87 The mayor of Grand Forks is obstetrician Dr Michael Brown He was first elected in 2000 and was re-elected in 2004 and again in 2008

The city is divided into seven wards with each ward electing a single city council representative for a four-year term The council meets twice a month as the council proper and its two main committees, the Finance/Development Committee and Service/Safety Committee, each meets twice a month88 All these meetings are broadcast on a local cable channel86

Educationedit

Higher educationedit

Chester Fritz Library on UND campus

The University of North Dakota UND, the oldest university and home of the only schools of medicine and law in the state, is at Grand Forks Enrollment is about 15,000 UND is known for its John D Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences which includes an Air Traffic Control Training program that in October 2009 was ranked No1 in the nation for the second consecutive year by the FAA89 UND and North Dakota State University make up the Red River Valley Research Corridor11

Northland Community and Technical College, a two-year school, is across the Red River in East Grand Forks90 The University of Minnesota Crookston is in nearby Crookston, Minnesota

Primary and secondary schoolsedit

The Grand Forks Public Schools system includes the Grand Forks and Grand Forks Air Force Base school districts Enrollment is about 7,600 There are twelve elementary schools, four middle schools, and two high schools Central High and Red River High, an alternative high school, and an adult education program Grand Forks Public Schools is governed by a nine-member board of elected representatives, separate from the city and county governments91

There are several primary schools that are not part of the public school system including the state-operated North Dakota School for the Blind92 There are two Catholic schools offering classes from kindergarten through sixth grade9394 The only private high school in the metropolitan area is Sacred Heart High School, a Catholic school, in East Grand Forks95 There is a non-denominational Christian elementary and middle school operating in East Grand Forks96

Infrastructureedit

Transportationedit

See also: Major roads in Grand Forks, North Dakota Map of Grand Forks, North Dakota

Airedit

Grand Forks International Airport GFK, KGFK is served by Delta Air Lines with several daily round trips to Minneapolis-St Paul International Airport; and Allegiant Air, which operates flights a few times a week to Mesa, Arizona Phoenix-Gateway, Sanford, Florida Orlando-Sanford and Las Vegas, Nevada A new passenger terminal completed in early 2011, allowed more passengers to come through the airport, improved circulation, added a baggage claim and addressed security and safety concerns The airport was a major distribution center for FedEx, which conducts flights daily within the state and northern Minnesota FedEx moved their flight operations to Fargo, ND on October 31, 2016 The airport is one of the busiest airports in the country, due in large measure to the presence of the John D Odegard School of Aerospace Sciences of the University of North Dakota97

Railedit

The BNSF Railway runs track in several directions in and around the city Amtrak passenger service on the Empire Builder line heads westbound daily at 4:52 am and eastbound daily at 12:57 am The Empire Builder stops at the Grand Forks Amtrak station98

Roadedit

Three federal highways pass through Grand Forks: US Route 2, Interstate 29, and US Highway 81 US Highway 2, known as Gateway Drive in the city, runs east to west through the northern part of town and is a four-lane highway The highway is the primary connection between Grand Forks, East Grand Forks, the Grand Forks Air Force Base, Grand Forks International Airport, and nearby Crookston, Minnesota Interstate 29 runs north to south along the western part of the city, officially multiplexed with US Highway 81 in the Grand Forks area The US Highway 81 business route, Washington Street and 32nd Avenue, runs through many of the city's major commercial districts99

Local transportationedit

Within the city, roads that run from north to south are traditionally called "streets" and roads that run from east to west are traditionally called "avenues" Streets are numbered in blocks west of the Red River Avenues are numbered in blocks north or south of DeMers Avenue – the city's historic dividing route adjacent to the rail yards99 The city maintains a bus system called Cities Area Transit, also known by the acronym CAT The system has operated since 1926 when it was introduced to replace an earlier trolley system There are twelve bus routes including night service and service in the community of East Grand Forks100

Health careedit

With over 4,100 employees and nearly 300 physicians and mid-levels nurse practitioners and physician assistants, Altru Health System is the main provider of health care in Greater Grand Forks and the surrounding region Serving more than 220,000 residents in northeast North Dakota and northwest Minnesota, Altru provides an array of services to meet the needs of patients of all ages and levels of health As the first member of the Mayo Clinic Care Network, Altru's providers have access to clinically integrated tools extending Mayo Clinic's knowledge and expertise to patients Altru Health System is also the largest private employer in Grand Forks10 Offering all private patient rooms, Altru's Columbia Road Campus includes Altru Hospital 257 beds, Altru Rehabilitation Center 20 beds and multiple clinics Altru's South Washington Medical Park features Altru Specialty Center 45 beds, Altru Professional Center and Yorhom Medical Essentials

The Sanny and Jerry Ryan Center for Prevention and Genetics, housed in Choice Health & Fitness, encourages individuals to think about their health through preventive measures before it becomes medically necessary to seek care The first of its kind in the region, the Center provides a unique opportunity for individuals to take an active approach to a healthier life Truyu Aesthetic Center, with locations in Grand Forks, East Grand Forks and across the region, offers surgical and non-surgical procedures, services and products under the support of Altru Altru Health System is the result of a 1997 merger of United Hospital formerly Deaconess and St Michael's Hospitals and the Grand Forks Clinic101

Sister citiesedit

Main article: Sister cities of Grand Forks, North Dakota Grand Forks County Office Building Grand Forks sister cities:
Dickinson, North Dakota, US
Sarpsborg, Norway
Awano, Japan defunct
Ishim, Russia inactive

Grand Forks has an active sister city program designed to encourage cultural and economic exchanges102 Grand Forks' first sister city was Ishim in the Soviet Union The relationship with the Siberian city formally began in 1984 during the Cold War Sometime in the late 1990s, however, political and economic turmoil in Russia ended the relationship103 While the relationship with Ishim faded, Grand Forks found a new sister in Awano, Japan An informal relationship began in 1994 when the school districts of both cities began exchanging students In 1998, the two formally proclaimed themselves sister cities The most concrete evidence of the relationship between the two is a Japanese rock garden in Grand Forks' Sertoma Park and a sculpture of an American bison in an Awano park104 However, the annexation of Awano by the larger city of Kanuma has led to the end of the sister city relationship105 Grand Forks' relationship with Dickinson, North Dakota, began in 2002, when delegations from each city visited the other106 Grand Forks Mayor Michael Brown has said he thinks having friends in western North Dakota, which typically has diverging interests from eastern cities, could help at the state legislature107 Sarpsborg, Norway, became a sister city in 2005 following several exchanges among leaders from both cities The city became interested in building a relationship with Sarpsborg because many Grand Forks residents have Norwegian heritage108

Referencesedit

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  96. ^ "RCS Home Page" Riverside Christian School Retrieved 2007-06-05 
  97. ^ "Airport Information" Grand Forks International Airport GFK Archived from the original on June 1, 2007 Retrieved 2007-06-05 
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  103. ^ Lee, Yangkyoung 2007-05-02 "$5 million godsend" Grand Forks Herald 
  104. ^ Bakken, Ryan 2003-10-21 "Japanese Residents Will Dedicate New Garden" Grand Forks Herald 
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  108. ^ Tran, Tu-Uyen 2003-11-13 "Touring Norway: Year of anticipation" Grand Forks Herald subscription required

Further readingedit

  • Tweton, Jerome D 1986, reprinted 2005 Grand Forks, A Pictorial History, Norfolk, Virginia: The Donning Company
  • Bladow, Eldon Ed, 1974 They Came To Stay, Grand Forks, North Dakota: Grand Forks Centennial Corporations
  • Jacobs, Mike Ed, 1997 Come Hell and High Water, Grand Forks, North Dakota: Knight-Ridder

External linksedit

Media related to Grand Forks, North Dakota at Wikimedia Commons

  • North Dakota portal
  • City of Grand Forks official website
  • Grand Forks Herald website
  • Grand Forks Convention and Visitors Bureau website
  • Grand Forks Region Economic Development Corporation EDC
  • City of Grand Forks, North Dakota 1952 from the Digital Horizons website
  • Grand Forks, North Dakota travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Historic Grand Forks : a walking tour guide 1986 from the Digital Horizons website
  • The Future of Grand Forks : shaping the space we live in 1975 from the Digital Horizons website
  • They came to stay : Grand Forks, North Dakota Centennial 1874-1974 from the Digital Horizons website

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